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Walter Stewart (general)

Walter Stewart was an Irish-born American general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. Stewart began his military career as captain of a Pennsylvania infantry company at the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, he served as an aide-de-camp to Horatio Gates for a year with the rank of major. Given command of the Pennsylvania State Regiment, which became the 13th Pennsylvania Regiment, Stewart led his troops with distinction at Brandywine and Germantown in 1777, he was wounded while leading a detachment at the Battle of Monmouth in the summer of 1778. Despite Stewart's ability to cool tensions during the 1780 mutiny of the Connecticut Line, his regiment became involved in the Pennsylvania Line Mutiny, he was married in Philadelphia in 1781 before going south with the army to fight in the decisive Siege of Yorktown. After the British surrender, Stewart was involved in the Newburgh Conspiracy. Following a term as Inspector General, he retired from the army at the beginning of 1783, became a successful Philadelphia businessman and a general in the state militia.

He died on June 1796 during an outbreak of yellow fever. Stewart was born into a Scotch-Irish family in Ireland in 1756 in Londonderry, he worked for a relative named Conyngham. In January 1776 he was appointed captain of 3rd Pennsylvania Battalion; the eight company strong 3rd Battalion was authorized on December 9, 1775 and organized between January and March 1776 in Philadelphia. It joined George Washington's main army on June 11, 1776 and was assigned to Thomas Mifflin's brigade. However, in May Stewart was promoted to major and became aide-de-camp to Horatio Gates when that general transferred to the Northern Department. In December 1776, Gates returned to the Philadelphia area with the Northern Department's New Jersey and Pennsylvania regiments; that November, Congress voted Stewart a $100 sword as recognition of his services. One Continental Army private recalled that the ladies of Philadelphia called the good-looking Stewart the "Irish Beauty". Another observer described him as, "of fair, florid complexion, vivacious and well-educated, and, it was said, was the handsomest man in the American army".

On June 17, 1777, Stewart was named commander of the Pennsylvania State Regiment, which became the 13th Pennsylvania Regiment. Stewart, Gates' subordinate for over a year, took his former chief's side in the political struggle between Gates and his rival Philip Schuyler; when Gates assumed command of the Northern Department in August 1777, Stewart wrote him, "You can't Imagine my Dear Sir, the Satisfaction it gives me your being sent back to your proper Command. It is so great a thing, to get the better so Nobly of that petty party, for I can call them by no other Name." In another letter to Gates, he wrote of his fellow Pennsylvanian Anthony Wayne having to dig trenches, "We are throwing up a few works at Wilmington, where Wayne is like a mad bear, it falling to his brigade. I believe he heartily wishes all engineers at the devil." At the Battle of Brandywine on September 11, 1777, the Pennsylvania State Regiment fought with the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 10th, 14th Virginia Regiments in George Weedon's Brigade.

Another authority wrote that the 2nd Virginia Brigade consisted of the 2nd, 6th, 10th, 14th Virginia, but it is possible that some units were attached and others detached. That day, Washington with 11,000 men offered battle to British General Sir William Howe's 12,500 troops. While 5,000 British and Hessians under Wilhelm von Knyphausen threatened the American center, Howe took 7,500 men in a wide turning movement that crossed the Brandywine beyond the American right flank. Belatedly detecting Howe's column, Washington deployed the divisions of John Sullivan, Lord Stirling, Adam Stephen to halt the attempted envelopment. After severe fighting, Howe's force cracked the American line. Leaving Wayne to hold off Knyphausen, Washington ordered the division of Nathanael Greene to block Howe. After his brigade endured a three or four-mile double-time march in 45 minutes, Weedon arranged his troops on a reverse slope behind a fence, he swung the right flank forward behind a fence and some woods so as to take any attackers in enfilade.

