Waukesha County, Wisconsin
Waukesha County is a county in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 389,891, making it the third-most populous county in Wisconsin, its county seat is Waukesha. Waukesha County is included in the Milwaukee -- Waukesha -- WI Metropolitan Statistical Area; the part of Wisconsin that Waukesha County occupies was a part of Michigan Territory when Milwaukee County was organized in September 1834. On July 4, 1836, the Wisconsin Territory was formed, which included land, now in the state of Minnesota. In January 1846, part of Milwaukee County was split off into Waukesha County. Curtis Reed was the first county chairman; when a vote decided the county seat, Waukesha defeated Pewaukee by two votes. The name is derived from the Potawatomi word for'fox' because the streams in the lower part of the county drain into the Fox River. Waukesha was a New England settlement, Waukesha's founders were settlers from New England Connecticut, rural Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Maine, as well as from upstate New York who were born to parents who had migrated there from New England shortly after the American Revolution.
These people were "Yankees" descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. They were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s. Most arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal as well as the end of the Black Hawk War; when they arrived in what is now Waukesha County, there was nothing but dense virgin forest and wild prairie. The New Englanders built farms, government buildings and established post routes, they brought many of their Yankee New England values, such as a passion for education that led to the establishment of many schools as well as staunch support for abolitionism. They were members of the Congregationalist Church, though some were Episcopalian. Due to the second Great Awakening some converted to Methodism, others became Baptists before moving to what is now Waukesha County. Waukesha, like much of Wisconsin, would be culturally continuous with early New England culture for most of its early history.
In 2011, the initial unofficial statewide tally in a Wisconsin Supreme Court election had Democratic challenger JoAnne Kloppenburg defeating incumbent justice David Prosser by a 204-vote margin. On the Thursday after the election, Waukesha County Clerk Kathy Nickolaus reported, among other smaller errors, a failure to report votes in the Waukesha city of Brookfield; the newly reported votes gave Prosser the lead, he retained his seat. Media reports stemming from this incident referred to the county as "crucial Waukesha County," and as of 2017, the phrase has continued to be used in U. S. political media as an in-joke. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 581 square miles, of which 550 square miles is land and 31 square miles is water; because of its large number of lakes, the northwestern corner of Waukesha County is referred to as "Lake Country" by local residents. It includes Pewaukee, Hartland, Nashotah, Okauchee Lake, Oconomowoc and Lac La Belle. Washington County – north Ozaukee County – northeast Milwaukee County – east Racine County – southeast Walworth County – southwest Jefferson County – west Dodge County – northwest As of the census of 2010, there were 389,891 people, 152,663 households, 108,810 families residing in the county.
The population density was 672 people per square mile. There were 160,864 housing units at an average density of 277 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.3% White, 1.3% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.7% Asian, 0.0003% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. 4.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 152,663 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.7% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males. As of the census of 2000, there were 360,767 people, 135,229 households, 100,475 families residing in the county; the population density was 649 people per square mile. There were 140,309 housing units at an average density of 252 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.77% White, 0.73% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, 0.90% from two or more races. 2.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 44.5% were of German, 9.2% Polish, 7.5% Italian, 7.7% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.3% spoke English, 2.2% Spanish and 1.2% German as their first language. There were 135,229 households out of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.70% were non-families. 20.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.30%
Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States. The seat of the eponymous county, it is on Lake Michigan's western shore. Ranked by its estimated 2014 population, Milwaukee was the 31st largest city in the United States; the city's estimated population in 2017 was 595,351. Milwaukee is the main cultural and economic center of the Milwaukee metropolitan area which had a population of 2,043,904 in the 2014 census estimate, it is the second-most densely populated metropolitan area in the Midwest, surpassed only by Chicago. Milwaukee is considered a Gamma global city as categorized by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network with a regional GDP of over $105 billion; the first Europeans to pass through the area were French Catholic Jesuit missionaries, who were ministering to Native Americans, fur traders. In 1818, the French Canadian explorer Solomon Juneau settled in the area, in 1846, Juneau's town combined with two neighboring towns to incorporate as the city of Milwaukee.
