Berlin Mexikoplatz station
Berlin Mexikoplatz is a railway station in the Zehlendorf district of Berlin, Germany. It is served by several local bus lines, it is planned to extend U-Bahn line U3 here. The station was erected in 1904 as one of the few genuine Art Nouveau buildings in Berlin and it is heritage listed, its name changed several times: from Zehlendorf-Beerenstraße to Zehlendorf-West in 1911, to Lindenthaler Allee in 1958 and to Mexikoplatz in 1987. The station, built to plans by the architects Hart & Lesser, was opened on 1 November 1904 under the name of Zehlendorf-Beerenstraße. Seven years on 15 December 1911, its name changed for the first name to Zehlendorf-West. On 15 May 1933, electric operations commenced at the station. An interesting detail in a decorative manner is an elaborate emblem in wrought iron with the letters "KPEV" on the railway bridge; these letters were once widespread as an emblem, with various variants, standing for the Royal Prussian Railway Administration, thus indicating that it belonged to the Prussian state railways.
In March 1934, the bridge was one of the first in Germany to be examined with the aid of X-rays and breaks were discovered in the welds under the paint. The bridge railing, including its decorative emblem, was reconstructed as part of the restoration of the entire area to plans by the architects Stuhlemmer for the 750th anniversary of Berlin in 1987. On 28 September 1958, the station was renamed Lindenthaler Allee. On 18 September 1980, the station was closed as a result of a strike by the workers of Deutsche Reichsbahn who lived in West Berlin. On 1 February 1985, the station was reopened by the West Berlin organisation of Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe. Two years in January 1987, the station's name was changed for the third time, this time to its current name of Mexikoplatz, named after Mexikoplatz, which received its current name on 23 September 1959. On 1 June 2001, the Bundeseisenbahnvermögen sold the station building to two Berlin businessmen; the station's bookshop, operating for 25 years, was closed and scheduled lectures and discussion forums in the station hall were abandoned.
A citizens' initiative to convert the station into a Kulturbahnhof, which would have meant that the station would have become "a cultural meeting place", was unsuccessful. The planned extension of U-Bahn line U3 to Mexikoplatz station would turn it into an interchange between the S-Bahn and the U-Bahn and give it added importance. Despite the commitment to this project in land use plans, its implementation is uncertain, it is planned that the trains would terminate at the platform of the U-Bahn station and reverse there, as happens at Ruhleben station and Innsbrucker Platz station. The reversing facility at Krumme Lanke station would remain. A possible further extension of the U3 from Mexikoplatz towards Kleinmachnow has been abandoned due to the low forecast patronage; the S-Bahn station is on the S-Bahn line S1 on the Wannsee Railway. It is possible to change to bus routes operated by Berliner Havelbus. "Berlin Mexikoplatz station". Stadtschnellbahn Berlin. Retrieved 5 January 2015. Station information
Lichterfelde West is part of Lichterfelde in the Steglitz-Zehlendorf borough of Berlin. It was developed from 1860 through 1900 by a wealthy businessman Carstenn from Hamburg and is a remarkable example of 19th-century Villenkolonie, a German concept of settlements made up of mansion houses or villas. Lichterfelde West became part of Greater Berlin in 1920, it is still intact and has a station on the S-Bahn. Although some houses were destroyed in World War II and many have been converted into rentals, the quarter has kept its 19th-century charm and pleases with a large assortment of villas in an extravagant mix of architectural styles, it still features cobbled streets, small squares and working gas lights. Lichterfelde West was home to the Prussian Main Cadet School, disbanded in 1920 by the Treaty of Versailles, the Prussian and German Royal Guard. Today "Li-We", as it is sometimes called, is home to many diplomats and, next to Grunewald and Dahlem, one of the most sought-after residential areas of the German capital.
