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Walter Wanger

Walter Wanger was an American film producer active in filmmaking from the 1910s to the turbulent production of Cleopatra, his last film, in 1963. He began at Paramount Pictures in the 1920s and worked at every major studio as either a contract producer or an independent, he served as president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences from 1939 to October 1941 and from December 1941 to 1945. Influenced by European films, Wanger developed a reputation as an intellectual and a conscious movie executive who produced provocative message movies and glittering romantic melodramas, he achieved notoriety when, in 1951, he shot and wounded the agent of his then-wife, Joan Bennett, because he suspected they were having an affair. He was convicted for the crime and served a four-month sentence returned to making movies. Wanger was born Walter Feuchtwanger in San Francisco, he was the son of Stella and Sigmund Feuchtwanger, who were from German Jewish families that had emigrated to the United States in the nineteenth century.

Wanger was from a non-observant Jewish family, in life attended Episcopalian services with his wife. In order to assimilate into American society, his mother altered the family name to Wanger in 1908; the Wangers were well-connected and upper middle class, something which differentiated Wanger from the other Jewish film moguls who came from more ordinary backgrounds. Wanger attended Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, where he developed an interest in amateur theatre. After leaving Dartmouth, Wanger became a professional theatrical producer in New York City where he worked with figures such as the influential British manager Harley Granville-Barker and the Russian actress Alla Nazimova. Following the American entry into World War I in 1917, Wanger served with the United States Army in Italy in the Signal Corps where he worked as a pilot on reconnaissance missions, in propaganda operations directed at the Italian public, it was during this period. In April 1918 Wanger was transferred to the Committee on Public Information, joined an effort to combat anti-war or pro-German sentiment in Allied Italy.

This was accomplished through a series of short propaganda films screened in Italian cinemas promoting democracy and Allied war aims. After the Allied victory, Wanger returned to the United States in 1919 and was discharged from the army. Wanger married silent film actress Justine Johnstone in 1919, he returned to theatre production, before a chance meeting with film producer Jesse Lasky drew him into the world of commercial filmmaking. Lasky was impressed with Wanger's ideas and his experiences in the theatre, hired him to head a New York office vetting and acquiring books and plays for use as film stories for Famous Players-Lasky, the largest film production company in the world. Wanger's job at Paramount was to help meet the studio's large annual requirement for fresh stories. One of Wanger's major successes in his early years with the company was his identification of the British novel The Sheik as a story with potential. In 1921 it was turned into an successful film starring Rudolph Valentino.

The film helped establish the popularity of the Orientalist genre, which Wanger returned to a number of times during his career. By 1921, Wanger left his job with Paramount, he travelled to Britain where he worked as a prominent cinema and theatre manager until 1924. While on a visit to London, Paramount key founder Jesse Lasky offered to appoint him as "general manager of production" on improved terms and Wanger accepted. Wanger's second spell with Paramount lasted from 1924 to 1931, during which time his annual wage rose from $150,000 to $250,000, he was tasked with overseeing the work of the studio heads, which meant he had little involvement with the production of individual films. Because he was based in New York, Wanger worked more with the company's Astoria Studios in Queens. A rivalry developed between Wanger-influenced Astoria productions and those of B. P. Schulberg who ran the Paramount productions in Hollywood. From the mid-1920s, the company was overtaken by the formed Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer as the industry's leading company and this along with heavy losses incurred on big-budget films, led to Paramount's executives decision in 1927 to close the New York operation and shift all production to Hollywood.

Wanger felt he was being squeezed out of the company. In 1926 Warner Brothers's premièred Don Juan, a film with music and sound effects, the following year released The Jazz Singer with dialogue and singing scenes. Along with other big companies, Paramount resisted adopting sound films and continued to make silent ones. Wanger convinced his colleagues of the importance of sound, oversaw the conversion of 1928 silent baseball film Warming Up to sound; the sound version had synchronized sound effects without dialogue. After the film's successful release, the company switched away from silent to sound. After being closed for a year, the Astoria Studios were re-opened in 1929 to make sound films, taking advantage of their close proximity to Broadway where many actors were recruited to appear in early Talkies. Wanger recruited large numbers of new performers including Maurice Chevalier, the Marx Brothers, Claudette Colbert, Jeanette MacDonald, Fredric March and Miriam Hopkins and directors such as George Cukor and Rouben Mamoulian.

