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Wallace Stevens

Wallace Stevens was an American modernist poet. He was born in Reading, educated at Harvard and New York Law School, he spent most of his life working as an executive for an insurance company in Hartford, Connecticut, he won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for his Collected Poems in 1955. Stevens's first period of writing begins with his 1923 publication of the Harmonium collection, followed by a revised and amended second edition in 1930, his second period occurred in the eleven years preceding the publication of his Transport to Summer, when Stevens had written three volumes of poems including Ideas of Order, The Man with the Blue Guitar, Parts of the World, along with Transport to Summer. His third and final period of writing poems occurred with the publication of The Auroras of Autumn in the early 1950s followed by the release of his Collected Poems in 1954 a year before his death, his best-known poems include The Auroras of Autumn, "Anecdote of the Jar", "Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock", "The Emperor of Ice-Cream", "The Idea of Order at Key West", "Sunday Morning", "The Snow Man", "Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird".

Stevens was born in Reading, Pennsylvania, in 1879 into a Lutheran family in the line of John Zeller, his maternal great-grandfather, who had settled in the Susquehanna Valley in 1709 as a religious refugee. The son of a prosperous lawyer, Stevens attended Harvard as a non-degree three-year special student from 1897 to 1900. According to his biographer Milton Bates, Stevens was introduced to the philosopher George Santayana living in Boston at the time and was influenced by Santayana's book Interpretations of Poetry and Religion. Holly Stevens, his daughter, recalled her father's long dedication to Santayana when she posthumously reprinted her father's collected letters in 1977 for Knopf. In one of his early journals, Stevens gave an account of spending an evening with Santayana in early 1900 and sympathizing with Santayana regarding a poor review, published at that time concerning Santayana's Interpretations book. After his Harvard years, Stevens moved to New York City and worked as a journalist.

He attended New York Law School, graduating with a law degree in 1903 following the example of his two other brothers with law degrees. On a trip back to Reading in 1904, Stevens met Elsie Viola Kachel, a young woman who had worked as a saleswoman and stenographer. After a long courtship, he married her in 1909 over the objections of his parents, who considered her poorly educated and lower-class; as The New York Times reported in an article in 2009, "Nobody from his family attended the wedding, Stevens never again visited or spoke to his parents during his father's lifetime." A daughter, was born in 1924. She was baptized Episcopalian and posthumously edited her father's letters and a collection of his poems. In 1913, the Stevenses rented a New York City apartment from sculptor Adolph A. Weinman, who made a bust of Elsie, her striking profile was used on Weinman's 1916–1945 Mercury dime design and for the head of the Walking Liberty Half Dollar. In years, Elsie Stevens began to exhibit symptoms of mental illness and the marriage suffered as a result, but the couple remained married.

In his biography of Stevens, Paul Mariani relates that the couple was estranged, separated by nearly a full decade in age, though living in the same home by the mid-1930s stating, "...there were signs of domestic fracture to consider. From the beginning Stevens, who had not shared a bedroom with his wife for years now, moved into the master bedroom with its attached study on the second floor." Helen Vendler in her study of Stevens indicated that his marriage to a woman with a ninth-grade education was not without concern for Stevens, physically twice the size of his diminutive wife, nearly a full foot shorter in height than her husband and weighed over 100 pounds less than the large framed Stevens. After working in several New York law firms between 1904 and 1907, he was hired in January 1908, as a lawyer for the American Bonding Company. By 1914 he had become vice-president of the New York office of the Equitable Surety Company of St. Louis, Missouri; when this job was made redundant after a merger in 1916, he joined the home office of Hartford Accident and Indemnity Company and moved to Hartford, where he would remain for the rest of his life.

His career as a businessman-lawyer by day and a poet during his leisure time has received significant attention as summarized in the Thomas Grey book dealing with his insurance executive career. Grey has summarized parts of the responsibilities of Stevens's day-to-day life which involved the evaluation of surety insurance claims by stating: "If Stevens rejected a claim and the company was sued, he would hire a local lawyer to defend the case in the place where it would be tried. Stevens would instruct the outside lawyer through a letter reviewing the facts of the case and setting out the company's substantive legal position. From 1924 to 1932 he resided at 735 Farmington Avenue. In 1932 he purchased a 1920s Colonial at 118 Westerly Terrace where he resided for the remainder of his life. According to his biographer Paul Mariani, Stevens was financially independent as an insurance executive earning by the mid-1930s "$20,000 a year, equivalent to about $350,000 today, and this at a time when many Americans wer

Grammont, Haute-SaƓne

Grammont is a commune in the Haute-Saône department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France. Grammont, is located in the north of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, 10 km from the capital of Canton, Villersexel and 10 km from L'Isle-sur-le-Doubs; the village's name is the name Mount. Average altitude of Grammont is 350 m; the village had 374 inhabitants at the time of the French Revolution of 1789 and 422 during the reign of King Louis-Philippe. Today, the village has only 63 inhabitants involved in farming; this is down form the 2007 of 74. The communal area is based on the keupérien coalfield Haute-Saône and the oil shale deposit of Haute-Saône dated Toarcien. In 1308, Guyot II Granges, built a here, he was in homage to Count Renaud de Montbéliard. The castle was besieged, taken and demolished by the Swiss after the battle of Héricourt, November 13, 1474. By letters patent of 10 March 1657, the land of Grammont was erected in the county in favor of Claude-François de Grammont, honorary knight in Parliament Dole.