Large numbers of German immigrants arrived during the late 1840s, after the German revolutions, with Poles and other eastern European immigrants arriving in the following decades. Milwaukee is known for its brewing traditions, begun with the German immigrants. Beginning in the early 21st century, the city has been undergoing its largest construction boom since the 1960s. Major new additions to the city in the past two decades include the Milwaukee Riverwalk, the Wisconsin Center, Miller Park, the Milwaukee Streetcar, an expansion to the Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee Repertory Theater, Pier Wisconsin, as well as major renovations to the UW–Milwaukee Panther Arena; the Fiserv Forum opened in late 2018. The name "Milwaukee" comes from an Algonquian word millioke, meaning "good", "beautiful" and "pleasant land" or "gathering place "; the name has a less pleasant connotation in the Menominee language, where it is called Māēnāēwah, "some misfortune happens". Indigenous cultures lived along the waterways for thousands of years.
The first recorded inhabitants of the Milwaukee area are the historic Menominee, Mascouten, Sauk and Ojibwe. Many of these people had lived around Green Bay before migrating to the Milwaukee area around the time of European contact. In the second half of the 18th century, the Native Americans living near Milwaukee played a role in all the major European wars on the American continent. During the French and Indian War, a group of "Ojibwas and Pottawattamies from the far Michigan" joined the French-Canadian Daniel Liénard de Beaujeu at the Battle of the Monongahela. In the American Revolutionary War, the Native Americans around Milwaukee were some of the few groups to ally with the rebel Continentals. After the Revolutionary War, the Native Americans fought the United States in the Northwest Indian War as part of the Council of Three Fires. During the War of 1812, they held a council in Milwaukee in June 1812, which resulted in their decision to attack Chicago in retaliation against American expansion.
This resulted in the Battle of Fort Dearborn on August 15, 1812, the only known armed conflict in the Chicago area. This battle convinced the American government that the Native Americans had to be removed from their land. After being attacked in the Black Hawk War in 1832, the Native Americans in Milwaukee signed the Treaty of Chicago with the United States in 1833. In exchange for their ceding their lands in the area, they were to receive monetary payments and lands west of the Mississippi in Indian Territory. Europeans had arrived in the Milwaukee area prior to the 1833 Treaty of Chicago. French missionaries and traders first passed through the area in the late 18th centuries. Alexis Laframboise, in 1785, coming from Michilimackinac settled a trading post. Early explorers called the Milwaukee River and surrounding lands various names: Melleorki, Mahn-a-waukie and Milwaucki, in efforts to transliterate the native terms. For many years, printed records gave the name as "Milwaukie". One story of Milwaukee's name says, ne day during the thirties of the last century a newspaper calmly changed the name to Milwaukee, Milwaukee it has remained until this day.
The spelling "Milwaukie" lives on in Milwaukie, named after the Wisconsin city in 1847, before the current spelling was universally accepted. Milwaukee has three "founding fathers": Solomon Juneau, Byron Kilbourn, George H. Walker. Solomon Juneau was the first of the three to come to the area, in 1818, he founded. In competition with Juneau, Byron Kilbourn established Kilbourntown west of the Milwaukee River, he ensured. This accounts for the large number of angled bridges. Further, Kilbourn distributed maps of the area which only showed Kilbourntown, implying Juneautown did not exist or the river's east side was uninhabited and thus undesirable; the third prominent developer was George H. Walker, he claimed land to the south of the Milwaukee River, along with Juneautown, where he built a log house in 1834. This area became known as Walker's Point; the first large wave of settlement to the areas that would become Milwaukee County and the City of Milwaukee began in 1835, following removal of the tribes in the Co
Kenosha County, Wisconsin
Kenosha County is a county in the southeastern corner of the U. S. state of Wisconsin. Its population in 2017 was estimated to be 168,065, making it the eighth most populous county in Wisconsin; the county is named after the county seat, the fourth largest city in Wisconsin. Kenosha County is part of IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area, it is on the west shore of Lake Michigan. The county has traditionally attracted newcomers from suburban Chicago, in March 2008 the demographers of the Wisconsin Department of Administration reported that Kenosha County's improvements in roads, business's need for personnel, quality-of-life factors had contributed to a decades-long influx of Illinois transplants, along with the direct rail link to Chicago via Metra's Union Pacific / North Line; the Potowatomi inhabited the area that would become Kenosha County for centuries prior to the acquisition of the area in 1833. The city of Kenosha was founded in 1835, Kenosha County was formed from Racine County in 1850.
