Kerikeri, the largest town in Northland, New Zealand, is a tourist destination 240 kilometres north of Auckland and 80 kilometres north of the northern region's largest city, Whangarei. It is called the Cradle of the Nation, as it was the site of the first permanent mission station in the country, it has some of the most historic buildings in the country. A expanding centre of subtropical and allied horticulture, Kerikeri is in the Far North District of the North Island and lies at the western extremity of the Kerikeri Inlet, a northwestern arm of the Bay of Islands, where fresh water of the Kerikeri River enters the salty Pacific Ocean. A fast-growing community, the 2001 New Zealand census recorded a population of 4,878, an increase of 16.3 percent over the 1996 figure. The 2006 census tally of 5,856 was a further population growth of 20 percent, the 2013 census showed an increase by a further 11 percent to 6,507; the village was established by New Zealand's pioneering missionaries, who called it Gloucester Town, but the name did not endure.
The Māori word Kerikeri was spelled and pronounced as Keddi Keddi or Kiddee Kiddee, but the town's name is today pronounced Kerry Kerry, sometimes with the rolled'r' used by Māori. In 1814, Samuel Marsden acquired land at Kerikeri from Hongi Hika for the use of the Church Missionary Society for a payment of forty-eight axes; the protector of the Kerikeri mission station was Ruatara, a nephew of Hongi Hika. Kerikeri was the first place in New Zealand. Samuel Marsden planted 100 vines on 25 September 1819 and noted in his journal that New Zealand promised to be favourable to the vine. In the same year Charlotte Kemp planted the first citrus, New Zealand's first commercial plantings of passionfruit were established in 1927, about 1932 the country's first avocados were planted; the plough was first used in New Zealand at Kerikeri, by Rev. J. G. Butler, on 3 May 1820; the origin of the name Kerikeri is not known, there have been many conflicting definitions given over the years. It is Kerikeri derives its name from the river as John Nicholas wrote "the river that discharged itself into the cove was called by the natives Tecaddiecaddie....".
After visiting the area in 1815. The definition of the word Kerikeri most known by pākehā is'dig dig', or'to keep digging', it is known. Another definition derives from Kerikeri te ana wai — "the churning or boiling over of the waters"; that would have aptly described the freshwater river tumbling into the salt water over the falls which were higher. However, some Māori say it derives from hukerikeri which means "bubbling up", there is a sad reasoning behind this. Hongi Hika, a famous or infamous chief depending on whether one fought with or against him, is reputed to have fathered the child of a captured slave at Kororipo Pā; as this was unacceptable to the tribe, the baby was placed in the water to drown but persistently rose to the surface, hence the "bubbling up". What are now called Wharepuke Falls, upriver from the Stone Store Basin, were called the Kerikeri Falls until the 1930s when given the name Wharepoke which referred to the large adjacent area of native bush. A French doctor, Messier Lesson, visited Kerikeri in 1824 and wrote that among stomach ailments suffered by Māori was "gravelle" which they called Kiddee Kiddee.
He said it was the word for a cascade of water. There are persistent claims that the falls referred to by the missionaries as "The Kiddikiddi" were what we now call the Rainbow Falls; that is impossible because although Nicholas visited and referred to Tecaddiecaddie in 1815 it was not until 1822 that missionaries Francis Hall and James Kemp became the first Europeans to see them. The local Kerikeri slogan is "It's So Nice They Named It Twice". In the early 1980s, an anonymous backpacker wrote those words in the Visitors' Book at the Kerikeri Youth Hostel, it was brought to the attention of the editor of the local newspaper, the Kerikeri Chronicle, who gave it publicity, it became adopted as a quasi-official slogan. Kerikeri is a former winner of the "New Zealand's Top Small Town" title bestowed annually by North and South magazine, this has since been the main focus of most tourism marketing of the town. Called the Mission House, for more than 100 years Kemp House, but now again called Mission House, this is the oldest wooden structure still standing in New Zealand.
