War and Peace is a novel by the Russian author Leo Tolstoy, published serially in its entirety in 1869. It is regarded as one of Tolstoy's finest literary achievements; the novel chronicles the French invasion of Russia and the impact of the Napoleonic era on Tsarist society through the stories of five Russian aristocratic families. Portions of an earlier version, titled The Year 1805, were serialized in The Russian Messenger from 1865 to 1867 published in its entirety in 1869. Tolstoy said War and Peace is "not a novel less is it a poem, still less a historical chronicle." Large sections the chapters, are philosophical discussion rather than narrative. Tolstoy said that the best Russian literature does not conform to standards and hence hesitated to call War and Peace a novel. Instead, he regarded Anna Karenina as his first true novel. Tolstoy began writing War and Peace in 1863, the year that he married and settled down at his country estate; the first half of the book was written under the name "1805".
During the writing of the second half, he read and acknowledged Schopenhauer as one of his main inspirations. Tolstoy wrote in a letter to Afanasy Fet that what he has written in War and Peace is said by Schopenhauer in The World as Will and Representation. However, Tolstoy approaches "it from the other side."The first draft of the novel was completed in 1863. In 1865, the periodical Russkiy Vestnik published the first part of this draft under the title 1805 and published more the following year. Tolstoy was dissatisfied with this version, although he allowed several parts of it to be published with a different ending in 1867, he rewrote the entire novel between 1866 and 1869. Tolstoy's wife, Sophia Tolstaya, copied as many as seven separate complete manuscripts before Tolstoy considered it again ready for publication; the version, published in Russkiy Vestnik had a different ending from the version published under the title War and Peace in 1869. Russians who had read the serialized version were eager to buy the complete novel, it sold out immediately.
The novel was translated immediately after publication into many other languages. It is unknown why Tolstoy changed the name to Peace, he may have borrowed the title from the 1861 work of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon: La Guerre et la Paix. The title may be another reference to Titus, described as being a master of "war and peace" in The Twelve Caesars, written by Suetonius in 119; the completed novel was called Voyna i mir. The 1805 manuscript was re-edited and annotated in Russia in 1893 and since has been translated into English, French, Dutch, Finnish, Albanian and Czech. Tolstoy was instrumental in bringing a new kind of consciousness to the novel, his narrative structure is noted for its god's eye point of view over and within events, but in the way it swiftly and seamlessly portrayed a particular character's point of view. His use of visual detail is comparable to cinema, using literary techniques that resemble panning, wide shots and close-ups; these devices, while not exclusive to Tolstoy, are part of the new style of the novel that arose in the mid-19th century and of which Tolstoy proved himself a master.
The standard Russian text of War and Peace is divided into an epilogue in two parts. The first half is concerned with the fictional characters, whereas the latter parts, as well as the second part of the epilogue consist of essays about the nature of war, power and historiography. Tolstoy interspersed these essays into the story in a way. Certain abridged versions remove these essays while others, published during Tolstoy's life moved these essays into an appendix; the novel is set 60 years before Tolstoy's day, but he had spoken with people who lived through the 1812 French invasion of Russia. He read all the standard histories available in Russian and French about the Napoleonic Wars and had read letters, journals and biographies of Napoleon and other key players of that era. There are 160 real persons named or referred to in War and Peace, he worked from primary source materials, as well as from history books, philosophy texts and other historical novels. Tolstoy used a great deal of his own experience in the Crimean War to bring vivid detail and first-hand accounts of how the Imperial Russian Army was structured.
