Interstate 20 in Georgia
In the U. S. state of Georgia, Interstate 20 travels from the Alabama state line to the Savannah River, the South Carolina state line. The highway enters the state near Tallapoosa, it travels through exits the state in Augusta. The highway travels through the cities of Bremen, Conyers and Madison. I-20 has the unsigned state highway designation of State Route 402. I-20 is four lanes wide in much of the state. In the Atlanta metropolitan area, the highway ranges from six lanes wide in the most outlying counties to 10 lanes wide in downtown Atlanta. I-20 enters Georgia from Alabama south-southwest of Tallapoosa; the state line is the Central–Eastern time zone boundary. It crosses over Williams Creek, it passes the Georgia Visitor Information Center. The highway crosses over Walton Creek just before entering the city limits of Tallapoosa. After it leaves the city limits, it has an interchange with SR 100. Within the interchange, I-20 enters the city limits of Tallapoosa twice more. After crossing over Blalock Creek, it curves to the east.
After it curves back to the east-northeast, it crosses over Walker Creek twice. It curves to the east-southeast and travels along the southern edge of Waco, where it has an interchange with Waco Road; the interstate enters Bremen. It enters Carroll County. I-20 curves to the east and has an interchange with US 27/SR 1, it travels southeast of the city. It crosses over Buck Creek. Right after the creek, the westbound lanes have a weigh station; the highway travels south of Spence Lake. It crosses over Allen Creek, it crosses over Bethel Creek. After a crossing of Webster Creek, the highway curves to the east-northeast and has an interchange with SR 113, it leaves Temple. It crosses the Little Tallapoosa River and curves back to the east-northeast, it enters Villa Rica. It travels just south of Villa Rica High School, it has an interchange with SR 61/SR 101. It passes the Glanton -- Hindsman Elementary School, it enters Douglas County. After I-20 starts curving to the east-southeast, it has an interchange with Liberty Road.
It curves to the east. It crosses over Keaton Creek, it has an interchange with Post Road southwest of Winston. It crosses over Mobley Creek, it enters Douglasville. It has an interchange with SR 5, it passes the Arbor Place Mall on its northern side. It crosses over Anneewakee Creek and has an interchange with Chapel Hill Road; the highway passes the WellStar Douglas Hospital on its eastern side. After crossing over Slater Mill Creek, it has an interchange with SR 92. Within the interchange, I-20 crosses over Little Anneewakee Creek, it travels along the Lithia Springs–Douglasville city line before re-entering Douglasville proper. It very travels along the Lithia Springs–Dawsonville city line. There, it crosses over Beaver Creek. After the interchange begins, the interstate enters Lithia Springs proper, it leaves the city limits of Lithia Springs and crosses over Sweetwater Creek on the Blair Bridge. Upon re-entering the city, it curves to the east-southeast and has an interchange with SR 6. Right after leaving the interchange, it enters Cobb County.
I-20 has an interchange with both the northern terminus of Riverside Parkway and the eastern terminus of Six Flags Drive. Is a partial interchange with Six Flags Parkway; this interchange is only accessible from the westbound lanes. At this interchange, the highway begins to travel along the southern edge of Mableton, it crosses over the Chattahoochee River on the Debra Mills Commemorative Bridge. This marks the eastern end of Mableton, as well as the Fulton County line. I-20 has an interchange with SR 70, it curves to the east-northeast and enters the western part of Atlanta, on the Adamsville–Old Gordon neighborhood line. At a bridge over SR 139, the highway begins traveling along the Adamsville–Fairburn Heights neighborhood line. After passing Collier Heights Park, it curves to the southeast and has an interchange with I-285; this interchange is just south of the Basoline E. Usher Elementary School and on the southwestern edge of Harwell Heights Park. Right after the I-285 interchange, the highway travels on the Westhaven–Collier Heights neighborhood line.
