Leimen is a town in north-west Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is about 7 km south of Heidelberg and the third largest town of the Rhein-Neckar district after Weinheim and Sinsheim, it is the area's industrial centre. Leimen is located on the Bertha Benz Memorial Route. In the context of a communal reform in the 1970s, Leimen was newly created from the villages Leimen and Sankt Ilgen. In 1981, the state government of Baden-Württemberg granted Leimen the privilege to be called "town." When Leimen's population exceeded 20,000 in 1990, the city council applied for elevation to a Große Kreisstadt, granted by the state government on April 1, 1992. The first documentary record of Leimen is from 791, when both the Lorsch Abbey and the Diocese of Worms owned land there. First records of the districts are from 1270 for Gauangelloch, 1312 for Lingental, around 1300 for Ochsenbach and 1100 for Sankt Ilgen called bruch, an Old High German word for bog. In 1262, the lords of Bruchsal gave Leimen to the Electorate of the Palatinate as a fiefdom and from 1464 on Leimen was part of the Palatinate.
In 1579, Leimen was granted the right to celebrate an annual fair and became a market place in 1595. In 1674, Leimen was destroyed. Johann Ludwig Waldbauer 1838–1844 Heinrich Seitz 1845–1876 Jakob Rehm III. 1876–1882 Leonhard Schneider 1882–1883 Ludwig Endlich 1883–1896 Christoph Lingg 1883–1923 Jakob Weidemaier 1923–1933 Fritz Wisswesser 1933–1945 Jakob Weidemaier 1945 Georg Appel 1946–1948 Otto Hoog 1948–1976 Herbert Ehrbar 1976–2000 Wolfgang Ernst 2000–2016 since 2016: Hans D. Reinwald Leimen consists of the Leimen, nowadays called "Leimen", the four boroughs Gauangelloch, Lingental and Sankt Ilgen. Despite its industrial roots, Leimen's downtown has maintained a certain quaintness, it is an active town, with a regular cycle of activities. At Ochsenbach, there is the NDB NKR. Joseph von Henikstein and financier, art patron and friend of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Bert Hellinger, associated with a therapeutic method best known as Family Constellations, book author Michael Peter, field hockey player, gold medallist of the 1972 Summer Olympics Rainer Zietsch, footballer Ralph Götz, rugby player and administrator Boris Becker, tennis player, former World No. 1 Clemens von Grumbkow, rugby union player Akeem Vargas, basketball player, grew up in Leimen Mafra, Portugal.
Castanheira de Pera, Portugal Tigy, France Tinqueux, France Cernay-lès-Reims, France Kunín, Czech Republic Elek, Hungary Rodewisch and Langenhagen, Lower Saxony, are partner cities of Leimen
Karlsruhe is a Landkreis in the northwest of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Rhein-Neckar, Enz, Rastatt, Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis and the district-free city Speyer; the urban district Karlsruhe, which contains the City of Karlsruhe, is located in the middle of the district, cuts it into a northern and a southern part. The historic origin of the district is the Oberamt Karlsruhe. In 1809 it was split into one part responsible for the city Karlsruhe, one for the surrounding municipalities. In 1865 however both parts were merged again to the Bezirksamt Karlsruhe. 1938 it was split again, this time with the district of Karlsruhe for the surrounding part, the urban district of Karlsruhe for the urban area. In 1973 the district was enlarged by adding the complete district of Bruchsal and parts of the districts Sinsheim, Vaihingen and Rastatt. Since the founding of the Federal Republic, Karlsruhe has been the seat of the Federal Constitutional Court, Germany's highest; the western part of the district is located in the Rhine valley.