Wanger's New York films were adapted from stage plays and focused on sophisticated comedies with

Best of Intentions

"Best of Intentions" is a song written and recorded by American country music singer Travis Tritt. It was released in June 2000 as the first single from his album, Down the Road I Go; the song reached the top of the Billboard Hot Country Singles & Tracks chart and peaked at number 27 on the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 chart, it became Tritt's first Number One single since "Foolish Pride" in 1994, the last Number One hit of his career. The song is a ballad in which the narrator discusses about his best intentions which never materialized into the life he had always planned to build for his significant other. Deborah Evans Price, of Billboard magazine reviewed the song favorably saying that it is a "gorgeous ballad" and that "the song boasts a sweet melody and tender lyric." Price goes on to say that it is a "stirring anthem of devotion that will strike a chord with country listeners." The music video for "Best of Intentions" was filmed at Tennessee State Penitentiary, where movies such as Marie, Ernest Goes to Jail, Last Dance and The Green Mile were filmed.

It features Tritt portraying a prison inmate, scenes feature him singing the song, sitting on his stool. "Best of Intentions" debuted at number 62 on the U. S. Billboard Hot Country Singles & Tracks for the week of July 1, 2000. A ^ RPM ceased publication on November 13, 2000; the song had not yet reached its peak

Doctor Who: Children in Need

"Doctor Who: Children in Need" known as "Born Again", is a 7-minute mini-episode of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It was broadcast on BBC One as part of the 2005 appeal for the children's charity Children in Need on 18 November 2005. Following on directly from the end of "The Parting of the Ways", the newly regenerated Tenth Doctor sets the TARDIS coordinates for the planet Barcelona — where his predecessor had been planning to travel just before he regenerated — while Rose watches him suspiciously, he delightedly examines his new appearance, while asking her. Rose and frightened, asks him who he is; when he tells her he is the Doctor, she does not believe him. Confused as to what she has just seen, she theorises that this stranger has replaced the Doctor by means of teleportation, or he is a Slitheen, she demands that he bring the Doctor back, the Doctor tries to reassure her that it is him, telling her how they first met in the cellar at Henrik's, the first word he said to her was "run".

Rose starts to believe him, the Doctor leaps around the console reminiscing about their other adventures, such as when they once had to hop for their lives. However she asks him if he can change back to his previous self. A deflated Doctor replies that he cannot, asks her if she wants to leave; when Rose hesitates in her answer, he resets the TARDIS' coordinates for her council estate on Christmas Eve, offering her the choice to stay with her mother, Jackie, or continue her travels with him. The Doctor suffers a form of seizure, expelling glowing energy from his mouth, the TARDIS shudders as if in sympathetic response; the Doctor tells Rose the regeneration is going wrong and starts to act maniacally, throwing switches on the TARDIS console and ranting about increasing speed as the sounds of the Cloister Bell start ringing through the console room. As Rose hangs on to the console for dear life, the TARDIS heads for a crash landing on Christmas Eve; the mini-episode was not broadcast with a title, but throughout the Children in Need appeal a preview banner for the segment called it The New Doctor.

Russell T Davies joked in a Doctor Who Magazine article that it was called "Pudsey Cutaway"—after the Children in Need teddy-bear mascot and modifying "Dalek Cutaway", an alternative title for "Mission to the Unknown". The 2006 Doctor Who Magazine special Series Two Companion revealed that the title used on production papers was Doctor Who: Children in Need; the 2009 tie-in book Doctor Who: Companions And Allies attributes without source the title Born Again. However, DWM's review of the book indicates this to have been an error and as of 2011 Companions and Allies remains the only licensed publication to use this title. Other specially made episodes of Doctor Who include Dimensions in Time and Doctor Who and the Curse of Fatal Death, neither of which are considered canonical; the 20th-anniversary special, The Five Doctors, was broadcast as part of that year's Children in Need night, but is considered canonical. The mini-episode was written and recorded separately from both "The Parting of the Ways" and "The Christmas Invasion" and recorded after the latter had completed shooting.