A much visited and photographed building, it is administered along with the Stone Store by Heritage New Zealand. It was built by the Church Missionary Society for the Rev John Butler who became the first occupant in 1822, but only for a short while. There was a succession of occupants until 1832 when the mission blacksmith James Kemp and his wife Charlotte moved in with their family; the Kemps acquired ownership of the house and surrounding land in 1859 by trading land they owned at nearby Kororipo Point. From on the Mission House became Kemp House and it remained in the Kemp family until 1976 when it was given to the Nation by Ernest Kemp, a great grandson of the missionary James Kemp and Charlotte Kemp. St James', the wooden church on the hill above the Stone Store, is the third built in the area, second on this picturesque site overlooking the basin; the missionaries' first little combined chapel and school was built near the water and dedicated on 19 April 1824. It was replaced in 1829 when a 38-by-18-foot lath and plaster structure was erected on the present site of St James.
Battle of Ohaeawai
The Battle of Ohaeawai was fought between British forces and local Māori during the Flagstaff War in July 1845 at Ohaeawai in the North Island of New Zealand. Te Ruki Kawiti, a prominent rangatira was the leader of the Māori forces; the battle was notable in that it established that the fortified pā could withstand bombardment from cannon fire and that frontal assaults by soldiers would result in serious troop losses. After the Battle of Te Ahuahu a debate occurred between Te Ruki Kawiti and the Ngatirangi chief Pene Taui as to the site of the next battle. In the winter months of 1845 Lieutenant Colonel Despard led a combined force of troops from the 58th and 99th Regiments, Royal Marines and Māori allies in an attack on Pene Taui's Pā at Ohaeawai, fortified by Kawiti; the British troops arrived before the Ohaeawai Pā on 23 June and established a camp about 500 metres away. On the summit of a nearby hill they built a four-gun battery, they opened fire next day and continued until dark but did little damage to the palisade.
The next day the guns were brought to within 200 metres of the pā. The bombardment continued for another two days but still did little damage; this was due to the elasticity of the flax covering the palisade. Since the introduction of muskets the Māori had learnt to cover the outside of the palisades with layers of flax leaves, making them bulletproof as the velocity of musket balls was dissipated by the flax leaves; however the main fault was a failure to concentrate the cannon fire on one area of the defences, so as to create a breach in the palisade. After two days of bombardment without effecting a breach, Despard ordered a frontal assault, he was, with difficulty, persuaded to postpone this pending the arrival of a 32-pound naval gun which came the next day, 1 July. However an unexpected sortie from the pā resulted in the temporary occupation of the knoll on which Tāmati Wāka Nene had his camp and the capture of Nene's colours—the Union Jack; the Union Jack was carried into the pā. There it was hoisted, upside down, at half-mast high, below the Māori flag, a Kākahu.
This insulting display of the Union Jack was the cause of the disaster. Infuriated by the insult to the Union Jack, Colonel Despard ordered an assault upon the pā the same day; the attack was directed to the section of the pā where the angle of the palisade allowed a double flank from which the defenders of the pā could fire at the attackers. The British persisted in their attempts to storm the unbreached palisades and five to seven minutes 33 were dead and 66 injured; the casualties included Captain Grant of the 58th Lieutenant Phillpotts of HMS Hazard. The scalp of Lieutenant Phillpotts was brought to the tohunga Te Atua Wera, who made divinations and composed a song foretelling victory against the British. Shaken by the loss of a third of his troops, Despard decided to abandon the siege. However, his Māori allies contested this decision. Tāmati Wāka Nene persuaded Despard to wait for a few more days. More ammunition and supplies were brought in and the shelling continued. On the morning of 8 July the pā was found to have been abandoned, the occupants having disappeared in the night.
When they had a chance to examine it the British officers found it to be stronger than they had feared. The defenders of the pā had four iron cannons on ship-carriages including a carronade, loaded with a bullock-chain, fired at close quarters at the attacking soldiers; the colonial forces captured these cannons, one of, destroyed by a shot from a British cannon. The drawing by Mr Symonds of the 99th Regiment describes Ohaeawai's inner palisade as being 3 metres high, built using Puriri logs. In front of the inner palisade was a ditch in which the warriors could shelter and reload their muskets fire through gaps in the two outer palisades. Relying on the report of her husband Henry who observed the battle, Marianne Williams commented on the ingenuity of the construction of the war pā: The pā was duly destroyed and the British retreated once again to the Bay of Islands. Te Ruki Kawiti and his warriors escaped and proceeded to construct an stronger pā at Ruapekapeka; the Battle of Ohaeawai was presented as a victory for the British force, notwithstanding the death of about a third of the soldiers.
