Woodrow Tracy Harrelson is an American actor and playwright. His breakout role came in 1985 as bartender Woody Boyd in the television sitcom Cheers, he became known for his portrayals of Billy Hoyle in White Men Can't Jump, Mickey Knox in Natural Born Killers, Larry Flynt in The People vs. Larry Flynt. More recent roles include Tallahassee in Zombieland, Capt. Tony Stone in The Messenger, Dave Brown in Rampart, Haymitch Abernathy in The Hunger Games film series, Merritt McKinney in the Now You See Me film series, the Colonel in War for the Planet of the Apes, Bill Willoughby in Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Tobias Beckett in Solo: A Star Wars Story and Maney Gault in The Highwaymen. Harrelson has been nominated for an Academy Award three times. Larry Flynt and Best Supporting Actor for The Messenger and Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri. For his role in Cheers, he earned five Emmy Award nominations and won one in 1989. Woodrow Tracy Harrelson was born in Midland, Texas, on July 23, 1961, the son of Diane and Charles Voyde Harrelson.
He and his two brothers and Brett, were raised in a Presbyterian household. Their father was a convicted hitman who received a life sentence for the 1979 killing of Federal Judge John H. Wood Jr. Harrelson has stated that his father was around during his childhood. Charles died in the United States Penitentiary, Administrative Maximum Facility on March 15, 2007. Harrelson's family was poor and relied on his mother's secretary wage. In 1973, he moved to his mother's native city of Lebanon, where he attended Lebanon High School, he spent the summer of 1979 working at Kings Island amusement park. Harrelson attended Hanover College in Hanover, where he joined the Sigma Chi fraternity, he received a BA in theater and English in 1983. While attending Hanover, he crossed paths with future Vice President Mike Pence: "I knew him, yeah. We were both religious, it was a Presbyterian college at the time, I was there on a Presbyterian scholarship, he was involved with the church activities. I was considering being a minister and I just kind of went a different way...
I quite liked him. I thought. He’s, you know religious. Committed. Seeing as how I’m not quite in that ballpark now, I don’t know how we’d get along, ’cause I think he’s still quite religious and just a whole different brand of religious; that kind of fervor that you don’t want." Harrelson is known for his work on the NBC sitcom Cheers. He played bartender Woody Boyd, he joined the cast in 1985 in season four. For this role, Harrelson was nominated for five Emmy Awards, winning once in 1989, his character, Woody Boyd, was from Hanover, where Harrelson attended college. In 1999, Harrelson guest-starred in the Cheers spin-off success Frasier, in which he reprised the role of "Woody Boyd." He was nominated for an Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series for this performance. He appeared in several 2001 episodes of Grace as Grace's new boyfriend Nathan. On the November 12, 2009 episode of the Comedy Central show The Colbert Report, Harrelson was interviewed by Stephen Colbert, to promote his movie The Messenger.
In response to Colbert's questioning of his support for the troops, Harrelson agreed to let Colbert shave his head on camera. Harrelson returned to television in 2014, starring along with Matthew McConaughey in the first season of the HBO crime series True Detective, where he played Marty Hart, a Louisiana cop investigating murders that took place over a timespan of 17 years. On June 6, 2010, Harrelson took part playing in Soccer Aid 2010 for UNICEF UK at Old Trafford in Manchester; the match was broadcast live on UK's ITV television. After being brought on as a substitute for Gordon Ramsay, Harrelson took the final penalty in the penalty shootout, following a 2–2 draw after 91 minutes. Despite being unaware of from where his kick had to be taken, Harrelson scored to win the game for "The Rest of the World" team, beating England for the first time since the tournament began; when interviewed, he claimed that he "didn't remember the moment of scoring."Harrelson took part in Soccer Aid 2012 on May 27, 2012.
