Glascock County, Georgia
Glascock County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,082, making it the fourth-least populous county in Georgia; the county seat is Gibson. The county was created on December 19, 1857; the county is named after Thomas Glascock, a soldier in the War of 1812, general in the First Seminole War and U. S. representative. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 144 square miles, of which 144 square miles is land and 0.7 square miles is water. It is the fourth-smallest county in Georgia by area; the vast majority of Glascock County is located in the Upper Ogeechee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin, with just the northeastern corner of the county, northeast of State Route 80, located in the Brier Creek sub-basin of the Savannah River basin. State Route 80 State Route 102 State Route 123 State Route 171 Warren County - north Jefferson County - southeast Hancock County - northwest Washington County - southwest As of the census of 2000, there were 2,556 people, 1,004 households, 715 families residing in the county.
The population density was 18 people per square mile. There were 1,192 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.61% White, 8.29% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.12% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races. 0.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,004 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.70% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, 18.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.50 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,743, the median income for a family was $36,629. Males had a median income of $32,896 versus $22,500 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,185. About 9.40% of families and 17.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.70% of those under age 18 and 38.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,082 people, 1,162 households, 804 families residing in the county; the population density was 21.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,519 housing units at an average density of 10.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 89.8% white, 8.2% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.6% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 41.7% were American, 6.4% were English, 6.1% were Irish, 5.4% were German.
Of the 1,162 households, 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.8% were non-families, 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.14. The median age was 39.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $37,149 and the median income for a family was $46,283. Males had a median income of $37,957 versus $26,953 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,844. About 13.0% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over. Edge Hill Gibson Mitchell Bastonville Agricola Central Savannah River Area National Register of Historic Places listings in Glascock County, Georgia The News and Farmer and Wadley Herald/ Jefferson Reporter, the county's weekly newspaper and the oldest weekly newspaper in Georgia Glascock County historical marker
Georgia State Route 17
State Route 17 is a 294-mile-long state highway that travels south-to-north through portions of Chatham, Screven, Burke, Warren, McDuffie, Elbert, Franklin, Habersham and Towns counties in the east-central and northeastern parts of the U. S. state of Georgia. The highway connects Interstate 16 in Bloomingdale to the North Carolina state line, northwest of Hiawassee, via Millen, Wrens, Washington, Royston, Toccoa and Hiawassee. SR 17 begins at exit 152 on the westernmost exit for I-16 in Chatham County. SR 17 travels north to Bloomingdale. After entering Effingham County, SR 17 departs US 80/SR 26, continues northwest, paralleling the Ogeechee River through rural parts of Effingham and Jenkins Counties before arriving in Millen. After a short concurrency with SR 23 and SR 67 in Millen, SR 17 continues west northwest, still parallel to the Ogeechee River, to Louisville. SR 17 travels concurrent with US 1/US 221/SR 4 from Louisville north to Wrens. In Wrens, SR 17 continues to the northwest to Thomson.
In Thomson, SR 17 travels concurrent with US 78/SR 10 north to Washington. Just north of Thomson is an interchange with I-20. In Washington, SR 17 intersects US 378, departs the concurrency with US 78/SR 10, before leaving the town. After traveling through Washington, SR 17 travels through the small town of Tignall as it continues into the mountains of northeast Georgia, first passing through Elberton, where it has a short concurrency with SR 72 Bowman, where it intersects SR 172, bypassing the main part of the city of Royston. In Canon, it intersects and begins to travel concurrent with SR 51. In Lavonia, SR 17 goes through downtown before becoming a divided highway as it has a partial cloverleaf interchange with I-85 just north of downtown Lavonia. Afterwards, the divided highway ends, SR 17 continues on its way through rural Stephens County before reaching the city of Toccoa. Southeast of Toccoa, the highway turns to a westerly direction, bypassing the city on another divided highway towards Clarkesville, traveling concurrent with US 123/SR 365 in the process.
Sometime after entering Habersham County, the highway departs northwest, with US 123 ending soon after and SR 365 heading southwest towards the cities of Gainesville and Atlanta. There is a concurrency with SR 115 somewhere around the Clarkesville area. Outside of Clarkesville, the highway continues northwest, traveling through the historic Nacoochee Valley. SR 17 begins a concurrency with SR 75; the highways travel north through the tourist town of Helen. The two highway continue north over Unicoi Gap descend into the Hiawassee River valley. East of the town of Hiawassee, the highways begin a concurrency with US 76/SR 2. In Hiawassee, SR 75 departs to the northeast. A few miles to the west, north-northeast of Young Harris, SR 17 departs US 76/SR 2, begins a short concurrency to the north with SR 515 until they both reach their northern terminus at the North Carolina state line; the road continues into North Carolina as North Carolina Highway 69. The following sections of SR 17 are included as part of the National Highway System, a system of roadways important to the nation's economy and mobility: From Louisville to a point southeast of Clarkesville The concurrency with US 76/SR 2 SR 17 was established at least as early as 1919 from SR 26 in Swainsboro to Warrenton.