The reality of the end of the Battle of Ohaeawai was that Kawiti and his warriors had abandoned the pā in a tactical withdrawal. Hone Heke did not participate in the Battle of Ohaeawai as he was recovering from the wounds he received at the Battle of Te Ahuahu. After the battle, models were made of the design of the pā, with one being sent to Britain where it sat forgotten in a museum. Other Māori tribes of New Zealand became aware of the techniques used in the design of the Ohaeawai Pā in order to blunt the effectiveness of cannon and musket fire and to create firing trenches located within the inner palisade and communication trenches linking to ruas—shelters dug into the ground and covered with earth; the design of the Ohaeawai Pā, the pā subsequently built by Kawiti at Ruapekapeka, became the basis of what is now called the gunfighter pā. While the place at which the battle was fought is now called, Ngawha, it was known as Ohaeawai at the time of the battle. Cowan identifies that "the site of the Ohaeawai pa is now occupied by a Maori church and burying-ground.
The scene of the battle is two miles from the Township of Ohaeawai. A Maori church of old-
The Flagstaff War known as Hōne Heke's Rebellion, the Northern War and the First Māori War, was fought between 11 March 1845 and 11 January 1846 in and around the Bay of Islands, New Zealand. The conflict is best remembered for the actions of Hōne Heke who challenged the authority of the British by cutting down the flagstaff on Flagstaff Hill at Kororāreka, now Russell; the flagstaff had been a gift from Hōne Heke to the first British Resident. The Northern War involved many major actions, including the Battle of Kororāreka on 11 March 1845, the Battle of Ohaeawai on 23 June 1845 and the siege of Ruapekapeka Pā from 27 December 1845 to 11 January 1846; the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi started on 6 February 1840, conflict between the Crown and Māori tribes was to some extent inevitable after that. Ostensibly, the treaty established the legal basis for the British presence in New Zealand. However, the actions of Hōne Heke and Te Ruki Kawiti in 1844 reflect the controversy that began soon after the treaty was signed, over its meaning and the understanding of the Māori signatories as to whether they intended to transfer sovereignty to the Crown or whether they understood the intention of the treaty was to retain the independence of the Māori people, while ceding to the Crown the authority over the matters described in the Maori version of the treaty..
On 21 May 1840, New Zealand was formally annexed to the British Crown, the following year the capital was moved to Auckland, some 200 kilometres south of Waitangi. In the Bay of Islands, Hōne Heke, one of the original signatories to the treaty, started to become unhappy with the outcome of the treaty. Among other things, Heke objected to the relocation of the capital to Auckland. Heke and his cousin of Tītore collected and divided a levy of £5 on each ship entering the Bay. Pōmare II complained that he no longer collected payment from American ships that called at Otuihu across from Opua. Heke and the Ngāpuhi chief Pōmare II had listened to Captain William Mayhew and other Americans talk about the successful revolt of the American colonies against England over the issue of taxation. Heke obtained an American ensign from Henry Green Smith, a storekeeper at Wahapu who had succeeded Mayhew as Acting-Consul. After the flagstaff was cut down for a second time, the Stars and Stripes flew from the carved sternpost of Heke's war canoe.
In the Bay of Islands, there existed a vague but diffused belief that the Treaty of Waitangi was a ruse of the Pākehā, the belief that it was the intention of the Europeans, so soon as they became strong enough, to seize all Māori lands. This belief, together with Heke's views about the imposition of the customs duties, can be linked to the further diffused belief that the British flag flying on Flagstaff Hill over the town of Kororāreka signified that the Māori had become taurekareka to Queen Victoria; this discontent appears to have been fostered by the talk with the American traders, although it was an idea that had existed since the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi. The trial and execution of Wiremu Kīngi Maketū in 1842 for murder was, in the opinion of Archdeacon Henry Williams, the beginning of Heke's antagonism towards the colonial administration, as Heke began gathering support thereafter among the Ngāpuhi for a rebellion; however it was not until 1844 that Hōne Heke sought support from Te Ruki Kawiti and other leaders of the Ngāpuhi iwi by the conveying of ‘te ngākau’, the custom observed by those who sought help to settle a tribal grievance.