The area in the east belongs to the landscape of the Kraichgau, it is to the north of the foothills of the Black Forest. The Karlsruhe district partners with the following sister regions outside of Germany: Gwent, United Kingdom, since 1978. In 1996, due to an administrative reform, Gwent was abolished and divided into five districts, of which Karlsruhe continues the partnership with the new districts of Monmouthshire and Torfaen. Sha’ar Hanegev, since 1992 Brusque, since 2011Within Germany, the Karlsruhe district has a partnership with the Saxon district Mittelsachsen, formed in 2008 through a merger of the former districts Döbeln, Freiberg und Mittweida. Official city website Official municipalities website
Hockenheim is a town in northwest Baden-Württemberg, about 20 km south of Mannheim and 10 km west of Walldorf. It is located in the Upper Rhine valley on the tourist theme routes Baden Asparagus Route and Bertha Benz Memorial Route; the town is known for its Hockenheimring, a motor racing course, which has hosted over 30 Formula One German Grand Prix races since 1970. Hockenheim is one of the six largest towns in the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis district, it is twinned with the French town of Commercy, the German town of Hohenstein-Ernstthal in Saxony and the American town of Mooresville, North Carolina. Hockenheim is located in the Upper Rhine valley on an old trade route from Frankfurt to Basel; the brook Kraichbach divides the town in an eastern and a smaller western area, flows into the Rhine to the north near Ketsch. Hockenheim's total municipal area covers 3,484 ha, with ca. 28.8 percent used for settlement and transportation and ca. 45.9 percent for agriculture. The remaining area consists of ca. 22 percent forests and ca. 2.4 percent seas.
The municipal area is divided into two large natural regions, the "Rheinaue" to the west and the higher "Niederterrasse" to the east. The so-called "Hockenheimer Rheinbogen" is a meander area of the Rhine, which stretches over the municipalities of Ketsch and Altlußheim. 30 parts of it with a total of 656 ha are under nature conservation. An additional area three times larger is designated as landscape conservation area, with less strict usage limitations; the "Rheinbogen" offers biologically diverse, secondary wetlands as habitat for endangered plants and animals, it is an internationally important resting and feeding area for migrating birds in winter. The central urban area forms one unit and is only divided into five districts for statistical purposes. Together with the central town several small settlements belong to Hockenheim: the industrial areas "Bahnstation Talhaus" and "Wasserwerk", the farms and houses "Insultheimerhof", "Herrenteich, Ziegelei" and "Ketschau, Ziegelei“ as well as the deserted settlement "Westeheim".
Stamped bricks of the Roman Legio XIV Gemina Martia Victrix were found 1984 in a brick kiln during an excavation in Hockenheim. The stationing of this legion near Mainz from 71AD until 92AD indicates an early settlement in this area. Hockenheim was first mentioned 769 as "Ochinheim" in a donation document of the Lorsch Codex, an early monastery gift documentation; the name "Hockenheim" itself appeared first in 1238 in official documents. In the Middle Ages Hockenheim was owned by several alternating local authorities: the castle district Wersau, the Diocese of Speyer during the 12th and 13th century, various Palatinate rulers since 1286 and the Electoral Palatinate since 1462. In the 17th century Hockenheim was devastated twice by French troops, 1644 in the Thirty Years' War and 1674 in the Franco-Dutch War. During this period the former cultivation of hops in the area was replaced with tobacco, brought into the country by the French. 1803 the Electoral Palatinate was dissolved and the village was integrated in Baden.
With the growing tobacco crop the village flourished and was awarded town rights on 22 July 1895 by Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden. With the beginning of the 20th century asparagus cultivation replaced most of the remaining hops industry. At 29 May 1932 the Hockenheimring was opened with a motorcycle race. After World War II the decline of the cigar industry had begun, but Hockenheim was known for its Hockenheimring and could expand in other industrial branches. January 1973 Hockenheim was assigned to the newly formed Rhein-Neckar-Kreis district. In 1991, Hockenheim was the host of the 11th Baden-Württemberg State Horticultural Show; the town is led by the Lord Mayor, elected directly by the population every 8 years. Its Permanent Representative is the "Erste Beigeordnete", with the office designation of mayor; as of the local election on 25 May 2014, the local council of Hockenheim consists of 22 members, who hold the title "Stadtraetin/Stadtrat", the Lord Mayor presiding the council. In 1975 the Hockenheim government agreed upon a municipal association with the neighboring villages Altlußheim, Neulußheim and Reilingen.
