Timothy Walter Burton is an American filmmaker, artist and animator. He is known for his dark and eccentric horror and fantasy films such as Beetlejuice, Edward Scissorhands, The Nightmare Before Christmas, Ed Wood, Sleepy Hollow, Corpse Bride, Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street, Dark Shadows, Frankenweenie, he is known for blockbusters such as the adventure comedy Pee-wee's Big Adventure, the superhero films Batman and its first sequel Batman Returns, the sci-fi film Planet of the Apes, the fantasy drama Big Fish, the musical adventure film Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, the fantasy film Alice in Wonderland. Burton has worked with Johnny Depp and Danny Elfman, who has composed scores for all but three of the films Burton has directed. Helena Bonham Carter, Burton's former domestic partner, has appeared in many of his films, he wrote and illustrated the poetry book The Melancholy Death of Oyster Boy & Other Stories, published in 1997 by Faber and Faber and a compilation of his drawings and other artwork, entitled The Art of Tim Burton, was released in 2009.
A follow-up to The Art of Tim Burton, entitled The Napkin Art of Tim Burton: Things You Think About in a Bar, containing sketches made by Burton on napkins at bars and restaurants he visits, was released in 2015. Burton was born in 1958, in Burbank, the son of Jean Burton the owner of a cat-themed gift shop, William "Bill" Burton, a former minor league baseball player, working for the Burbank Parks and Recreation Department; as a preteen, Burton would make short films in his backyard on Evergreen Street using crude stop motion animation techniques or shoot them on 8 mm film without sound. Burton attended Providencia Elementary School in Burbank. Burton went to Burbank High School, but he was not a good student, he played on the water polo team at Burbank High. Burton was an introspective person and found pleasure in painting and watching movies, his future work would be influenced by the works of such childhood heroes as Dr. Seuss and Roald Dahl. After graduating from Burbank High School, Burton attended the California Institute of the Arts in Valencia, California, to study character animation.
As a student at CalArts, Burton made the shorts Stalk of King and Octopus. Stalk of the Celery Monster attracted the attention of Walt Disney Productions' animation division, which offered Burton an animator's apprenticeship at the studio, he worked as an animator, storyboard artist, graphic designer, art director and concept artist on films such as The Fox and the Hound and The Black Cauldron. His concept art never made it into the finished films. While at Disney in 1982, Burton made his first short, Vincent, a six-minute black-and-white stop motion film based on a poem written by the filmmaker, depicting a young boy who fantasizes that he is his hero Vincent Price, with Price himself providing narration; the film was produced by Rick Heinrichs, whom Burton had befriended while working in the concept art department at Disney. The film was shown at the Chicago Film Festival and released, alongside the teen drama Tex, for two weeks in one Los Angeles cinema; this was followed by Burton's first live-action production Hansel and Gretel, a Japanese-themed adaptation of the Brothers Grimm fairy tale for the Disney Channel, which climaxes in a kung fu fight between Hansel and Gretel and the witch.
Having aired once in 1983 at 10:30 pm on Halloween and promptly shelved, prints of the film are difficult to locate, fueling rumors that the project did not exist. The short would go on public display in 2009 at the Museum of Modern Art, again in 2011 as part of the Tim Burton art exhibit at LACMA, it was again shown at the Seoul Museum of Art in 2012. Burton's next live-action short film, was released in 1984, it tells the story of a young boy. Filmed in black-and-white, it stars Shelley Duvall and Daniel Stern. After Frankenweenie was completed, Disney fired Burton, under the pretext of him spending the company's resources on doing a film that would be too dark and scary for children to see. Actor Paul Reubens saw Vincent and chose Burton to direct the cinematic spin-off of his popular character Pee-wee Herman. Pee-wee Herman gained mainstream popularity with a successful stage show at The Groundlings and the Roxy, turned into an HBO special; the film, Pee-wee's Big Adventure, was made on a budget of $8 million and grossed more than $40 million at the North American box office.
