The Wales national football team represents Wales in international football. It is controlled by the Football Association of Wales, the governing body for football in Wales and the third-oldest national football association in the world. Although part of the United Kingdom, Wales has always had a representative side that plays in major professional tournaments, though not in the Olympic Games, as the International Olympic Committee has always recognised United Kingdom representative sides. During their history, Wales have qualified for three major international tournaments. Wales reached the quarter-finals of the 1958 FIFA World Cup, they reached the semi-finals of UEFA Euro 2016 and have qualified for UEFA Euro 2020, progressed through UEFA Euro 1976 qualifying to the quarter-finals, though this was played on a two-legged, home-and-away basis and not considered part of the finals tournament. At all levels, including the youth teams, the Welsh national team draws players from clubs in the English football league system.
The main professional Welsh clubs play in the English leagues, with some full-time and part-time professional clubs playing in the Welsh football league system. Wales played its first competitive match on 25 March 1876 against Scotland in Glasgow, making it the third oldest international football team in the world. Although the Scots won the first fixture 4–0, a return match was planned in Wales the following year, so it was that the first international football match on Welsh soil took place at the Racecourse Ground, Wrexham, on 5 March 1877. Scotland took the spoils winning 2–0. Wales' first match against England came in 1879, a 2–1 defeat at the Kennington Oval, in 1882, Wales faced Ireland for the first time, winning 7–1 in Wrexham; the associations of the four Home Nations met at the International Football Conference in Manchester on 6 December 1882 to set down a set of worldwide rules. This meeting saw the establishment of the International Football Association Board to approve changes to the rules, a task the four associations still perform to this day.
The 1883–84 season saw the formation of the British Home Championship, a tournament, played annually between England, Scotland and Wales, until 1983–84. Wales were champions on 12 occasions, winning outright seven times whilst sharing the title five times; the FAW became members of FIFA, world football's governing body, in 1910, but the relationship between FIFA and the British associations was fraught and the British nations withdrew from FIFA in 1928 in a dispute over payments to amateur players. As a result, Wales did not enter the first three FIFA World Cups. In 1932, Wales played host to the Republic of Ireland, the first time they played against a side from outside the four home nations. One year Wales played a match outside the United Kingdom for the first time when they travelled to Paris to play France national football team in a match drawn 1–1. After World War II, along with the other three home nations, rejoined FIFA in 1946 and took part in the qualifying rounds for the 1950 World Cup, the 1949–50 Home Championships being designated as a qualifying group.
The top two teams were to qualify for the finals in Brazil. The 1950s were a golden age for Welsh football with stars such as Ivor Allchurch, Cliff Jones, Alf Sherwood, Jack Kelsey, Trevor Ford, Ronnie Burgess, Terry Medwin and John Charles. Wales made its only World Cup finals tournament appearance in the 1958 edition in Sweden. However, their path to qualification was unusual. Having finished second to Czechoslovakia in qualifying Group 4, the golden generation of Welsh football managed by Jimmy Murphy seemed to have missed out on qualification, but the politics of the Middle East subsequently intervened. In the Asian/African qualifying zone and Sudan had refused to play against Israel following the Suez crisis, while Indonesia had insisted on meeting Israel on neutral ground; as a result, FIFA proclaimed Israel winners of their respective group. However, FIFA did not want a team to qualify for the World Cup finals without playing a match, so lots were drawn of all the second-placed teams in UEFA.
Belgium were drawn out first but refused to participate, so Wales was drawn out and awarded a two-legged play-off match against Israel with a place in Sweden for the winners. Having defeated Israel 2–0 at the Ramat Gan Stadium and 2–0 at Ninian Park, Wales went through to a World Cup finals tournament for the first time; the strong Welsh squad made their mark in Sweden, drawing all the matches in their group against Hungary and Sweden before defeating Hungary in a play-off match to reach the quarter-finals against Brazil. However, Wales' chances of victory against Brazil were hampered by an injury to John Charles that ruled him out of the match. Wales lost; the goal made Brazil went on to win the tournament. Wales' remarkable campaign in Sweden was the subject of the best-selling book When Pele Broke Our Hearts: Wales and the 1958 World Cup, published on the 40th anniversary of the World Cup and was the inspiration for a Bafta Cymru-nominated documentary. Wales failed to qualify for the first four finals tournaments of the UEFA European Championship from its inception in 1960.
Prior to 1980, only four countries qualified for the finals tournament, Wales were drawn to play again
The Guildhall Holy Trinity Church, is a redundant church in Watergate in the city of Chester, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building; the church closed in 1960, became known as the Guildhall, was converted to be used for secular purposes. The original building, which had a north aisle dated from the 14th century; the east end and south side were rebuilt in 1680. This church had a spire, rebuilt in the 1770s but in 1811 was taken down for reasons of safety; the present church was built between 1869 to a design by James Harrison. He died before it was finished and the church was completed by the firm of Kelly and Edwards of Chester, it is built in red sandstone with grey slate roofs. Its plan consists of a continuous nave and chancel with a clerestory, a west porch, a detached south spire and porch, a vestry to the south; the tower has three stages with double doors to the east and above this a relief sculpture of Christ enthroned.