The match ended 3–1 in favor of England. While still working on Cheers, Harrelson restarted his film career, his first movie had been a 1986 football comedy with Goldie Hawn. He reunited with Wesley Snipes in the box-office hit White Men Can't Jump and the box office bomb Money Train. In 1993, Harrelson starred opposite Robert Redford and Demi Moore in the drama Indecent Proposal, a box office success, earning a worldwide total of over $265,000,000, he played Mickey Knox in Oliver Stone's Natural Born Killers and Dr. Michael Raynolds in the Michael Cimino film The Sunchaser. In 1996, he starred in the comedy Kingpin for the Farrelly brothers. Harrelson's career gained momentum when he starred in the Miloš Forman film The People vs. Larry Flynt, in which he played Larry Flynt, publisher of Hustler magazine; the film was a success and Harrelson's performance was nominated for a Golden Globe Award and an Academy Award for Best Actor. After that, Harrelson was cast in more serious film roles, he starred in the 1997 war film Welcome to Sarajevo and in 1997 had a featured role as Sergeant Schumann in Wag the Dog.
In 1998, Harrelson starred in the thriller Palmetto and played Sergeant Keck in The Thin Red Line
Robert Evans is an American film producer and former studio executive, best known for his work on Rosemary's Baby, Love Story, The Godfather and Chinatown. Evans began his career in a successful business venture with his brother. In 1956, while on a business trip, he was by chance spotted by actress Norma Shearer, who thought he would be right to play the role of her late husband Irving Thalberg in Man of a Thousand Faces, thus he began a brief film acting career. In 1962, Evans decided to go into film producing instead, using his accumulated wealth from the clothing business, began a meteoric rise in the industry. While there, he improved the ailing Paramount's fortunes through a string of commercially and critically acclaimed films. In 1974 he stepped down. In 1980 Evans' career, life, took a downturn after he pleaded guilty to cocaine trafficking. In 1993 he began to produce films on a more regular basis, with a mixed track record that included both flops and hits. Evans was born in New York City, New York, the son of Florence, a housewife who came from a wealthy family, Archie Shapera, a dentist in Harlem.
He has described both of his parents as "second-generation Jews." He grew up on New York City's Upper West Side during the 1930s, where he was better off than most people living during the Great Depression. In his early years, he did promotional work for Evan-Picone, a fashion company founded by his brother Charles, in addition to doing voice work on radio shows, he was spotted by actress Norma Shearer next to the pool at The Beverly Hills Hotel on Election Day, 1956. She touted him for the role of her late husband Irving Thalberg in Man of a Thousand Faces; the same year, Evans caught the eye of Darryl F. Zanuck, who cast him as Pedro Romero in the 1957 film adaptation of Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises, against the wishes of co-star Ava Gardner and Hemingway himself. In 1959, he appeared in Twentieth Century Fox's production of The Best of Everything with Hope Lange, Diane Baker and Joan Crawford. Dissatisfied with his own acting talent, he was determined to become a producer, he got his start as head of production at Paramount by purchasing the rights to a 1966 novel titled The Detective which Evans made into a movie starring Frank Sinatra, Lee Remick, Jack Klugman, Robert Duvall and Jacqueline Bisset, in 1968.
Peter Bart, a writer for The New York Times, wrote an article about Evans’ aggressive production style. This got Evans noticed by Charles Bluhdorn, head of the Gulf+Western conglomerate, hired Evans as part of a shakeup at Paramount Pictures; when Evans took over as head of production for Paramount, the floundering studio was the ninth largest. Despite his inexperience, Evans was able to turn the studio around, he made Paramount the most successful studio in Hollywood and transformed it into a profitable enterprise for Gulf+Western. During his tenure at Paramount, the studio turned out films such as Barefoot in the Park, The Odd Couple, Rosemary's Baby, The Italian Job, True Grit, Love Story and Maude, The Godfather, The Godfather Part II, Serpico, On a Clear Day You Can See Forever, Save the Tiger, The Conversation, The Great Gatsby, many others. Dissatisfied with his financial compensation and desiring to produce films under his own banner, Evans struck a deal with Paramount that enabled him to stay on as studio head while working as an independent producer.