It crosses over Sandy Creek and has an interchange with SR 280. At this interchange, it begins to travel on the Westhaven–Dixie Hills neighborhood line. Just southeast of this interchange, it travels along the Florida Heights–Dixie Hills neighborhood line. At a crossing of Fairfield Place NW, I-20 begins to parallel SR 139. Just north of Westview Cemetery, it travels along the southern edge of the Penelope Neighbors neighborhood; the highway curves to the east-northeast and has an interchange with Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, it curves back to the southeast and begins to travel along the southern edge of the Mozley Park neighborhood. Upon traveling under a bridge that carries Westview Drive SW, it begins traveling along the Westview–Mozley Park neighborhood line. Upon reaching a partial interchange with Langhorn Street SW, only accessible from the westbound lanes, it enters the
Button Gwinnett was a British-born American founding father who, as a representative of Georgia to the Continental Congress, was one of the signatories on the United States Declaration of Independence. He was briefly, the provisional president of Georgia in 1777, Gwinnett County was named for him. Gwinnett was killed in a duel by rival Lachlan McIntosh following a dispute after a failed invasion of East Florida. Gwinnett was born in 1735 in the parish of Down Hatherley in the county of Gloucestershire, Great Britain to a Welsh father, the Reverend Samuel Gwinnett, his wife, Anne, he was the third of his parents' seven children, born after his older sister Anna Maria and his older brother Samuel. There are conflicting reports as to his exact birthdate, but he was baptized in St. Catherine's Church in Gloucester on April 10, 1735, it is believed that he attended the College School, held in Gloucester Cathedral as did his older brother, but there is no surviving evidence to substantiate this. He started his career as a merchant in England.
He moved to Wolverhampton in 1754, in 1757 at age twenty-two he married a local, Ann Bourne, at St. Peter's Church. In 1762 the couple emigrated to America. Gwinnett's business activities took him from Newfoundland to Jamaica. Never successful, he moved to Savannah in 1765 and opened a store; when that venture failed, he bought St. Catherine's Island, off the coast of Georgia, to the south of Savannah, attempted to become a planter. Though his planting activities were unsuccessful, he did make a name for himself in local politics. Arriving first in Charleston, Province of South Carolina, by 1765 Gwinnett and his wife had moved to the Province of Georgia. Gwinnett abandoned his mercantile pursuits, selling off all his merchandise to buy a tract of land where he started a plantation. Though unsuccessful as a planter, by 1769 he had gained such local prominence that he was elected to the Provincial Assembly. Gwinnett did not become a strong advocate of colonial rights until 1775, when St. John's Parish, which encompassed his lands, threatened to secede from Georgia due to the colony's rather conservative response to the events of the times.
During his tenure in the Assembly, Gwinnett's chief rival was Lachlan McIntosh, Lyman Hall was his closest ally. Gwinnett's rivalry with McIntosh began when McIntosh was appointed as brigadier general of the Georgia Continentals in 1776. Gwinnett voted in favor of the Declaration of Independence, adopted by Congress on July 2, 1776, two days before the "fair copy," dated July 4, 1776, was presented to the Congress, he signed the famous parchment copy on August 2, 1776. After signing the Declaration, he was accompanied as far as Virginia by Carter Braxton, another of the signers, carrying a proposed state constitution drawn up by John Adams. During his service in the Continental Congress, Gwinnett was a candidate for a brigadier general position to lead the 1st Regiment in the Continental Army, but lost out to Lachlan McIntosh; the loss of the position to his rival embittered Gwinnett greatly. Gwinnett served in the Georgia state legislature, in 1777 he wrote the original draft of Georgia's first State Constitution.
He soon became Speaker of the Georgia Assembly, a position he held until the death of the President of Georgia, Archibald Bulloch. Gwinnett was elevated to the vacated position by the Assembly's Executive Council. In this position, he sought to undermine the leadership of McIntosh. Tensions between Gwinnett and McIntosh reached a boiling point when the General Assembly voted to approve Gwinnett's attack on British Florida in April 1777. In early 1777, Gwinnett and his allies gained control of the Georgia Provisional Congress, he became acting President of the Congress and commander-in-chief of Georgia's military; as such, he was now the superior of his rival Lachlan McIntosh. Gwinnett had McIntosh's brother charged with treason, he ordered McIntosh to lead an invasion of British-controlled East Florida, which failed. Gwinnett and McIntosh blamed each other for the defeat, McIntosh publicly called Gwinnett "a scoundrel and lying rascal". Gwinnett challenged McIntosh to a duel, which they fought on May 16, 1777 at a plantation owned by deposed Royal Governor James Wright.
