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Waltham, Massachusetts

Waltham is a city in Middlesex County, United States, was an early center for the labor movement as well as a major contributor to the American Industrial Revolution. The original home of the Boston Manufacturing Company, the city was a prototype for 19th century industrial city planning, spawning what became known as the Waltham-Lowell system of labor and production; the city is now a center for research and higher education, home to Brandeis University and Bentley University. The population was 60,636 at the census in 2010. Waltham has been called "watch city" because of its association with the watch industry. Waltham Watch Company opened its factory in Waltham in 1854 and was the first company to make watches on an assembly line, it won the gold medal in 1876 at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition. The company produced over 35 million watches and instruments before it closed in 1957. Waltham was first settled in 1634 as part of Watertown and was incorporated as a separate town in 1738. Waltham had no recognizable town center until the 1830s, when the nearby Boston Manufacturing Company gave the town the land that now serves as its central square.

In the early 19th century, Francis Cabot Lowell and his friends and colleagues established in Waltham the Boston Manufacturing Company – the first integrated textile mill in the United States, with the goal of eliminating the problems of co-ordination, quality control, shipping inherent in the subcontracting based textile industry. The Waltham -- Lowell system of production derives its name from the founder of the mill; the city is home to a number of large estates, including Gore Place, a mansion built in 1806 for former Massachusetts governor Christopher Gore, the Robert Treat Paine Estate, a residence designed by architect Henry Hobson Richardson and landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted for philanthropist Robert Treat Paine, Jr. and the Lyman Estate, a 400-acre estate built in 1793 by Boston merchant Theodore Lyman. In 1857, the Waltham Model 1857 watch was produced by the American Watch Company in the city of Waltham, Massachusetts. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Waltham was home to the brass era automobile manufacturer Metz, where the first production motorcycle in the U.

S. was built. Another first in Waltham industrial history involves the method to mass-produce the magnetron tube, invented by Percy Spencer at Raytheon. During World War II, the magnetron tube technology was applied to radar. Magnetron tubes were used as components in microwave ovens. Waltham was the home of the Walter E. Fernald State School, the western hemisphere's oldest publicly funded institution serving people with developmental disabilities; the storied and controversial history of the institution has long been covered by local and, at times, national media. The name of the city is pronounced with the primary stress on the first syllable and a full vowel in the second syllable, WAWL-tham, though the name of the Waltham watch was pronounced with a reduced schwa in the second syllable:; as most would pronounce in the British way, "Walthum", when people came to work in the mills from Nova Scotia, the pronunciation evolved. The "local" version became a phonetic sounding to accommodate French speakers who could not pronounce in the British way.

Waltham is located at 42°22′50″N 71°14′6″W, about 11 miles north-west of downtown Boston, 3 miles northwest of Boston's Brighton neighborhood. The heart of the city is Waltham Common, home to the City Hall and various memorial statues; the Common is on Main Street, home to several churches, the town library and Post Office. The city contains several dams; the dams were used to power textile mills and other endeavors in the early years of the industrial activity. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.6 square miles, of which 12.7 square miles is land and 0.9 square miles is water. Waltham has several neighborhoods or villages, including: It is bordered to the west by Weston and Lincoln, to the south by Newton, to the east by Belmont and Watertown, to the north by Lexington; as of the census in 2000, there were 59,226 people, 23,207 households, 12,462 families in the city. The population density was 4,663.4/mile². There were 23,880 housing units at an average density of 1,880.3 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the city was 82.98% White, 4.41% African American, 0.16% Native American, 7.29% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.20% from other races, 1.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.49% of the population. There were 23,207 households, of which 20.3% included those under the age of 18, 41.3% were married couples living together, 8.9% were headed by a single mother, 46.3% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals, 10.0% had someone living alone, 65 or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.01. The age distribution is as follows: 15.5% under 18, 16.8% from 18 to 24, 34.4% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, 13.1% 65 or older. The median age was 34. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 95.6 males. The median income for a household was $54,010, the median income for a family was $64,595; these figures increased to $60,434 and $79,877 according to an estimate in 2007.