Henry Monckton's 2nd Grenadier Battalion blundered into Weedon's trap. As his men came under heavy fire, Monckton asked Hessian Captain Johann von Ewald to ride and get help; the Hessian found James Agnew. One of Agnew's regiments, the 64th Foot was treated, losing 47 of its 420 men in the vicious firefight that followed; the Pennsylvania State Regiment was evidently part of the thrown-forward right flank. One witness recalled the unit's colonel, "Stewart on foot, in its rear, animating his men." An officer in the regiment wrote that, "Our regiment fought at one stand about an hour under incessant fire, yet the loss was less than at Long Island. With the assistance of some artillery, the British forced the Americans back, but the exhausted victors did not pursue in the dark. Stewart led a detachment of his regiment at the Battle of Germantown on October 4, 1777; as Greene's wing advanced on the British positions, Stewart's unit covered Weedon's left flank where a gap had developed between that brigade and Alexander McDougall's Connecticut Brigade.

After driving off two British light infantry companies, his men captured an earthwork near Luken's Mill. He wrote Gates, "I took a little redoubt with three Pieces of Cannon from them", he noted that, "It was cursed Hot work for it before they left them". He noted that his men started fighting 1.5 miles (

Biology of the Cell

Biology of the Cell is a peer-reviewed scientific journal in the field of cell biology, cell physiology, molecular biology of animal and plant cells and protists. Topics covered include development and immunology, as well as theoretical or biophysical modelling; the journal is published monthly by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Société Française des Microscopies and the Société de Biologie Cellulaire de France. The journal first appeared in 1962 and was titled Journal de Microscopie. In 1975 the journal was retitled Journal de Microscopie et de Biologie Cellulaire, it was retitled Biologie Cellulaire, becoming Biology of the Cell in 1981. Articles were published in either English or French, with summaries in both languages. Content from 1988 is available online in PDF format, with papers from 2005 being available in HTML, from 2006 in an enhanced full-text format; the journal's 2014 impact factor was 3.506. Biology of the Cell is indexed by BIOBASE, BIOSIS, CAB International, Cambridge Scientific Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Service, Current Contents/Life Sciences, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, MEDLINE/Index Medicus, ProQuest Information and Learning Articles are research and reviews.

Themed series on specific topics are scheduled. They were: Stem Cells, RNA localization, Synapses, Cell Cycle and Cancer, Microtubules, RNA regulation and Cell Biology, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Post-Translational Modification and Virus Intracellular Trafficking, Optogenetics and Exosomes, Systems Cell Biology, Translating Canceromics into function; the editor-in-chief of this journal is a team leader at the Institut Jacques Monod. He was preceded by Thierry Galli, editor from 2009 - 2017. Biology of the Cell home page Société Française des Microscopies Société de Biologie Cellulaire de France


Pylaiella is a genus of seaweed that can be a nuisance due to its ability to coat people, ropes and more when it blooms close to the shore under particular conditions. Kuprijanov, Ivan. "First evidence on the epiphytic macroalga Pylaiella littorals on the prawn Palaemon adspersus". Estonian Journal of Ecology. 62: 287–291. Doi:10.3176/eco.2013.4.05. Ye, Bo-Ram. "Induction of Apoptosis by the Tropical Seaweed Pylaiella littoralis in HT-29 Cells via the Mitochondrial and MAPK Pathways". Ocean Science Journal. 48: 339–348. Doi:10.1007/s12601-013-0032-z. Assali, Nour-Eddine. "Evidence for a composite phylogenetic origin of the plastid genome of the brown alga Pylaiella littoralis Kjellm". Plant Molecular Biology. 15: 307–315. Doi:10.1007/BF00036916. Gauna, M. Cecilia. "Spatial and temporal variability in algal epiphytes on Patagonian Dictyota dichotoma". Aquatic Botany. 120: 338–345. Doi:10.1016/j.aquabot.2014.10.003. DeCew's Guide GBIF's Biodiversity Data Portal instead puts brown algae in Kingdom Chromista Cape Codder: We call it mung