Its location led to development and factories being built in the 19th century. Manufacturing continued to be a key component of the economy into the 20th century. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 754 square miles, of which 272 square miles is land and 482 square miles is water. Although the county contains area from Lake Michigan, it is the fourth-smallest county in Wisconsin by land area. Kenosha Regional Airport serves surrounding communities. Racine County Allegan County, Michigan Lake County, Illinois McHenry County, Illinois Walworth County As of the census of 2000, there were 149,577 people, 56,057 households, 38,455 families residing in the county; the population density was 548 people per square mile. There were 59,989 housing units at an average density of 220 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 88.38% White, 5.08% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.29% from other races, 1.91% from two or more races.
7.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.8% were of German, 10.4% Italian, 7.9% Irish, 7.6% Polish and 7.5% English ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 56,057 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.70% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.40% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.13. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 31.30% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males. The county legislature is known as the Board of Supervisors, it consists of each elected from single-member districts.
The county executive is elected in nonpartisan vote. The county executive is James Kreuser; the district attorney, treasurer and register of deeds are elected in fall countywide, partisan elections held in presidential years, while the sheriff and clerk of circuit court are elected in fall countywide, partisan elections held in gubernatorial years. In presidential elections, Kenosha County has voted Democratic for most of the past 50 years. In 2016, Donald Trump became the first Republican presidential candidate in 44 years to win the county. Kenosha Bristol Genoa City Paddock Lake Pleasant Prairie Salem Lakes Somers Twin Lakes Brighton Paris Randall Somers Wheatland Camp Lake Lily Lake Powers Lake Wilmot Aurora National Register of Historic Places listings in Kenosha County, Wisconsin Forstall, Richard L.. Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990: from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division.
ISBN 0-934213-48-8. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list Kenosha County government website Kenosha County map from the Wisconsin Department of Transportation
Wisconsin Highway 36
State Trunk Highway 36 is a state highway in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. It runs in a diagonal southwest-northeast direction across southeastern Wisconsin from Springfield, north of Lake Geneva to Milwaukee. WIS 36 begins at its intersection with WIS 120, travels in a general northeasterly direction to an intersection with WIS 11 in Burlington; the road continues northeast, passing through Waterford where it connects with WIS 164 to Wind Lake and Muskego before heading to Franklin, where it runs concurrent to US 45 for a short distance, crosses WIS 100. The highway follows Loomis Road through Greendale and Greenfield, where it intersects with I-43 and I-894 before terminating at WIS 241 in Milwaukee. WIS 36 is unusual in that its route has seen few changes since it was designated in 1918; the road began in Lake Geneva four miles south of its current terminus, ended near downtown Milwaukee. In 1921, the route was shortened to end at the junction with what was WIS 57, which became US 41, is now WIS 241.
