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The wardroom is the mess cabin or compartment for commissioned naval officers above the rank of midshipman. Although the term applies to officers in a navy, it is applicable to marine officers and coast guard officers in those nations that have such service branches; the mess compartment aboard a naval or coast guard vessel, on larger vessels, such as aircraft carriers of the U. S. Navy, there may be more than one wardroom, it may be used to refer to similar officer mess facilities at naval and coast guard installations ashore. The term the wardroom is used to refer to those individuals with the right to occupy that wardroom, meaning "the officers of the wardroom."The wardroom provides a place of recreation as well as being a dining room. A galley or scullery adjoins the wardroom. Service is provided by stewards, now known in some services as mess specialists or culinary specialists. On warships other than those of the U. S. Navy, there is a bar where alcoholic drinks can be purchased. Ships can be either "wet" or "dry": the former allowing the consumption of alcohol at sea, while the latter only allows alcohol when alongside at port, if at all.

Ships of the United States Navy have not allowed alcohol consumption onboard since 1913, although since 1980 unique, by exception, single-day waivers have been granted to vessels deployed in excess of 90 days without a port call. Wardrooms have rules governing etiquette. Traditionally considered taboo are three topics: politics and sex. On large ships in peacetime, talking about professional business is frowned upon, it is considered inappropriate to perform work or to meet with subordinates in a wardroom. Upon entering the wardroom at meal time, members ask permission from the most senior officer present before joining the table; the ship's executive officer is the mess president. On warships and coast guard vessels, the commanding officer is not a member of the wardroom, but is invited to join the members for special occasions

Brightest and Best

"Brightest and Best" is a Christian hymn written in 1811 by the Anglican bishop Reginald Heber to be sung at the feast of Epiphany. It appeared in Heber's widow's compilation of hymns entitled Hymns Written and Adapted to the Weekly Service of the Church Year in 1827, it can be sung to a number of tunes, including "Liebster Immanuel", "Morning Star" by James P. Harding, "Epiphany" by Joseph Thrupp, "Star in the East" by William Walker, it appears in The Lutheran Hymnal, appeared in the 1966 Methodist hymnal. It has been recorded by a number including Glen Campbell, Joanne Hogg and Kathy Mattea; the Kentucky traditional singer Jean Ritchie sang this and told of her childhood memory of her grandmother sitting by the fire and singing it to herself on Twelfth Night.

Macau Tower

Macau Tower Convention & Entertainment Centre known as Macau Tower, is a tower located in Sé, Macau. The tower measures 338 m in height from ground level to the highest point, its observation deck features views, theaters, shopping malls and the Skywalk X, a walking tour around the outer rim. It offers the best view of Macau and in recent years has been used for a variety of adventurous activities. At 233 metres, the Macau Tower's tethered "skyjump" and Bungee jump by AJ Hackett from the tower's outer rim, is the highest commercial skyjump in the world, the second highest commercial decelerator descent facility in the world, after Vegas' Stratosphere skyjump at 252 metres; the tower was created by the architecture firm of Moller Architects. The tower is one of the members of the World Federation of Great Towers. Besides being used for observation and entertainment, the tower is used for telecommunications and broadcasting, it and the Grand Lisboa hotel are the most recognizable landmarks in the Macau skyline.

On a visit to Auckland, New Zealand, Macau casino billionaire Stanley Ho Hung-Sun was so impressed by the Sky Tower in Auckland that he commissioned a similar one to be built in Macau. The tower was designed by New Zealand engineering firm Beca Group and Gordon Moller of Moller Architects for Sociedade de Turismo e Diversões de Macau. Construction work of the tower started in 1998, the tower was opened on December 19, 2001; the architect for the tower was Les Dykstra. The Tower has been used as a site for staged bungee jumping events, by professional jumpers or as part of entertainment shows. On December 17, 2006, the father of contemporary bungee jumping, A J Hackett, popular artist Edison Chen broke two Guinness World Records at the Macau Tower. A J Hackett, broke his own Guinness World Record of "The Highest Bungee Jump from a Building" achieved in 1987 from the Eiffel Tower. Edison Chen represented Macau Tower in the inaugural jump to bid for "The World's Highest Bungee Jump Facility". Jack Osbourne bungee-jumped off the tower as part of the third series of Jack Osbourne: Adrenaline Junkie.