Other producers at Paramount felt. After the huge critical and commercial success of the Evans-produced Chinatown, he stepped down as production chief, which enabled him to produce films on his own. From 1976 to 1980, working as an independent producer, he continued his streak of successful films with Marathon Man, Black Sunday and Urban Cowboy. After 1980, his film output became less critically acclaimed, he produced only two films over the next twelve years: The Two Jakes. From 1993 to 2003 he produced the films Sliver, The Phantom, The Saint, How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days. Evans continues to produce, although the last film that he produced was released in 2003, he produced and provided the voice for his eponymous character in the 2003 animated series Kid Notorious. In 2004 Evans hosted, In Bed with Robert Evans. In 2009, Evans was in talks to produce a film about auto executive John DeLorean, as well as an HBO miniseries titled The Devil and Sidney Korshak. Neither project has yet come to fruition.
Evans has been married seven times but all of his marriages have lasted three years or less. His first was to Sharon Hugueny. After his first divorce came Camilla Sparv, Ali MacGraw, Phyllis George, Catherine Oxenberg, Leslie Ann Woodward, Victoria White. Evans' marriage to Oxenberg was annulled after nine days, he married his seventh wife, Victoria White O'Gara, while in Mexico, on August 2005 shortly after his 75th birthday. She filed for divorce on June 2006, citing irreconcilable differences. In the film adaptation of the autobiography The Kid Stays in the Picture, only Ali MacGraw is discussed, their relationship is discussed at length. Evans has one son, Josh Evans a producer, from his marriage to MacGraw
William H. Macy
William Hall Macy Jr. is an American actor. His film career has been built on appearances in small, independent films, though he has appeared in summer action films. Macy has described himself as "sort of a Middle American, WASPy, Lutheran kind of guy... Everyman". Macy has won two Emmy Awards and four Screen Actors Guild Awards, as well as an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor for Fargo. Since 2011, he has played Frank Gallagher, a main character in the Showtime adaptation of the British television series Shameless. Macy and actress Felicity Huffman have been married since 1997. Macy was born in Miami and grew up in Georgia and Maryland, his father, William Hall Macy, Sr. was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and an Air Medal for flying a B-17 Flying Fortress bomber in World War II. His mother, was a war widow who met Macy's father after her first husband died in 1943. Macy graduated from Allegany High School in Cumberland, Maryland in 1968, went on to Bethany College in West Virginia where he studied veterinary medicine.
A'wretched student' by his own admission, he transferred to Goddard College in rural Vermont, where he studied under playwright David Mamet. He studied theatre at HB Studio in New York City. After graduating from Goddard in 1972, Macy originated roles in a number of plays by collaborator David Mamet, such as American Buffalo and The Water Engine. While in Chicago in his twenties, he did a TV commercial, he was required to join AFTRA in order to do the commercial, received his SAG card within a year, which for an elated Macy represented an important moment in his career. Macy spent time in Los Angeles before moving to New York City in 1980, where he had roles in over 50 Off Broadway and Broadway plays. One of his early on-screen roles was as a turtle named Socrates in the direct-to-video film The Boy Who Loved Trolls, under the name W. H. Macy, he had a minor role as a hospital orderly on the sitcom Kate & Allie in the fourth-season episode "General Hospital", played an assistant district attorney in "Everybody's Favorite Bagman", the first produced episode of Law & Order.
He has appeared in numerous films that Mamet wrote and/or directed, such as House of Games, Things Change, Oleanna, Wag the Dog and Main and Spartan. Macy's leading role in Fargo helped boost his career and recognizability, though at the expense of nearly confining him to a narrow typecast of a worried man down on his luck. Other Macy roles of the 1990s and 2000s included Benny & Joon, Above Suspicion, Mr. Holland's Opus, Ghosts of Mississippi, Air Force One, Boogie Nights, A Civil Action, Gus Van Sant's remake of Psycho, Texas, Mystery Men, Jurassic Park III, Panic, Welcome to Collinwood, The Cooler and Sahara, his work on ER and Sports Night has been recognized with Emmy nominations. In a November 2003 interview with USA Today, Macy stated that he wanted to star in a big-budget action movie "for the money, for the security of a franchise like that, and I love big action-adventure movies. They're way cool." He serves as director-in-residence at the Atlantic Theater Company in New York, where he teaches a technique called Practical Aesthetics.