"The Christmas Invasion" does not reprise any of this episode. The online feed of the mini-episode ended with several pre-recorded inserts of Tennant and Piper appealing for donations to Children in Need; the appeals in which they both appear were light-hearted, with Piper claiming to be Tennant and vice versa in the first, in the second the pair introducing themselves as Letitia Dean and Nicholas Lyndhurst. Russell T Davies stated in the book The Inside Story that he brokered an agreement with the BBC that there would be "... no banners along the bottom of the screen thanking people for sitting in bathtubs full of baked beans, no Pudsey on the TARDIS console!" The mini-episode ended with the text, "Doctor Who will return in THE CHRISTMAS INVASION", an announcement that followed "The Parting of the Ways". It had no end credits, so Tennant was neither listed as "Doctor Who" nor as "The Doctor"; this special was never broadcast in Canada by the CBC which, at the time, were co-producers of the second series.

According to the Broadcasters Audience Research Board, the overnight ratings suggest that 10.7 million viewers were tuned into BBC One from 9.00pm to 9.15pm, the slot in which the mini-episode was broadcast in most regions. This represented the highest ratings; the mini-episode was included on the Series 2 DVD box set. The version of the special on the Region 2 DVD is different: the opening montage to recap "The Parting of the Ways" has been changed, the Cloister Bell sound is missing, there are variations in the incidental music throughout; this was revealed to have been a'rough-cut' version, used by mistake and s

William McCullough (politician)

William McCullough was a New Zealand politician. McCullough was born in 1843 in Wylam, England. Aged two, his parents took him to Limerick, where he grew up. From there, he emigrated with his parents in 1859 on the ship Tornado to Auckland, he assisted his father on his farm at Mangapai and was a reporter on the Auckland Weekly News. In 1864 he went to the West Coast goldfields of the South Island, working as a miner at the Greenstone, Red Jack's Gully, other districts of the Grey. On the opening of the Thames as a goldfield, McCullough returned to Auckland, and'tried his luck' on the new field, acting as a miner and mine manager for several years, subsequently joining the Times as mining reporter. A few years he became proprietor of the Thames Star. McCullough held many official positions in the Thames District, including mayor and councillor, president of the Hospital Board, chairman of the Harbour Board, chairman of the Board of Governors of the High School. McCullough purchased the printing business of William Arthur, in Auckland.

In 1896 he attended the Burns Centenary Celebration at Duntroon, Scotland, as a delegate from the Auckland Burns Club. As a Freemason, McCullough held the office of right worthy provincial grand master of the North Island, Scotch Constitution, he succeeded Frederick Whitaker in this position. McCullough was called to the Legislative Council by the Ballance Ministry on 15 October 1892 as the representative of a goldfields district, he served for one seven-year term until 14 October 1899 and was not reappointed. McCullough died on 22 July 1925 in Thames, he had been retired for five years. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Cyclopedia Company Limited. "The Hon. William Mccullough"; the Cyclopedia of New Zealand: Auckland Provincial District. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 18 May 2012


Gibshill is the easternmost housing estate in Greenock and adjoins Port Glasgow, both in the Inverclyde Council Area, Scotland. It is served by Bogston railway station; as of 2012 most of the streets in Gibshill have been regenerated and are opened for the first time since the 1970s, among them East Street and Dalmally Street, with new houses on every street. This has changed "the Gibby" from a working class area to a middle class suburb of Greenock with private housing making up two thirds the housing stock. Gibshill is undergoing redevelopment; until consisting of tenements, the area has in recent years undergone much demolition. There are no shops in Gibshill since the shopping district's demolition. Large expanses of grass exist. New housing, both council-owned and private sector, is planned to regenerate the area with some built in Cobham Street, Bell Street and Shankland Grove. New houses are being constructed on Lansbury Street along with 80 to 100 private houses being constructed on the eastern side of Gibshill.

