Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne is the expansion pack for Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos, a real-time strategy video game by Blizzard Entertainment. It was released worldwide on July 1, 2003 for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X; the Frozen Throne builds upon the story of Reign of Chaos and depicts the events after the main game's conclusion. The single-player unfolds from the perspective of two new protagonists—the Night Elf warden Maiev Shadowsong and the Blood Elf prince Kael'Thas—as well as returning protagonist Arthas Menethil. Additionally, the expansion contains Act I of a separate Orc campaign, independent from the main storyline with Blizzard releasing Acts II and III via patch in December 2003, taking in player feedback of Act I when developing these chapters; the expansion adds new units and heroes for each faction, two new auxiliary races, five neutral heroes as well as a number of tweaks to the gameplay and balancing. Sea units were reintroduced. Battle.net-powered multiplayer was expanded by the addition of clans, automated tournaments and new maps and custom scenarios.
Development began in October 2002, shortly after the release of the main game and the expansion was announced on January 22, 2003. Public beta tests allowed 20,000 players in two waves to try the new features. Support continues after release, with Blizzard adding new content and balancing changes as well as support for newer hardware; the Frozen Throne received favorable reviews from critics. Most reviewers praised the mission design of the single-player campaign for positively deviating from the standard real-time strategy game formula; the design and audio of the new units was considered fitting, though a few critics bemoaned the graphics and some of the voice-acting. By August 15, 2003, it had sold more than one million copies. Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne is a real-time strategy video game that puts players in control of a group of units and buildings in order to achieve a variety of goals; the expansion fine-tunes the gameplay of the main game rather than changing it. The food limit and the upkeep requirements, which dealt a penalty on resource gain when too many units were active at the same time, have both been increased leading to the ability to mobilize somewhat larger and more powerful forces.
The cost of buildings has been decreased as well. The weapon and armor type system has been revamped and a lot of units have had their weapon or armor types changed, the weapon types are effective and ineffective against different armor types compared to Reign of Chaos. Changes to building costs and the addition of new early-game defensive structures serve to deter early-game tactics that relied on rushing the enemy with hero units. In addition to treasure items found in the main game, enemies now will leave "runes" upon defeat that can be used to replenish health or mana. In addition, The Frozen Throne re-introduces naval battles, which were featured in Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness and its expansion, but completely absent in Warcraft III. For each faction, The Frozen Throne adds several new units and buildings, including a player-controlled shop, one new hero, a kind of powerful unit which each can only be recruited once, per faction. To complement the new shop, normal units can be upgraded to carry items.
Two new Factions, the Naga and Draenei, have been added. The Naga feature in all four campaigns and have their own production and defense buildings as well as unique units with separate skills. While enemies in some single-player missions, players can control them in others; the Draenei on the other hand are found only in one of the campaigns and are classified by Blizzard as creeps, i.e. neutral units that attack all parties equally. The expansion added five neutral hero units, some of which appear in the single player campaigns. Neutral heroes can be used in melee maps via the Tavern, a neutral building used to hire them; the tavern can instantly revive any fallen hero, with an increased resource cost, reduced health and mana of the revived hero. The single player missions have been given more varied objectives, ranging from controlling multiple armies at the same time to forcing players to make do with only a limited number of units. Unlike in previous Warcraft games, Blizzard did not include the Orcs in the main campaign.
According to level designer Tim Campbell, the company failed to come up with a plausible story-based reason why orcs should appear in the main story line. Blizzard instead decided to create a more RPG-driven campaign that focuses on controlling one or multiple heroes on a network of interlinked maps; as such, base building, resource gathering and unit training are absent from most of the campaign while heroes can be leveled up past the normal 10-level limit. The orc campaign contains 40 items created for it. Both campaigns combined add 40 hours of new gameplay; when playing against the computer on a custom map, players can now select a difficulty level for the computer opponent. The multiplayer aspect was expanded upon with the implementation of clans and automated tournaments that include a strict 30-minute time limit, it added the ability to chat with others while waiting for a game. The expansion includes 62 new multiplayer maps and custom scenarios based on popular mods and allows up to twelve players at the same time.