It extended from SR 12 in Thomson, with no indication on the 1920 map as to whether it was concurrent with SR 12 between these segments to the South Carolina state line northeast of Toccoa. Between Royston and Toccoa, SR 17 took a more western path, through Canon and Carnesville, than it does today. At this time, an unnumbered road was built from Canon to Toccoa, on the current path of SR 17. SR 2 was built on an alignment from west-northwest of Clayton to west-southwest of Hiawassee. By the end of 1921, SR 17 was proposed to be extended southward through Lyons to Baxley; the Louisville–Gibson segment was shifted eastward to become the Louisville–Wrens segment. This new path was concurrent with SR 24. SR 17 traveled west from Wrens to Gibson and resumed its previous path. SR 17 was indicated to be concurrent with SR 12 between Thomson; the Canon–Carnesville segment was redesignated as part of SR 51. SR 17 was designated on the unnumbered road from Canon to Toccoa; the segment from Toccoa to the South Carolina state line was redesignated as part of SR 13.
An unnumbered road was built from Hiawassee to the North Carolina state line north of that city. By the end of 1926, US 1 was designated on the Swainsboro–Wrens segment, while US 78 was designated on the Thomson–Washington segment. SR 17, concurrent with SR 32, was built from Baxley to Lyons, was built on the Lyons–Swainsboro segment; the Emanuel County portion of the Swainsboro–Louisville segment, as well as the segment of SR 17 and SR 24 from Louisville to Wrens, was under construction. The Jefferson County portion of the Swainsboro–Louisville segment half of the Thomson–Washington segment, a segment just north of Washington, from just south of the Wilkes–Elbert county line to the Elbert–Hart county line, from the Franklin–Stephens county line to Toccoa, from west of Clayton to Hiawassee, had a "sand clay or top soil" surface; the segment in the vicinity of Washington, as well as a longer segment farther north of Washington, had a completed hard surface
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Jefferson County, Georgia
Jefferson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,930; the county seat is Louisville. The county was created on February 20, 1796 and named for Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 530 square miles, of which 526 square miles is land and 3.2 square miles is water. The small northern portion of Jefferson County, defined by a line running from Stapleton southeast and just south of State Route 80, is located in the Brier Creek sub-basin of the Savannah River basin; the entire rest of the county is located in the Upper Ogeechee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,930 people, 6,241 households, 4,407 families residing in the county; the population density was 32.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,298 housing units at an average density of 13.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 54.4% black or African American, 42.6% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 1.6% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 26.7% were American. Of the 6,241 households, 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 23.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families, 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.16. The median age was 38.8 years. The median income for a household in the county was $29,268 and the median income for a family was $36,980. Males had a median income of $36,284 versus $27,191 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,165. About 19.0% of families and 26.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.7% of those under age 18 and 24.8% of those age 65 or over. Avera Bartow Louisville Stapleton Wadley Wrens Bartow Matthews Central Savannah River Area National Register of Historic Places listings in Jefferson County, Georgia The Jefferson County Information Center Website The Friends of Historic Downtown Louisville Website The Fire House Gallery Website - Contemporary art in Jefferson County Videos about life in Jefferson County by Fire Team Productions A genealogy table for Jefferson County, Georgia <--Broken link, December 2015.
USA Today Q&A with Jefferson County High principal Molly Howard The News and Farmer and Wadley Herald/ Jefferson Reporter, the county's weekly newspaper and the oldest weekly in Georgia The Official Jefferson County Economic Development Website General Wood's Fort historical marker Old Savannah Road historical marker Old Town Plantation historical marker Rocky Comfort Creek historical marker Yazoo Fraud historical marker
For the Department of Energy facility, see Savannah River Site The Savannah River is a major river in the southeastern United States, forming most of the border between the states of South Carolina and Georgia. Two tributaries of the Savannah, the Tugaloo River and the Chattooga River, form the northernmost part of the border; the Savannah River drainage basin extends into the southeastern side of the Appalachian Mountains just inside North Carolina, bounded by the Eastern Continental Divide. The river is around 301 miles long, it is formed by the confluence of the Seneca River. Today this confluence is submerged beneath Lake Hartwell; the Tallulah Gorge is located on the Tallulah River, a tributary of the Tugaloo River that forms the northwest branch of the Savannah River. Two major cities are located along the Savannah River: Savannah, Augusta, Georgia, they were nuclei of early English settlements during the Colonial period of American history. The Savannah River is tidal at Savannah proper.
Downstream from there, the river broadens into an estuary before flowing into the Atlantic Ocean. The area where the river's estuary meets the ocean is known as "Tybee Roads"; the Intracoastal Waterway flows through a section of the Savannah River near the city of Savannah. The name "Savannah" comes from a group of Shawnee, they destroyed the Westo and occupied established Westo lands at the Savannah River's head of navigation on the Fall Line, near present-day Augusta. These Shawnee were called by several variant names that all derive from their native name, Ša·wano·ki; the local variants included Shawano, Savano and Savannah. Another theory is that the name was derived from the English term "savanna", a kind of tropical grassland, borrowed by the English from Spanish sabana and used in the colonial southeast; the Spanish word was borrowed from the Taino word zabana. Other theories interpret the name Savannah to come from Atlantic coastal tribes, who spoke Algonquian languages, as there are similar terms meaning not only "southerner" but "salt".