The second stage has a lancet clock faces to the east and south. The third stage has two-light bell-openings, corner buttresses, a pierced parapet and a recessed octagonal stone spire with three lucarnes to each face. Most of the fittings have been removed; the east window, dated 1885, is by Kempe, depicts God and major Old Testament figures and saints. Now hidden by flooring is a memorial to John Whitmore who died in 1374; the former chancel screen and the reredos are hidden. The building has been converted into two halls, the Major Hall and the Lower Hall, is used for a variety of events, including conferences, receptions and concerts. Media related to Guildhall, Chester at Wikimedia Commons Guild Guildhall Museum
Riley Hill was an American actor who appeared in both film and television. Over the span of his career he appeared in over a dozen television series. Born Roy Lawrence Harris on March 20, 1914 in Fort Worth, his parents were Charlie Morris Harris and Mary Irene Bowers, he began acting under his real name with a small role in The Firefly. By the beginning of the next decade he was getting significant roles in Hollywood westerns such as Law of the Range, Men of the Timberland, Rawhide Rangers, Texas Trouble Shooters, Arizona Stage Coach. Arizona Stage Coach would be the last picture he appeared in before, in 1942, his film career was interrupted by World War II, when he was drafted into the U. S. Army, it would be the last film he would use his real name in. After being released from military service he took up the stage name of Riley Hill, had a significant role in 1944's Ghost Guns. During the remainder of the 1940s he had significant roles in numerous films, including Flame of the West, Sheriff of Cimarron, Gun Smoke, Border Bandits, Under Arizona Skies, The Haunted Mine, Trigger Fingers, Flashing Guns, Code of the Saddle, Range Renegades, The Rangers Ride.
He finished the decade with featured roles in seven films in 1949, including Shadows of the West, Across the Rio Grande, Range Justice, Law of the West, Lawless Code. The 1950s saw Hill continue in major supporting roles, along with the occasional starring role in B westerns, as well as lesser roles, he had one of the starring roles in 1950's Law of the Panhandle, significant roles that same year in Six Gun Mesa and Fence Riders. After 1951 his roles began to diminish, although he did have a significant supporting role in the 1952 western, 1953's White Lightning. With the advent of television, Hill began to transition to that medium, he appeared in The Lone Ranger, Dick Tracy, The Gene Autry Show, The Range Rider during the early 1950s. He had the significant role of the apostle John in The Living Bible; the remainder of the decade saw him continue to appear on television in westerns such as The Roy Rogers Show, The Cisco Kid, Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok, The Adventures of Kit Carson. His last significant part was in a recurring role in Mackenzie's Raiders during 1958–59.
At some point in the early 1960s Hill moved to Arizona. He only appeared in films, he had a significant role in The Trial of Billy Jack in 1974, smaller roles in 1976's The Last Hard Men and several other films in the 1960s and 1970s. His last significant role, second to last performance, was in When You Comin' Back, Red Ryder?. Riley Hill on IMDb Riley Hill's page on B-Westerns Riley Hill's page on Western Clippings
The 11th Regiment of Militia was raised in October 1739 by the governor of the colony of Connecticut to provide an overarching organization of military units within the colonies. These regiments served as part of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War; the regiment contributed many of its forces to regular regiments in the Continental Army. Prior to the Revolutionary War, the regiment consisted of companies from Plainfield, Pomfret and Voluntown. During the Revolutionary War, the companies were from Pomfret and Killingly. Grenadier Company of the 11th Connecticut Militia Bibliography of Connecticut's participation in the Continental Army compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History
Lisa Daftari is an investigative journalist focusing on foreign affairs with a focus on the Middle East and counterterrorism. She appears on television and radio with commentary and analysis, providing exclusive reporting on vital developments in the region, she is an on-air Fox News political analyst and has been featured on CBS, NBC, PBS, the Washington Post, NPR, ABC, Voice of America, others. Lisa serves as founder and Editor-in-Chief of The Foreign Desk, an international news and U. S. foreign policy news website. Daftari has been interviewed in Spanish and Persian, her areas of expertise and coverage include the Middle East and North Africa, national security, the Arab Spring, global Christian persecution, human rights, cyber security and more. She was invited to show her documentary film about an Iranian underground political movement in Congress, she is called upon to give briefs and expert testimony for government and private entities. Daftari has worked for a number of think tanks in Washington, where she has written exclusive reports for the Pentagon and other government groups.
Daftari is a first generation Iranian American. She was born in New Jersey to Simin Daftari, her father is a physician and college professor, her mother has a background in language and accounting. Her parents are Iranian Jews who married in Iran, she grew up in the second of four Daftari children. Daftari finished high school at a private Jewish school in New Jersey. Lisa graduated from Rutgers University New Brunswick with a B. A. in Spanish, Middle Eastern studies, vocal performance. She went on to receive her masters degree in broadcast journalism at the Annenberg School of Journalism at the University of Southern California, where she was awarded a Presidential Merit Scholarship. Using her grant, she delivered the exclusive story of four Iranian brothers detained in Federal prison on charges connecting them to the MEK, a political organization opposed to the Iranian government, she delivered her report on PBS for a 9/11 anniversary show. Daftari is fluent in English, Farsi and Spanish and is an avid opera singer and pianist.