For a twenty-minute stroll leave Lichterfelde West train station direction South, cross Curtius Strasse into Baseler Strasse. Follow until you reach Karlsplatz, turn left along the square, cross Ring Strasse into Kadettenweg. Follow Kadettenweg, pass by the Cadet Corps memorial until you reach Weddigenweg. Turn right, after two hundred yards turn right again into Paulinen Strasse for a short stop at the so-called "Carstenn Castles", small villas built in Tudor-castle style. Turn back and turn right again into Weddigenweg, across Baseler Strasse, until you reach Kommandanten Strasse. Turn right, follow Kommandanten Strasse, cross Ring Strasse, still follow Kommandanten Strasse, pass by the "Rother Stift", a former retirement home for dowagers, until you reach Kadettenweg. Follow Kadettenweg Strasse for a few hundred yards, turn right into Curtius Strasse, pass by the "Litehouse" coffee shop cum restaurant and back to the train station. Botanical Garden Prussian Cadet School, today home to a branch of the Bundesarchiv Barracks of Guards Rifles Battalion on Gardeschützenweg, today seat of the Bundesnachrichtendienst Media related to Lichterfelde West at Wikimedia Commons
U7 (Berlin U-Bahn)
The U7 is a rail line on the Berlin U-Bahn. It runs underground for a length of 31.8 kilometres, through 40 stations. The line was the south-eastern branch of the Nord-Süd-Bahn that ran between the branching point at Belle-Alliance-Straße and Grenzallee; as of 2007, the U7 is Berlin's longest underground line, both in terms of absolute length and total travel time and one of the longest subterranean lines in Europe. Starting in Rudow, at the junction of Gross-Ziethener Chaussee and Neuköllner Straße, the U7 runs northwest below the road Alt-Rudow, before bearing west under Gropiusstadt; because the settlement and underground construction there were planned the U7 follows no roads until it reaches Britz-Süd station, where it runs under Fritz-Reuter-Allee as far as Blaschkoallee before joining the route of Buschkrugallee. It continues north, crossing the urban motorway and the Ringbahn while under Karl-Marx-Straße heads north-west under Hasenheide, Südstern and Gneisenaustraße until it reaches Mehringdamm after a sharp right curve.
A tight left curve brings the U7 under the Tempelhofer Ufer to Möckernbrücke station, with another taking it back and below the area of the former Anhalter Güterbahnhof. The route continues west under Yorckstraße, Grunewaldstraße, Bayerischer Platz and Berliner Straße heads north under Brandenburgische Straße to Adenauerplatz. A curve into Wilmersdorfer Straße takes the U7 north to Bismarckstraße, where it makes a further turn into Richard-Wagner-Straße, travelling under this road and its northern continuations Wintersteinstraße and Sömmeringstraße. At Jungfernheide station, the U7 crosses the Ringbahn for the second time before passing under the Westhafenkanal; the track turns west through a wide arc and follows Siemensdamm and Nonnendammallee. It passes to the south of the Spandau Citadel below the road Am Juliusturm, runs under the Old Town of Spandau, ends at the Spandau city hall; the U7 passes through 12 districts of Berlin: Rudow, Britz, Neukölln, Schöneberg, Charlottenburg, Charlottenburg Nord, Siemensstadt and Spandau.
Around 1901, the city of Berlin planned to build an underground railway line below Friedrichstraße to connect the north to the south. Werner von Siemens had plans for a north–south line, under Nobelstraße, at the same time, but permission for these was declined on the grounds that public transport should be in municipal ownership. Berlin started the construction of the Nord–Süd-Bahn to link Wedding and Tempelhof, with a branch to Neukölln. World War I made the construction work difficult, stopped it completely. In 1919, work started again, but not without further complications. In 1921, during the time of hyperinflation, filling up the existing tunnels was considered as financial turmoil hit hard; the construction work was continued and the first tunnel section from Hallesches Tor to Stettiner Bahnhof was opened on 30 January 1923. The history of the U7 began with the construction of the branch to Neukölln, when the stretch from Hallesches Tor to Gneisenaustraße was built. With inflation still taking its toll, the construction work proceeded in small steps only.