The two men exchanged pistol shots at twelve paces, both were wounded. Gwinnett died of his wounds on May 19, 1777, was buried in Savannah's Colonial Park Cemetery. McIntosh, although wounded recovered and went on to live until 1806, he was never charged in connection with Gwinnett's death. Gwinnett was succeeded in his leadership position by fellow Revolutionary John Treutlen, who became the first person to hold the official title of "governor" of Georgia under American administration. Gwinnett's autograph is sought by collectors as a result of a combination of the desire by many top collectors to acquire a complete set of autographs by all 56 signers of the U. S. Declaration of Independence, the extreme rarity of the Gwinnett signature. Only ten of those are in private hands; the rarity of Button Gwinnett's signature was a plot point in Season 6, Episode 3 the CBS show Elementary. The episode, aired on May 14, 2018, focused on the rarity of Gwinnett's signature as a motive for murder. However, lead character Sherlock Holmes got it wrong when he said Gwinnett "died shortly after the war."
Gwinnett died during the war. Gwinnett County, now a sub
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
United States Declaration of Independence
The United States Declaration of Independence is the statement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting at the Pennsylvania State House in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on July 4, 1776. The Declaration announced that the Thirteen Colonies at war with the Kingdom of Great Britain would regard themselves as thirteen independent sovereign states, no longer under British rule. With the Declaration, these new states took a collective first step toward forming the United States of America; the declaration was signed by representatives from New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia. The Lee Resolution for independence was passed on July 2 with no opposing votes; the Committee of Five had drafted the Declaration to be ready. John Adams, a leader in pushing for independence, had persuaded the committee to select Thomas Jefferson to compose the original draft of the document, which Congress edited to produce the final version.
The Declaration was a formal explanation of why Congress had voted to declare independence from Great Britain, more than a year after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War. Adams wrote to his wife Abigail, "The Second Day of July 1776, will be the most memorable Epocha, in the History of America" – although Independence Day is celebrated on July 4, the date that the wording of the Declaration of Independence was approved. After ratifying the text on July 4, Congress issued the Declaration of Independence in several forms, it was published as the printed Dunlap broadside, distributed and read to the public. The source copy used for this printing has been lost and may have been a copy in Thomas Jefferson's hand. Jefferson's original draft is preserved at the Library of Congress, complete with changes made by John Adams and Benjamin Franklin, as well as Jefferson's notes of changes made by Congress; the best-known version of the Declaration is a signed copy, displayed at the National Archives in Washington, D.
C. and, popularly regarded as the official document. This engrossed copy was ordered by Congress on July 19 and signed on August 2; the sources and interpretation of the Declaration have been the subject of much scholarly inquiry. The Declaration justified the independence of the United States by listing 27 colonial grievances against King George III and by asserting certain natural and legal rights, including a right of revolution, its original purpose was to announce independence, references to the text of the Declaration were few in the following years. Abraham Lincoln made it the centerpiece of his policies and his rhetoric, as in the Gettysburg Address of 1863. Since it has become a well-known statement on human rights its second sentence: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life and the pursuit of Happiness; this has been called "one of the best-known sentences in the English language", containing "the most potent and consequential words in American history".
The passage came to represent a moral standard. This view was notably promoted by Lincoln, who considered the Declaration to be the foundation of his political philosophy and argued that it is a statement of principles through which the United States Constitution should be interpreted; the Declaration of Independence inspired many similar documents in other countries, the first being the 1789 Declaration of United Belgian States issued during the Brabant Revolution in the Austrian Netherlands. It served as the primary model for numerous declarations of independence in Europe and Latin America, as well as Africa and Oceania during the first half of the 19th century. Believe me, dear Sir: there is not in the British empire a man who more cordially loves a union with Great Britain than I do. But, by the God that made me, I will cease to exist before I yield to a connection on such terms as the British Parliament propose. By the time that the Declaration of Independence was adopted in July 1776, the Thirteen Colonies and Great Britain had been at war for more than a year.
Relations had been deteriorating between the colonies and the mother country since 1763. Parliament enacted a series of measures to increase revenue from the colonies, such as the Stamp Act of 1765 and the Townshend Acts of 1767. Parliament believed that these acts were a legitimate means of having the colonies pay their fair share of the costs to keep them in the British Empire. Many colonists, had developed a different conception of the empire; the colonies were not directly represented in Parliament, colonists argued that Parliament had no right to levy taxes upon them. This tax dispute was part of a larger divergence between British and American interpretations of the British Constitution and the extent of Parliament's authority in the colonies; the orthodox British view, dating from the Glorious Revolution of 1688, was that Parliament was the supreme authority throughout the empire, so, by definition, anything that Parliament did was constitutional. In the colonies, the idea had developed that the British Constitution recognized certain fundamental rights that no government could violate, not Parliament.