Daftari believes the Jewish state has every right to exist. In 2018, her talk at Rutgers University was cancelled because of accusations of Islamophobia; the University apologized for "cancelling" her talk, saying to her in a phone conversation that they wanted to cancel but would rather call it a'postponement'. Sometime thereafter they offered her multiple alternate dates to return, which she refused, as she felt that Rutgers had mischaracterized the issue, it was claimed that she had said, “Islamic terror takes its guidance and teachings from the Quran, Sharia law,” whereas she had said “Islamic terror CLAIMS to take its teachings from the Quran.” In 2006, while in graduate school, Daftari was invited to show her thesis documentary film about an underground Iranian political group, Marze Por Gohar to Congress. During that time, she worked as an associate producer in the investigative unit at NBC in Los Angeles. While at NBC, she helped break the story about the 2005 Los Angeles bomb plot, in which Jamiyyat Ul-Islam Is-Saheeh, an Islamist prison gang, planned to bomb prominent Los Angeles sites.
In 2007, after graduating, Daftari left NBC to work as a researcher for several think tanks focusing on the Middle East and counterterrorism. She attended several hearings on Iran divestment in the California State Assembly. At the end of that year, she delivered a 100-page report about Iranian youth movements to the Pentagon. In 2009, Daftari began appearing on the Fox News Channel commentating on developments in the Middle East and Iran, in particular, she now appears on the network on various television and radio programs. In 2015 she launched "The Foreign Desk" a website dedicated to reporting stories from around the world with an emphasis on their impact on human rights, global security and U. S. foreign policy. Lisadaftari.com The Foreign Desk Lisa Daftari on Facebook
Uri Hezkia Gneezy is the Epstein/Atkinson Endowed Chair in Behavioral Economics and Professor of Economics & Strategy at the University of California, San Diego's Rady School of Management. Gneezy studied economics at Tel Aviv University, where he obtained a BA degree and graduated with honors, he got his MA and PhD at the CentER for Economic Research at Tilburg University in Tilburg, the Netherlands. Gneezy, who contributes to the Freakonomics website, is known for designing simple, clever experiments to demonstrate behavioral phenomena that open up new research directions in behavioral economics. Examples include his work on when and how incentives work, gender differences in competitiveness, behavioral pricing. Gneezy and coauthor John A. List have published a book on the hidden motives and undiscovered economics of everyday life, titled "The Why Axis."In 2014, Gneezy cofounded Gneezy Consulting, a business consultation company that specializes in behavioral economics. Before joining the Rady School, Gneezy was a faculty member at the University of Chicago, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa University.
He was a visiting professor at the University of Amsterdam Center for Research in Experimental Economics and Political Decision Making. Since receiving his Ph. D. from Tilburg University in 1997, Gneezy has started a few lines of research that have become part of the agenda in behavioral economics. Examples include papers on gender differences, deception, the uncertainty effect, the counter-productivity of incentives. In his research, he starts with new and original questions the literature has not yet investigated, addresses them with simple empirical demonstrations of powerful psychological effects. Rather than testing theories, Gneezy begins with the demonstration of behavioral effect. Gneezy resides in San Diego, with his wife and three children. "Pay Enough or Don't Pay At All", Quarterly Journal of Economics August 2000, 791–810. "A Fine Is a Price", Journal of Legal Studies, vol. XXIX, 1, part 1, 2000, 1–18. "Large Stakes and Big Mistakes", Review of Economic Studies, 76, 2008, 451–69. "Incentives to Exercise".
Econometrica. 77: 909–931. May 2009. Doi:10.3982/ECTA7416. Gneezy, Uri. "When and Why Incentives Work to Modify Behavior". Journal of Economic Perspectives. 25: 191–210. Doi:10.1257/jep.25.4.191. Gneezy, Uri. "Deception: The Role of Consequences". American Economic Review. 95: 384–394. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.199.6717. Doi:10.1257/0002828053828662. Erat, Sanjiv. "White Lies". Management Science. 58: 723–733. Doi:10.1287/mnsc.1110.1449. Gneezy, U.. "Performance in Competitive Environments: Gender Differences". Quarterly Journal of Economics. 118: 1049–1074. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.615.5638. Doi:10.1162/00335530360698496. Gneezy, Uri. "Gender and Competition at a Young Age". American Economic Review. 94: 377–381. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.195.4452. Doi:10.1257/0002828041301821. "Gender Differences in Competition: Evidence from a Matrilineal and a Patriarchal Society". Econometrica. 77: 1637–1664. September 2009. Doi:10.3982/ECTA6690. Gneezy, U. "Avoiding Overhead Aversion in Charity". Science. 346: 632–635. Doi:10.1126/science.1253932. PMID 25359974