The extension to Hasenheide station, named after a nearby park, followed on 14 December of the same year. As the financial situation of Germany and Berlin improved, so too did the underground railway construction, including the branch to Neukölln. At Hermannplatz station, which resembles something of an U-Bahn cathedral, the first underground rail–rail crossing in Berlin was developed; the station is the first Berlin underground station to use escalators. The section from Hasenheide to Bergstraße was put into operation on 11 April 1926; the final stage of the Neuköllner branch at that time, the 1.5 kilometre-long extension to Grenzallee, was put into operation on 21 December 1930—the same day of the opening of what would become the U5 line—during one of the largest underground opening celebrations. Underground passengers could travel from Seestraße, through the city centre, to either Tempelhof or Grenzallee; the post-war underground lines were marked out from their 1901–1914 predecessors by their larger tunnels and trains, in order to provide greater competition with the run Berliner Hochbahngesellschaft.
The new trains and tunnels, which were wider but used the same standard-gauge track, were described as Großprofil. Following World War II—in which many of Berlin's residences were destroyed—large new housing developments were needed. Britz and Britz-Buckow-Rudow, which were established in the south of West Berlin, required a new rapid-transit railway connection to the West Berlin city centre; the track from Grenzallee to Britz-Süd opened on 28 September 1963. Construction began from Britz-Süd to Rudow on 2 January 1965. Travel to Zwickauer Damm was made possible on 2 January 1970, Rudow received connection to line 7 on 1 July 1972; the branch station Belle-Alliance-Straße, which opened in 1924, had three tracks: a connection to Tempelhof led from the first platform.
U9 (Berlin U-Bahn)
U9 is a line on the Berlin U-Bahn. The line was opened on 28 August 1961 as Line G; the path of the U9 is under-surface. It starts in the north at Osloer Straße in Gesundbrunnen and runs through Wedding before underpassing the Berlin Ringbahn and running through Moabit, reaching Hansaplatz and Tiergarten before crossing the Berlin Stadtbahn at the Zoo and Kurfürstendamm leaving western central Berlin by heading to Friedenau and Steglitz at Rathaus Steglitz. After the division of Berlin in 1948, the citizens of West Berlin preferred buses and trams that bypassed East Berlin. Furthermore, the populated boroughs of Steglitz and Reinickendorf were in need of a rapid transit relation to the new center of West Berlin south of the Zoo; this prompted the construction of a new line called line G, becoming the third north-south line after line C and line D. Ground-breaking was on 23 June 1955 at Tiergarten. Path construction was difficult as it was to underpass four U-Bahn lines, two S-Bahn lines and three waterways.
Line G from Leopoldplatz to Spichernstraße was supposed to be opened 2 September 1961. This was backdated to 28 August 1961 after the construction of the Berlin Wall proved the necessity of this new line. To accommodate the U9, the Nürnberger Platz station was closed, it was replaced by Augsburger Straße stations respectively. The new stations do include: Leopoldplatz Amrumer Straße Putlitzstraße Birkenstraße Turmstraße Hansaplatz Zoologischer Garten Kurfürstendamm Spichernstraße It will interchange with the smaller profile station, but it was opened at the same day when U9 is opened: Kurfürstendamm Since the subsidies from the Federal Republic still went to West Berlin, was further built on the busy subway. On 29 January 1971, the longest subway extensions was implemented; the U7 takes the lead of the Möckernbrücke to Fehrbelliner Platz, Line 9 of the Spichernstraße to Walther-Schreiber-Platz. Nine kilometers of track with eleven new stations went into operation on that day. Groundbreaking began 1 July 1962.