Burton, a fan of the eccentric musical group Oingo Boingo, asked songwriter Danny Elfman to provide the music for the film. Since Elfman has scored every film that Tim Burton has directed, except for Ed Wood, Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street and Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children. After directing episodes for the revitalized version of'50s/'60s anthology horror series Alfred Hitchcock Presents and Shelley Duvall's Faerie Tale Theatre, Burton directed his next big project: Beetlejuice, a supernatural comedy horror about a young couple forced to cope with life after death, the family of pretentious yuppies who invade their treasured New England home, their teenage daughter Lydia (Winona Ryder
The Irish are a Celtic nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry and culture. Ireland has been inhabited for about 12,500 years according to archaeological studies. For most of Ireland's recorded history, the Irish have been a Gaelic people. Viking invasions of Ireland during the 8th to 11th centuries established the cities of Dublin, Waterford and Limerick. Anglo-Normans conquered parts of Ireland in the 12th century, while England's 16th/17th-century conquest and colonisation of Ireland brought a large number of English and Lowland Scots people to parts of the island the north. Today, Ireland is made up of the Republic of the smaller Northern Ireland; the people of Northern Ireland hold various national identities including British, Northern Irish or some combination thereof. The Irish have their own customs, music, sports and mythology. Although Irish was their main language in the past, today most Irish people speak English as their first language.
The Irish nation was made up of kin groups or clans, the Irish had their own religion, law code and style of dress. There have been many notable Irish people throughout history. After Ireland's conversion to Christianity, Irish missionaries and scholars exerted great influence on Western Europe, the Irish came to be seen as a nation of "saints and scholars"; the 6th-century Irish monk and missionary Columbanus is regarded as one of the "fathers of Europe", followed by saints Cillian and Fergal. The scientist Robert Boyle is considered the "father of chemistry", Robert Mallet one of the "fathers of seismology". Famous Irish writers include Oscar Wilde, W. B. Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, Bram Stoker, James Joyce, C. S. Lewis and Seamus Heaney. Notable Irish explorers include Brendan the Navigator, Sir Robert McClure, Sir Alexander Armstrong, Sir Ernest Shackleton and Tom Crean. By some accounts, the first European child born in North America had Irish descent on both sides. Many presidents of the United States have had some Irish ancestry.
The population of Ireland is about 6.3 million, but it is estimated that 50 to 80 million people around the world have Irish forebears, making the Irish diaspora one of the largest of any nation. Emigration from Ireland has been the result of conflict and economic issues. People of Irish descent are found in English-speaking countries Great Britain, the United States and Australia. There are significant numbers in Argentina and New Zealand; the United States has the most people of Irish descent, while in Australia those of Irish descent are a higher percentage of the population than in any other country outside Ireland. Many Icelanders have Scottish Gaelic forebears. During the past 12,500 years of inhabitation, Ireland has witnessed some different peoples arrive on its shores; the ancient peoples of Ireland—such as the creators of the Céide Fields and Newgrange—are unknown. Neither their languages nor the terms they used to describe; as late as the middle centuries of the 1st millennium the inhabitants of Ireland did not appear to have a collective name for themselves.
Ireland itself was known by a number of different names, including Banba, Fódla, Ériu by the islanders and Hiverne to the Greeks, Hibernia to the Romans. Scotland takes its name from Scota, who in Irish mythology, Scottish mythology, pseudohistory, is the name given to two different mythological daughters of two different Egyptian Pharaohs to whom the Gaels traced their ancestry explaining the name Scoti, applied by the Romans to Irish raiders, to the Irish invaders of Argyll and Caledonia which became known as Scotland. Other Latin names for people from Ireland in Classic and Mediaeval sources include Attacotti and Gael; this last word, derived from the Welsh gwyddel "raiders", was adopted by the Irish for themselves. However, as a term it is on a par with Viking, as it describes an activity and its proponents, not their actual ethnic affiliations; the terms Irish and Ireland are derived from the goddess Ériu. A variety of historical ethnic groups have inhabited the island, including the Airgialla, Fir Ol nEchmacht, Fir Bolg, Érainn, Eóganachta, Conmaicne and Ulaid.