Giulia Andreani

Giulia Andreani, born in Venice in 1985, is an Italian artist. She lives in Paris where she develops history painting. Andreani graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts in Venice in 2008, she continued her studies in the history of art, graduating with a master's degree in contemporary art from Paris IV-Sorbonne University in 2010. Andreani focuses on the pictorial genre of history painting, she collects images from libraries and family albums which she transposes into her works and painting using only the colour Payne's grey. In 2012, she took inspiration from Italian cinema to trace the history of Europe between the 1920s and 1960s, she directed a series of dictators. In the series entitled Daddies, Hitler's generals are presented as good fathers. In 2013, she painted the portrait of Margaret Thatcher looking uncomfortable whilst holding newborns in her arms. In 2015, she worked on the representation of women serving male power during the First World War, portraying women at work in men's clothes in roles such as firefighters or railway workers.

In 2018, she presented L'intermezzo, a project from a 2017 residency in a maternal center in the suburbs of Paris. She combined images of Cuban soldiers from the 2000s with portraits of young mothers; the title of the project was a reference to Les Guérillères, a feminist novel by Monique Wittig published in 1969. 2011: Paliss'art 2012: Sciences Po Prize for Contemporary Art 2013: Aica Award Peintures et dessins, Hôtel du département de l’Eure, Évreux, 2012 Journal d’une iconophage, Galerie Premier Regard, Paris, 2012 I shot him down, L’inlassable Galerie, Paris, 2012 Giulia Andreani & Agathe Pitié, Galerie de l'Escale, Levallois, 2013 si passa la frontiera, Bendana-Pinel Art Contemporain, Paris, 2013 Silent faces, 22.48 m2, Paris, 2014 The intermezzo, VNH gallary, Paris, 2018

Loka, Koper

Loka is a small village in the City Municipality of Koper in the Littoral region of Slovenia. The toponym Loka is common in Slovenia, it is derived from the Slovene noun loka'swampy meadow', from Proto-Slavic *lǫka'swampy, flood-prone meadow', semantically derived from'meander'. Toponyms of the same origin are found in other Slavic countries The Italian name Lonche reflects the early Slavic nasal vowel. During the Second World War, from March to September 1943 the first regional committee of the Liberation Front of the Slovene Nation was headquartered at the house of Ivan Žigante in the hamlet of Žgani. Loka was burned by German forces on 12 October 1943; the local church belongs to the Parish of Predloka. The medieval church was burned by German forces on 12 October 1943 and its ruins were registered as cultural heritage; the parish archive, transferred from Predloka to Loka for safekeeping, was destroyed in the fire. The church was rebuilt by the villagers in 2005; the Loka area contains many karst caves.

A 1911 archaeological dig in Loka Cave yielded the bones of a cave part of a human jaw. A Neolithic left canine tooth from the jaw was found to contain a beeswax filling in 2012, leading to speculation that it may be the oldest example of a dental filling; the Loka Cave site is part of the archaeological site known as Za gradom, named for the ruins of a fort, part of 15th- and 16th-century fortifications along the Austrian-Venetian border. Loka on Geopedia

Ingo Swann

Ingo Douglas Swann was a claimed psychic and author known for being the co-creator, along with Russell Targ and Harold E. Puthoff, of remote viewing, the Stargate Project. Swann was a claimed psychic who called himself a "consciousness researcher who had sometimes experienced altered states of'consciousness'", he said, "I don't get'tested', I only work with researchers on well-designed experiments." According to Russell Targ and Harold E. Puthoff, "Swann-inspired innovations" have led to impressive results in parapsychology. Indeed, experiments not controlled by Swann have not been successful, they are mentioned, if so, only in passing. Swann researched the process of remote viewing at the Stanford Research Institute in experiments that caught the attention of the Central Intelligence Agency, he is credited with proposing the idea of controlled remote viewing, a process in which viewers would view a location given nothing but its geographical coordinates, developed and tested by Puthoff and Targ with CIA funding.