For the Steglitz and Neukölln a fast connection to the western center and no longer had the buses in claim take. The route follows the U9 from the previous terminus Spichernstraße the Bundesallee and crosses line U7 on Berliner Straße; the lower platform is a central platform, the U9 has here. This however is not in the usual sense: On one side of the platform, climb—at the station Berliner Straße on the right side, but on the left side—seen in the direction of travel, it could be seen as apart Laid central platforms the platforms thus. Only one transition at the north end of both platforms interconnects; this construction project was necessary because the subway construction, a road tunnel between the two side platforms was built. Similar to the Berliner Straße railway station encloses the then-newly-built Bundesplatz a road tunnel, why no central platform was built here; the tracks split up shortly before the station to bypass the tunnel and there were two side platforms. All stations were built designed by Rainer G. Rümmler.
Here but this used, instead of the current ceramic tiles, large-format colorful fiber cement plates, such as the station Walther-Schreiber-Platz. Should associations by the color scheme is always new are awakened. From Bahnhof Berliner Straße, the colors are white and red on the Coat of arms of Berlin remember, at the station Eisenacher Straße U7 the green faces on the Thuringian Forest at Eisenach. Another reason why the architect is controversial. Between Walther-Schreiber-Platz station and the Schloßstraße the U9 changes to the tunnel section of U10. In Schloßstraße station itself, the tracks are heading north on the top, in the direction of Rathaus Steglitz on the lower level, the offices on the eastern edge of the platform on, supposed to take the U10; the western edge of the platform each is separated by a fence from the passenger traffic. In track trough unused tracks are laid without power rail. To date, there hangs the sign "No trains". By this enormous constructed provisions, the cost of one meter underground route exorbitantly to 78,000 Mark.
Behind the Schloßstraße ends the U9 at the Rathaus Steglitz. The paths of U9 and U10 here separate again. Both lines should keep in Steglitz at separate stations, viewed from Schloßstraße from an end opening "V" would form; the intended for the U9 station Part is equipped with side platforms, located in the minus-1 level until now has been completed only in the shell and is cut off as a storeroom for the civil protection used. The original platform is operated for the U9 instead of planned for the U10 Station part in the minus-2 level. Background for this management is the intersection of planned U9-line and Wannseebahn south of the station. In the 1970s, it has not been possible, Deutsche Reichsbahn in the negotiations on the railway line to the to come, the operation of the Steglitz station here an agreement. So as the sweeping system, the BVG considered. In the west extending U10 there was not this problem, why the U9 has been carried out on the U10 route and provided with a reversing facility.
When in January 1984 on the operation went right for the S-Bahn in West Berlin to the BVG, the chance to drive under the S-Bahn, without risking renewed problematic negotiations with the Reichsbahn offered. Since this condition was guaranteed from the perspective of 1984
Berlin Feuerbachstraße station
S-Bhf. Berlin Feuerbachstraße is a railway station in the Steglitz locality of Germany, it is served by several local bus lines. The station was opened on 15 May 1933 as part of the electrification of the Wannseebahn suburban line, it is 1.1 kilometres away from Steglitz station. Station information
Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,748,148 inhabitants make it the second most populous city proper of the European Union after London; the city is one of Germany's 16 federal states. It is surrounded by the state of Brandenburg, contiguous with its capital, Potsdam; the two cities are at the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region, which is, with about six million inhabitants and an area of more than 30,000 km², Germany's third-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr and Rhine-Main regions. Berlin straddles the banks of the River Spree, which flows into the River Havel in the western borough of Spandau. Among the city's main topographical features are the many lakes in the western and southeastern boroughs formed by the Spree and Dahme rivers. Due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. About one-third of the city's area is composed of forests, gardens, rivers and lakes; the city lies in the Central German dialect area, the Berlin dialect being a variant of the Lusatian-New Marchian dialects.
First documented in the 13th century and situated at the crossing of two important historic trade routes, Berlin became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg, the Kingdom of Prussia, the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich. Berlin in the 1920s was the third largest municipality in the world. After World War II and its subsequent occupation by the victorious countries, the city was divided. East Berlin was declared capital of East Germany. Following German reunification in 1990, Berlin once again became the capital of all of Germany. Berlin is a world city of culture, politics and science, its economy is based on high-tech firms and the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, research facilities, media corporations and convention venues. Berlin serves as a continental hub for air and rail traffic and has a complex public transportation network; the metropolis is a popular tourist destination. Significant industries include IT, biomedical engineering, clean tech, biotechnology and electronics.