In the cases of the Conmaicne, Érainn, it can be demonstrated that the tribe took their name from their chief deity, or in the case of the Ciannachta, Eóganachta, the Soghain, a deified ancestor. This practice is paralleled by the Anglo-Saxon dynasties' claims of descent from Woden, via his sons Wecta, Baeldaeg and Wihtlaeg; the Greek mythographer Euhemerus originated the concept of Euhemerism, which treats mythological accounts as a reflection of actual historical events shaped by retelling and traditional mores. In the 12th century, Icelandic bard and historian Snorri Sturluson proposed that the Norse gods were historical war leaders and kings, who became cult figures set into society as gods; this view is in agreement with Irish historians such as Francis John Byrne. One legend states that the Irish were descended from one Míl Espáine, whose sons conquered Ireland around 1000 BC or
Walter Harris Ratcliff Jr. was an architect in Berkeley, California. His work includes local buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places, he served as Berkeley's first City Architect for part of his career and is credited with helping develop the first zoning regulations in the state. Ratcliff was born in London and came to the United States in 1894, he partnered for a short time with John Galen Howard. He worked with Alfred Henry Jacobs, he designed the John J. Cairns House at 2729 Elmwood Avenue, Walter Keane and his wife Barbara Keane lived in it, he designed Armstrong College's Ratcliff building at 2222 Harold Way. Named for the architect it is a Berkeley landmark, he designed the Charles W. Merrill House for mining engineer and San Francisco businessman Charles Washington Merrill, it is listed on the National Register. He is one of the noted architects with buildings in Oakland/Berkeley, California. Lilian Bridgman worked as a draftsperson in his office, he was one of the architects.
He designed a building listed on the National Register. Converted to a residence, it is on the List of largest houses in the United States, his son and grandson became architects and have kept the firm he started in business. The buildings he designed that are listed on the National Register include: Anna Head School for Girls, 2538 Channing Way Berkeley, CA Ratcliff,Walter H. Jr. Berkeley Day Nursery, 2031 6th St. Berkeley, CA Ratcliff,Walter H. Jr. Chamber of Commerce Building, 2140--2144 Shattuck Ave. & 2071--2089 Center St. Berkeley, CA Ratcliff,Walter H. Jr. Hillside School, 1581 Leroy Ave. Berkeley, CA Ratcliff Walter H. Charles W. Merrill House, 407 Camino Sobrante Orinda, CA Ratcliff, Walter Harris Mason-McDuffie building at 2102 Shattuck Avenue 2018 Allston Way Elks Club 12-story Chamber of Commerce building, Berkeley's first and only skyscraper until 1970. Wells Fargo Bank at College and Ashby Several homes in the Piedmont area Berkeley Baptist Divinity School buildings at 2606 Dwight Way Pacific School of Religion buildings including Holbrook Hall at 1708 Scenic Avenue Ratcliff Architects website
Christoph Waltz is a German-Austrian film and voice actor and director active in the United States. He is known for his work with American filmmaker Quentin Tarantino, receiving critical acclaim for portraying SS officer Hans Landa in Inglourious Basterds and bounty hunter King Schultz in Django Unchained. For both performances, he earned an Academy Award, BAFTA Award, Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor. Waltz received the Best Actor Award at the Cannes Film Festival and a Screen Actors Guild Award for his portrayal of Landa. Waltz portrayed computer genius Qohen Leth in the science fiction film The Zero Theorem, American plagiarist Walter Keane in the biographical film Big Eyes, James Bond's nemesis Ernst Stavro Blofeld in Spectre, the twenty-fourth Bond film. Waltz was born in Vienna, the son of Johannes Waltz and Elisabeth Urbancic and costume designers, from Germany and Austria, respectively, his maternal grandfather, Rudolf von Urban, was a psychiatrist and psychologist who wrote the book Sex Perfection and Marital Happiness.
