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Walter Baade

Wilhelm Heinrich Walter Baade was a German astronomer who worked in the United States from 1931 to 1959. Son of a teacher, Baade finished school in 1912, he studied maths and astronomy at the universities of Münster and Göttingen. After receiving his PhD in 1919, Baade worked at Hamburg Observatory at Bergedorf from 1919 to 1931. There in 1920 he discovered 944 Hidalgo, the first of a class of minor planets now called Centaurs which cross the orbits of giant planets, he worked at Mount Wilson Observatory from 1931 to 1958. There, during World War II, he took advantage of wartime blackout conditions, to resolve stars in the center of the Andromeda Galaxy for the first time; these observations led him to define distinct "populations" for stars. The same observations led him to discover. Using this discovery he recalculated the size of the known universe, doubling the previous calculation made by Hubble in 1929, he announced this finding to considerable astonishment at the 1952 meeting of the International Astronomical Union in Rome.

Together with Fritz Zwicky, he identified supernovae as a new category of astronomical objects. Zwicky and he proposed the existence of neutron stars, suggested supernovae might create them. Beginning in 1952, he and Rudolph Minkowski identified the optical counterparts of various radio sources, including Cygnus A, he discovered 10 asteroids, including 944 Hidalgo, which has a long orbital period, the Apollo-class 1566 Icarus, the perihelion of, closer than that of Mercury, the Amor-type 1036 Ganymed. Awards Foreign membership of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society Bruce Medal Henry Norris Russell Lectureship of the American Astronomical Society Named after him Asteroid 1501 Baade The crater Baade on the Moon Vallis Baade, a vallis on the Moon One of the two Magellan telescopes The asteroid 966 Muschi, after his wife's nickname Baade's Window, an observational area he identified in the 1940s as being free of dust that presents a view of the Galactic Center in Sagittarius Baade's Star, now known as the Crab Pulsar, was first identified as being directly associated with the Crab Nebula by him.

Osterbrock, Donald E. Walter Baade: A Life in Astrophysics. ISBN 0-691-04936-X. Dieke, Sally H.. "Baade, Wilhelm Heinrich Walter". Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. Pp. 352–354. ISBN 0-684-10114-9. Bruce Medal page Awarding of Bruce Medal Awarding of RAS gold medal AN 285 286 JRASC 55 113 MitAG 14 5 Obs 80 166 PASP 72 434 QJRAS 2 118

Solomon Lovell

Solomon Lovell was a brigadier general in the militia of the state of Massachusetts during the American Revolutionary War. He is best known for leading the land forces during the 1779 Penobscot Expedition, a disastrous attempt by Massachusetts to dislodge a British force from a settlement on a peninsula in Penobscot Bay, present-day Castine, Maine. Solomon Lovell was born in Abington, in the Province of Massachusetts Bay, on June 1, 1732, to David and Mary Lovell, his father was a Harvard graduate and sometime preacher. He died when Solomon was quite young, the boy was raised first by his grandfather Enoch Lovell, after his death by his stepfather, Samuel Kingman. Kingman, a military man, may have influenced the young Solomon to develop an interest in the military. Lovell's military service during the French and Indian War is not known in detail. In 1758 he married the daughter of a neighbor; the couple had two children. The following year Lovell remarried, to Hannah Pittey, a woman who had spurned his proposal to her before his first marriage.

With Hannah he settled into her house in Weymouth. He was active in town affairs, began serving in the provincial assembly in 1771, he was active in the local militia, rising to the rank of major in July 1771 and colonel in 1775. With the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War with the Battles of Lexington and Concord in April 1775, Lovell's military activity increased, he was commissioned a colonel of the 2nd Massachusetts Regiment in February 1776, his troops were among those that occupied the heights south of Boston, prompting the British to withdraw the city. He continued to be active in the defense of eastern Massachusetts, was promoted to brigadier general of the Suffolk County militia on June 24, 1777. Lovell led Massachusetts troops in the 1778 Battle of Rhode Island, where Lovell was one of several officers who "distinguished themselves by their coolness and courage."In 1779 the British sent a force to occupy the Bagaduce peninsula in Penobscot Bay, in order to establish a settlement they called New Ireland.