After the Townshend Acts, some essayists began to question whether Parliament had any legitimate jurisdiction in the colonies at all. Anticipating the arrangement of the British Commonwealth, by 1774 American writers such as
Oconee County, Georgia
Oconee County is a county located in the northeastern part of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,808; the county seat is Watkinsville. Oconee County is included in GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Oconee County was created from the southwestern part of Clarke County in 1875 by the Georgia General Assembly; the new county was created to satisfy southwestern Clarke County residents' demand for their own county after the county seat was moved from Watkinsville to Athens by the General Assembly in 1872. It is named for the river flowing along part of its eastern border; the county was ranked as the third-best rural county to live in by Progressive Farmer magazine in 2006. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 186 square miles, of which 184 square miles is land and 2.1 square miles is water. The entirety of Oconee County is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. Clarke County Oglethorpe County Greene County Morgan County Walton County Barrow County Oconee National Forest The city has limited walkability options available.
However, since 2017 plans are being discussed to develop a multi-use trail network. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 32,808 people, 11,622 households, 9,346 families residing in the county; the population density was 178.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 12,383 housing units at an average density of 67.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 88.4% white, 5.0% black or African American, 3.1% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 2.0% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 19.9% were English, 14.7% were American, 13.3% were Irish, 12.2% were German. Of the 11,622 households, 43.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.4% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.6% were non-families, 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.16.
The median age was 39.1 years. The median income for a household in the county was $74,352 and the median income for a family was $85,371. Males had a median income of $57,303 versus $39,375 for females; the per capita income for the county was $34,271. About 6.3% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over. In 2012, the Wisconsin Population Health Institute ranked Oconee County as one of the top 3 healthiest counties in Georgia; the study ranked the county second in the state in "Overall Health Factors" and third in "Overall Health Outcomes." Oconee County is governed by a four-member Board of Commissioners. The Board is led by a separately-elected Chairman; the Board is vested with budget and taxing authority, ordinance making authority, control of county property and facilities. The chairman and all members of the board are elected from at-large districts to staggered terms of four years; the Chairman of the Board is the county's Chief Executive Officer who, in consultation with the Commissioners, appoints officers and staff as needed to administer the responsibilities of the Board.
The current members of the Board are: Chairman: John Daniell Post 1: Mark Thomas Post 2: Chuck Horton Post 3: W. E. "Bubber" Wilkes Post 4: Mark SaxonThe judicial branch of government is administered through the Georgia court system as a part of the 10th Judicial District, Western Circuit. Primary law enforcement services in the portion of the county outside the City of Watkinsville are provided by the Sheriff's office; the office of Sheriff is an elected position. Berry is the current President of the Georgia Sheriff's Association; the Oconee County School District provides education for grades pre-school to twelve and consists of six elementary schools, two middle schools, two high schools. The district has over 5,615 students. There are three private schools located in the county, they are: Westminster Christian Academy Prince Avenue Christian School Athens Academy The University of North Georgia maintains a satellite campus near Watkinsville. It was a Gainesville State College campus until the 2012 merger of Gainesville State College with North Georgia College and State University.
There is one weekly-published newspaper in Oconee County: The Oconee Enterprise. Oconee Patch is a community website offering daily news and events. Cox Media Group operates a radio broadcast facility on Tower Place in northeast Oconee County. Four radio stations are operated from this facility: WNGC 106.1 FM WGMG 102.1 FM WPUP 100.1 FM WRFC 960 AM Bishop Bogart Eastville Farmington North High Shoals Watkinsville Nathan Crawford Barnett, member of the Georgia House of Representatives and Georgia Secretary of State for more than 30 years. John Berry, country music singer Phil Campbell, farmer Colt Ford, county music singer and professional golfer Migos, Famous rap group spreading from all across the globe Migos was formed in 2009, by Quavo and Offset known as Polo Club, they were from Lawrenceville, Georgia National Register of Historic Places listings in Oconee County, Georgia Oconee County Tourism Official Website
Thomas Howell Cobb was an American political figure. A southern Democrat, Cobb was a five-term member of the United States House of Representatives and Speaker of the House from 1849 to 1851, he served as the 40th Governor of Georgia and as a Secretary of the Treasury under President James Buchanan. Cobb is, however best known as one of the founders of the Confederacy, having served as the President of the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States. Delegates of the Southern slave states declared that they had seceded from the United States and created the Confederate States of America. Cobb served for two weeks between the foundation of the Confederacy and the election of Jefferson Davis as its first President; as the Speaker of the Congress, he was provisional Head of State at this time. Born in Jefferson County, Georgia in 1815, son of John A. Cobb and Sarah Cobb, Howell Cobb was of Welsh American ancestry, he was raised in Athens and attended the University of Georgia, where he was a member of the Phi Kappa Literary Society.