Hōne Heke and Te Ruki Kawiti worked out the plan to draw the colonial forces into battle, with the opening provocations focusing on the flagstaff on Maiki Hill at the north end of Kororāreka. In July 1844, Kotiro, a former slave of Heke insulted the Ngāpuhi chief. Kotiro had been captured from a southern tribe 15 years earlier, was now living with her English husband, the town butcher, in Kororāreka. There are differing stories as to the specific insult or the circumstances in which it was delivered. Cowan describes Kotiro as while bathing with other women, during a heated argument about Heke, she dismissed him as an upoko poaka or a pig's head. Carleton used the presence of Kotiro, her status, as pretext for a taua – a raid upon Kororāreka, it happened that a slave girl belonging to Heke, Kotiro by name, was living at Kororāreka with a butcher named Lord. Heke, having a colourable right to recover his slave. A karere was sent ahead.
Te Puni Kōkiri
Te Puni Kōkiri, the Ministry of Māori Development, is the public service department charged with advising the government on policies and issues affecting the Māori community. The name means "a group moving forward together". Te Puni Kōkiri or the Ministry of Māori Development traces its origins to back to the missionary–influenced Protectorate Department, which existed between 1840 and 1846; the Department was headed by the missionary and civil servant George Clarke, who held the position of Chief Protector. Its goal was to protect the rights of the Māori people in accordance with the Treaty of Waitangi; the Protectorate was tasked with advising the Governor on matters relating to Māori and acting as an interpreter for the courts, colonial officials, the military. Clarke's determination to protect those rights led Governor George Grey to abolish the Protectorate Department in 1846. Grey was opposed to the legal recognition of Māori customs and Māori participation in the judicial system; the Protectorate Department was succeeded by the Native Department, created in 1861 to manage the growing tensions between Māori and European settlers which culminated in the New Zealand Land Wars.
The Native Department was tasked with delivering services to Māori in the areas of education and policing, to assimilate Māori into European society. Under the purview of the Native Department, Governor Grey established a system of elected Māori committees or Rūnanga and recruited Māori into the civil service. After the abolition of the Rūnanga system, Native Department conducted its activities through a network of resident magistrates, assessors and mail carriers. In addition, the native schooling system was established and Māori electorates were created in the New Zealand House of Representatives to ensure Māori representation and participation in the country's governance. In 1893, the Native Department was disbanded and its health and policing functions were reallocated to other government departments. In 1906, the Native Department was established under the leadership of Native Affairs Minister James Carroll with an initial focus on land management and Māori healthcare. One early priority of the Department was developing Māori land in order to boost Māori economic development and to stem the loss of Māori to Europeans.
These policies were continued by his successors including Āpirana Ngata. Under the First Labour Government, the Native Department's priorities shifted to promoting economic equality and employment for the Māori population. Housing and land development continued and both Māori and Pakeha benefited from the government's welfare state policies. In 1947, the Department was renamed the "Department of Maori Affairs" at the initiative of Prime Minister Peter Fraser, who introduced legislation substituting the word'Native' to'Māori' government-wide. Between 1906 and 1989, the Department of Māori Affairs' portfolio was expanded to include the office of the Māori Trustee. By the late 1970s, the Māori Affairs Department had under a thousand permanent staff across several regions. Between 1986 and 1987, the Department was embroiled in the Māori loan affair, which involved the Department attempting to raise overseas funds for Māori development purposes in an unauthorised way. In response to the Māori loan affair, the Department of Māori Affairs was dissolved in 1989 and replaced by two new agencies: the Ministry of Māori Affairs and the Iwi Transition Agency.