Tolstoy was critical of standard history military history, in War and Peace. He explains at the start of the novel's third volume his own views on how history ought to be written, his aim was to blur the line between fiction and history, to get closer to the truth, as he states in Volume II. Although the book is in Russian, significant portions of dialogue are in French, it has been suggested that the use of French is a deliberate literary device, to portray artifice while Russian emerges as a language of sincerity and seriousness. It could, however simply represent another element of the realistic style in which the book is written, since French was the common language of the Russian aristocracy at the time. In fact, the Russian nobility knew only enough Russian to command their servants; the us
Conner High School is a 9-12 grade public school located in Hebron, Kentucky. Conner is part of a larger campus that includes Goodridge Elementary; the Boone County Area Technology Center sits on the same campus. Conner is accredited by the Commission of Secondary Schools of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools and by the State of Kentucky; the school is named after the Conner family of Hebron, who donated the land due to overcrowding in nearby Boone County High School, located in Florence, Ky. Construction problems delayed its opening, school started with two classes and two teachers in one classroom at Conner Junior High School. Since the athletic facilities were not finished and basketball games were played at Boone County High School. Conner High School opened its doors for the first time on October 15, 1970 with less than 600 students in grades 10 - 12. Paul Hogan was selected to be the principal, Hilliard Collins the Assistant Principal, Don Bornhorst was the guidance counselor and Carlton Anderson was the athletic director.
Jerry Risch served as Bill Warfield as the head basketball coach. The athletic season highlight for that year was winning the 33rd district basketball tournament. Among the members of the first coaching staff was Wayne Badida, who continues to direct a fine wrestling program. Since those 136 students graduated in the first class of 1971, over 6000 student have gone through the graduation ceremonies; these graduates have made their mark in society. Many have continued their education in the finest universities in the nation. Conner alumni represent a wide range of occupations. Today, with an enrollment over 1300, a comprehensive accredited high school curriculum, extra curricular and athletic programs are offered; the faculty has one of the highest percentages of advanced degrees of any high school in the entire Northern Kentucky/Greater Cincinnati area. Throughout the 2010-2011 school year, Conner High School was updated; the change included remodeled bathrooms, new flooring, new science classrooms, a new library.
Every classroom in the school was outfitted with new projectors, Motion-Activated Lights, classroom speakers. Conner High School is active in a variety of women's athletics. Conner High School is home to several different performing arts programs, most notably its music program which encompasses string orchestral music performance, vocal music performance, marching band, color guard, jazz band, percussion ensemble, pep band. Jason Johnson - MLB pitcher Pat O'Brien - Lead Guitarist of top selling American Death Metal band, Cannibal Corpse Boone County Schools Conner Middle School Conner High School Boone County Schools
Diana Sarfati is a New Zealand public health physician and epidemiology academic. Sarfati's 2004 PhD thesis from the University of Otago was titled'Developing new comorbidity indices for cancer populations using administrative data'. Sarfati has had projects funded by both the New Zealand Government, her work on ethnic drivers of different outcomes has attracted media attention in relation to Māori. Scott, Kate M. Martin I. Tobias, Diana Sarfati, Stephen J. Haslett. "SF‐36 health survey reliability and norms for New Zealand." Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 23, no. 4: 401–406. Sarfati, Tony Blakely, Neil Pearce. "Measuring cancer survival in populations: relative survival vs cancer-specific survival." International Journal of Epidemiology 39, no. 2: 598–610. Hill, Diana Sarfati, Tony Blakely, Bridget Robson, Gordon Purdie, Jarvis Chen, Elizabeth Dennett et al. "Survival disparities in Indigenous and non-Indigenous New Zealanders with colon cancer: the role of patient comorbidity and health service factors."