In 1919, WIS 36 was extended to the west along WIS 50 to Williams Bay turned to the south into Walworth County to join WIS 89 to its end at the Illinois state line. The route would change again in 1968, with WIS 36 terminating at Lake Geneva, the portion from Williams Bay to Walworth being redesignated as WIS 67. In 1987-88, WIS 120 was extended north from Lake Geneva via WIS 36 to Springfield, north along County Highway G toward East Troy, placing the end of the highway at its present location
Lake Geneva, Wisconsin
Lake Geneva is a city in Walworth County, Wisconsin, USA. The population was 7,651 at the 2010 census. A resort city located on Geneva Lake, it is popular with vacationers from the Chicago and Milwaukee areas. Called "Maunk-suck" for a Potawatomi chief, the city was named Geneva after the town of Geneva, New York, located on Seneca Lake, to which early settler John Brink saw a resemblance. To avoid confusion with the nearby town of Geneva, Illinois, it was renamed Lake Geneva; the abutting lake is named Geneva Lake. In 1954, Lake Geneva was one of the three finalists for the location of the new United States Air Force Academy, but lost to Colorado Springs, Colorado. In 1968, the late Hugh Hefner built his first Playboy resort in Lake Geneva; the club closed in 1981 and in 1982 was converted into the Americana Resort, in 1993 to the present Grand Geneva Resort. Royal Records was a Lake Geneva music recording studio where artists such as Ministry from Chicago Psalm 69: The Way to Succeed and the Way to Suck Eggs album'92, Cheap Trick from Chicago Standing on the Edge album'85, Queensrÿche Empire 1990, Crash Test Dummies "Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm" in'93, Iron Maiden, Nine Inch Nails from Cleveland Broken in'92, Skid Row have recorded albums.
Lake Geneva is located at 42°35′33″N 88°26′4″W. The city is situated on the northeast bay of Geneva Lake on flat ground, with some steep hills and bluffs. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.55 square miles, of which, 6.54 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 7,651 people, 3,323 households, 1,879 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,169.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,225 housing units at an average density of 646.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 87.6% White, 0.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 8.5% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.3% of the population. There were 3,323 households of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 43.5% were non-families.
36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 3.02. The median age in the city was 39.8 years. 22.7% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,148 people, 3,053 households, 1,801 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,425.1 people per square mile. There were 3,757 housing units at an average density of 749.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90.81% White, 0.90% African American, 0.11% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 5.16% from other races, 1.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.75% of the population. As of the 2010 United States Census there were 7,651 people for a population growth of 7.04% from the 2000 United States Census to the 2010 United States Census. There were 3,053 households out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.0% were non-families.
33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 3.01. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $40,924, the median income for a family was $54,543. Males had a median income of $38,930 versus $25,671 for females; the per capita income for the city was $21,536. About 4.7% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over. Lake Geneva Regional News is a Lee Enterprise-owned weekly newspaper, serving Lake Geneva and the surrounding area since 1872. WLKG, a hot adult contemporary-formatted radio station, is located in Lake Geneva.
The city of Lake Geneva operates under a mayor-council form of government. The city has four aldermanic districts with two representatives per district, it is managed by a full-time city administrator. The city has an elected attorney and part-time treasurer. Fogle, Phil. Grassroots—Lake Geneva: An Illustrated History of the Geneva Lake Area. Williams Bay, Wis.: Big Foot Publishing Company, 1986. Simmons, James. Annals of Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. 1835-1897. Lake Geneva, Wis.: The Herald, 1897. City of Lake Geneva Geneva Lake Museum of History Images of Lake Geneva: Historic photographs and postcards, at the University of Wisconsin–Madison Sanborn fire insurance maps: 1892 1900 1912
Wisconsin's 1st congressional district
Wisconsin's 1st congressional district is a congressional district of the United States House of Representatives in southeastern Wisconsin, covering Kenosha County, Racine County, most of Walworth County, as well as portions of Rock County, Waukesha County, Milwaukee County. The district's current Representative is Republican Bryan Steil. A swing district, it was carried by George W. Bush in 2004 with 53%; the district has a high population of working-class whites in manufacturing jobs who supported Donald Trump in 2016. This is a swing district that leans Republican; as of January 2019, there are three living former members of the House from the District. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Racine is a city in and the county seat of Racine County, United States. It is located on the shore of Lake Michigan at the mouth of the Root River. Racine is located 22 miles south of Milwaukee; as of the 2010 U. S. census, the city had a population of 78,860. Its median home price of $103,625 makes it one of the most affordable cities in Wisconsin to buy a home. In January 2017, it was rated "the most affordable place to live in the world" by the Demographia International Housing Affordability survey. Racine is the headquarters of a number of industries, including J. I. Case, S. C. Johnson & Son, Dremel Corporation, Reliance Controls Corporation, Twin Disc, Arthur B. Modine; the Mitchell & Lewis Company, a wagonmaker in the 19th century, began making motorcycles and automobiles as Mitchell-Lewis Motor Company at the start of the 20th century. Racine is home to InSinkErator, the first garbage disposal. Malted milk balls were developed in Racine. Architects of the city included Edmund Bailey Funston.