The Ministry of Māori Affairs was tasked with advising the government on policies of interest to Māori and monitoring the responsiveness of government agencies to issues facing Māori. The Iwi Transition Agency was tasked with helping Māori tribes to develop new capacities to expand their role in society. Following the Ka Awatea report published by the Fourth National Government's Māori Affairs Minister Winston Peters, the two agencies were replaced in 1992 by the current Ministry of Māori Development. Under the terms of the Ka Awatea report, Te Puni Kōkiri was to focus on policy advise and monitoring roles, supported by a network of regional offices; the Ministry was tasked with advising and monitoring mainstream government departments on the provision of services to the Māori community. After 1992, the Ministry's focus shifted from welfare provision towards stimulating economic growth, paid employment, education as a means of eliminating poverty. In August 2014, it was announced that TPK would be undergoing a restructure effective by 3 November 2014, with 80 staff losing their jobs.
On 1 June 2018, it was announced that Te Puni Kōkiri would be partnering with the Māori service provider He Korowai Trust to provide affordable "rent–to–own" housing for the Māori community. According to the 2013 New Zealand census, only 29% of Māori adults owned their own homes, compared to 50% of the total population; the Labour–led coalition government announced that $15 million had been set aside in the 2018 Budget to provide assistance and resources to Māori housing providers with the aim of combating homelessness and increasing Māori housing ownership. Te Puni Kōkiri or the Ministry of Māori Development deals with public policy involving the Māori community, advises the New Zealand Government on relations and polici
New Zealand Church Missionary Society
The New Zealand Church Missionary Society is a mission society working within the Anglican Communion and Protestant, Evangelical Anglicanism. The parent organisation was founded in England in 1799; the Church Missionary Society sent missionaries to settle in New Zealand. The Revd Samuel Marsden, the Society's Agent and the Senior Chaplain to the New South Wales government, officiated at its first service on Christmas Day in 1814, at Oihi Bay in the Bay of Islands, New Zealand. In 1892, Mr. Eugene Stock and the Rev. Robert Stewart were sent to Australia and New Zealand by the parent CMS organisation to facilitate the formation of Church Missionary Associations in both Australia and New Zealand, in order that those associations would select and send out missionaries. In 1892 the New Zealand Church Missionary Association was formed in a Nelson church hall. Funding from the UK stopped in 1903; the association was established under the sanction of the Bishops of Waiapu and Nelson, with the Rev. Frederick William Chatterton as Clerical Secretary, Mr. J. Holloway as Lay Secretary and Treasurer.
The association provided workers for the Maori Mission, for the Melanesian Mission, for the CMS Missions in China, Japan and Africa, for the Church of England Zenana Missionary Society. In 1893 Miss Marie Louise Pasley, the first missionary candidate, was selected, and, subsequently sent to Japan; the association subsequent changed its name to the New Zealand Church Missionary Society in 1916. In 2000 the NZCMS amalgamated with the South American Missionary Society of New Zealand; the NZCMS works with the Anglican Missions Board, concentrating on mission work outside New Zealand and has been involved in Pakistan, East Africa, the Middle East, South Asia, South America and East Asia. It is the global network of mission agencies Faith2Share; the CMS founded its first mission at Rangihoua in the Bay of Islands in 1814 and over the next decade established farms and schools in the area. Thomas Kendall and William Hall were directed to proceed to the Bay of Islands in the Active, a vessel purchased by Samuel Marsden for the service of the mission, there to reopen communication with Ruatara, a local chief.
Kendall and Hall left New South Wales on 14 March 1814 on the Active for an exploratory journey to the Bay of Islands. They met rangatira of the Ngāpuhi including his uncle Hongi Hika. Kendall and John King, returned to the Bay of Islands on the Active on 22 December 1814 to establish the Oihi Mission; the protector of the Kerikeri mission station was the chief Ruatara and following his death in 1815, Hongi Hika accepted responsibility for the protection of the mission. In April 1817 William Carlisle and his brother-in-law Charles Gordon, joined the mission, from New South Wales. Carlisle was engaged as a schoolteacher and Gordon is engaged for the purpose of teaching agriculture, they remained at the mission until 1819. In 1819 Marsden made his second visit to New Zealand, bringing with him John Gare Butler as well as Francis Hall and James Kemp as lay settlers. William Puckey, a boatbuilder and carpenter, came with his family, including William Gilbert Puckey to assist in putting up the buildings at Kerikeri.