His maternal grandmother was Burgtheater actress Maria Mayen, his step-grandfather was actor Emmerich Reimers. His great-grandparents worked in theatre. Waltz studied acting at the Max Reinhardt Seminar in Vienna. In the late 1970s, Waltz spent some time in New York City where he studied method acting with Lee Strasberg and Stella Adler, he started as a stage actor, performing at venues such as Zurich's Schauspielhaus Zürich, Vienna's Burgtheater, the Salzburg Festival. He became a prolific television actor in the years 1980 to 2000. In 2000, he made his directorial debut, with the German television production Wenn man sich traut. Before coming to the attention of a larger audience in Tarantino's Inglourious Basterds, he had played Dr. Hans-Joachim Dorfmann in the British TV series The Gravy Train in 1990; the show is a story of intrigue and misdeeds set in the offices of the European Union in Brussels. In Quentin Tarantino's 2009 film Inglourious Basterds, Waltz portrayed SS-Standartenführer Hans Landa, aslo known as "The Jew Hunter".
Clever, multilingual — but self-serving, cunning and murderous — the character of Landa was such that Tarantino feared he "might have written a part, un-playable". Waltz received the Best Actor Award for the performance at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival and received acclaim from critics and the public. In 2009, he began sweeping critics' awards circuits, receiving awards for Best Supporting Actor from the New York Film Critics Circle, the Boston Society of Film Critics, Los Angeles Film Critics Association, for Best Supporting Actor at the 67th Golden Globe Awards and the 16th Screen Actors Guild Awards in January 2010; the following month, he won the BAFTA for Best Supporting Actor, won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. He is the only actor to have won an Academy Award for playing a character in a Tarantino film. Tarantino acknowledged the importance of Waltz to his film by stating: "I think that Landa is one of the best characters I've written and will write, Christoph played it to a tee.
It's true that if I couldn't have found someone as good as Christoph I might not have made Inglourious Basterds". Waltz played gangster Benjamin Chudnofsky in The Green Hornet, he played German bounty hunter Dr. King Schultz in Quentin Tarantino's Django Unchained, a role Tarantino wrote for Waltz. During a training accident prior to filming, Waltz injured his pelvis, his role garnered him acclaim once again, with Waltz winning the Golden Globe, the BAFTA, the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. This is the last Tarantino film Waltz has appeared in, many fans hope the two work together again. Waltz has been cast as the former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in the film Reykjavik, based on the 1986 peace talks between the United States and USSR. In April 2013, he was selected as a member of the main competition jury at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival, he directed a production of the opera Der Rosenkavalier at the Vlaamse Opera, in Antwerp in late 2013, in Ghent early 2014. In 2014, he was selected as a member of the jury for the 64th Berlin International Film Festival.
He starred as Walter Keane in Tim Burton's Big Eyes, which opened on 25 December 2014, appeared as Ernst Stavro Blofeld in Spectre, the 24th film in the James Bond franchise. In 2015, it was announced that Waltz will direct and star in the film The Worst Marriage in Georgetown, based on the true crime story of the murder of Viola Drath. In July 2016, he portrayed lead villain Captain Leon Rom, a corrupt Belgian captain, in the reboot The Legend of Tarzan. In 2017, Waltz appeared in the films Tulip Downsizing. In 2019, Waltz appeared in the action fantasy Alita: Battle Angel, he directed a production of the opera Falstaff, again at the Vlaamse Opera, in Antwerp in late 2017, in Ghent early 2018. Waltz has three children with his former wife, he is raising a daughter with costume designer Judith Holste. They divide their time among Berlin and Los Angeles. Waltz's native language is German and he is fluent in English and French, he speaks all three of these in Inglourious Basterds and Django Unchained, although his character in Inglourious Basterds spoke Italian, Waltz said on the Adam Carolla Podcast that he is not fluent in Italian.
He is his own voice actor for both the German dubs of each film. Waltz was born in Vienna to a German father who applied for him to become a citizen of Germany after his birth, he received Austrian citizenship in 2010, thus holding citizenshi
A waif is a living creature removed, by hardship, loss or other helpless circumstance, from its original surroundings. The most common usage of the word is to designate a homeless, forsaken or orphaned child, or someone whose appearance is evocative of the same; as such, the term is similar to a ragamuffin or street urchin, although the main distinction is volitional: a runaway youth might live on the streets, but would not properly be called a waif as the departure from one's home was an exercise of free will. A person fleeing their home for purposes of safety, is considered not a waif but a refugee. Orphaned children, left to fend for themselves, are common as literary protagonists in children's and fantasy literature; the characters Heathcliff in Emily Brontë's 1847 novel Wuthering Heights and Jo, the crossing sweeper in Charles Dickens' 1852 novel Bleak House are waifs. Dickens, it may be noted, has been called "the Master of Waif Literature." Bret Harte's 1890 novel A Waif of the Plains, set against the backdrop of the Oregon Trail in the 1850s, is another example.