He was admitted to the bar in 1836 and became solicitor general of the western judicial circuit of Georgia. He married Mary Ann Lamar on May 26, 1835, she was a daughter of a Lamar family with broad connections in the South. They would have eleven children, the first in 1838 and the last in 1861. Several did not survive childhood, including their last, a son, named after Howell's brother, Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb. Cobb was elected as Democrat to the 29th, 30th and 31st Congresses, he was chairman of the U. S. House Committee on Mileage during the 28th Congress, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives during the 31st Congress, he sided with President Andrew Jackson on the question of nullification, was an effective supporter of President James K. Polk's administration during the Mexican–American War, he was an ardent advocate of extending slavery into the territories, but when the Compromise of 1850 had been agreed upon, he became its staunch supporter as a Union Democrat. He joined Georgia Whigs Alexander Stephens and Robert Toombs in a statewide campaign to elect delegates to a state convention that overwhelmingly affirmed, in the Georgia Platform, that the state accepted the Compromise as the final resolution to the outstanding slavery issues.
On that issue, Cobb was elected governor of Georgia by a large majority. After 63 ballots, he became Speaker of the House on December 22, 1849 at the age of 34. In 1850—following the July 9 death of Zachary Taylor and the accession of Millard Fillmore to the presidency—Cobb, as Speaker he would have been next in line to the presidency for two days due to the resultant vice presidential vacancy and a president pro tempore of the Senate vacancy, except he did not meet the minimum eligibility for the presidency of being 35 years old; the Senate elected William R. King as president pro tempore on July 11. In 1851, Cobb left the House to serve as the Governor of Georgia, holding that post until 1853, he published A Scriptural Examination of the Institution of Slavery in the United States: With its Objects and Purposes in 1856. He was elected to the 34th Congress before being appointed as Secretary of the Treasury in Buchanan's Cabinet, he served for three years, resigning in December 1860. At one time, Cobb was Buchanan's choice for his successor.
In 1860, Cobb ceased to be a Unionist, became a leader of the secession movement. He was president of a convention of the seceded states that assembled in Montgomery, Alabama, on February 4, 1861. Under Cobb's guidance, the delegates drafted a constitution for the new Confederacy, he served as President of several sessions of the Confederate Provisional Congress, before resigning to join the military when war erupted. Cobb was commissioned as colonel of the 16th Georgia Infantry, he was appointed a brigadier general on February 13, 1862, assigned command of a brigade in what became the Army of Northern Virginia. Between February and June 1862, he represented the Confederate authorities in negotiations with Union officers for an agreement on the exchange of prisoners of war, his efforts in these discussions contributed to the Dix-Hill Cartel accord reached in July 1862. Cobb saw combat during the Seven Days Battles. Cobb's brigade played a key role in the fighting during the Battle of South Mountain at Crampton's Gap, where it arrived at a critical time to delay a Union advance through the gap, but at a bloody cost.
His men fought at the subsequent Battle of Antietam. In October 1862, Cobb was detached from the Army of Northern Virginia and sent to the District of Middle Florida, he was promoted to major general on September 9, 1863, placed in command of the District of Georgia and Florida. He suggested the construction of a prisoner-of-war camp in southern Georgia, a location thought to be safe from Union invaders; this idea led to the creation of Andersonville prison. When William T. Sherman's armies entered Georgia during the 1864 Atlanta Campaign and subsequent March to the Sea, Cobb commanded the Georgia Reserve Corps as a general. In the spring of 1865, with the Confederacy waning, he and his troops were sent to Columbus, Georgia to help oppose Wilson's Raid, he led the hopeless Confederate resistance in the Battle of Columbus, Georgia on Easter Sunday, April 16, 1865. During Sherman's March to the Sea, the army camped one night near Cobb's plantation; when Sherman discovered that the house he planned to stay in for the night belonged to Cobb, whom Sherman described in his Memoirs as "one of the leading rebels of the South a general in the Southern army," he dined in Cobb's slave quarters, confiscated Cobb's property a
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c