A book describing the technique, A Practical Handbook for the Actor, is dedicated to Mamet. In 2007, Macy starred in Wild Hogs, a film about middle-aged men reliving their youthful days by taking to the open road on their Harley-Davidson motorcycles from Cincinnati to the Pacific Coast. Despite being critically panned, with a 14% "rotten" rating from Rotten Tomatoes, it was a financial success, grossing over $168 million; the film reunited him with his A Civil Action costar, John Travolta. In 2009, Macy completed filming on The Maiden Heist, a comedy that co-starred Morgan Freeman and Christopher Walken. On June 23, 2008, the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce announced Macy and his wife, Felicity Huffman, would each receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in the upcoming year. On January 13, 2009, Macy replaced Jeremy Piven in David Mamet's Speed-the-Plow on Broadway. Piven and unexpectedly dropped out of the play in December 2008 after he experienced health problems. Dirty Girl, which starred Macy along with Juno Temple, Milla Jovovich, Mary Steenburgen and Tim McGraw, premiered September 12, 2010 at the Toronto International Film Festival.
In summer 2010, Macy joined the Showtime pilot Shameless as Frank Gallagher. The project went to series, its first season premiered on January 9, 2011. Macy has received high critical acclaim for his performance getting an Emmy nomination for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series in 2014. In the 2012 film The Sessions, Macy played a priest who helps a man with a severe disability find personal fulfillment through a sex surrogate, he made his directorial debut with the independent drama Rudderless, which stars Billy Crudup, Felicity Huffman, Selena Gomez and Laurence Fishburne. In 2017, he directed The Layover, a road trip sex comedy starring Alexandra Daddario and Kate Upton, in which Macy appeared. In 2015, he had a small role as Grandpa in the drama film Room, nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture; the film reunited him with his Plea
James Douglas Muir "Jay" Leno is an American comedian, writer and television host. After doing stand-up comedy for years, he became the host of NBC's The Tonight Show with Jay Leno from 1992 to 2009. Beginning in September 2009, Leno started a primetime talk show, titled The Jay Leno Show, which aired weeknights at 10:00pm ET on NBC. After The Jay Leno Show was canceled in January 2010 amid a host controversy, Leno returned to host The Tonight Show with Jay Leno on March 1, 2010, he hosted his last episode of The Tonight Show on February 6, 2014. That year, he was inducted into the Television Hall of Fame. Since 2014, Leno has hosted Jay Leno's Garage. Leno was born April 1950 in New Rochelle, New York, his homemaker mother, was born in Greenock and came to the United States at age 11. His father, was an insurance salesman, born in New York, to immigrants from Flumeri, Italy. Leno grew up in Andover and graduated from Andover High School. Leno obtained a bachelor's degree in speech therapy from Emerson College, where he started a comedy club in 1973.
His older brother, was a Vietnam War veteran who worked as an attorney. Leno made his first appearance on The Tonight Show on March 1977, performing a comedy routine. During the 1970s, Leno appeared in minor roles in several television series and films, first in the 1976 episode "J. J. in Trouble" of Good Times and the same year in the pilot of Holmes & Yo-Yo. After an uncredited appearance in the 1977 film Fun with Dick and Jane, he played more prominent roles in 1978 in American Hot Wax and Silver Bears. Other films and television series from that period include Almost Heaven, "Going Nowhere" from One Day at a Time, Polyester, "The Wild One" from Alice, both "Feminine Mistake" and "Do the Carmine" from Laverne & Shirley. Leno's only starring film role was the 1989 direct-to-video Collision Course, opposite Pat Morita, he appeared numerous times on Late Night with David Letterman. Starting in 1986, Leno was a regular substitute host for Johnny Carson on The Tonight Show. In 1992, he replaced Carson as host amid controversy with David Letterman, hosting Late Night with David Letterman since 1982, whom many—including Carson himself—had expected to be Carson's successor.