In 1820, Marsden paid his third visit, on HMS Dromedary. Butler and Kemp took charge of the Kerikeri mission, but proved unable to develop a harmonious working relationship, from 1822 to 1823 Butler was in dispute with Marsden. In 1823, Marsden paid his fourth visit, bringing with him Henry Williams and his wife Marianne as well as Richard Davis, a farmer, William Fairburn, a carpenter, their respective families. In 1826 Henry's brother William and his wife Jane joined the CMS mission and settled at Paihia in the Bay of Islands; the immediate protector of the Paihia mission was the chief, Te Koki, his wife Ana Hamu, a woman of high rank and the owner of the land occupied by the mission. The CMS Mission House in Kerikeri, completed in 1822, ranks as New Zealand's oldest surviving building. In the early days the CMS funded its activities through trade. Thomas Kendall sold weapons to Māori people, with muskets being the primary item traded by whaling and sealing ships for food. Kendall brought Māori war-chief Hongi Hika to London in 1820.
When Henry Williams became the leader of the missionaries at Paihia in 1823, he stopped the trade in muskets. The mission schools provided religious education and literacy skills in the Māori language, as well as English language skills. Karaitiana Rangi was the first person baptised, which occurred in 1825; however the evangelical mission of the CMS achieved success only after the baptism of Ngāpuhi chief Rawiri Taiwhanga in 1830. His example influenced others to be baptised into the Christian faith; the CMS established farms at Kerikeri and at Te Waimate mission and engaged workers from Sydney to assist in the farming. In 1833 a mission was established at Kaitaia in Northland as well as a mission at Puriri on the Waihou River. In 1835 missions were established in the Bay of Plenty and Waikato regions at Tauranga and Rotorua; the possessions of these missions were plundered during an inter-tribal war between the Māori people of Matamata and the Waikato river. In 1836 a mission was open in the Manukau Harbour region.
In 1832 the salary of single laymen or catechist was £30 p
Waimate is a town in Canterbury, New Zealand. It is situated just inland from the eastern coast of the South Island; the town is reached via a short detour west when travelling on State Highway One, the main North/South road. Waimate is 45.7 km south of Timaru, Canterbury's second city, 20 km north of the Waitaki River, which forms the border between Canterbury and the Otago province to the south. The population of the Waimate District was recorded in the 2006 census as 7,206 people; the district's area of 3,582.19 square kilometres forms the southern section of the agriculturally rich Canterbury Plains. Waimate is well known for its population of Bennett's wallabies; these marsupials were introduced from Australia and now live wild in the countryside surrounding the town. It is recognised for the White Horse Monument, a silhouette of a white horse that can be seen on the hills behind the town, it commemorates the Clydesdale horses. Visitors to the monument's lookout are rewarded with panoramic views of the town and the district's green plains out towards the Pacific Ocean.
From 1877 until 1966, Waimate was served by the Waimate Branch, a branch line railway that connected with the Main South Line some seven kilometres east in Studholme. For seventy years ending in 1953, the line ran beyond Waimate to Waihao Downs; when the branch line was closed on 31 March 1966, Waimate became the first major town in New Zealand to lose its railway connection. The Waimate District is bounded by the Waitaki River in the south, the Pareora River in the north and the Hakataramea Valley to the west; the district is a productive agricultural area with a mix of pastoral, dairy farming and vegetable growing. The Waihao River, which starts in the Hunter Hills catchment area runs eastwards on the southern side of the Waimate township joining with the Waimate Creek, they both end up discharging close to the sea into the Wainono Dead Arm, which flows into the Wainono Lagoon near Studholme. Glenavy Hook Hunter Ikawai Makikihi Morven Otaio Saint Andrews Studholme Waihao Downs Waihaorunga Waituna Like much of rural New Zealand, Waimate suffered from an economic downturn in the 1980s, with the closure of the dairy factory and a number of sawmills.