Males had a median income of $42,324, as opposed to $33,931 for females. The per capita income was $26,364. 7% of the population and 3.6% of families lived below the poverty line. 4.8% of those under 18 and 8.4% of those 65 and older lived b

Widecombe Fair (song)

"Widecombe Fair" called Tom Pearce, is a well-known Devon folk song about a man called Tom Pearce, whose horse dies after someone borrows it to travel to the fair in Widecombe with his friends. Its chorus ends with a long list of the people travelling to the fair: "Bill Brewer, Jan Stewer, Peter Gurney, Peter Davy, Dan'l Whiddon, Harry Hawke, Old Uncle Tom Cobley and all." Some research suggests that the names referred to real people. As the last name in a long list, "Uncle Tom Cobley and all" has come to be used as a humorous colloquialism meaning "anyone and everyone"; the surname is spelt as "Cobleigh" in some references. The song was published by Sabine Baring-Gould in the book Songs and Ballads of the West, though it exists in variant forms; the title is spelt "Widdecombe Fair" in the original publication, though "Widecombe" is now the standard spelling of the town Widecombe-in-the-Moor. The ghostly'Grey Mare' of the song may in fact refer to a lost folk custom similar to the Mari Lwyd or Hobby Horse of Welsh and Cornish tradition.

Local historians have tried to identify the characters in the song. Tony Beard, a member of the local history group that has researched the song says "I'm convinced the characters were real people", concluding that they are to have been inhabitants of the Spreyton area and that the song may commemorate an event that happened in 1802. A painted wooden sculpture depicting the horse and its riders is in Widecombe-in-the-Moor's St Pancras church. Mr Charles Tree, recorded "Widdicombe Fair" twice for the Gramophone Company in October 1910.. The original Gramophone Company recording of 1910 was superseded in May 1915 with a new recording but keeping the same catalogue number. A comic version with dramatic dialogue spoken by the characters, including Mrs Pearce, was recorded in 1930 by the Regal Dramatic players. A review in Gramophone says it is "played with spirit and indeterminate dialect". A straight version was recorded by Raymond Newell. In 1932 Newell appeared in Columbia on Parade, a record which included a version with other British singing stars at the time, who replaced the familiar list of names with their own.

It was recorded by Burl Ives on 11 February 1941 for his debut album Okeh Presents the Wayfaring Stranger, introduced with a spoken explanation of the ghostly aspects of the song. Since it has been recorded by many others, including Paul Austin Kelly and Jon Pertwee in the persona of Worzel Gummidge. In a 1967 episode of the radio series Round the Horne, Kenneth Williams in character as Rambling Syd Rumpo performed a parody version called "Ganderpoke Bog", with the long list of people in the chorus being "Len Possett, Tim Screevy, The Reverend Phipps, Peg Leg Loombucket, Solly Levy, Ginger Epstein, Able Seaman Trufitt, Scotch Lil, Messrs Cattermole, Mousehabit and Trusspot, Father Thunderghast, Fat Alice, Con Mahoney, Yeti Rosencrantz, Foo Too Robinson and Uncle Ted Willis and all".. George Adamson, who lived for many years in Devon, illustrated the song as a picture book for children with the title Widdecombe Fair. First published by Faber and Faber in 1966, Adamson converted his drawings into a lively poster.

"George Adamson has drawn a set of earthy characters to ride Tom Pearse's grey mare in the famous West Country song that are so just right for their names. The colours are sombre, but there is humour and sly detail to delight an observant child." The TabletIn 1964, The Nashville Teens released a rock version of the song - with abridged lyrics and new music - on their album Tobacco Road. A similar but much longer version was performed in 1970 by an early incarnation of Renaissance on a German TV program, as seen on the DVD "Kings & Queens". In a 1973 episode of The Benny Hill Show, the fictional Dalton Abbott Railway Choir performed a parody of the song with the names in the chorus taken from the railway duty roster. Tavistock Goosey Fair composed in 1912 is influenced by Widecombe Fair; the Devon duo "Show of Hands" wrote a sinister ballad called "Widecombe Fair", about a young man who separates from his older companions and is murdered, which leaves off where the original folk song begins: "Tom, lend me your grey mare, I want to go back to Widecombe Fair..."