The story of this turbulent transition was turned into a book and a movie. Leno continued to perform as a stand-up comedian throughout his tenure on The Tonight Show. In 2004, Leno signed a contract extension with NBC which would keep him as host of The Tonight Show until 2009. In 2004, Conan O'Brien signed a contract with NBC under which O'Brien would become the host of The Tonight Show in 2009, replacing Leno at that time. During the 2007–08 Writers Guild of America strike, Leno was accused of violating WGA guidelines by writing his own monologue for The Tonight Show. While NBC and Leno claim there were private meetings with the WGA where there was a secret agreement allowing this, the WGA denied such a meeting. Leno answered questions in front of the Writers Guild of America, West trial committee in February 2009 and June 2009, when the WGAW published its list of strike-breakers on August 11, 2009, Leno was not on the list. Leno said in 2008 that he was saving all of his income from The Tonight Show and living off his income from stand-up comedy.
On April 23, 2009, Leno checked himself into a hospital with an undisclosed illness. He was released the following day and returned to work on Monday, April 27; the two subsequently canceled Tonight Show episodes for April 23 and 24 were Leno's first in 17 years as host. The illness that caused the absence was not disclosed, but Leno told People magazine it was for exhaustion. During the 2005 trial of Michael Jackson over allegations of child molestation, Leno was one of a few celebrities who appeared as a defense witness. In his testimony regarding a call by the accuser, Leno testified that he never called the police, that no money was asked for, there was no coaching – but that the calls seemed unusual and scripted; as a result, Leno was not allowed to tell jokes about Jackson or the case, a fixture of The Tonight Show's opening monologue in particular. But he and his show's writers used a legal loophole by having Leno step aside while stand-in comedians took the stage and told jokes about the trial.
Stand-ins included Roseanne Barr, Drew Carey, Brad Garrett, Dennis Miller, among others. The gag order was challenged, the court ruled that Leno could continue telling jokes about the trial as long as he did not discuss his testimony. Leno celebrated by devoting an entire monologue to Michael Jackson jokes; because Leno's show continued to lead all late-night programming in the Nielsen ratings, the pending expiration of Leno's contract led to speculation about whether he would become a late-night host for another network after his commitment to NBC expired. Leno left The Tonight Show on Friday, May 29, 2009, Conan O'Brien took over on June 1, 2009. On December 8, 2008, it was reported that Leno would remain on NBC and move to a new hour-long show at 10 p.m. Eastern Time five nights a week; this show followed a similar format to The Tonight Show, was filmed in the same studio facility and retained many of Leno's most popular segments. Late Night host Conan O'Brien was his successor on The Tonight Show.
Jay Leno's new show, titled The Jay Leno Show, debuted on September 14, 2009. It was announced at the Television Critics Association summer press tour that it would feature one or two celebrities, the occasional musical guest, kee
Operation Infinite Reach
Operation Infinite Reach was the codename for American cruise missile strikes on al-Qaeda bases in Khost and the Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in Khartoum, Sudan, on August 20, 1998. The attacks, launched by the U. S. Navy, were ordered by President Bill Clinton in retaliation for al-Qaeda's August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, which killed 224 people and injured over 4,000 others. Operation Infinite Reach was the first time the United States acknowledged a preemptive strike against a violent non-state actor. U. S. Intelligence suggested financial ties between the Al-Shifa plant and Osama bin Laden, a soil sample collected from Al-Shifa contained a chemical used in VX nerve gas manufacturing. Suspecting that Al-Shifa was linked to, producing chemical weapons for, bin Laden and his al-Qaeda network, the U. S. destroyed the facility with cruise missiles, wounding 11 Sudanese. The strike on Al-Shifa proved controversial. S. evidence and rationale were criticized as faulty, academics Max Taylor and Mohamed Elbushra cite "a broad acceptance that this plant was not involved in the production of any chemical weapons."The missile strikes on al-Qaeda's Afghan training camps, aimed at preempting more attacks and killing bin Laden, damaged the installations and inflicted an uncertain number of casualties.