Wildlife is now common in the area with many deer coming from the nearby moors. "Gibshill Regeneration". Archived from the original on 3 July 2007

SOS Rasisme

SOS Rasisme was a Norwegian organisation, whose stated goal was to "fight racism and nazism." It was founded as the Norwegian sister organisation of the French SOS Racisme. It went bankrupt in 2013 after being convicted of defrauding the government and the Norwegian Children and Youth Council by reporting grossly exaggerated membership figures in order to obtain public funding; the police subsequently opened an investigation of the organisation and indicted ten of its key officials for fraud and money laundering. It claimed to be Europe's largest anti-racist membership organisation, with more than 40,000 members, but the claims were found to be false by Haugaland district court; the last president before its bankruptcy was Trond Thorbjørnsen and the last executive director was Kjell Gunnar Larsen. SOS Rasisme claimed to have more than 270 local chapters all over Norway. SOS Rasisme faced strong criticism from the media in Norway and from all mainstream political parties over several years due to its dominance by the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist organization, Serve the People – The Communist League.

SOS Rasisme has described its critics, including the Norwegian Children and Youth Council, as "Nazis." On 16 January 2006, the Norwegian newspaper Dagens Næringsliv claimed that SOS Rasisme was dominated and influenced by people on the far left in Norwegian politics, questioned whether the large number of members was correct or a falsification. SOS Rasisme has denied all claims. On 9 September 2009, Norwegian radio station P4 ran a story claiming that five of the leaders of SOS Rasisme are high-ranking members of a revolutionary Communist organisation called Tjen Folket. P4 quoted Khalid Salimi, the founder of SOS Rasisme, as saying he was ousted from the organisation by the communists, that SOS Rasisme was at that time run exclusively by white Norwegian communists. Salimi estimated that there were more "darkeys" in the Progress Party, a Norwegian political party with an immigration skeptic agenda, than in SOS Rasisme. On 1 March 2010, the Public Council for Norwegian Child and Youth Organisations announced that they withdrew public funding given to SOS Rasisme.

The reason was that the number of members and local chapters reported by SOS Rasisme seemed to be incorrect, they were in doubt about whether the money to the organisation was going out to the local chapters. It was uncovered that SOS Rasisme had used the money to buy real estate by channeling state grants through a company called Aktivisteiendom AS, it was uncovered that SOS Rasisme offered a so-called "family membership", where members could enroll members of their family into SOS Rasisme by stating their first name, without any documentation that the family members in question existed or were willing to join the organisation. Government funding of SOS Rasisme was based on the total number of members; the treasurer of SOS Rasisme, Kjell Gunnar Larsen, denied any wrongdoing, claimed that the probe carried out by LNU was part of an organised campaign by far-right groups. In October 2009, the auditing firm KPMG carried out an audit of SOS Rasisme's membership lists in three Norwegian cities.

The investigation found that about half of the people on the membership roster, used as a basis for calculating public funding, denied being members of SOS Rasisme. The report found several instances of infants younger than one year of age being signed up as members by older family members. On 11 March 2012 Norwegian newspaper Dagbladet revealed that from its beginnings in 2010 and until the spring of 2011 the leadership of the Norwegian Defence League, an anti-Islam group with close links to the English Defence League, was infiltrated by members of SOS Rasisme. Several anonymous sources told the newspaper that the anti-racists in fact were in majority on the governing board. One of the sources, an SOS Rasisme member, was one of the NDL board members. Another SOS Rasisme member whom the sources alleged to have been an NDL board member denied the claims; the anti-racists were using false identities and were reporting directly back to SOS Rasisme. According to the newspaper, Lena Andreassen, leader of the NDL in the spring of 2011 didn't know about the infiltration.

Ronny Alte, NDL spokesperson until April 2012, confirmed they had come to realise that there were infiltrators in the NDL in 2011. SOS Rasisme official web site