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 64, no. 2: 117–123. Sarfati, Sarah Hill, Tony Blakely, Bridget Robson, Gordon Purdie, Elizabeth Dennett, Donna Cormack, Kevin Dew. "The effect of comorbidity on the use of adjuvant chemotherapy and survival from colon cancer: a retrospective cohort study." BMC Cancer 9, no. 1: 116. Scott, Kate M. Diana Sarfati, Martin I. Tobias, Stephen J. Haslett. "A challenge to the cross-cultural validity of the SF-36 health survey: Factor structure in Māori and New Zealand European ethnic groups." Social Science & Medicine 51, no. 11: 1655–1664. Diana Sarfati on Twitter Diana Sarfati publications indexed by Google Scholar Publications by Diana Sarfati, at ResearchGate institutional homepage
Fastnet Rock is an Australian Thoroughbred racehorse stallion. Sired by Danehill to dam Piccadilly Circus, he started his racing career in 2004. Though he did not win any races as a two-year-old, he ran third in the Group One AJC Sires Produce Stakes, he found great success after turning three years old. After being unplaced in the Caulfield Guineas, he proved himself as one of the top Australian sprinters by winning the Group 1 Lightning Stakes and Oakleigh Plate in February 2005. Trainer Paul Perry wished Fastnet Rock to repeat the successful English campaign by Choisir, trained by Perry, in 2003. After he ran second in the T J Smith Stakes in March 2005, Fastnet Rock was sent to the United Kingdom to prepare for the Group 1 Golden Jubilee Stakes and July Cup, he suffered from travel sickness and was unable to run in any race in the UK and was retired to stud. Fastnet Rock began his career at stud in 2005 standing at Coolmore Stud Australia in the Hunter Region of New South Wales. In 2007 he covered 257 mares, second only behind Bel Esprit.
In 2008 Fastnet Rock covered 248 mares at a fee of $82,500. In 2012 his fee was increased to $220,000 making him the most expensive stallion standing at stud in Australia. In 2013 Fastnet Rock's fee rose again to $275,000 which made him $100,000 dearer than the second most expensive stallion in Australia, Redoute's Choice. Fastnet Rock has sired 17 individual Group 1 winning horses including multiple Group 1 winners Mosheen, Sea Siren and Atlantic Jewel. Other notable Stakes winners include Smart Missile, Cluster, Bull Point, Albany Reunion and Hvasstan, it has 115th stakes winner as at 14 May 2017. Fastnet Rock's service fee: Fastnet Rock has sired 38 individual Group 1 winners: c = colt, f = filly, g = gelding Fastnet Rock is inbred 3 × 4 to Northern Dancer List of millionaire racehorses in Australia Leading sire in Australia Coolmore Australia Stallion Profile
Erik Stefan Lindfors, known as Stefan Lindfors is a Finnish industrial designer, interior designer, film-maker and sculptor. He attended high school at the Åbo Cathedral School in Turku in 1982, went on to study design at the University of Art and Design Helsinki, completing his studies in 1988. Lindfors first achieved public and critical attention with his lamp “Scaragoo”, first unveiled at the Milan Furniture Fair in 1988, manufactured by the company Ingo Maurer in Munich, he has designed objects for the Finnish design manufacturers Arabia, Iittala and Martela. In addition to design, Lindfors has made short films, TV programmes and pop videos. Lindfors has been a teacher and guest professor in a number of design schools, including University of Art and Design Helsinki. In 1993 Lindfors took on the commission to create a new design education programme at the Kansas City Art Institute, Missouri, USA. Among the many awards Lindfors has received are the Väinö Tanner Trailblazer Award, the Milan Triennale Medal of Honour, The Georg Jensen Prize, Association of Finnish Interior Architects: Best Interior, The Chicago Athenaeum Good Design Award, Design Plus Frankfurt, the Tokyo Design Award.
Lindfors web site
Hilary Little is Professor of Addiction Science at St George's, University of London and the Institute of Psychiatry. Little's research has a focus on alcohol dependence including pharmacological treatments, influence of stress in alcohol dependence and the effects of chronic alcohol consumption on memory. Little is a member of the British Pharmacological Society, the British Association for Psychopharmacology and the Research Society on Alcoholism and a reviewing editor of the Addition Biology journal. Diana, Mark Brodie, Annalisa Muntoni, Maria C. Puddu, Giuliano Pillolla, Scott Steffensen, Saturnino Spiga, Hilary J. Little. "Enduring effects of chronic ethanol in the CNS: basis for alcoholism." Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 27, no. 2: 354–361. Doi:10.1097/01. ALC.0000057121.36127.19 Little, Hilary J. "Behavioral mechanisms underlying the link between smoking and drinking." Alcohol Research & Health. Little, Hilary J. "The contribution of electrophysiology to knowledge of the acute and chronic effects of ethanol."
Pharmacology & Therapeutics 84, no. 3: 333–353. Doi:10.1016/S0163-725800040-6