The children in A Series of Unfortunate Events are waifs, in between their unsuccessful stints in the care of various relatives. In modern adult fantasy writing, it could be argued that Kvothe of Patrick Rothfuss's The Kingkiller Chronicle was a waif, the stories include many flashback elements – as they are of Kvothe's life told by Kvothe – to the time when he indeed was a waif. Literary waifs are depicted with a frail appearance, although such physical aspects are not inherent in the term; such evocations may reflect the endemic malnutrition of the street urchin. Chicago's Mercy Home for Boys and Girls, a long-term residential home for troubled young men and women from the streets and abusive homes, has published The Waif's Messenger for more than 100 years. A cartoon waif, an orphan boy, appeared in the 1936 Rainbow Parade cartoon A Waif's Welcome. In nautical terms, a waif is any survivor of a shipwreck compelled to make land upon a foreign shore. In this sense waif is synonymous with castaway, although the latter term is associated with isolation.
"Some seven years ago...there appeared the remarkable saga of Manjiro, the shipwrecked Japanese waif, rescued and brought to the United States by a Yankee whaling captain." Dating from the Middle Ages, when a woman was proscribed and subjected to penalties of outlawry, she was said to be “waived” and called a "waif". This waiving of the law was tantamount to outlawry. Women in this status were outside of the "law", as with male outlaws, others could kill them on sight as if they were wild animals. Under British common law, items stolen by a thief and discarded during the thief's flight are "waifs." The monarch owns such waifs by royal prerogative. References to waifs in music are sometimes self-deprecating, as in the name of the Australian folk-rock band The Waifs, or Tracy Bonham's song "I'm Not a Waif". Many other songs use the word "waif" to romanticize street children and runaways, as in the Marc Almond song "Waifs and Strays", or the Steely Dan song "Janie Runaway", which describes the title character as being the "wonderwaif of Gramercy Park".
The song " Black and White Sunshine" by Noel Gallagher`s High Flying Birds contains the lyric " these are the glory days for the waifs and the strays ". In botany, a "waif" is an unusual species found in the wild, alien and either a) is unsuccessful at reproduction without human intervention, or b) only persists a few generations and disappears; such a plant never gets "naturalized" in the wild. "Waif flora" refers to plant species which occur on oceanic islands due to chance long-distance dispersion of seeds. In fashion and related popular culture, the term "waif" is used to describe a thin person a woman. "The waif look" was used in the 1960s to describe thin, large-eyed models such as Twiggy, Edie Sedgwick. The "gamine" look of the 1950s, associated with actresses such as Audrey Hepburn, Leslie Caron and Jean Seberg, was, to some extent, a precursor; the term "waif" was ubiquitous in the 1990s, with heroin chic fashion and models such as Kate Moss and Jaime King on the runways and in advertisements.
Actresses such as Ally McBeal star Calista Flockhart, Winona Ryder the British actress Keira Knightley and singer Celine Dion have all been pinned with the term. Although the heroin chic look has gone out of fashion, it still holds some popularity in Hollywood. For example, Wonderbra model Eva Herzigová was criticized over her waif-like figure. Daily Mirror columnist Sue Carroll wrote: The supermodel, looking like a throwback to the'heroin chic' era of waif-like undernourished models, was an X-ray of her old self, skeletally thin with greasy hair, blue lips, a cold sore and sunken eyes
Doménikos Theotokópoulos, most known as El Greco, was a painter and architect of the Spanish Renaissance. "El Greco" was a nickname, a reference to his Greek origin, the artist signed his paintings with his full birth name in Greek letters, Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος, Doménikos Theotokópoulos adding the word Κρής Krēs, Cretan. El Greco was born in the Kingdom of Candia, at that time part of the Republic of Venice, the center of Post-Byzantine art, he trained and became a master within that tradition before traveling at age 26 to Venice, as other Greek artists had done. In 1570 he moved to Rome, where he executed a series of works. During his stay in Italy, El Greco enriched his style with elements of Mannerism and of the Venetian Renaissance taken from a number of great artists of the time, notably Tintoretto. In 1577, he moved to Toledo, where he lived and worked until his death. In Toledo, El Greco produced his best-known paintings. El Greco's dramatic and expressionistic style was met with puzzlement by his contemporaries but found appreciation in the 20th century.