Following the attacks, the ruling Taliban reneged on a promise to Saudi intelligence chief Turki al-Faisal to hand over bin Laden, the regime instead strengthened its ties with the al-Qaeda chief. Operation Infinite Reach, the largest U. S. action in response to a terrorist attack since the 1986 bombing of Libya, was met with a mixed international response: U. S. allies and most of the American public supported the strikes, but the targeted countries, Islamic militant groups, other nations in the Middle East opposed them. The failure of the attacks to kill bin Laden enhanced his public image in the Muslim world. Further strikes were planned but not executed. S. military carried out an operation directly against Bin Ladin before September 11." On February 23, 1998, Osama bin Laden, Ayman al-Zawahiri, three other leaders of Islamic militant organizations issued a fatwa in the name of the World Islamic Front for Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders, publishing it in Al-Quds Al-Arabi. Deploring the stationing of U.
S. troops in Saudi Arabia, the alleged U. S. aim to fragment Iraq, U. S. support for Israel, they declared that "The ruling to kill the Americans and their allies — civilian and military — is an individual duty for every Muslim who can do it in any country in which it is possible to do it." In spring 1998, Saudi elites became concerned about the threat posed by bin Laden. In June 1998, Al Mukhabarat Al A'amah director Prince Turki bin Faisal Al Saud traveled to Tarnak Farms to meet with Taliban leader Mullah Omar to discuss the question of bin Laden. Turki demanded that the Taliban either expel bin Laden from Afghanistan or hand him over to the Saudis, insisting that removing bin Laden was the price of cordial relations with the Kingdom. American analysts believed Turki offered a large amount of financial aid to resolve the dispute over bin Laden. Omar agreed to the deal, the Saudis sent the Taliban 400 pickup trucks and funding, enabling the Taliban to retake Mazar-i-Sharif. While the Taliban sent a delegation to Saudi Arabia in July for further discussions, the negotiations stalled by August.
Around the same time, the U. S. was planning its own actions against bin Laden. Michael Scheuer, chief of the CIA's bin Laden unit, considered using local Afghans to kidnap bin Laden exfiltrate him from Afghanistan in a modified Lockheed C-130 Hercules. Documents recovered from Wadih el-Hage's Nairobi computer suggested a link between bin Laden and the deaths of U. S. troops in Somalia. These were used as the foundation for the June 1998 New York indictment of bin Laden, although the charges were dropped; the planned raid was cancelled in May after internecine disputes between officials at the FBI and the CIA. Al-Qaeda had begun reconnoitering Nairobi for potential targets in December 1993, using a team led by Ali Mohamed. In January 1994, bin Laden was presented with the team's surveillance reports, he and his senior advisers began to develop a plan to attack the American embassy there. From February to June 1998, al-Qaeda prepared to launch their attacks, renting residences, building their bombs, acquiring trucks.
While U. S. authorities had investigated al-Qaeda activities in Nairobi, they had not detected any warnings of imminent attacks. On August 7, 1998, al-Qaeda teams in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam, attacked the cities' U. S. embassies with truck bombs. In Nairobi, the explosion collapsed the nearby Ufundi Building and destroyed the embassy, killing 213 people, including 12 Americans. In Dar es Salaam, the bomber was unable to get close enough to the embassy to demolish it, but the blast killed 11 Africans and wounded 85. Bin Laden justified the high-casualty attacks
In public relations and politics, spin is a form of propaganda, achieved through knowingly providing a biased interpretation of an event or campaigning to persuade public opinion in favor or against some organization or public figure. While traditional public relations and advertising may rely on altering the presentation of the facts, "spin" implies the use of disingenuous and manipulative tactics; because of the frequent association between spin and press conferences, the room in which these conferences take place is sometimes described as a "spin room". Public relations advisors and media consultants who develop deceptive or misleading messages may be referred to as "spin doctors" or "spinmeisters"; as such, a standard tactic used in "spinning" is to reframe, reposition, or otherwise modify the perception of an issue or event, to reduce any negative impact it might have on public opinion. For example, a company whose top-selling product is found to have a significant safety problem may "reframe" the issue by criticizing the safety of its main competitor's products or indeed by highlighting the risk associated with the entire product category.