Anthony Bourdain bungee-jumped from the top floor of the building in an episode of Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations. It was used on the Chinese variety show Up Idol for episode 1; the two team captains, Wang Han and Yuan Hong, with their members, were given a mission - sky relay - to be completed on the tower as short a time as possible. Yuan Hong's team won the game, Wang Han's team was given the punishment of bungee-jumping from the Tower; the jump was carried out by team members Xie Joe Chen. The Tower served as the venue of photoshoot of Episode 10, America's Next Top Model Cycle 18: British Invasion. In a 2018 Instagram post, contestant Annaliese Dayes revealed that during the photoshoot in the girls experienced “hail stones and gail force winds at 388 metres above the ground”, she revealed that the weather was so bad, that the tower was closed “to the public due to the treacherous weather”. It was featured in the third episode of An Idiot Abroad 3, with Karl Pilkington and Warwick Davis walking around the perimeter of one of the highest floors and Davis undertaking a controlled descent to the ground.

It was used on the South Korean variety show Running Man for episode 133. The cast and their guests, Lee Dong-wook and Han Hye-jin, were given three missions - sky jump, mast climb, sky walk - to be completed on the tower to acquire the three characters they needed to continue onto the next mission; the tower was the site of a "Roadblock" task in an episode of American version of The Amazing Race: All-Stars that aired on April 22, 2007, on CBS as well as a Roadblock on the The Amazing Race Canada 2 in 2014. The tower appeared in one Roadblock each on two episodes of The Amazing Race Asia 3. List of towers List of tallest freestanding structures in the world Sky Tower Official website Macau Tower at Structurae

Cadboro (1824 schooner)

Cadboro was a schooner launched at Rye in 1824. Cadboro first appeared in Lloyd's Register in 1824 with T. Rubie, master, C. Hicks and trade Leith coaster. In 1826 the Hudson's Bay Company purchased her for £800 for the fur trade from the Pacific Northwest Coast, she sailed to the Columbia River, arriving on the coast in May 1807. From there she sailed north, south to Monterrey. In 1842 James Douglas and six other company staff traveled from Fort Vancouver overland to Fort Nisqually on the Puget Sound. Cadboro sailed north to reconnoitre the location of what would become Fort Camosun, shortly afterwards renamed Fort Victoria. Cadboro was the first vessel to anchor in Cadboro Bay, British Columbia and was the namesake of that bay and the community named for it, adjoining Cadboro Point. In 1846, Cadboro was chartered to transport the survivors of the shipwreck of schooner USS Shark to California, she left in January and returned on 17 February 1847. In 1850 she was accused of transporting 10 deserters of the United States.

A few days Cadboro became the first HBC vessel to be seized US Customs for non-payment of duties for goods. She was seized by US authorities at Nisqually. Cadboro was sold in 1860 to a Captain Howard after being laid up in harbour since 1857, she was lost in October the same year, while on a lumber voyage from Puget Sound. The Captain beached the ship, but it was destroyed by the surf. Citations References Gaines, W. Craig Encyclopedia of Civil War Shipwrecks.. ISBN 978-0-8071-3274-6 Danda. Humphreys. Sailors and stargazers of early Victoria. Surrey, B. C.: Heritage House Pub. ISBN 9781459330535. OCLC 244770272.</ref>

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1980 TV series)

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is a Japanese anime series, directed by Hiroshi Saitô, broadcast in 1980. It is based on the popular novel The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain; the series was broadcast on the World Masterpiece Theater, an animation staple on Fuji TV, that each year showcased an animated version of a classical book or story of Western literature, was titled Tom Sawyer no Bōken. It was the second installment of the series, after Rascal the Raccoon in 1977, to feature the work of an American author; this series was dubbed into English by Saban International and broadcast on HBO in 1988 under the title The Adventures of Tom Sawyer at 7:30 am. It alternated with the World Masterpiece Theater version of Little Women. Celebrity Home Entertainment released videos in the United States under the title All New Adventures of Tom Sawyer. A different English dub of the series has been shown in Southeast Asia. In 1997, 2008, 2010 and 2014, it was shown on ABS-CBN. In 2015 and 2016, a digitally remastered version was shown on the ABS-CBN Digital TV subchannel Yey! in the Philippines.

In January 2011, the anime was shown in the United States in the original Japanese on the NHK's cable channel TV Japan. Tom Sawyer: Masako Nozawa in Japanese, Barbara Goodson in English dub. Sid Sawyer: Sumiko Shirakawa in Japanese, Brianne Siddall in English dub. Aunt Polly: Haru Endo Mary Sawyer: Kaoru Ozawa in Japanese, Melora Harte in English dub. Sally Phelps: Natsuko Kawaji Silas Phelps: Minoru Yada Penny Phelps: Yoshiko Matsuo Oscar Phelps: Kaneto Shiozawa in Japanese, Michael McConnohie in English dub. Huckleberry Finn: Kazuyo Aoki in Japanese, Wanda Nowicki in English dub Pap Finn: Toshiya Ueda Becky Thatcher: Keiko Han Judge Edward Thatcher: Ichiro Murakoshi Margaret & Jeff Thatcher: Yumi Nakatani Jim: Ikuo Nishikawa Amy Lawrence: Kaoru Kurosu, Sanae Takagi Ben Rogers: Mie Azuma, Atsuko Mine Alfred Temple: Masako Sugaya Billy Fisher: Naoki Tatsuta, Ikuo Nishikawa Muff Potter: Eken Mine in Japanese, Robert V. Barron in English dub. Dr. Robinson: Jun Hazumi Injun Joe: Eiji Kanie and Kenji Utsumi in Japanese, Tom Wyner in English dub.

