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The walleye called the yellow pike, is a freshwater perciform fish native to most of Canada and to the Northern United States. It is a North American close relative of the European zander known as the pikeperch; the walleye is sometimes called the yellow walleye to distinguish it from the blue walleye, a subspecies, once found in the southern Ontario and Quebec regions, but is now presumed extinct. However, recent genetic analysis of a preserved'blue walleye' sample suggests that the blue and yellow walleye were phenotypes within the same species and do not merit separate taxonomic classification. In parts of its range in English-speaking Canada, the walleye is known as a pickerel, though the fish is not related to the true pickerels, which are a member of the family Esocidae. Walleyes show a fair amount of variation across watersheds. In general, fish within a watershed are quite similar and are genetically distinct from those of nearby watersheds; the species has been artificially propagated for over a century and has been planted on top of existing populations or introduced into waters devoid of the species, sometimes reducing the overall genetic distinctiveness of populations.

The common name, "walleye", comes from the fact that the fish's eyes point outward, as if looking at the walls. This externally facing orientation of the eyes gives anglers an advantage in the dark because a certain eyeshine is given off by the eye of the walleye in the dark, similar to that of lions and other nocturnal animals; this "eyeshine" is the result of a light-gathering layer in the eyes called the tapetum lucidum, which allows the fish to see well in low-light conditions. In fact, many anglers look for walleyes at night; the fish's eyes allow them to see well in turbid waters, which gives them an advantage over their prey. Thus, walleye anglers look for locations where a good "walleye chop" occurs; this excellent vision allows the fish to populate the deeper regions in a lake, they can be found in deeper water during the warmest part of the summer and at night. Walleyes are olive and gold in color; the dorsal side of a walleye is olive. The olive/gold pattern is broken up by five darker saddles.

The color shades to white on the belly. The mouth of a walleye is armed with many sharp teeth; the first dorsal and anal fins are spinous. Walleyes are distinguished from their close relative the sauger by the white coloration on the lower lobe of the caudal fin, absent on the sauger. In addition, the two dorsals and the caudal fin of the sauger are marked with distinctive rows of black dots which are absent from or indistinct on the same fins of walleyes. Walleyes grow to about 80 cm in length, weigh up to about 9 kg; the maximum recorded size for the fish is 13 kilograms in weight. The rate depends on where in their range they occur, with southern populations growing faster and larger. In general, females grow larger than males. Walleyes may live for decades. In fished populations, few walleye older than five or six years of age are encountered. In North America, where they are prized, their typical size when caught is on the order of 30 to 50 cm below their potential size; as walleye grow longer, they increase in weight.

The relationship between total length and total weight for nearly all species of fish can be expressed by an equation of the form W = c L b Invariably, b is close to 3.0 for all species, c is a constant that varies among species. For walleye, b = 3.180 and c = 0.000228 or b = 3.180 and c = 0.000005337. This relationship suggests a 50 cm walleye will weigh about 1.5 kg, while a 60 cm walleye will weigh about 2.5 kg. In most of the species' range, male walleyes mature sexually between four years of age. Females mature about a year later. Adults migrate to tributary streams in late winter or early spring to lay eggs over gravel and rock, although open-water reef or shoal-spawning strains are seen, as well; some populations are known to spawn on vegetation. Spawning occurs at water temperatures of 6 to 10 °C. A large female can lay up to 500,000 eggs, no care is given by the parents to the eggs or fry; the eggs are adhesive and fall into spaces between rocks. The incubation period for the embryos is temperature-dependent, but lasts from 12 to 30 days.