For the last decade of the 20th century the biggest employers in the district were two furniture manufacturers, a vegetable processing plant and a factory making French fries and other potato products at Makikihi. All but the latter closed within the first few years of the 21st century. However, a newly developed large scale sawmill and the development of a large milk powder factory, coupled with the wealth of dairy farms and the nationwide real estate bubble of 2003-2007, saw a renewed confidence in Waimate. Further Information: List of schools in Canterbury, New Zealand Pre-schools Waimate Free Kindergarten Waimate Childcare Centre Waimate Playcentre Primary Schools Waimate Main School Glenavy School Morven School Makikihi School St Patrick's School |St Patrick's School Waihaorunga School Waihao Downs School Waimate Centennial School Waituna Creek School St Andrews School |St Andrews School Secondary Schools Waimate High School Eric Batchelor, most decorated Commonwealth NCO of World War II.
Ken Catran and screenwriter Margaret Cruickshank, the second woman to graduate in medicine in New Zealand and the first New Zealand woman to register and practise as a general practitioner. Although not born in Waimate, she spent her professional career there and her achievement is celebrated with a monument of her in the middle of the township. Mary Gorman, World War I nurse who died in the sinking of the SS Marquette A. M. Hamilton, notable for building the Hamilton Road through Kurdistan and designing the Callender-Hamilton bridge system. Major General Howard Kippenberger officer commanding New Zealand forces in North Africa during World War II. Though not born in Waimate his father bought a farm there when he was young and he spent much of his early childhood there. Norman Kirk, 29th Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1972–1974. Michael Studholme, the first European settler in the region. A statue of Zealandia, a female allegorical representation of New Zealand similar to Great Britain's Britannia, is located just off the main street.
Only three Zealandia statues exist in the whole country, the one at Waimate, one at Palmerston in Otago, another in Auckland. The Waimate and Palmerston statues were erected as Boer War memorials, the one in Auckland to commemorate troops who fought against Māori in the New Zealand Wars. St Patrick's Basilica Catholic Church, located on Timaru Rd, was designed in 1908 by Francis Petre and is considered his most original design. St. Augustine's Anglican Church, located on John Street in Waimate, designed in 1872 by Benjamin Mountfort. Waihao marae, a marae of Ngāi Tahu and its Te Rūnanga o Waihao branch, is located in the Waimate district, it includes a wharenui. Waimate Museum, located in Shearman St, was designed in 1878 by P. M. F. Burrows. Arcadia Theatre was build as Quinn's Arcade in 1906. Waimate White Horse is located in the town. Waimate Rugby Football Club has teams competing in the South Canterbury rugby competitions; the club is affiliated with the South Canterbury Rugby Football Union. Waimate Golf Club March Hare Motorcycle Rally, first weekend of March Waimate 50 Street Race, October Waimate Strawberry Fare Annual second weekend in December Waimate Shears October Waimate Rodeo, Annually 27 December Claytons Debating Tournament, Annually in July–August Waimate Museum Bookarama, Annually at Labour Weekend Waimate Edwardian Heritage Celebrations Annually second week
Te Waimate mission
This article is about the Mission in the North Island, New Zealand. For the town in the South Island, see Waimate. Te Waimate Mission was the fourth mission station established in New Zealand and the first settlement inland from the Bay of Islands; the members of the Church Missionary Society appointed to establish Te Waimate Mission at Waimate North were the Rev. William Yate and lay members Richard Davis, George Clarke and James Hamlin. At the instigation of Samuel Marsden, a model farming village for Māori was constructed at Te Waimate by the CMS. Land was bought from the Ngāpuhi tribe following the Girls' War of 1830. In 1830, Richard Davis and lay member of the CMS, established a farm at the Waimate Mission. In 1835 William Williams and their family move to Waimate, where Williams continued his work on the translation of the Bible into Māori; the boarding school for the sons of the CMS missionaries was transferred from Paihia to Te Waimate Mission. Richard Taylor succeeded William Williams as principal of the Waimate Boys’ School in September 1839.
