In 1898, Baron Ferdinand Rothschild bequeathed to the British Museum as the Waddesdon Bequest the contents from his New Smoking Room at Waddesdon Manor. This consisted of a wide-ranging collection of 300 objets d'art et de vertu which included exquisite examples of jewellery, enamel, carvings and maiolica. Earlier than most objects is the outstanding Holy Thorn Reliquary created in the 1390s in Paris for John, Duke of Berry; the collection is in the tradition of a schatzkammer, or treasure house, such as those formed by the Renaissance princes of Europe. Following the sequence of the museum's catalogue numbers, giving the first number for each category, the bequest consists of: "bronzes", handles and a knocker. There is no group for paintings, WB.174, a portrait miniature on vellum in a wooden frame, is included with the jewellery, though this is because the subject is wearing a pendant in the collection. The collection was assembled for a particular place, to reflect a particular aesthetic.
Here what most appealed to Ferdinand Rothschild were intricate, superbly executed decorated and rather ostentatious works of the Late Gothic and Mannerist periods. Few of the objects could be said to rely on either simplicity or Baroque sculptural movement for their effect, though several come from periods and places where much Baroque work was being made. A new display for the collection, which under the terms of the bequest must be kept and displayed together, opened on 11 June 2015; the collection was started by Baron Ferdinand's father, Baron Anselm von Rothschild, may include some objects from earlier Rothschild collections. For Mayer Amschel Rothschild of Frankfurt, who began the prominence of the family, his business dealing in coins, "antiques and objects of display" preceded and financed his banking operations, most Rothschilds continued to collect art. At least one of the objects now in the British Museum can be seen in a cabinet in the background of a family portrait from 1838, the year before Ferdinand was born.
In his Reminiscences Ferdinand recalled his excitement as a child when he was allowed to help wrap and unwrap his father's collection, which spent the summers in a strongroom when the family left Vienna for a country villa. The period after the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars offered tremendous opportunities for collectors of the decorative arts of the medieval and Renaissance periods; these categories were valued little by the art market in general, metalwork was sold for its bullion value alone. Some of the older objects in precious metal in the collection may have first been received by the family as part of banking transactions. Ferdinand records several complaints that his father did not make more use of his opportunities, but in his last years Anselm began to expand his collecting range, it was he who bought both the Holy Thorn Reliquary and the Ghisi Shield; this golden age for collectors had passed by the time Ferdinand inherited his part of his father's collection in 1874, the year he bought the Waddesdon estate and began to build there.
Ferdinand continued to expand the collection until his death in 1898 using dealers, expanding the range of objects collected. In particular Ferdinand expanded to around fifty the ten or so pieces of jewellery in his father's collection; the New Smoking Room built to hold the collection was only planned from 1891, the collection was moved in there in early 1896, less than three years before Ferdinand's death. Good photographs allow an appreciation of how the objects were displayed, in glassed cases and on open shelves around the walls, over doors, over the small fireplace, which had an elaborate shelved chimneypiece in wood above. Several objects, including the Casket of Saint Valerie, were on tables away from the walls. Comfortable seating was plentiful, some upholstered with pieces from medieval vestments, there were framed photographs and houseplants; the room is now refilled with objects from the same period though of somewhat different types, visitors to Waddesdon Manor can see it from the doorway.
The room, with the adjoining Billiards Room, is the only reception room at Waddesdon Manor to follow the French Renaissance style of the exterior. The segregation of the collection was part of the concept of what has been called the "neo-Kunstkammer", adopted by some other wealthy collectors of the period; the Renaissance Room at what is now the Wallace Collection and the collection of Sir Julius Wernher were other examples formed in England over the same period. The neo-Kunstkammer aimed to emulate the collections formed during the Renaissance itself by princely houses. Unlike those collections and recent objects
The Nanyang Normal University is an ordinary undergraduate college in Henan Province. It was founded in 1951 in Nanyang Normal School of Henan Province. In 1958, it was upgraded to Nanyang Normal College. In 2000, it was upgraded to Nanyang Normal University. In 2007, through the evaluation of the undergraduate teaching level of the Ministry of Education, in 2011, it was approved as the “National Special Needs Talent Training Project – the bachelor degree awarded unit to carry out the training of master's degree graduate students”. In 2016, it was identified as a demonstration application in Henan Province; the technical type of undergraduate colleges was approved in 2017 as a master's degree granting unit. Expressways of Henan China National Highways Expressways of China Henan Nanyang Wolong District Wancheng District Nanyang Institute of Technology Nanyang Normal University Nanyang Medical College Henan Polytechnic Institute Nanyang Vocational College of Agriculture List of universities and colleges in Henan Official website of Nanyang Normal University Official website of Nanyang Normal University
Edward Henry Trafalgar Digby, 10th Baron Digby 4th Baron Digby in the Peerage of Great Britain, was a British peer and Conservative Member of Parliament. Digby was the eldest son of Edward St Vincent Digby, 9th Baron Digby, son of Admiral Sir Henry Digby, his mother was Lady Theresa Anna Maria Fox-Strangways, daughter of Henry Fox-Strangways, 3rd Earl of Ilchester, while Jane Digby was his aunt. He was elected to the House of Commons for Dorset in 1876, a seat he held until 1885. In 1889 he took his seat in the House of Lords, he served in the Coldstream Guards and on 28 November 1900 was appointed Honorary Colonel of the 1st Dorsetshire Royal Garrison Artillery. Lord Digby married Emily Beryl Sissy Hood, daughter of Hon. Albert Hood, in 1893, he died in May 1920, aged 73, was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son Edward Kenelm Digby. Lady Digby died in 1928. Hon. Pamela Digby, Lord Digby's granddaughter, became American Ambassador to France. Burke's Peerage and Knightage, 100th Edn, London, 1953.
Kidd, Williamson, David. Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press, 1990, Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs Lundy, Darryl. "FAQ". The Peerage. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Edward Digby