Hockenheim is one of the six largest towns in the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis district. Adopted in 1609, the coat of arms of Hockenheim has diagonally crossed silver hooks in a sign, below a crowned golden lion; the lion is the animal of the Electoral Palatinate. The form of the symbols was changed several times, but has been specified in its current form by municipal law since 1895; the Hockenheimring, a motor racing course built in 1932, has become the home of the Formula One German Grand Prix. It has hosted this event over 30 times since 1970, including every year between 1986 and 2006. Since 2007 Formula One races in Germany are alternating annually between the Hockenheimring and the Nürburgring; the course is used for several other motor racing events and open-air concerts. After Nurburgring's withdrawal from 2015, Hockenheimring started hosting German Grand Prix annually since 2018. A museum for tobacco cultivation was founded 1984 as the first of its kind in Baden-Württemberg; the motors
Mörfelden-Walldorf is a town in the Groß-Gerau district, situated in the Frankfurt Rhein-Main Region in the federal state Hesse, Germany. Mörfelden-Walldorf is situated within a triangle formed by the South Hessian cities of Frankfurt am Main and Wiesbaden, near Frankfurt International Airport. Mörfelden-Walldorf borders in the north on the district-free city of Frankfurt am Main and the town of Neu-Isenburg, in the east on the town of Langen and the community of Egelsbach, in the south on the community of Erzhausen, the town of Weiterstadt and the community of Büttelborn, in the west on the town of Groß-Gerau, the community of Nauheim and the town of Rüsselsheim; as its name suggests, Mörfelden-Walldorf consists of two constituent communities, named Mörfelden and Walldorf. There was a third one, called Guntheim, which once lay within the current municipal area of Mörfelden-Walldorf, but it was abandoned in 1647. Mörfelden was first mentioned in the "Lorscher Reichsurbar" of 830 to 850 under the name "Mersenualt".
The church was mentioned as early as 1304 as being the "Parish Church with branch at the Gundhof". During the Middle Ages, the surrounding forests belonged to the Dreieich Royal Hunting Woods, which maintained one of its 30 woods in Mörfelden. In 1600, Mörfelden passed to Hesse-Darmstadt. In the 15th and 16th centuries, Mörfelden became a significant tradepost with a population of 500, but the Thirty Years' War set back the development of the village, it was plundered and ravaged, the plague took its toll. In the 19th century, the village benefited anew from economic development, from the arrival of a railway line; the village developed early on into a community of workers. The inhabitants specialised as construction workers, Mörfelden became known as the "bricklayers village". After the Second World War, many refugees and expellees from Germany's former Eastern territories settled here. Mörfelden was raised to town status in 1972. Walldorf was founded in 1699 as "Waldenserkolonie am Gundhof", was given the name Walldorf in 1715 and was raised to town status in 1962.
From about 23 August to 24 November 1944, there was a concentration camp in Walldorf into which were brought 1,700 Jewish girls and women from Hungary to work at runway and taxiway expansion and repair at Frankfurt Airport. This chapter in the town's history had lain forgotten until 1972 when three interested youths rediscovered it. Since a film called Rollbahn has dealt with the theme; the town of Mörfelden-Walldorf came into being on 1 January 1977 through the merger of the until independent towns of Mörfelden and Walldorf in the face of pressure from Frankfurt to amalgamate with that city. Guntheim is the third community in Mörfelden-Walldorf's history, it lay in Walldorf's northeast. It had its first documentary mention in 1307 under the name villa Guntheim. There was a Gunthof nearby, but the Gunthof came to be part of Guntheim in the 15th century through division of inheritance; the village ceased to be a population centre in 1647. Guntheim was established in Merovingian times as a Frankish military colony at the junction of some old Roman roads in the forest.
The so-called workers' parties have traditionally been strong in Mörfelden-Walldorf. Both communities independent local authorities, were strongholds of the KPD. Before 1933, the "bricklayers village" Mörfelden had the first Communist mayor in the state of Hesse, was nicknamed "Little Moscow". In the elections of March 13, 1932, the Communist candidate Ernst Thälmann received 1,737 votes in the town, against 850 for Hindenburg and just 264 for Hitler. Once the Nazis established itself in power, 70 KPD members in the village, which had just 5,000 inhabitants at the time, were deported to the concentration camp Osthofen. At the municipal elections held on 26 March 2006, the SPD remained the strongest party despite notable losses; the overall winner was the DKP, represented on town council here since the 1970s. The town is one of only a few remaining DKP strongholds in Germany, along with nearby Reinheim, the towns of Bottrop, Essen-North and Gladbeck in the Ruhr area, Heidenheim and Püttlingen.