Mr. Dobbins: Ichirō Nagai Joe Harper: Kazuhiko Inoue Sheriff Collins: Taimei Suzuki Widow Douglas: Keiko Kuge, Barbara Goodson in English dub. Dr. Michael Mitchell: Tadao Futami in Japanese, Michael Forest in English dub. Dr. Helmen: Mike Reynolds in English dub. Lisette Prosecutor: Richard Epcar in English dub. Peter Caesar English episode titles from the 1988 Saban dub are listed in parentheses. Awarded Best Film Award for TV by the Children's Cultural Affairs Agency, Government of Japan The Adventures of Tom Sawyer at Anime News Network's encyclopedia The Adventures of Tom Sawyer on IMDb The Adventures of Tom Sawyer Dani Cavallaro Anime and the Art of Adaptation: Eight Famous Works from Page to Screen. Jefferson, N. C. McFarland & Co. Hyoseak Choi Losing the War, Winning the Pooh: Ishii Momoko and the Construction of Contemporary Children's Literature in Postwar Japan

No-contest clause

A no-contest clause called an in terrorem clause, is a clause in a legal document, such as a contract or a will, designed to threaten someone with litigation or criminal prosecution, into acting, refraining from action, or ceasing to act. The phrase is used to refer to a clause in a will that threatens to disinherit a beneficiary of the will if that beneficiary challenges the terms of the will in court. Many states in the United States hold a no-contest clause in a will to be unenforceable, so long as the person challenging the will has probable cause to do so; the Uniform Probate Code §§ 2-517 and 3‑905 allow for no contest clauses so long as the person challenging the will doesn't have probable cause to do so. The full wording is: A provision in a will purporting to penalize an interested person for contesting the will or instituting other proceedings relating to the estate is unenforceable if probable cause exists for instituting proceedings; the UPC has been adopted in several smaller states, including Alaska, Idaho and New Mexico, but by Florida, one of the larger states in population.

Some states allow for "living probate" and "ante mortem" probate, which are statutory provisions which authorize testators to institute an adversary proceeding during their life to declare the validity of the will, in order to avoid will contests. In California, no-contest clauses are of limited effect, will divest a party that unsuccessfully contests a will containing such a clause only if the court determines that the party brought the action without probable cause. Probate Code §§ 21310–21315; these statutes, which comprise California's statutory scheme governing the enforceability of no-contest clauses, became effective January 1, 2010. As of that date, the predecessor statutes are repealed. In Florida no-contest clauses in wills are unenforceable, irrespective of probable cause, pursuant to statute. See Fla. Stat. 732.517 which states: A provision in a will purporting to penalize any interested person for contesting the will or instituting other proceedings relating to the estate is unenforceable.

Massachusetts General Laws allow for penalty-clause-for-contest language in wills. See M. G. L. Ch. 190B, Art. II, Sec. 2-517. A provision in a will purporting to penalize an interested person for contesting the will or instituting other proceedings relating to the estate is enforceable. Nevada law directs the court to enforce no-contest clauses; these statutes recognize that a beneficiary may, without penalty, seek enforcement of the will or trust, seek a judicial ruling as to the meaning of the will or trust. The statutes recognize an exception where legal action challenging the validity of the document is "instituted in good faith and based on probable cause that would have led a reasonable person, properly informed and advised, to conclude that there was a substantial likelihood that the trust or other trust-related instrument was invalid." New York has rejected the "probable cause" defense to enforcement of such clauses. Such clauses are given full effect upon challenge; some exceptions apply, e.g. election against the will by a minor, contest on ground of forgery or revocation by Will.

New York's estates and trusts law states: A condition, designed to prevent a disposition from taking effect in case the will is contested by the beneficiary, is operative despite the presence or absence of probable cause for such contest, subject to Texas allows for a no-contest clause to be challenged for just cause and provided the action to challenge was made in good faith. Oregon enforces no-contest clauses against losing parties when there was probable cause to contest the will