If an ally leaves the game, their resources are now shown in a separate window and can be transferred. The Frozen Throne includes an improved version of the World Editor program that can be used to create custom maps and scenarios to play against the computer or other players; the improved World
Petr Kopfstein is a Czech aerobatic pilot, representing the Czech Republic in flying aerobatics in an Unlimited category, most a racer in the Master Class category of the Red Bull Air Race. He is the first winner of the Red Bull Air Race Challenger Cup. After his victory of the whole Challenger Cup in 2014, there were rumors about him moving to Masters. Péter Besenyei and Paul Bonhomme departed from the series. In 2014, Petr Kopfstein won the Czech National Championship in the Unlimited category, beating his mate and aerobatic colleague Martin Šonka, he flew an Extra 300SC. In 2015, Petr Kopfstein participated again in the Red Bull Air Race Challenger Cup, taking 4th place at the end of the series. All in all, he grabbed 28 points in total, for a three-way tie for 1st place in the point-based ranking. On 19 January 2016, it was confirmed by the RBAR Management that Petr will move to the main "Masters" category for the 2016 season, together with Peter Podlunsek of Slovenia. Red Bull Air Race Legend: * CAN: Cancelled * DNP: Did not take part * DNS: Did not start * DSQ: Disqualified * SCO: Safety Climb-Out Flying Aerobatics 2015 - 4th place Red Bull Air Race Challenger Cup, 13th place WAC Châteauroux France, 2nd place Czech National Championships in Unlimited Aerobatics, 1st place in the international competition "Karlovarský pohár" in Unlimited 2014 - 1st place Red Bull Air Race Challenger Cup, 1st place Czech National Championships in Unlimited Aerobatics, 16th place EAC Hungary 2013 - 14th place WAC Texas, USA, 2nd place Czech National Championships in Unlimited Aerobatics 2012 - 1st place in the international competition "Karlovarský pohár" in Advanced, 5th place in one-day aerobatic race Aerobatic Freestyle Challenge, Prague "Kopfstein and Podlunšek join 2016 Master Class".
Red Bull Air Race. 2016-01-19. Retrieved 2017-02-26. Petr Kopfstein on Facebook Petr Kopfstein on Instagram "Kopfstein míří se Slovincem Podlunšekem do Master Class Red Bull Air Race". Aeroweb.cz. Retrieved 2017-02-26. "Změna pravidel stála pilota Kopfsteina obhajobu v Air Race". Sport.idnes.cz. Retrieved 2017-02-26. "Šonka už nebude v Air Race jediný Čech. Do série přichází i Kopfstein". Sport.idnes.cz. Retrieved 2017-02-26
Takayuki Murakami is a Japanese batting coach for the Chunichi Dragons in Japan's Nippon Professional Baseball. As a player he spent 16 years with the Osaka Kintetsu Buffaloes and 1 year with the Saitama Seibu Lions, he managed the 06 Bulls, leading them to become champions of Hyogo in the Kansai independent league in 2015. Billed as a power hitting short-stop, Murakami played for the Osaka Kintetsu Buffaloes for the majority of his 17-year professional career, he was drafted out of high school by the Buffaloes at the 1983 NPB Draft in the first round. He has management experience working with the Osaka Golden Villicanes and the 06BULLS in the Baseball First League of the Kansai region where he led them to victory in the pennant race. On 29 October 2018, Murakami was announced to be joining the coaching team of newly appointed Chunichi Dragons manager, Tsuyoshi Yoda, taking up a post as first-team hitting instructor. Murakami is an amateur golfer and has played alongside former Hanshin Tigers player and manager, Akinobu Mayumi.
Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference
Lenapah is a town in north central Nowata County, United States, eleven miles north of Nowata and sixty two miles northeast of Tulsa. Its name is an adaptation of the name of a Delaware Tribe of Indians tribe; the population was 293 at a 1.7 percent decrease from 298 at the 2000 census. The town is an agricultural community; the Kansas and Arkansas Valley Railway, now part of the Missouri Pacific system, established a depot at Lenapah in 1889, a post office opened in the following year. There were 154 residents in the 1900 census, 331 at statehood in 1907; the highest population was 434 at the 1920 census. Oil and natural gas were discovered nearby after the start of the 20th Century. Although this activity did not contribute much to the town's growth, it resulted in piping gas to Lenapah's homes and businesses. Lenapah is located at 36°51′6″N 95°38′12″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.4 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 298 people, 109 households, 81 families residing in the town.