Mörfelden-Walldorf's council is made up of 45 councillors, with seats apportioned thus, in accordance with municipal elections held on 26 March 2006: Mayoral elections were held in 2007. In the first round, SPD candidate Heinz Peter Becker received 48.4% of the vote, CDU candidate Bernd Körner received 29,2%, the DKP candidate Gerhard Schulmeyer received 11.9%. There were some notable differences between the two communities. In the second round, Becker defeated Körner by 59.8% to 40.2%. As new mayor, he succeeded the SPD politician Bernhard Brehl. Mörfelden-Walldorf's civic coat of arms might heraldically be described thus: In gules an oak tree with six leaves and three acorns argent, thereover per saltire two flails Or, entwined about which, ends downturned, a horseshoe sable; the town's current arms are a composite of Mörfelden's and Walldorf's old arms from the time before they were united. Both Mörfelden's and Walldorf's arms had an oak tree as one of the charges, the former having a red oak on a silver shield and the latter the reverse.
Furthermore, Mörfelden's arms had the black horseshoe over the oak whereas Walldorf's had the crossed golden flails. Walldorf only began using arms in the early 19th century, at which time the mayor's chain of office bore a shield with the oak, the flails and the letter W. Much the same compos
Heddesheim is a municipality in the district of Rhein-Neckar-Kreis, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 9 km east of Mannheim, 7 km southwest of Weinheim
Sinsheim is a town in south-western Germany, in the Rhine Neckar Area of the state Baden-Württemberg about 22 kilometres south-east of Heidelberg and about 28 kilometres north-west of Heilbronn in the district Rhein-Neckar. It consists of a town centre and 12 suburbs with a total population of 35,373, its area encompasses 127 square kilometers. The Elsenz, an unnavigable left-bank tributary of the Neckar, flows through the town, reaching the Neckar at Neckargemünd; the list below shows the 12 suburban villages Population data was as of 31 December 2004 and the one of Sinsheim was of 12,229. The region around Sinsheim has been settled since 700,000 BC, as shown by the finding of the fossil Homo heidelbergensis in the village of Mauer, about 12 km north of Sinsheim; the Romans ruled the area from 90 AD to 260 AD. The city was founded in about 550 AD by the Frankish nobleman Sunno, it was first mentioned in 770 AD in the Codex of the cloister Lorsch. Since 1192, the town had a privilege first granted by Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
Sinsheim was affected by wars and poverty from the 1500s to the 1700s. Sinsheim-born revolutionary Franz Sigel became a famous Union general in the American Civil War; the Elsenz Valley Railway and Sinsheim station were opened in 1868 and the nearby Steinsfurt–Eppingen line was opened in 1900. The World Wars and the Great Depression kept Sinsheim from growing until the A6 Autobahn was built in 1968, it connected Sinsheim to national and international roads, with Mannheim, Frankfurt am Main, Heidelberg, Ludwigshafen all now within 1 hour by car. While traditionally being an agricultural town, the highway made it into a small industrial centre, but it has been hit by recession and international outsourcing in recent years; the numbers are census results or official data of the statistical offices. ¹ census results Sinsheim's main tourist attraction is the Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museum situated in the suburb Steinsfurt, displaying a collection of historic vehicles to over 1 million visitors per year.
In 1989, a trade fair area was established that features all kinds of popular events. Additionally, Sinsheim has a medieval city core. An old fortress, Burg Steinsberg in the village of Weiler, overlooks Sinsheim. With its octagonal tower, dating back to the 13th century, the fortress has sometimes been called the "compass" of the Kraichgau region, nowadays contains a restaurant. On September 19, 2006 the mayor of Sinsheim announced a stadium would be built not far from the Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museum, for the town's most successful football club TSG 1899 Hoffenheim. Construction of the €100 million stadium, which seats 30,164, was funded by Dietmar Hopp, a co-founder and major share holder of software giant SAP and a former player in the youth system of TSG 1899 Hoffenheim; the club christened their new stadium "Rhein Neckar-Arena" on 31 January 2009 with a 2–0 win over Energie Cottbus. Franz Sigel, U. S. Army General in the American Civil War Volker Kauder, politician Jannis Hoppe, control theorist Media related to Sinsheim at Wikimedia Commons
Walldorf is a village and a former municipality the district of Schmalkalden-Meiningen in Thuringia, Germany. Since 1 January 2019, it is part of the town Meiningen, its most notable sight is Kirchenburg Walldorf, in the middle of town on a hill. In April 2012 it was damaged in a fire