Tom Pearce, Tom Pearce, lend me your grey mare. All along, down along, out along lea. For I want for to go to Widecombe Fair, With Bill Brewer, Jan Stewer, Peter Gurney, Peter Davy, Dan'l Whiddon, Harry Hawke, Old Uncle Tom Cobley and all, Old Uncle Tom Cobley and all, and when shall I see again my grey mare? All along, down along, out along lea. By Friday soon, or Saturday noon, With Bill Brewer, Jan Stewer, Peter Gurney, Peter Davy, Dan'l Whiddon, Harry Hawke, Old Uncle Tom Cobley and all, Old Uncle Tom Cobley and all. So they bridled the old grey mare. All along, down along, out along lea, and off they drove to Widecombe fair, With Bill Brewer, Jan Stewer, Peter Gurney, Peter Davy, Dan'l Whiddon, Harry Hawke, Old Uncle Tom Cobley and all, Old Uncle Tom Cobley and all. Friday came, Saturday noon. All along, down along, out along lea, but Tom Pearce's old mare hath not trotted home, With Bill Brewer, Jan Stewer, Peter Gurney, Peter Davy, Dan'l Whiddon, Harry Hawke, Old Uncle Tom Cobley and all, Old Unc

2020 Hougang United FC season

The 2020 season is Hougang United's 23rd consecutive season in the top flight of Singapore football and in the S. League. Along with the S. League, the club will compete in the Singapore Cup, they will compete in the 2020 AFC Cup, a first in their history. Note 1: Syukri Bashir returned to the team after the loan and move to Tanjong Pagar United. Note 2: Amer Hakeem was released after returning from loan. Win Draw Loss As of 25 Feb 2020 Win Draw Loss Win Draw Loss Win Draw Loss Win Draw Loss 2014 Hougang United FC season 2015 Hougang United FC season 2016 Hougang United FC season 2017 Hougang United FC season 2018 Hougang United FC season 2019 Hougang United FC season Template:2020 in Singapore football

New Labour, New Life for Britain

New Labour, New Life for Britain was a political manifesto published in 1996 by the British Labour Party. The party had rebranded itself as New Labour under Tony Blair; the manifesto set out the party's new "Third Way" centrist approach to policy, with subsequent success at the 1997 general election. The 1997 general election produced the biggest Labour majority in the history of the party's existence, they won 418 seats, with a majority of 179. They delivered on the main aims of the manifesto including introducing a minimum wage, increasing National Health Service spending and reducing class sizes in schools; the Conservatives' rule was over after eighteen years. This election was the start of a Labour government following an 18-year spell in opposition and continued with another landslide victory in 2001 and a third consecutive victory in 2005. In 2010, they became the official opposition with 258 seats; the new Leader of the Labour Party, Ed Miliband abandoned the New Labour branding in 2010 after being elected, moving the party's political stance further to the left.

He resigned as leader in 2015, was succeeded by Jeremy Corbyn at the September 2015 Labour Leadership election, who has further distanced the party from the New Labour brand. During the 1997 campaign, a pledge card with five specific pledges was issued and detailed in the manifesto too; the pledges were: Cut class sizes to 30 or under for 5, 6 and 7-year-olds by using money from the assisted places scheme. Fast-track punishment for persistent young offenders by halving the time from arrest to sentencing. Cut NHS waiting lists by treating an extra 100,000 patients as a first step by releasing £100,000,000 saved from NHS red tape. Get 250,000 under-25s off benefits and into work by using money from a windfall levy on the privatised utilities. No rise in income tax rates, cut VAT on heating to 5% and inflation and interest rates as low as possible. Our Society, Your Life Individual Learning Accounts Freedom of Information Act 2000 Human Rights Act 1998 National Minimum Wage Act 1998 Regional development agencies Devolution UK Trident programme Windfall Tax Total ban on the use of landmines