Remote viewing is the practice of seeking impressions about a distant or unseen target, purportedly using extrasensory perception or "sensing" with the mind. There is no scientific evidence that remote viewing exists, the topic is regarded as pseudoscience. Due to the popularity of Uri Geller in the seventies, a critical examination of Swann's paranormal claims was overlooked by skeptics and historians. Uri Geller commented favorably on Swann, saying, "If you were blind and a man appeared who could teach you to see with mind power, you would revere him as a guru. So why is Ingo Swann ignored by publishers and forced to publish his astounding life story on the Internet?"Both Geller and Swann were tested by two experimenters, Russell Targ and Harold Puthoff, who concluded that they did indeed have unique skills. Others have disputed the scientific validity of Targ and Puthoff's experiments. In a 1983 interview, magician Milbourne Christopher remarked that Swann was "one of the cleverest in the field".

In 1972 in the newsletter of the American Society for Psychical Research, their director of research Karlis Osis described his personal controlled out-of-body experiment with Swann. The targets that Swann was to attempt to describe and illustrate were on a shelf two feet from the ceiling and several feet above Swann's head. Osis does not describe the height of the ceiling. Swann suggests, the ceiling was 14 feet in height; the room was illuminated by two kitchen-style overhead fixtures. Swann sat alone in the chamber with wires from electrodes fastened to his head running through the wall behind him. Swann sat just beneath the target tray, he was given a clipboard to use for sketching. Any movement while drawing did not result in "artifacts" in the brain readout. In Swann's book To Kiss Earth Goodbye there is a photograph of the objects on the shelf. Swann wrote that he was aware of most of the objects on shelf above his head, but he did not know it held four numbers on a side that would not have been visible if a reflecting surface had been angled near the end.

Psychological scales were developed for rating the quality and clarity by Swann of his OOB vision, which varied from time to time. The results were evaluated by blind judging. A psychologist, either Bonnie Preskari or Carole K. Silfen, was asked to match up Swann's responses without knowing for which target they were meant, she matched all the eight sessions. Osis stressed the odds about Swann being correct. There is no record of any experiments being performed in the dark. Together and Swann prepared an unofficial report of out-of-body experiments and circulated it to 500 members of the ASPR, before the ASPR board was aware of it. According to Swann, Silfen can not be located, he was asking for the public's help. According to Swann, in April 1972 a move was made at the ASPR in New York to discredit him and throw him out, because he was a Scientologist; when Swann arrived at SRI, Harold Puthoff decided he would first be tested for PK. On June 6, 1972, the two men paid a visit to Dr. Arthur Heberd and his quark detector, a magnetometer, at the Varian Physics Building.

The well-shielded magnetometer had a small magnetic probe in a vault five feet beneath the floor. The oscillation had been running silently for about an hour, tracing out a stable pattern on the chart recorder. Putoff asked Swann. Swann said he was getting nothing. There are different versions of the following events. Puthoff states that after about a five-second delay, Heberd says it was a ten- to fifteen-minute delay, the frequency of the trace recorder oscillation doubled for about 30 seconds a common occurrence due to variations in the shared helium line to the laboratory. Heberd continues, when the curve burped, Swann asked, "Is that what I am supposed to do?" Swann said he responded,"is that an effect?" According to Heberd, Swann crossed the room taking his attention away from the chart recorder. Swann said he was sketching. Others watched the recorder to see if the irregularity would be repeated, it was. Puthoff asked Swann, "Did you do that too?" Swann said he again responded, "Is that an effect?"

According to Puthoff, Swann said he was tired and couldn't "hold it any longer" and let go. The chart recorder pattern returned to normal. More supportive sources say that Heberd supports Puthoff's version that in the second instance Heberd suggested he would be more impressed if Swann could stop