Berlin is home to world-renowned universities, orchestras and entertainment venues, is host to many sporting events. Its Zoological Garden is one of the most popular worldwide. With the world's oldest large-scale movie studio complex, Berlin is an popular location for international film productions; the city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, contemporary arts and a high quality of living. Since the 2000s Berlin has seen the emergence of a cosmopolitan entrepreneurial scene. Berlin lies in northeastern Germany, east of the River Saale, that once constituted, together with the River Elbe, the eastern border of the Frankish Realm. While the Frankish Realm was inhabited by Germanic tribes like the Franks and the Saxons, the regions east of the border rivers were inhabited by Slavic tribes; this is why most of the villages in northeastern Germany bear Slavic-derived names. Typical Germanised place name suffixes of Slavic origin are -ow, -itz, -vitz, -witz, -itzsch and -in, prefixes are Windisch and Wendisch.
The name Berlin has its roots in the language of West Slavic inhabitants of the area of today's Berlin, may be related to the Old Polabian stem berl-/birl-. Since the Ber- at the beginning sounds like the German word Bär, a bear appears in the coat of arms of the city, it is therefore a canting arm. Of Berlin's twelve boroughs, five bear a Slavic-derived name: Pankow, Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Marzahn-Hellersdorf, Treptow-Köpenick and Spandau. Of its ninety-six neighborhoods, twenty-two bear a Slavic-derived name: Altglienicke, Alt-Treptow, Buch, Gatow, Kladow, Köpenick, Lankwitz, Lübars, Marzahn, Prenzlauer Berg, Schmöckwitz, Stadtrandsiedlung Malchow, Steglitz and Zehlendorf; the neighborhood of Moabit bears a French-derived name, Französisch Buchholz is named after the Huguenots. The earliest evidence of settlements in the area of today's Berlin are a wooden beam dated from 1192, remnants of a house foundation dated to 1174, found in excavations in Berlin Mitte; the first written records of towns in the area of present-day Berlin date from the late 12th century.
Spandau is first mentioned in 1197 and Köpenick in 1209, although these areas did not join Berlin until 1920. The central part of Berlin can be traced back to two towns. Cölln on the Fischerinsel is first mentioned in a 1237 document, Berlin, across the Spree in what is now called the Nikolaiviertel, is referenced in a document from 1244. 1237 is considered the founding date of the city. The two towns over time formed close economic and social ties, profited from the staple right on the two important trade routes Via Imperii and from Bruges to Novgorod. In 1307, they formed an alliance with a common external policy, their internal administrations still being separated. In 1415, Frederick I became the elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg, which he ruled until 1440. During the 15th century, his successors established Berlin-Cölln as capital of the margraviate, subsequent members of the Hohenzol
Berlin Julius-Leber-Brücke station
Julius-Leber-Brücke is a railway station in the Schöneberg district of Berlin. Located under a bridge over the cutting created for the Berlin-Potsdam-Magdeburg railway, it was opened on 2 May 2008 and is served by the S-Bahn line S 1. The bridge is named after Resistance fighter Julius Leber, it was named Sedanbrücke, after the Prusso-German victory in the Battle of Sedan in the Prusso-German war against France in 1870/71. The bridge connects the two ends of Kolonnenstraße; the station has two platforms, of which only the inner platform edges are being used, serving the Wannseebahn line of the Berlin S-Bahn running between them. The station is located next to the original site of the historic Bahnhof Schöneberg, opened in 1881 at the Südringspitzkehre, the branch terminal line closing the southern Ringbahn by a switchback or hairpin turn at the Berlin Potsdamer Bahnhof, where the circular trains reversed, could change the steam locomotives for servicing them and refilling with coal and water.