2006 FIFA World Cup qualification (inter-confederation play-offs)

For the 2006 FIFA World Cup qualification, there were two scheduled inter-confederation play-offs to determine the final two qualification spots to the 2006 FIFA World Cup. The four teams participating were: The draw for the order in which the two matches were played was held on 10 September 2005 during the FIFA Congress in Marrakech, Morocco; the ties themselves were drawn by Urs Linsi, FIFA General Secretary and the teams but were allocated by FIFA as: CONCACAF Fourth Round Fourth Place v AFC Fourth Round winner CONMEBOL Fifth Place vs OFC Third Round winner Trinidad and Tobago won 2–1 on aggregate and qualified for the 2006 FIFA World Cup. 1–1 on aggregate. Australia won 4 -- 2 on qualified for the 2006 FIFA World Cup. There were 5 goals scored for an average of 1.25 goals per match. 1 goal

WYSIWYG (album)

WYSIWYG is the ninth studio album by anarcho-punk band Chumbawamba. Released after the massive success of their previous effort, Tubthumper, it commented on various aspects of the pop culture the band had inadvertently become a part of, it achieved this by the heavy inclusion of sound bites, pop culture and commercial culture references and a small amount of self-parody. About 8 months after the release of Tubthumper, Chumbawamba returned to the studio to work on a follow-up record, they recorded a full 10-song album, but decided it was too similar to its predecessor, so they scrapped it and started over. The album was subject to polarized reviews from music critics upon its release; some critics were positive regarding the album. Robert Christgau awarded the album an "A-" and praised it as "an unslackening stream of infectious invective and simplistic satire," going on to praise "Hey Hey We're the Junkies". AllMusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine praised the album, giving it 4 stars and felt that although the album didn't contain any obvious hit singles and was rather short, concluding that the record "delivers far more than anyone could have expected anyone that considered the group one-hit wonders."Some critics' feelings regarding the album were more mixed.

MTV Asia gave the album 7 out of 10 and commented that the album was "very different" from its predecessor, going on to question the album's subtlety but concluding that the album demonstrates great range, positing that "all the eccentricities of the album, are offset by sweet melodies." Entertainment Weekly, though praising the record's melodies and temper, felt that some of the songs' topics "are thumpingly dated."However, some critics were negative regarding the album. Rolling Stone's Rob Sheffield awarded the album 1 and a half stars out of 5, commenting that the album sounds like "a self-imitating mishmash of shout-along choruses, tepid beats and confused eclectic diddling", deeming the album "bumbling adult pop". Louis Pattison's review for Amazon.co.uk was negative, deeming the songs "soulless" and "saccharine" and commenting that the album lacks subtlety and tact. Upon its release, the album was a commercial failure for Chumbawamba, causing them to leave EMI a year due to disputes.

However, in the United States, Republic/Universal handled releases for MUTT Records Readymades, but dropped the band from the label in 2004, allowing them to sign onto Koch Records. As of August 2015, the album had sold 22,000 copies in the US. All tracks are written by Chumbawamba. "I'm with Stupid", "Hey Hey We're the Junkies", "Shake Baby Shake" and "The Standing Still" contain samples from Helter Stupid by Negativland A rock remix of "Pass It Along" was used in a Pontiac commercial circa 2002 "New York Mining Disaster 1941" is a cover of the Bee Gees single The hidden track ends in Alice Nutter saying, "It's me trousers" and laughing, another voice saying "That's it" Adapted from AllMusic and WYSIWYG liner notes. WYSIWYG at YouTube