The population density was 770.5 people per square mile. There were 139 housing units at an average density of 359.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 66.78% White, 7.72% African American, 16.78% Native American, 1.01% from other races, 7.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.34% of the population. There were 109 households out of which 40.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.8% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.12. In the town, the population was spread out with 31.9% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $29,688, the median income for a family was $35,357. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $22,000 for females; the per capita income for the town was $14,087. About 14.5% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under the age of eighteen and 22.0% of those sixty five or over. Al Downing, musician Chris Penn, football player Howard "Shoat" Webster, Champion Rodeo Cowboy Fred Lowry, Champion Rodeo Cowboy Buck Rutherford, Champion Rodeo Cowboy
Jack D. Kuehler was an American electrical engineer who devoted the majority of his career at IBM, where he was the firm's highest ranking technologist, serving as president and vice chairman of the company. Kuehler was born in Grand Island, Nebraska in 1932, he studied mechanical engineering at Santa Clara University and earned a master's degree in electrical engineering from the school. Kuehler started at IBM in 1958 as an associate engineer working at the company's San Jose Research Laboratory in 1958. After advancing through various technical and managerial positions, he was appointed as director of the Raleigh Communications Laboratory in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina in 1968, as named as director of the San Jose and Menlo Park development laboratories in 1970, he was chosen to serve as senior vice president in May 1982, was appointed as vice chairman of the board and a member of the executive committee in January 1988 with responsibility for corporate manufacturing and systems and programming staffs.
In May 1989, Kuehler became IBM President. Kuehler's promotion was unusual since most IBM presidents came from sales instead of engineering, being two years older than Akers he was unlikely to succeed him as CEO, therefore the title was seen as an acknowledgement of Kuehler's long service to the company as there was no reporting changes. Kuehler played a key role in IBM's investment in Intel, aimed at helping that company survive against Japanese competitors and later formed a partnership with Hitachi a company, one of IBM's fiercest competitors, he played a key role in the formation of Sematech in 1987, an industry-wide initiative sponsored by the United States government aimed at revitalizing the American semiconductor chip industry. Shifting IBM from its longstanding reliance on the mainframe computer, Kuehler dealt with the rise of the microprocessor-based personal computer, through IBM's development of the IBM Personal Computer based on an open standard that relied on Intel processors and operating system software from Microsoft.
He was instrumental in an investment that IBM made in the chip maker Intel when that company was struggling because of the rise of Japanese memory chip manufacturers. He led IBM into a partnership with Hitachi, once one of its most tenacious rivals, he played a central role in the creation of Sematech, an industry-government alliance created in 1987 to help save the American semiconductor industry. Kuehler helped create a partnership between IBM, Apple Inc. and Motorola that became known as the AIM alliance to challenge the dominating positions that Microsoft and Intel had in the personal computing business. Kuehler sought to expand the demand for its Reduced instruction set computer architecture, designed to achieve higher performance by running a smaller set of commands. Kuehler called Michael Spindler, president of Apple Computer, who bought into the approach for a design that could challenge the Wintel-based PC. By combining the advantages of IBM's hardware expertise and Apple's software advances, the goal was to create a competitor for the desktop market.
This partnership created the PowerPC microprocessor that powered Apple's computers from 1994 to 2006. Kuehler was a trustee of Santa Clara University and donated $1 million to the college's engineering school in 2005. Kuehler died at age 76 on December 20, 2008 in Rancho Santa Fe, California of complications related to Parkinson's disease. Tributes
David Di Michele is an Italian football manager and former player in the role of striker, most in charge as head coach of Lega Pro club Lupa Roma. He played six matches for the Italy national football team from 2005 to 2006. Di Michele, whose mother is from Casarano, began his career with Lodigiani in the Italian Serie C1 near to his hometown Guidonia Montecelio, played for them from 1993 to 1996, he was transferred to Foggia Calcio in the Italian Serie B. He had a short stint in Foggia. With Salernitana, he made his Serie A debut, however the following year Salernitana were relegated to Serie B. After two seasons with Salernitana in Serie B, he was transferred to Udinese on an undisclosed fee for the 2001–02 season. After the 2001–02 season with Udinese, he played two seasons with Reggina, only to be transferred back to Udinese in 2004–05. In the 2005–06 season, he played half a season with Udinese and took part in the UEFA Champions League. In a 2004–05 Coppa Italia match against Lecce, he scored two goals, before replacing keeper Samir Handanović in goal, after the latter was sent off.
