War Memorial of Korea

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The War Memorial of Korea
Korean name
Hangul 전쟁기념관
Hanja 戰爭紀念館
Revised Romanization Jeonjaeng ginyeomgwan
McCune–Reischauer Chŏnjaeng kinyŏmgwan
War Memorial of Korea main building.JPG
Established December 1993 (1993-12)
Location Itaewon-ro, Yongsan-dong, Seoul, South Korea
Type War memorial and museum
Collection size 13,000 items
20,000 m2 (220,000 sq ft)
Director Sun Young-Jae
Website The War Memorial of Korea

The War Memorial of Korea is located in Yongsan-dong, Yongsan-gu, Seoul, South Korea. It opened in 1994 on the former site of the army headquarters to exhibit and memorialize the military history of Korea. It was built for the purpose of preventing war through lessons from the Korean War and for the hoped for peaceful reunification of North and South Korea. The memorial building has six indoor exhibition rooms and an outdoor exhibition centre displaying war memorabilia and military equipment.[1]

History[edit]

Outdoor exhibition area

The War Memorial was built to commemorate actors and victims in the wars which led to the modern nation state. The museum also has the purpose of educating future generations by collecting, preserving, and exhibiting various historical relics and records related to the many wars fought in the country from a South Korean perspective.

Construction[edit]

The construction of the War Memorial of Korea was completed in December 1993. The project was carried out in consultation with military experts while collecting a wide range of exhibition items at home and abroad. Upon the completion of the interior, the memorial opened officially on June 10, 1994, and became the largest landmark of its kind in the world.[citation needed]

Surrounding area[edit]

Entrance of the war memorial and Statue of Brothers

Located on the old site of Army Headquarters, the War Memorial of Korea has four aboveground floors and two underground floors in the main building, which stands on an area of about 20,000 m2 (220,000 sq ft). On the grounds around the memorial, there are loudspeakers that broadcast patriotic messages.

In cloistered left and right galleries, flanking the facade of the main building, are rows of black marble monuments inscribed with the names of those who died during the Korean War, Vietnam War, clashes with North Korea since the Korean War and of policemen who died on duty. The plaza in the museum compound has an artificial waterfall, and around it are widespread rest areas so that visitors can picnic while enjoying the pleasant landscape. In the center of the plaza stands the Statue of Brothers, the elder a South Korean soldier and the younger a North Korean soldier, which symbolizes the situation of Korea's division.

Public transportation[edit]

Seoul Metro Line 6.svg Samgakji Station exit 12

Seoul Metro Line 4.svg Samgakji Station exit 12

Exhibition areas[edit]

An exhibition hall

13,000 items are displayed in six halls under different themes: Memorial Hall, War History, Korean War, Expeditionary Forces, ROK Armed Forces, and Large Equipment, plus the outside exhibition area. There are weapons and equipment from prehistoric times to the modern period as well as paintings of battlefields and sculptures of notable warriors and of An Jung-geun, who assassinated a former Resident-General in Manchuria in 1909. About 100 large weapons are displayed in the outside exhibition area on the lawns around the building.

Memorial Hall[edit]

Upon entering the memorial halls, this English text is inscribed:

Inscribed on this memorial is the names of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces Soldiers and Policemen killed in the Armed Forces Activation, Korean War, Vietnam War and Counter Infiltration Operation and the United Nations Forces Soldiers killed in the Korean War.

Indoor displays[edit]

Objects on display inside include:

Outdoor display area[edit]

Items on display include:

Fixed-wing aircraft:

Helicopters

  • Bell AH-1J “International Cobra” 29066, one of eight TOW-capable AH-1J sold to the ROK Army in 1978.
  • Bell UH-1B Iroquois 62-12542 formerly served as a helicopter gunship with the U.S. Navy’s HA(L)-3 Seawolves in the Vietnam War before being transferred to the South Korea air force.
  • Sikorsky H-5H Dragonfly 49-2007. Built 1949 under a USAF contract. For November 1960 to May 1960, it served with the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as N6591D before being donated to the USAF Museum and eventually loaned to the War Memorial of Korea.
  • Sikorsky HH-19B Chickasaw 53-4425. Delivered to the USAF as a H-19B on September 2, 1954. Served in the USAF as a troop carrier and was eventually modifiedfor air-sea rescue work and re-designated SH-19B (in 1962, all SH-19Bs were re-designated as HH-19Bs). Eventually sent to the ROKAF in 1964.[10]
  • Aerospatiale SA319B Alouette III 770301, formerly of the ROK Navy. This aircraft sank a DPRK infiltration craft disguised as a fishing vessel with AS.11 missiles on 13 August 1983, killing 5 North Korean servicemen. This helicopter is painted with a kill marking commemorating the event.

Tanks and IFVs:

Artillery and AA Guns:

ZiS-3 76mm divisional gun

Missiles:

Vessels:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CNN Go Seoul's best museums Archived 2012-09-28 at the Wayback Machine. 27 October 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-04
  2. ^ AMARC Experience - TC-46D "44-78541" [1] Retrieved 2018-06-13
  3. ^ AMARC Experience - Fairchild C-123J Provider "56-4389" [2] Retrieved 2018-06-14
  4. ^ Warbirds Resource Group - "Grumman S2F (S-2) Tracker"[3] Retrieved 2018-06-13
  5. ^ Airframe Dossier [4] Retrieved 2018-06-14
  6. ^ Warbirds Resource Group - "North American F-86A, E, F, H Sabre day-fighter series" [5] Retrieved 2018-06-13
  7. ^ Warbirds Resource Group - "North American F-86D/K/L Sabre" [6] Retrieved 2018-06-13
  8. ^ Warbirds Resource Group - "Northrop F-5 Freedom Fighter" [7] Retrieved 2018-06-13
  9. ^ Warbirds Resource Group - "McDonnell (MDD) F-4 Phantom II series (land-based variants only)" [8]
  10. ^ [9] Retrieved 2018-06-14

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°32′11″N 126°58′38″E / 37.5365°N 126.9771°E / 37.5365; 126.9771