El Greco is regarded as a precursor of both Expressionism and Cubism, while his personality and works were a source of inspiration for poets and writers such as Rainer Maria Rilke and Nikos Kazantzakis. El Greco has been characterized by modern scholars as an artist so individual that he belongs to no conventional school, he is best known for tortuously elongated figures and fantastic or phantasmagorical pigmentation, marrying Byzantine traditions with those of Western painting. Born in 1541, in either the village of Fodele or Candia on Crete, El Greco was descended from a prosperous urban family, driven out of Chania to Candia after an uprising against the Catholic Venetians between 1526 and 1528. El Greco's father, Geórgios Theotokópoulos, was a tax collector. Nothing is known about his mother or his first wife Greek. El Greco's older brother, Manoússos Theotokópoulos, was a wealthy merchant and spent the last years of his life in El Greco's Toledo home. El Greco received his initial training as an icon painter of the Cretan school, a leading center of post-Byzantine art.
In addition to painting, he studied the classics of ancient Greece, the Latin classics also. Candia was a center for artistic activity where Eastern and Western cultures co-existed harmoniously, where around two hundred painters were active during the 16th century, had organized a painters' guild, based on the Italian model. In 1563, at the age of twenty-two, El Greco was described in a document as a "master", meaning he was a master of the guild and operating his own workshop. Three years in June 1566, as a witness to a contract, he signed his name in Greek as μαΐστρος Μένεγος Θεοτοκόπουλος σγουράφος. Most scholars believe that the Theotokópoulos "family was certainly Greek Orthodox", although some Catholic sources still claim him from birth. Like many Orthodox emigrants to Catholic areas of Europe, some assert that he may have transferred to Catholicism after his arrival, practiced as a Catholic in Spain, where he described himself as a "devout Catholic" in his will; the extensive archival research conducted since the early 1960s by scholars, such as Nikolaos Panayotakis, Pandelis Prevelakis and Maria Constantoudaki, indicates that El Greco's family and ancestors were Greek Orthodox.
One of his uncles was an Orthodox priest, his name is not mentioned in the Catholic archival baptismal records on Crete. Prevelakis goes further, expressing his doubt that El Greco was a practicing Roman Catholic. Important for his early biography, El Greco, still in Crete, painted his Dormition of the Virgin near the end of his Cretan period before 1567. Three other signed works of "Doménicos" are attributed to El Greco. In 1563, at the age of twenty-two, El Greco was an enrolled master of the local guild in charge of his own workshop, he left for Venice a few years and never returned to Crete. His Dormition of the Virgin, of before 1567 in tempera and gold on panel was created near the end of El Greco's Cretan period; the painting combines post-Byzantine and Italian Mannerist stylistic and iconographic elements, incorporates stylistic elements of the Cretan School. It was natural for the young El Greco to pursue his career in Venice, Crete having been a possession of the Republic of Venice since 1211.
Though the exact year is not clear, most scholars agree that El Greco went to Venice around 1567. Knowledge of El Greco's years in Italy is limited, he lived in Venice until 1570 and, according to a letter written by his much older friend, the greatest miniaturist of the age, Giulio Clovio, was a "disciple" of Titian, by in his eighties but still vigorous. This may mean he worked in Titian's large studio, or not. Clovio characterized El Greco as "a rare talent in painting". In 1570, El Greco moved to Rome, where he executed a series of works marked by his Venetian apprenticeship, it is unknown how long he remained in Rome, though he may have returned to Venice before he left for Spain. In Rome, on the recommendation of Giulio Clovio, El Greco was received as a guest at the P