He stopped a key penalty in the final minutes of the game to ensure a 5–4 victory for Udinese. Halfway through the 2005–06 season Di Michele's contract was sold to Palermo for €5.35 million, with Simone Pepe, Salvatore Masiello and Nicola Santoni moving to oppose direction in co-ownership deals. He made his debut for Palermo in a Serie A home match against Parma, in which he scored two goals in a 4–2 win. In his 2005 -- 06 season, Di Michele played. In March 2007, Di Michele was found guilty of illegal betting and received a three-month ban from Serie A, he received a $27,000 fine. Betting was not illegal for Italian players until November 2005, but Di Michele, along with three others, placed bets through an illegal bookmaker. However, he was allowed to play in friendlies, to take part in training, so he was able to retain match fitness. On 5 July 2007 Palermo announced they had sold him to Torino, for €3.5 million He signed a four-year contract. On 31 July FIGC announced, he made 25 appearances with the granata.
On 2 September 2008, Di Michele was loaned to West Ham United, with an option for the English club to make the deal permanent. He made his debut for West Ham in the 3–2 defeat to West Bromwich Albion on 13 September 2008, coming on as a substitute for the injured Dean Ashton. In his second game for West Ham, on 20 September 2008, he scored his first goals in English football, for West Ham, in the 3–1 home win against Newcastle United However, at the end of the season manager Gianfranco Zola did not take up the option of making the deal permanent. During 2009–10 season, Ultras of Torino attacked the players during Di Michele's birthday party. After the incident the players involved: Di Michele, Massimo Loviso, Riccardo Colombo, Aimo Diana, Marco Pisano, Francesco Pratali, Paolo Zanetti were transferred to other clubs and only Rolando Bianchi, Matteo Rubin and Angelo Ogbonna were remained, he was signed by U. S. Lecce in January 2010. Having gained a place in the starting eleven, he was one of the decisive men in Lecce's successful Serie B campaign.
In his first season back in Serie A with Lecce, he scored 8 goals in 23 appearances. On 24 June 2011, he renewed his contract for one more year. In the 2011–12 Serie A season, he led the team with 11 goals scored in league play. However, at the end of the season Lecce were relegated back to Serie B after a 17th-place finish. On 13 July 2012, Di Michele was signed by A. C. ChievoVerona. In January 2013, Di Michele rescinded his contract with Chievo and was signed by his former club Reggina, eight years after leaving them, he joined the Serie B club to cover the loss of Fabio Ceravolo, who transferred to Ternana for €500,000. In 2015, he left Reggina to join newly promoted Lega Pro club Lupa Roma. At international level, Di Michele made six appearances for the Italy national football team between 2005 and 2006, he made his senior debut for Italy on 30 March 2005, at the age of 29, under coach Marcello Lippi, in a 0–0 friendly home draw against Iceland. He made his final appearance for Italy on 6 September 2006, under Roberto Donadoni, in a 3–1 away loss to France in a European qualifier.
Di Michele retired in December 2015 to switch to a non-playing staff role at his latest club Lupa Roma. On April 2016, he was named new joint head coach of the club, together with Angelo Quinzi, in place of Alessandro Cucciari, he was successively confirmed as head coach for the new season, but successively dismissed on October 2016 due to poor results. He was re-hired one month by a new club management who took over from former president Alberto Cerrai, he left the club by the end of the 2016–17 season after failing to save the team from relegation. IndividualCoppa Italia Top-scorer: 1999–2000 David Di Michele at Soccerbase AIC profile Lega Serie A profile FIGC profile