This territory, now part of the state of Maine, was part of Massachusetts, the state mobilized a large fleet and its militia to dislodge the British. Lovell was given command of the land forces, the naval fleet was under the command of Connecticut native Dudley Saltonstall. Both men were ordered to cooperate with one another, but neither was given a clear authority over the other. During the entire course of the expedition, Lovell complained of Saltonstall's unwillingness to take any sort of risks with the fleet in support of attacks on the British fortifications; the expedition dissolved in confusion with the arrival of a Royal Navy fleet. Lovell did not return to Boston until September 20, after making arrangements for defenses in the Kennebec River valley; the board of inquiry established by the state exonerated Lovell, chastised Commodore Saltonstall for his failures. Saltonstall cashiered out of the Continental Navy. Lovell had, during the war, periodically served as a representative to the state legislature.

He continued to do so after the war occasionally serving as town selectman. When Norfolk County was separated from Suffolk County, Lovell was given the task of petitioning the legislature to keep Weymouth a part of Suffolk County, he was unsuccessful in this effort. Lovell died in Weymouth on September 1801, having outlived his wife by six years, he is buried in the Pittey family tomb in Weymouth. Cornwell, Bernard; the Fort. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 9780007331727. Retrieved 2018-09-01. A historical novel depicting the Penobscot Expedition, with a non-fiction "Historical Note" on sources and key details. Nash, Gilbert; the original journal of General Solomon Lovell, kept during the Penobscot Expedition, 1779: with a sketch of his life

Davy Sims

David Gerard Sims is a broadcaster and communications consultant from Northern Ireland. He lives in Holywood, County Down was educated Knock. From February 2001 to August 2008 he was head of New Media in BBC Northern Ireland. In 2007 was a founding member of Digital Circle – the representative body for the digital content industry in Northern Ireland - and its Chair in 2009/2010, he had been a member of the board of Momentum the representative body for the ICT industry in Northern Ireland and is a member of the board of the charity Achieve Enterprises. He has been Head of Social Media at the Northern Ireland charity Public Achievement since January 2011 and runs the WIMPS project, he lives in Holywood with wife Dawn. He has two sons Owen, his broadcasting career began in February 1979 in Downtown Radio where he established himself as a supporter of the punk and post-punk music from Northern Ireland as well as a pioneering DJ highlighting new and emerging music, playing local indie music releases, giving new bands radio sessions and interviews.

Joining BBC Northern Ireland in April 1986 he launched the Radio Ulster programme The Bottom Line which he produced. He presented the programme once a week; the main presenter was Mike Edgar former drummer of Cruella de Ville. The programme's other presenters were Michael Bradley, former bassist with The Undertones and journalist Barry McIlheney. In 1988 he had a short attachment to Sunday Sequence as presenter. In 1989 Davy spent six months at BBC Radio 4 as a senior producer making social action campaigns for BBC Radio 1, including the first Green Week supporting environmental action and documentaries for the project The Radio 4 Generation. Returning to Radio Ulster Davy worked in News and Current Affairs concentrating on international news including the fall of the Berlin Wall and the release of Nelson Mandela. Invited to return to BBC Radio 4 in 1991, Davy was appointed Chief Producer leading the social action programme team. At that time he produced the Radio 1 documentary in God’s Country with presenter Simon Mayo.

From 1992 until 1999 Davy stayed with BBC Northern Ireland as a radio producer. In 1999 he became the first Online producer for BBC Northern Ireland producing web sites for Ballykissangel, Across the Line and On Your Behalf. In 2001 he was promoted to Editor New Media where he remained until 2008 when he took voluntary redundancy from the BBC. After leaving the BBC Davy continued to work in the broadcasting industry. Working with a wide range of businesses in Northern Ireland including Momentum - the representative body for the Northern Ireland ICT industry - and broadcasting on U105 and BBC Radio Ulster, he was appointed Director of Communications for the Ulster Unionist Party in March 2010. He left to join Public Achievement. Official website

Star Island (novel)

