War Memorial of Korea

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The War Memorial of Korea
Korean name
Hangul 전쟁기념관
Hanja 戰爭紀念館
Revised Romanization Jeonjaeng ginyeomgwan
McCune–Reischauer Chŏnjaeng kinyŏmgwan
War Memorial of Korea main building.JPG
Established December 1993 (1993-12)
Location Yongsan-dong, Seoul, South Korea
Type War Memorial
Collection size 13,000 items
20,000 m2 (220,000 sq ft)
Director Sun Young-Jae
Website The War Memorial of Korea

War Memorial of Korea is located in Yongsan-dong, Yongsan-gu, Seoul, South Korea. It opened in 1994 on the former site of the army headquarters to exhibit and memorialize the military history of Korea, the building was built for the purpose of preventing war through lessons in wretched Korean war and for peaceful reunification (Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea). The memorial building has six indoor exhibition rooms and an outdoor exhibition centre displaying war memorabilia and military equipment.[1]

History[edit]

Outdoor exhibition area

The War Memorial was built to commemorate actors and victims in the wars which led to the modern nation state, the museum also has the purpose of educating future generations by collecting, preserving, and exhibiting various historical relics and records related to the many wars fought in the country from a South Korean perspective.

Construction[edit]

The construction of the War Memorial of Korea was completed in December 1993, the project was carried out in consultation with military experts while collecting a wide range of exhibition items at home and abroad. Upon the completion of the interior, the memorial opened officially on June 10, 1994, and became the largest landmark of its kind in the world.[citation needed]

Surrounding area[edit]

Entrance of the war memorial and Statue of Brothers

Located on the old site of Army Headquarters, the War Memorial of Korea has four aboveground floors and two underground floors in the main building, which stands on an area of about 20,000 m2 (220,000 sq ft). On the grounds around the memorial, there are loudspeakers that broadcast patriotic messages.

In cloistered left and right galleries, flanking the facade of the main building, are rows of black marble monuments inscribed with the names of those who died during the Korean War, Vietnam War, clashes with North Korea since the Korean War and of policemen who died on duty. The plaza in the museum compound has an artificial waterfall, and around it are widespread rest areas so that visitors can picnic while enjoying the pleasant landscape; in the center of the plaza stands the Statue of Brothers, the elder a South Korean soldier and the younger a North Korean soldier, which symbolizes the situation of Korea's division.

Exhibition areas[edit]

An exhibition hall

13,000 items are displayed in six halls under different themes: Memorial Hall, War History, Korean War, Expeditionary Forces, ROK Armed Forces, and Large Equipment, plus the outside exhibition area. There are weapons and equipment from prehistoric times to the modern period as well as paintings of battlefields and sculptures of notable warriors and of An Jung-geun, who assassinated a former Resident-General in Manchuria in 1909. About 100 large weapons are displayed in the outside exhibition area on the lawns around the building.

Memorial Hall[edit]

Upon entering the memorial halls, this English text is inscribed:

Inscribed on this memorial is the names of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces Soldiers and Policemen killed in the Armed Forces Activation, Korean War, Vietnam War and Counter Infiltration Operation and the United Nations Forces Soldiers killed in the Korean War.

Outdoor display area[edit]

Items on display include:

Aircraft:

Ground equipment:

Vessels:

  • Replica of the PKM-357 patrol boat sunken during the Second Battle of Yeonpyeong
  • North Korean semi-submersible captured near Dadawpo, Busan on 3 December 1983

Public transportation[edit]

Seoul Metro Line 6.svg Samgakji Station exit 11 or 12

Seoul Metro Line 4.svg Samgakji Station exit 1

Seoul Metro Line 1.svg Namyeong Station exit 1

News release about War Memorial of Korea[edit]

  • More than half of Koreans believe that the Korean peninsula should have nuclear weapons for its own defense through the photos of nuclear weapons on the Korean peninsula displayed at the war memorial. [2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CNN Go Seoul's best museums 27 October 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-04
  2. ^ http://www.rfa.org/korean/in_focus/nk_nuclear_talks/ne-my-09082017090123.html language = korean

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°32′11″N 126°58′38″E / 37.5365°N 126.9771°E / 37.5365; 126.9771