After taking Besançon in 1674, Louis XIV made him dismantle the castles of Franche-Comté, of Grammont. From 1699, the castle of Villersexel, from the family of Rye, was the new place of residence of the family. In 1841 Grammont had 422 inhabitants. At the end of the nineteenth century, Chalon-sur-Saône and Grammont were the two largest Eastern horse fairs, with a concentration on the second which went from 400 to 800 hp by year; the Belgian and Italian armies went there sometimes for horses to their artillery, they were led on foot to the station Villersexel by grooms of these armies. The Flemish merchants went there quite regularly. Came the First World War, infectious anemia equine which decimated the herd; the mules replaced them. At Grammont, in the early twentieth century, fairs tools and seeds that correspond to periods of intense work disappeared; the horse fair, in hollow period, retained all its reason for being in late winter, hence the saying: "After the fair in Grammont is sown oats."

World War II was due to the horse park with massive requisitions of the German army for the needs of the Russian front. In 1976, the population of Grammont gave back a second wind at the fair to make it a privileged meeting place for the rural world; the annual fair on 22 February, is in Geraardsbergen with a tradition of 500 years. It dates back to August 8 in the year 1502. In the Haute-Saône, under the old regime, there are 266 fairs in towns or villages. In the early 19th century, 69 localities were organizing 377 fairs. A decree of 15 March 1807 is set to Grammont, the Horse Fair February 22, the Frequently Asked tools to June 6 and Frequently Asked seeds to 15 October; the fairs will culminate in the final years of the century with over 1000 fairs a year to 120 cities. A fair in common was the symbol of village power; the Coat of Arms of Gammont is an "Azure three queen busts complexion, sandy hair and gold crown." In 2013, the town of Grammont had 62 inhabitants. In 1841 population in Grammont peeked at 422 inhabitants after.

Communes of the Haute-Saône department INSEE

Taltson River

The Taltson River is a 500 km river in the Northwest Territories of Canada that drains into the Great Slave Lake. There are three hydroelectric power control structures on the river, one power station; the river was known as the Copper Indian River in reference to the Dene known as the Yellowknives or Copper Indians. The name is derived from Tatsan, an expression for copper. A 1918 government source says the name means "between high rocks". Other names used include Copper Indian, Rock, T'altsan and Yellow Knife; the Taltson River basin has a high boreal ecoclimate. Summer are cool and winters are cold; the basin covers about 60,000 km2 in the region between Great Slave Lake. It contains a complex of interconnected lakes that drain first in a southwest direction and northward into the Slave River lowland zone; the Tazin River is a major tributary. There are three hydroelectric control structures in the basin, at Nonacho Lake, Tazin Lake and Twin Gorges. Sub-catchment areas are: The Taltson River rises near a series of lakes, including Coventry Lake and Dymond Lake in the northeast of the basin.

It flows north to McArthur Lake west to Gray Lake, an arm of Nonacho Lake. Nonacho Lake is the largest lake in the river basin, it discharges to the Taltson River directly via the Nonacho Dam and indirectly via the Tronka Chua Gap, Tronka Chua Lake and Thekulthili Lake to rejoin the river at Lady Grey Lake. From Nonacho Lake to the Twin Gorges Forebay the river flows through a series of lakes, low-gradient reaches and waterfalls. There is just a short section of rapids between the outflow of one lake and the backwaters of the next lake. Taltson Lake, King Lake and Lady Grey Lakes are the larger lakes in this section. Below the outflow of Lady Grey Lake, about 130 km from Nonacho Lake, the river flows 110 km to the Twin Gorges Forebay, passing through several smaller lakes such as Benna Thy Lake but with a more standard river course, it is joined in this section by its largest tributary. There is a hydroelectric generating plant at the Twin Gorges Forebay, from where the water flows over Elsie Falls and for 33 km to Tsu Lake over a series of rapids and through the Nende Chute, a narrow gorge, before entering Tsu Lake.

The Konth River drains from the northeast into Tsu Lake. The average flow from 1960 to 1995, measured at a gauge at Tsu Lake Dam, was 183.63 m3/s. The drainage area above the dam is about 58,700 km2. Downstream of Tsu Lake the river runs north for 132 km to Great Slave Lake through Deskenatlata Lake, it receives the outflows of the Rutledge Tethul River in this stretch. Rocher River, on the east bank of the lower Taltson River, was a trading post of the Hudson's Bay Company, it had a school, but, burned down in 1958, the trading post closed in 1963. The government put pressure on the residents to move to Fort Resolution; the river enters the southern shore of Great Slave Lake at the western end of the Simpson Island chain. A dam on Tazin Lake diverts most of the water to the Charlot River system where it drives hydroelectric facilities that feed the Saskatchewan power grid; the Taltson dam was built in 1966 to supply power to the lead-zinc mine at Pine Point. The Taltson Hydro plant is about 64 km north of Fort Smith on the Taltson River at Twin Gorges Forebay.

An 18 MW hydro unit with a 300 kW emergency standby diesel generator provides power via 200 km of transmission lines to Fort Smith, Hay River, Hay River Reserve, Fort Resolution and Enterprise. Flooding below the dam has been blamed on the power plant. However, the Northwest Territories Power Corporation states that the operation is similar to a run-of-river generation facility and has minimal impact on the river's natural flow. High water flows upstream of the dam will cause high flows downstream. In 2007 the Dezé Energy Corporation presented a proposal to expand the Taltson River hydroelectric capacity with a new 36 MW hydroelectric plant at Twin Gorges Forebay to increase total capacity there to 54 MW, to build a 690 km transmission line to carry power via Taltson Lake and Noncho Lake to the north of Great Slave Lake; the project would involve construction of a new control structure and rock-cut discharge canal beside the Nonacho rock-fill dam. List of rivers of the Northwest Territories Taltson River Airport