It has several immigrant communities. Native Americans inhabited the area of Racine for thousands of years. Artifacts that have survived include the burial mounds in. Historians separate the natives living in the Root watershed at that time into Woodland people, who were more common, Hopewell people, who were more advanced. After European contact, the Miami and the Potawatomi expanded into the area, taking part in the French fur trade. In November 1674, while traveling from Green Bay to the territory of the Illinois Confederation, Father Jacques Marquette and his assistants, Jacques Largillier and Pierre Porteret, camped at the mouth of the Root River; these were the first Europeans known to visit. Further expeditions were made in the area by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle in 1679 and by François Jolliet De Montigny and Jean Baptiste Bissot, Sieur de Vincennes in 1698. Nearly a century in 1791, a trading post would be established along Lake Michigan near where the Root River empties into it.
Following the Blackhawk War, the area surrounding Racine, off-limits, was settled by Yankees from upstate New York and New England. In 1834 Captain Gilbert Knapp USRM, from Chatham, founded the settlement of "Port Gilbert" at the place where the Root River empties into Lake Michigan. Knapp had first explored the area of the Root River valley in 1818, returned with financial backing when the war ended. Within a year of Knapp's settlement hundreds of other settlers from New England and western New York had arrived and built log cabins in the area surrounding his own; some of the settlers were from the town of Derby and others came from the New England states of Connecticut, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine. The area was called "Kipi Kawi" and "Chippecotton" by the indigenous peoples, both names for the Root River; the name "Port Gilbert" was never accepted, in 1841 the community was incorporated as the village of Racine, after the French word for "root". After Wisconsin was admitted to the Union in 1848, the new legislature voted in August to incorporate Racine as a city.
In 1852, Racine College, an Episcopal college, was founded. Its location and many of its buildings are preserved today by the Community of St. Mary as part of the DeKoven Center. In 1852, Racine High School, the first public high school in Wisconsin, opened; the high school operated until 1926, when it was torn down to make way for the new Racine County Courthouse. Washington Park High School was built to replace it. Before the Civil War, Racine was well known for its strong opposition to slavery, with many slaves escaping to freedom via the Underground Railroad passing through the city. In 1854 Joshua Glover, an escaped slave who had made a home in Racine, was arrested by federal marshals and jailed in Milwaukee. One hundred men from Racine, 5,000 Wisconsinites and broke into the jail to free him, he was helped to escape to Canada. Glover's rescue gave rise to a great deal of litigation; this led to the Wisconsin Supreme Court declaring the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 unconstitutional, the Wisconsin State Legislature refusing to recognize the authority of the U.
S. Supreme Court. Waves of immigrants, including Danes and Czechs, began to settle in Racine between the Civil War and the First World War. African Americans started arriving in large numbers during World War I, as they did in other Midwestern industrial towns, Mexicans migrated to Racine from 1925 onward. Unitarians and Congregationalists from New England dominated Racine's religious life. Racine's Emmaus Lutheran Church, the oldest Danish Lutheran Church in North America, was founded on August 22, 1851. A founding member of the Danish American Lutheran Church, it has subsequently been a member of the United Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the American Lutheran Church, since 1988, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. There was a large Catholic movement to the city, opening up churches for their own ethnicity, such as St. Stanislaus, St. Rose, Holy Name, St. Patrick, Sacred Heart, St. Joseph, St. Mary, Holy Trinity, St. Casimir, others; as years passed, populations moved and St. Stanislaus, Holy Name, Holy Trinity, St. Rose, St. Casimir merged in 1998, forming St. Richard.
With new waves of people a