On 23 & 24 December 1835 Charles Darwin visited. The village comprised three wooden houses for missionary families, a flour mill, carpenters' shop, blacksmith, school and of course the church. Marsden hoped Māori would be educated into European culture while making Te Waimate Mission a paying proposition by producing goods for sale to European shipping and the local Māori through the Stone Store at Kerikeri; the attempt to impose European culture on Māori in a controlled fashion where those being taught formed the labour, failed to attract many Māori and the station was run down. The construction of the church at Te Waimate was commenced in May 1831 and it was completed in 6 weeks; the name of the church was chosen as St. John the Baptist day fell on June 24; the original church served as a school room. The first child baptised at the church was Edward Blomfield Clarke on 10 July 1831; the first church wedding of two Europeans in New Zealand was conducted on 11 October 1831, between William Gilbert Puckey, son of a CMS carpenter, William Puckey, Matilda Elizabeth Davis, second daughter of the Rev. Richard Davis.
The existing St. John the Baptist Church was built in 1871; the clergymen appointed to St. John the Baptist Church were: Rev. William Yate Rev. William Williams Rev. Richard Taylor Rev. Thomas Whytehead, Rev. William Charles Cotton and Rev. William Charles Dudley, when St. John the Baptist Church was the Cathedral of Bishop George Selwyn. Rev. Robert Burrows Rev. Richard Davis Rev. Edward Blomfield Clarke Piripi Patiki was appointed in 1863 as deacon to assist the Rev. Clarke. In 1884 the CMS gave control over the church to the Diocesan Trust Board. Bishop George Selwyn appointed the Rev. Henry Williams as Archdeacon of Te Waimate on 21 September 1844. Ven. Henry Williams Ven. Edward Blomfield Clarke In June 1842 Bishop George Selwyn set up residence at Te Waimate Mission; some buildings were converted for use by St. John’s College to teach theology to candidates for ordination into the Anglican Church; the candidates for ordination as deacons were: Richard Davis Seymour Mills Spencer, William Bollard and Henry Francis Butt William Colenso, Thomas Chapman, James Hamlin, Joseph Matthews and Christopher Pearson Davies On 26 September 1844 Bishop Selwyn presided over the first Synod held in New Zealand.
In 1844 Bishop Selwyn moved his residence and St John’s College to Auckland. During the Flagstaff War soldiers from the 58th and 99th regiments, casualties of the Battle of Ohaeawai, were buried in the graveyard of St. John the Baptist Church; the mission station was used as the headquarters for the British army from 15 June 1845 to 6 October 1845, after which the mission lost support among the Māori. The mission station fell into disrepair and the buildings were subsequently put up for sale. Today the only remnant on the site is the house occupied by George Clarke, preserved by Heritage New Zealand as a museum. One of the other houses survives at the Butler Point Whaling Museum; the members of the Church Missionary Society who were appointed to Te Waimate Mission include: William Yate, arrived in the Bay of Islands on 19 January 1828. In 1830 he was appointed to lead Te Waimate Mission, however his personal life became a matter of controversy and he was dismissed from the CMS in June 1834. George Clarke arrived in the Bay of Islands on 4 April 1824.
He was first appointed to Kerikeri to work as a blacksmith, worked at Te Waimate Mission from 1830 to 1840 teaching the Māori students. Richard Davis, a farmer, arrived in the Bay of Islands on 7 May 1824. In 1830 he established a farm at the Waimate Mission and remained there until 1845, he was ordained on Trinity Sunday 1843. He was appointed to Kaikohe from 1845 to 1854 he returned to Te Waimate Mission from 1854 to 1863. William Gilbert Puckey worked at Te Waimate Mission in 1834 he established the Kaitaia Mission; as he had become fluent in the language since arriving as a boy of 14, he was a useful translator for the CMS mission, including collaborating with William Williams on the translation of the New Testament in 1837 and its revision in 1844. James Hamlin, flax dresser and weaver, arrived in the Bay of Islands on 25 March 1826 with his wife Elizabeth on the same ship as William Williams and Jane Williams, he served as a catechist at Te Waimate Mission from 1830 to 1834. In 1834 Hamlin left to establish a mission station at Puriri.
William Williams moved to Te Waimate Mission in 1835, became the prin