After hatching, the free-swimming embryos spend about a week absorbing a small amount of yolk. Once the yolk has been absorbed, the young walleyes begin to feed on invertebrates, such as fly larvæ and zooplankton. After 40 to 60 days, juvenile walleyes become piscivorous. Thenceforth, both juvenile and adult walleyes eat fish exclusively yellow perch or ciscoes, moving onto bars and shoals at night to feed. Walleye feed on crayfish and leeches; the walleye is considered to be a quite palatable freshwater fish, is fished recreationally and commercially for food. Because of its nocturnal feeding habits, it is most caught at night using live minnows or lures that mimic small fish. In Minnesota, the walleye is fished for in the late afternoon o

Piano Concerto No. 1 (Chopin)

The Piano Concerto No. 1 in E minor, Op. 11, is a piano concerto written by Frederic Chopin in 1830, when he was twenty years old. It was first performed on 11 October of that year, at the Teatr Narodowy in Warsaw, with the composer as soloist, during one of his “farewell” concerts before leaving Poland, it was the first of Chopin's two piano concertos to be published, was therefore given the designation of Piano Concerto “No. 1” at the time of publication though it was written after the premiere of what was published as Piano Concerto No. 2. The concerto is scored for solo piano, pairs of flutes, oboes and bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, tenor trombone and strings. A typical performance lasts about 40 minutes; the piano concerto is dedicated to Friedrich Kalkbrenner. While writing it, Chopin wrote to Tytus Woyciechowski, saying, “Here you doubtless observe my tendency to do wrong against my will; as something has involuntarily crept into my head through my eyes, I love to indulge it though it may be all wrong.”

Undoubtedly, this sight must have been the well-known soprano Konstancja Gładkowska, the “ideal” behind the Larghetto from Chopin's Second Piano Concerto. Opinions of the concerto differ; some critics feel that the orchestral support as written is dry and uninteresting, notably the critic James Huneker, who wrote in Chopin: The Man and his Music that it was “not Chopin at his best.” On the other hand, many others feel that the orchestral backing is and deliberately written to fit in with the sound of the piano, that the simplicity of arrangement is in deliberate contrast to the complexity of the harmony. Robert Schumann reviewed Chopin's concerti in 1836 for the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik that “Chopin introduces the spirit of Beethoven into the concert hall” with these pieces; the premiere, on 12 October 1830, was “a success.... A full house.” There was “an audience of about 700,” according to the Kurier Warszawski. The concerto, with Chopin himself at the piano and Carlo Evasio Soliva conducting.

The piece was followed by “thunderous applause.” Seven weeks in Paris, following the political outbreaks in Poland, Chopin played his concerto for the first time in France at the Salle Pleyel. It was received once again. François-Joseph Fétis wrote in La Revue musicale the next day that “There is spirit in these melodies, there is fantasy in these passages, everywhere there is originality.” It contains the three movements typical of instrumental concertos of the period: Allegro maestoso Romanze – Larghetto Rondo – Vivace in E major Allegro maestoso — typical performance lasts 20 minutes Both the first and second movements feature unusual modulations. This tonal relation between the second and the third theme occurs in the recapitulation, where an actual i-I modulation would have been expected, producing a different effect; the first movement of the E minor concerto has three themes. The piano plays the first theme, followed by the lyric second theme, accompanied by the main motif of the first theme in bass counterpoint.

The third theme is in E major, introduced in the exposition by the orchestra and taken over by the piano. The development begins with the piano opening with the second theme; the recapitulation begins in bar 486 again with the orchestra playing its opening theme. Romanze – Larghetto — typical performance lasts about 10 minutes The Romanze, although not in sonata form, has its second theme of the exposition ascribe to the classical model of modulating to the dominant, when it returns, it modulates to the mediant. Chopin wrote in the same letter to Tytus, it is a kind of reverie in the moonlight on a beautiful spring evening.” The second movement has been described as "unashamedly heart-on-your-sleeve stuff." Rondo – Vivace — typical performance lasts about 10 minutes Written with much procrastination and difficulty, the third movement features Krakowiak rhythms, a syncopated, duple-time popular dance in contemporary Krakow. It became one of the last pieces written by Chopin before the political turmoil in Poland that prevented him from returning.