Star Island is a 2010 novel by Carl Hiaasen, released on Tuesday, July 27, 2010. The novel takes its name from Star Island in Miami Beach, where part of the story takes place. Ann DeLusia, the "stunt double" for habitually intoxicated and drug-addicted pop star "Cherry Pye", is mistakenly kidnapped by an obsessed paparazzo. Now, the star's entourage must find a way to rescue Ann, do it without revealing her identity to the star herself, or the world at large; the novel features the re-appearance of Hiaasen's recurring character, ex-Florida governor Clinton "Skink" Tyree. Paparazzo "Bang" Abbott is lying in wait outside a posh South Beach hotel, on a tip that pop star Cherry Pye has overdosed again. However, when the paramedics bring a woman down to the ambulance, he sees. Meanwhile, the real Cherry is being driven to the nearest hospital in a private limousine by her entourage; the body double is Ann DeLusia, an actress hired by Cherry's family to make brief public appearances when Cherry is too inebriated to do so.

Cherry's mother/manager, Janet Bunterman, tells Ann to take a few days off, while Cherry is packed off, yet again, to drug rehab. Infuriated at having been fooled by a body double, Bang becomes more obsessed with getting photos of Cherry under sordid circumstances. In Los Angeles, Cherry jumps over the wall of the rehab center and hitches a ride to the airport from a nearby motorist, who happens to be Bang staking out the clinic. Pleased by his transparent flattery, Cherry takes him along when she charters a private jet to Florida. Aboard the plane, Bang is astonished, his astonishment turns to outrage when she drives away in a limousine and strands him at the airport, taking his camera bag and BlackBerry with her. Meanwhile, Ann spends her few days off touring the Florida Keys, but while driving through Key Largo, she swerves to avoid a man scooping a roadkill off the highway and drives off a bridge; when she wakes up, the man, "Skink" has rescued her. With apologies, Skink brings Ann along on a brief mission to kidnap and intimidate real estate developer Jackie Sebago.

Afterwards, Skink has a friend give her a ride to the nearest hospital, gives her the number for his seldom-used cell phone, to call in case she needs help. Over Janet's protests, Cherry's record promoter, Maury Lykes, assigns a man nicknamed "Chemo" to replace her fired bodyguard; as revenge for her theft of his cameras and smartphone, Bang kidnaps Cherry outside her hotel at gunpoint, only to realize that the woman he has snatched is Ann. He demands, in exchange for Ann's safe return, that Cherry be made available to him for a private photo shoot. Ann is furious to hear that the Buntermans have not reported her missing, she hurriedly uses her cell phone to contact Skink. When the Buntermans refuse to agree to Bang's demand, he dresses Ann up in costume and shoots pictures of her with a discarded syringe, making it look as if "Cherry" is a drug addict, his threat to release the pictures is taken much more than his threat against Ann's life. In fact, since Cherry's career is dangerously close to ending her father Ned suggests using the kidnapping as a publicity stunt to boost interest in her upcoming concert tour and comeback album.

The photo shoot and hostage exchange takes place on Star Island, in the rented home of Cherry's actor boyfriend. Cherry is duped into thinking that she is posing for the cover of Vanity Fair, while Ann confronts her employers over their indifference to her safety. At that moment, Skink tracks her down, Ann prefers to leave with him rather than the Buntermans. After the photo shoot, Chemo confiscates the digital memory cards from Bang's cameras. Maury had ordered him to kill Bang, but Bang convinces him that once Cherry is dead, they can make a fortune publishing them. Chemo hangs onto the photos. Meanwhile, the Buntermans offer her $50,000 in hush money. Ann declines, settling instead for plane fare back to California and the price of a Zegna suit she bought for Skink, she informs them that she's quitting her role as Cherry's double, warns them never to contact her again. Maury flirts with the idea of paying Chemo to kill her, but Chemo refuses and warns Maury not to send anyone else after her.

The Buntermans admit to Cherry that the photo shoot was a ruse, but she is pleased to hear that she will be the star of a media blitz surrounding her fake kidnapping. Cherry is upset to be told that, to sell the story, she will need to be secluded for a few days, ostensibly "recovering" from her ordeal. With Skink's assistance, Ann makes a conspicuous appearance at a nightclub using Cherry's name. A short time Cherry escapes from her parents' guard at the hotel and goes to the club with her boyfriend. There, Ann tells Cherry the truth about her role as Cherry's "stunt double". Cherry launches herself at Ann in an inebriated rage; as he is doing so, Cherry vomits, inadvertently ruining the memory cards in his pocket containing the photos. Cherry's "meltdown" is captured by the paparazzi outside the club sabotaging her entourage's plan to sell the kidnapping story. Ann and Skink slip away in the chaos. Bang, does not get a photo of Cherry. Like the other paparazzi, he is lying in wait outside the club, but he is shot through the buttocks by a thug hired by one of his disgruntled tipsters.