This might be done using a "catchy" slogan or sound bite that can help to persuade the public of the company's biased point of view. This tactic could enable the company to defocus the public's attention on the negative aspects of its product; as it takes experience and training to "spin" an issue, spinning is a service provided by paid media advisors and media consultants. The largest and most powerful companies may have in-house employees and sophisticated units with expertise in spinning issues. While spin is considered to be a private sector tactic, in the 1990s and 2000s, some politicians and political staff have been accused by their opponents of using deceptive "spin" tactics to manipulate public opinion or deceive the public. Spin approaches used by some political teams include "burying" negative new information by releasing it at the end of the workday on the last day before a long weekend. Edward Bernays has been called the "Father of Public Relations"; as Larry Tye describes in his book The Father of Spin: Edward L. Bernays and The Birth of Public Relations, Bernays was able to help tobacco and alcohol companies use techniques to make certain behaviors more acceptable in 20th-century United States.
Tye claims. As information technology has increased since the end of the 20th century, commentators like Joe Trippi have advanced the theory that modern Internet activism spells the end for political spin. By providing immediate counterpoint to every point a "spin doctor" can come up with, this theory suggests, the omnipresence of the Internet in some societies will lead to a reduction in the effectiveness of spin; the techniques of spin include: Selectively presenting quotes that support one's position. For example, a pharmaceutical company could pick and choose two trials where their product shows a positive effect, ignoring hundreds of unsuccessful trials, or a politician's staff could handpick short speech quotations from past years which appear to show their candidate's support for a certain position. Non-denial denial Non-apology apology "Mistakes were made" is an example of distancing language used as a rhetorical device, whereby a speaker acknowledges that a situation was managed by using low-quality or inappropriate handling but evades any direct admission or accusation of responsibility by not specifying the person or organization who made the mistakes.
Grammatically, the expression uses the passive voice to focus on the action while omitting the actor. The acknowledgement of "mistakes" is framed in an abstract sense, with no direct reference to who made the mistakes; the speaker neither accuses anyone else. The word "mistakes" does not imply intent. A less evasive active voice construction would place the focus on the actor, such as: "I made mistakes" or "John Doe made mistakes." Phrasing in a way that assumes unproven claims, or avoiding the question "Burying bad news": announcing unpopular things at a time when it is believed that the media will focus on other news. In some cases, governments have released controversial reports on summer long weekends, to avoid significant news coverage. Sometimes that "other news" is supplied by deliberately announcing popular items at the same time. Misdirection and diversion Limited hangoutFor years, businesses have used fake or misleading customer testimonials by editing/spinning customers to reflect a much more satisfied experience than was the case.
In 2009, the Federal Trade Commission updated their laws to include measures to prohibit this type of "spinning" and have been enforcing these laws as of late. Several companies that verify the authenticity of the testimonials businesses present on the marketing materials in an effort to convince one to become a customer have arisen. Roberts, Alasdair S.. "Spin Control and Freedom of Information: Lessons for the United Kingdom from Canada". Public Administration. 83: 1–23. Doi:10.1111/j.0033-3298.2005.00435.x. Kathleen Hall Jamieson and Brooks Jackson: unSpun: Finding Facts in a World of Disinformation, Christian Science Monitor: The spin room – oily engine of the political meat grinder Outfoxed: OUTFOXED
Denis Colin Leary is an American actor, comedian and producer. Leary was the star and co-creator of Rescue Me, which ended its seventh and final season on September 7, 2011, he has starred in many films including playing Captain George Stacy in Marc Webb's film, The Amazing Spider-Man, Cleveland Browns Head Coach Vince Penn in Ivan Reitman's film, Draft Day, as the voice of Francis in A Bug's Life and Diego in the Ice Age franchise. From 2015 to 2016, Leary wrote and starred in the comedy series, Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll on FX. Denis Colin Leary was born on August 18, 1957, in Worcester, the son of Roman Catholic immigrant parents from County Kerry, Ireland, his mother, was a maid, his father, John Leary, was an auto mechanic. Being the son of Irish parents, Leary is a citizen of Ireland. Through marriage, Leary is a third cousin of talk show host Conan O'Brien, he graduated from Emerson College, in Boston. At Emerson, he met fellow comic Mario Cantone. At the school, he founded a troupe that continues on-campus today.