In 1932 it received the name Kolonnenstraße according to the name of the street crossing the bridge, to distinguish it from the newly erected interchange station Berlin-Schöneberg at the crossing of the Ringbahn with the Wannseebahn S-Bahn line. This Schöneberg station had a single platform, where passengers riding on S-Bahn trains on the Ring could change trains, to cut short the trip to the Potsdamer Ring station in the city center, where the Ring trains reversed to continue their circular ride. Passengers could change to the Wannseebahn by crossing the long distance rails via a foot bridge accessible from the north tip of the Kolonnenstraße station to reach the southern tip of the original Großgörschenstraße station platform, which stretched southwards from the eponymous street, was replaced 1939 by the new Großgörschenstraße station, which stretches north from the epinomous street up to Yorckstraße and is now called Yorckstraße; as part of the 1930s plans to build a North-South-S-Bahn link between the Northern and Southern sections of the Ring, the Kolonnenstraße called station should be converted to an interchange station of the Ringbahn and Wannseebahn trains, with the old Ringbahn-only platform becoming the interchange platform between the northbound trains of both the Ringbahn and the Wannseebahn, complemented by a new platform for southbound trains of both lines.
For this, the Sedanbrücke, as it was called, was to be widened by replacing it in two steps by a new, longer bridge. The construction for a new southern half of the bridge started in 1936, inaugurated in March 1937, eight meters longer on the eastern end, six meters longer on its western end; the station building on the north-eastern edge of the bridge was demolished in 1936 and replaced by a simple shack with a wooden bridge to the platform. This plan was, after the work had started in 1936, cut short by the announcement, on January 30, 1937, of Hitler's plans for converting Berlin into the Welthauptstadt Germania, after which all work on the North-South-S-Bahn link under construction, which conflicted with this plan, were called off. While the Wannseebahn tracks were moved by a tunnel from the western side of the Berlin-Potsdam-Magdeburg Railway to the east of that line, the tunnel was shortened, the Wannseebahn remained west of the Ringbahnspitzkehre; the Welthauptstadt plan called for the Südringspitzkehre to be closed, to use the preparations for its introduction into the underground Potsdamer Platz station at the northern and southern ends of that station instead for a new direct S-Bahn link between two new long distance stations located on the northern and southern Ring sections, this link was to use, between Yorckstraße and the southern section of the Ring, not the corridor along the Berlin-Potsdam-Magdeburg railway, but the one of the Dresdener and Anhalter Bahn.
Damaged by air raids, Bahnhof Kolonnenstraße was closed in 1944 and not reopened after World War II, as the Potsdamer Bahnhof and its Ringbahn subsidiary were more or less destroyed and never rebuilt. Before 1950, the switches linking the Ringbahn with the Südringspitzkehre were removed. Plans for replacing the old Kolonnenstraße station by a new one emerged in the 1980s, after the West-Berlin government took over the running of the S-Bahn in Westberlin. A plan was developed to divert the suburban S-Bahn lines to Lichtenrade and Lichterfelde-Ost from the Papestraße station via the Ring westwards to the corridor containing the Wannseebahn line, the former Berlin-Potsdam-Magdeburg Railway and the Südringspitzkehre and to build an interchange station between Wannseebahn and the diverted suburban line near the location of the old Kolonnenstraße station; this called for a station with two platforms, the Wannseebahn tracks being served by the inner edges of the two platforms, the Lichtenrade and Lichterfelde tracks using the outer edges.
A competition of architects was called, in July the design of the Berlin-based architectural office Medenbach was selected. This plan did not come to fruition before two years the fall of the Berlin wall changed the whole situation; the Lichtenrade and Lichterfelde lines were revitalized in their original places. Nonetheless, the construction of the planned station was begun in 2007, completed in 2008; the new station called Julius-Leber-Brücke lies west from the location of the Kolonnenstraße interchange station planned in 1936, because the northern mound of the Wannseebahn tunnel is located further west as planned, as explained above. It differs from the old plan by the two platforms extending both north and south of the eponymous bridge, whereas the old Kolonnenstraße platform were north of the Sedanbrücke.