The tipster sent the information to Bang's BlackBerry while Cherry had possession of it, Bang was unaware that the man was expecting his usual fee. In a touch of poetic justice, Bang finds himself on the receiving end of his profession's notori

Marala Headworks

Marala Headworks is a headworks situated on the River Chenab near the city of Sialkot in Punjab province of the Pakistan. Marala Headworks is a large hydro engineering project and is used to control water flow and flood control in the River Chenab. Chenab is a 1,086 kilometres long river which originates from Chandra Taal in the Lahul & Spiti District of Himachal Pradesh in India where it is known as Chandrabhaga after the two tributaries Chandra and Bhaga join at Tandi in Lahul & Spiti district and acquires the name Chenab when it enters Jammu and Kashmir near Kishtwar in India. After cutting across the Pir Panjal Range, it enters the Sialkot District in the Pakistan. Here the Marala Barrage was built across the river in 1968 with a maximum discharge of 1.1 million ft³/s. Two major water channels originate at the Marala headworks—the Marala ravi link canal and the Upper Chenab Canal. Proposals are under consideration to build Mangla Marala Link Canal to overcome any shortage of water in future.

Marala Headworks is a picnic spot, a wildlife sanctuary and an unprotected wetland. List of barrages and headworks in Pakistan List of dams and reservoirs in Pakistan Punjab Irrigation Department

Kenneth McGriff

Kenneth "Supreme" McGriff is an American convicted former drug lord and gangster from Queens, New York, United States. McGriff came to prominence in early 1981 when he formed his own Crack cocaine-distributing and manufacturing organization which he called The Supreme Team based in South Jamaica, New York City, New York. Under McGriff's leadership, the gang's numbers swelled to the hundreds and came to control the Crack Cocaine trade in the Baisley Park, the neighborhood where McGriff was raised. In 1987, McGriff was arrested following a joint state and federal investigation and in 1989 pleaded guilty to engaging in a Continuing Criminal Enterprise, he was sentenced to 12 years' incarceration. McGriff was released from prison on parole in early 1994 after serving seven years of his sentence, he was sent back to prison on parole violations by year's end, served another 2½ years' incarceration before being released in 1997. After being released from prison on parole in 1994, McGriff tried his hand at cinematography, seeking help from Irv Gotti to film a movie based on the Kenyatta series' novel Crime Partners.

However, due to McGriff's reputation, the FBI soon questioned the intimacies of the affiliation with Murder Inc. culminating in a raid of the Murder Inc. offices in early 2003, with accusations of drug trafficking on Kenneth McGriff, while Murder Inc. was indicted on counts of money laundering and conspiracy to commit money laundering. McGriff is alleged to have had a hand in the 2002 murder of Run-DMC member Jam Master Jay, was convicted of ordering the 2001 killing of rapper Eric "E-Moneybags" Smith, in retaliation for the shooting of McGriff's associate Colbert "Black Just" Johnson. Federal authorities accused him in connection with the attempted murder of 50 Cent. On February 1, 2007, McGriff was convicted of murder-for-hire at a federal court in the Eastern District of New York on charges that he paid $50,000 to have two rivals gunned down in 2001; the jury deliberated for five days before finding McGriff guilty of murder conspiracy and drug trafficking. On February 9, 2007, McGriff was sentenced to life in prison.

Throughout this case he was defended by a court-appointed attorney because nearly all of his assets had been seized. McGriff began serving his life sentence at ADX Florence, the federal supermax prison in Colorado, but in 2011, was transferred to the United States Penitentiary, Lee, a high-security federal prison in Pennington Gap, Virginia. List of crime bosses convicted in the 21st century Murder Inc.'s Muscle, Linked to Three Killings, The Smoking Gun archives United States court of appeals - Docket No. 06-2014-cr American Gangster