After graduating with the Emerson Class of 1981, he took a job at the school teaching comedy writing classes and maintained the job for five years. He received an honorary doctorate and spoke at his alma mater's undergraduate commencement ceremony on May 16, 2005. Leary began working as a comedian in the Boston comedy scene of the 1980s at the underground club, Play It Again Sam's, he wrote and appeared on a local comedy series, The Late, Late Show, hosted by his friend, Lenny Clarke, written by writer, Martin Olson. Leary and Clarke both spoke about their early affiliations and influences in the Boston comedy scene in the documentary film, When Standup Stood Out, during this time, he developed his stage persona, he appeared in skits on the MTV game show Remote Control, playing such characters as Keith Richards of the Rolling Stones, the brother of co-host Colin Quinn, artist Andy Warhol. Leary earned fame when he ranted about R. E. M. in an early 1990s MTV sketch. Several other commercials for MTV followed, in which Leary would rant at high speeds about a variety of topics, playing off the then-popular and growing alternative scene.
One of these rants serves as an introduction to the video of "Shamrocks and Shenanigans" by House of Pain. He released two records of his stand-up comedy: No Cure for Lock'n Load. In late 2004, he released the EP Merry F#%$in' Christmas, which included a mix of new music unreleased recordings, some tracks from Lock'n Load. In 1993, his sardonic song about the stereotypical American male, "Asshole", achieved much notoriety. K. discussed by Louis on an interview on the Anthony Show. It was voted No. 1 in an Australian youth radio poll. The song was used as part of the Holsten Pils series of ads in the UK, in which Leary was participating, with adapted lyrics criticizing a drunk driver; the single was a minor hit there, peaking at No. 58 in the UK Singles Chart in January 1996. In 1995, he was asked by Cam Neely to help orchestrate a Boston-based comedy benefit show for Neely's cancer charity. Leary has appeared in many films including: The Sandlot as Scott's stepfather Bill, Monument Ave; the Matchmaker, The Ref, Draft Day, Suicide Kings, Wag the Dog, Demolition Man, Judgment Night, The Thomas Crown Affair, Operation Dumbo Drop.
He had a tiny part in Oliver Stone's Natural Born Killers, cut. He held the lead role in two television series, The Job and Rescue Me, he co-created the latter, in which he played Tommy Gavin, a New York City firefighter dealing with alcoholism, family dysfunction and other issues in post-9/11 New York City, he received Emmy Award nominations in 2006 and 2007 for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series for Rescue Me, in 2008 for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie for the HBO movie Recount. Leary was offered the role of Dignam in The Departed but turned it down due to scheduling conflicts with Rescue Me, he provided voices for characters in animated films, such as a fire-breathing dragon named Flame in the series The Agents, a pugnacious ladybug named Francis in A Bug's Life and a prehistoric saber-toothed tiger named Diego in the Ice Age film series. He has produced numerous movies, television shows, specials through his production company, Apostle; as a Boston Red Sox fan, he narrated the official 2004 World Series film.
In 2006, Leary and Lenny Clarke appeared on television during a Red Sox telecast and, upon realizing that Red Sox first baseman Kevin Youkilis is Jewish, delivered a criticism of Mel Gibson's antisemitic comments. As an ice hockey fan, Leary hosted the National Hockey League video NHL's Greatest Goals. In 2003, he was the subject of the Comedy Central Roast of Denis Leary. Leary did the TV voiceover for MLB 2K8 advertisements, where he used his trademark rant style in baseball terms, ads for the 2009 Ford F-150 pickup truck, he has appeared in commercials for Hulu and DirecTV's NFL Sunday Ticket package. Le