When, after completing the Rondo in August 1830, he played it — first with a string quartet and a small orchestral ensemble — he said proudly, “Rondo – impressive. Allegro – strong.” The 1976 film The Little Girl Who Lives Down The Lane featured this Concerto, performed by pianist Claudio Arrau and the London Philharmonic Orchestra. A performance of the Piano Concerto No. 1 features prominently in the 2015 British film The Lady in the Van. The second movement is featured at the climax of Don Hertzfeldt's 2012 film "It's Such a Beautiful Day"; this movement is featured in the 1998 movie, The Truman Show, as well as in the soundtrack for the movie. Piano Concerto No. 1: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project Piano Concerto No. 1, Mov. 2 performance by Alexis Weissenberg on YouTube Piano Concerto No. 1 sheet music available at European Archive Copyright free LP recording of the Piano Concerto No. 1 by Alexander Brailowsky, William Steinberg and RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra at the European Archive

Honolulu (film)

Honolulu is an American musical film, released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1939. The film stars dancer Eleanor Powell and Robert Young, was directed by Edward Buzzell. Appearing in the film are George Burns, Gracie Allen, Eddie "Rochester" Anderson, Rita Johnson. Inspired by stories about doppelgängers and identical twins such as The Prince and the Pauper, Honolulu features Young in a dual role as Brooks Mason—a top movie star—and as Hawaiʻi-based businessman George Smith. Mason is tired of being in the public eye, so when he discovers that Smith is close enough to be his twin, he arranges to switch places with Smith temporarily; when Mason steps into Smith's life, he finds himself in a tug-of-war between Smith's fiancée, a dancer named Dorothy March, with whom he has fallen in love. Meanwhile, Smith discovers. Eleanor Powell's dance routines were given a Hawaiian flavor. One of her routines was performed in blackface in tribute to Powell's idol, Bill'Bojangles' Robinson; the comedy of Burns and Allen is featured, although the two actors work separately for much of the movie, their characters only meeting in the final minutes.

This was George Burns' last film appearance for 37 years until his Oscar-winning performance in The Sunshine Boys in 1975. The film is notable for offering a somewhat rare cinematic look at pre-World War II Honolulu. There is a notable musical sequence featuring Gracie Allen, accompanied by musicians made to look like the Marx Brothers, while several actors in the audience are costumed to look like such famous actors as Clark Gable, W. C. Fields and Oliver Hardy. Footage of one of Powell's dance routines would be reused in the comedy, I Dood It, while another dance performance, cut from the film appeared seven years in the "hodge-podge" production The Great Morgan. Eleanor Powell as Miss Dorothy'Dot' March Robert Young as Brooks Mason / George Smith / David in the movie George Burns as Joe Duffy Gracie Allen as Millicent'Millie' De Grasse Rita Johnson as Cecelia Grayson Clarence Kolb as Mr. Horace Grayson Jo Ann Sayers as Nurse Ann Morriss as Gale Brewster Willie Fung as Wong, Mason's Hawaiian servant Cliff Clark as First Detective Edward Gargan as Second Detective Eddie'Rochester' Anderson as Washington, Mason's Hollywood servant Sig Ruman as Professor Timmer, psychiatrist Ruth Hussey as Eve, David's wife in the movie Kealohu Holt as Native Dancing Girl Honolulu on IMDb


Hamboards manufactures and sells rail-to-rail Surfskates, SUPskates and Accessories. Most Hamboards are longer and sit higher off the ground than conventional skateboards and longboards. Hamboards turn much more than conventional surfboards; the enabling technology are the patented Hamboards Surfskate Trucks, featuring 30 degrees of roll, which allows these huge boards to track and pump aggressive surf-style carving maneuvers. The patented Street Sweeper SUPskate Paddle flexes allowing the user to spring themselves along with comfort. Hamboards are intended to be ridden barefoot, like surfboards. Most promotional materials, such as videos show barefoot ridersPete Hamborg, a Huntington Beach Fireman and father of five boys, created the first Hamboards as a garage hobby to allow his sons to surf the pavement on days that the actual surf was too big or too small. Years of tinkering and optimization led to the first Hamboards assembled in bulk; the design comprised bamboo or birch decks, fitted with commercially available branded trucks and bearings.

