Walkman is a brand of portable media players manufactured by Sony. The original Walkman, released in 1979, was a portable cassette player that changed listening habits by allowing people to listen to music of their choice on the move, it was devised by Sony founders Masaru Ibuka and Akio Morita, who felt Sony's existing portable player was too unwieldy and expensive. A prototype was built from a modified Sony Pressman, a compact tape recorder designed for journalists and released in 1977; the Walkman was followed by a series of international releases. In the early 1980s, Walkman caught on globally and Sony used the name worldwide. In everyday language, "walkman" became a generic term, referring to personal stereos of any producer or brand. Sony continues to use the Walkman brand for most of its portable audio devices, including feature phones. Magnetic cassette technology was developed in 1963 by the Dutch electronics firm Philips. In the late 1960s, the introduction of prerecorded cassette tapes made it possible to listen to tapes of music on car stereos, though vinyl remained the most popular format for home listening.

Sony co-founder Masaru Ibuka used Sony's bulky TC-D5 cassette recorder to listen to music while traveling for business. He asked executive deputy president Norio Ohga to design a playback-only stereo version optimized for headphone use; the first prototype was built from a mono cassette recorder. The metal-cased blue-and-silver Walkman TPS-L2, the world's first low-cost portable stereo, went on sale in Japan on July 1, 1979, was sold for around ¥33,000, or ¥57,109.02 adjusted for inflation. Though Sony predicted it would sell about 5,000 units a month, it sold more than 50,000 in the first two months. Sony introduced the Walkman in the US as the UK as the Stowaway; the TPS-L2 was introduced in the U. S. in June 1980. In October 2010, it was reported that manufacturing of the cassette-based Walkman would cease in Japan, but that Sony would continue production of the device in China to accommodate users abroad, including in the United States and some Asian countries. Once the final units are sold, they will not be available from the manufacturer.

With the increased popularity of MP3 players, it was the CD player that caused the decline of the Walkman. Sony continues to make cassette-based Walkman devices in China for the US and other overseas markets; the marketing of the Walkman introduced the idea of'Japanese-ness' into global culture, synonymous with miniaturization and high-technology. The "Walk-men" and "Walk-women" in advertisements were created to be the ideal reflections of the subject watching. A major component of the Walkman advertising campaign was personalization of the device. Prior to the Walkman, the common device for portable music was the portable radio, which could only offer listeners standard music broadcasts. Having the ability to customize a playlist was a new and exciting revolution in music technology. Potential buyers had the opportunity to choose their perfect match in terms of mobile listening technology; the ability to play your own music and listen was a huge selling point of the Walkman amongst teens, who contributed to its success.

Despite "all this technological diversity, there must be one, the perfect choice for you". This method of marketing to an expansive user-base while maintaining the idea that the product was made for each individual " the best of all possible worlds—mass marketing and personal differentiation". According to Time, the Walkman's "unprecedented combination of portability and privacy made it the ideal product for thousands of consumers looking for a compact portable stereo that they could take with them anywhere"; the Walkman had a major influence on 1980s culture. In 1986, the word "Walkman" entered the Oxford English Dictionary. Millions used the Walkman during exercise. Other firms, including Aiwa and Toshiba, produced similar products, in 1983 cassettes outsold vinyl for the first time. In German-speaking countries, the use of "walkman" became generic, meaning a personal stereo of any make, to a degree that the Austrian Supreme Court of Justice ruled in 2002 that Sony could not prevent others from using the term "walkman" to describe similar goods.

It is therefore an example of. The Walkman had Sony's Discman. In turn, the Walkman and Discman are ancestors of digital audio players such as Apple's iPod. Sony's own line of DAPs is known as Network Walkman. List of Sony Walkman products Sony Watchman Walkman effect XpressMusic Media related to Walkman at Wikimedia Commons Official Sony website

Papuan frogmouth

The Papuan frogmouth is a species of bird in the family Podargidae. The species was described by zoologist Jean René Constant Quoy and naturalist Joseph Paul Gaimard in 1830; the three subspecies are P. p. papuensis, P. p. baileyi, P. p. rogersi. The Papuan frogmouth is the largest of frogmouths in terms of length. Average sizes indicate that it only falls behind the Neotropical great potoo and oilbird among the largest species in the order Caprimulgiformes. On average these birds are about 53 cm, with a range of 50 to 60 cm; this species was found to average 414 g in males and 314 g in females, with a total range of 290 to 570 g. The tawny frogmouth is smaller on average than this but is capable of reaching higher maximum weights; the Papuan frogmouth has red eye, cream eyebrow, long tail and dark wings. The male of the species is larger and marbled in appearance; the female is more rufous in appearance. P. p. baileyi is smaller, darker. P. p. rogersi is paler. Similar species include the tawny frogmouth.

The Papuan frogmouth is larger, has red eyes, a longer tail, darker wings. It is found in the Aru Islands, New Guinea, Cape York Peninsula; this species' natural habitat is subtropical or tropical, lowland forests. The call is a laughing hoot, it is heard after dusk and before dawn. Breeding takes place from August to January. One or two white eggs are placed in a nest consisting of a few sticks placed in the fork of a branch; the Papuan frogmouth is nocturnal. It hunts for large insects on the ground from dusk. On occasion, it takes small reptiles, amphibians, or birds as prey; the Papuan frogmouth may secrete a substance in its mouth. According to a number of observers, it is able to wait with its mouth open and flies enter to investigate the odor. Media related to Podargus papuensis at Wikimedia Commons

1999–2000 All-Ireland Senior Club Hurling Championship

The 1999–00 All-Ireland Senior Club Hurling Championship was the 30th staging of the All-Ireland Senior Club Hurling Championship, the Gaelic Athletic Association's premier inter-county club hurling tournament. The championship began on 17 October 1999 and ended on 17 March 2000. St. Joseph's Doora-Barefield were the defending champions. On 17 March 2002, Athenry won the championship following a 0-16 to 0-12 defeat of St. Joseph's Doora-Barefield in the All-Ireland final; this was their first in three championship seasons. Athenry's Eugene Cloonan was the championship's top scorer with 3-24. First round Quarter-final Semi-final Final First round Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final Semi-finals Final Quarter-final Semi-finals Final Top scorers overallTop scorers in a single game