For the next several years, Hamboards were assembled by friends and family from a small shop in Huntington Beach where they were sold locally. This configuration worked reasonably well, at small scale, except for the nagging design flaw inherent in the trucks which were never designed for the enormous loads imparted by the huge and wide Hamboards decks. Years as the demands of running a small business became burdensome, Pete enlisted his east coast cousin Don Sandusky, an experienced entrepreneur, engineer and sporting goods executive. An asset purchase agreement was executed between Pete and Hamboards Holdings, LLC. Within a year of forming the company, Hamboards was featured on Shark Tank on ABC, Season 5, Episode 4, which aired on October 12, 2013. Businessman Robert Herjavec offered $300K in exchange for a 30% stake in the company; the terms of the actual arrangement is bound by confidential terms. Notwithstanding, the television segment was popular and enjoyed multiple reruns, launching the brand around the world.

The conversion from garage hobby to business was a challenging scale exercise. Hamboards started as a local specialty skateboard shop and transformed into an international direct to consumer online business, that produced several variations of the longboard and skateboard, including The Classic, Logger, Huntington Hop, Pescadito and Street Sweeper street stand up paddles. During the following five years, the company derived mass produced manufacturing, its own online retail sales channel, contract fulfillment and contract e-marketing. Hamboards is led by Abraham Paskowitz and the e-marketing team at Yusuke's Design. Official Hamboards Website

Scleroderma meridionale

Scleroderma meridionale is a puffball-like fungus in the family Sclerodermataceae. It was described in 1970 from Portugal, but is found in North America; the fungus has a circular to irregularly shaped fruit body up to 6 cm in diameter with a thick, rooting base. The peridium has a dry, roughened surface colored tan to yellow. Mature fruit bodies tend to split into irregular lobes, revealing a dark brownish- to blackish-gray spore mass; the spores are spherical with measure 12 -- 20 µm. Scleroderma meridionale grows in sandy areas, where it fruits singly or scattered in a buried state, its edibility is unknown. List of Scleroderma species Scleroderma meridionale in Index Fungorum


Hortaleza is one of the 21 districts of the city of Madrid, Spain. As of 2005 there were 153,939 residents; as of 2005 17% of the population were minors, Hortaleza was one of five Madrid districts with the youngest populations. As of 2005 persons from France made up 1,424 of the residents, as a French community formed around the Lycée Français de Madrid main campus. In Hortaleza the French are the third largest foreign group after the Ecuadorians and Colombians, there are more French speakers in Hortaleza than those of Moroccan Arabic, Peruvian Spanish, Romanian. There is a French bookshop, Frañol, a French nursery, Pomme D'Api. Luis Aragonés. There is a monument in Cantabrian Sea Street, where was the house in which the legendary player and coach of Atlético de Madrid and the Spanish national football team was born and lived his childhood. Florentino Pérez The district is administratively divided into 6 wards: Apóstol Santiago Canillas Palomas Pinar del Rey Piovera ValdefuentesForeigners make up 17.31% of the residents of La Piovera, while 6.16% of the residents of Apóstol Santiago were foreigners.

Neighborhoods other than La Piovera have smaller foreigner populations. Sanchinarro, an independent community before 1950, is a part of Hortaleza. 13,500 houses were scheduled to be in Sanchinarro in a period around 2005. 11,500 apartment units were planned for Ciudad Aeroportuaria-Valdebebas, another development in Hortaleza. Lycée Français de Madrid Main campus As of 2005 the most voted-for political party in Hortaleza was the People's Party. Media related to Hortaleza District at Wikimedia Commons