Historical and variant names of the Savannah River, as listed by the U. S. Geological Survey, include May River, Westobou River, Kosalu River, Isundiga River and Girande River, among others; the Westobou River was the former name of the Savannah River, derived from the Westo Native American Indians. The Westo were thought to have come from the northeast, pushed out by the more powerful tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy, who had acquired firearms through trade; this migration beginning in the late 16th century resulted in the Westo Indians reaching the present area of Augusta, Georgia, in what was to be the 1660s. The Westo used the river for fishing and water supplies, for transportation, for trade, they were strong enough to hold off the Spanish colonists making incursions from Florida. The Carolina Colony needed the Westo alliance during its early years; when Carolinians desired to expand its trade to Charleston, they viewed the Westo tribe as an obstacle. In order to remove the tribe, they sent a group called the Goose Creek Men to arm the Savanna Indians, a Shawnee tribe, who defeated the Westo in the Westo War of 1680.
Following this, the English colonists renamed the river as the Savannah. They founded two major cities on the river during the colonial era: Savannah was established in 1733 as a seaport on the Atlantic Ocean, Augusta is located where the river crosses the Fall Line of the Piedmont; the two large cities on the Savannah served as Georgia's first two state capitals. In the nineteenth century, the sandy river channel changed causing numerous steamboat accidents. During the American Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed a blockade around the Confederate states, forcing merchantmen to use specific ports along the coast best suited for this purpose; the harbor at Savannah became one of the busiest ports for blockade runners bringing in supplies for the Confederacy. The Savannah River was significant during the 1950s when construction started on the U. S. government's Savannah River Plant for making tritium for nuclear weapons. In 1956 Clyde L. Cowan and Frederick Reines detected neutrinos with an experiment carried out at the Savannah River Nuclear Plant, after a preliminary experiment at the Hanford Site.
They placed a 10-ton tank of water next to a powerful nuclear reactor engaged in making plutonium for use in nuclear weapons. After shielding the neutrino trap underground and running it for about 100 days over the course of a year, they detected a few synchronized flashes of gamma radiation that signaled the interaction of a few neutrinos with the protons in the water; the neutrinos were not themselves observed, they never have been. Their presence is inferred by an exceedingly rare interaction. One out of every billion billion neutrinos that pass through the water tank hits a proton, producing the telltale burst of radiation. In 1995 Reines was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for this accomplishment, but Cowen did not live long enough to share it. Between 1946 and 1985, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers built three major dams on the Savannah for hydroelectricity, flood control, navigation; the J. Strom Thurmond Dam, the Hartwell Dam, the Richard B. Russell Dam and their reservoirs combine in order to form over 120 miles of lakes.
Donnie Thompson named a small subdivision "Westobou Crossing", located in North Augusta, South Carolina. The area of the subdivision is located marks the first natural ford that crosses the Savannah River, thus promoting trade and allowing travel. Many native a
Hancock County, Georgia
Hancock County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,429; the county seat is Sparta. The county was named for John Hancock. Hancock County is included in Georgia Micropolitan Statistical Area. Before the Civil War, Hancock County's economy was based on growing cotton, labor was done by slaves; this area is classified as part of the Black Belt of the United States, due to its fertile soil and association with the slave society. Slaves made up 61% of the total county population in the 1850 Census. Unusually for such a plantation-dominated society, the county's representatives at the Georgia Secession Convention, overwhelmingly white and Democratic, voted against secession in 1861; the secession conventions were dominated by men who voted for separation, Georgia soon seceded and entered the war. According to the 2010 census estimate, the racial makeup of the county seat of Sparta was 84% African American, 15% White, 0.50% from two or more races, 0.30% Asian, 0.10% Native American.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.70% of the population. Most African Americans support whites support the Republican Party. In August 2015, the majority-white Hancock County Board of Elections initiated an effort to purge African-American voters from the rolls, they directed deputy sheriffs to the homes of more than 180 African Americans residing in the county seat of Sparta to inform them they would lose their voting rights unless they appeared in court to prove their residency. A total of 53 voters were removed the voting rolls, but a federal judge overturned the Board's actions. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 479 square miles, of which 472 square miles is land and 6.8 square miles is water. The western portion of Hancock County, defined by a line running southeast from White Plains to the intersection of State Route 22 and Springfield Road running southwest along State Route 22, is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin.
The southern portion of the county, defined by a triangle made of State Route 22 and State Route 15, with Sparta at its apex, is located in the Lower Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin. The northeastern portion of Hancock County is located in the Upper Ogeechee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin. No Interstate Highway State Route 248 State Route 15 State Route 16 State Route 22 State Route 77 Taliaferro County - north Warren County - northeast Glascock County - east Washington County - southeast Baldwin County - southwest Putnam County - west Greene County - northwest As of the census of 2000, there were 10,076 people, 3,237 households, 2,311 families residing in the county; the population density was 21 people per square mile. There were 4,287 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 77.76% Black or African American, 21.46% White, 0.16% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.14% from other races, 0.38% from two or more races.
0.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 3,237 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.00% were married couples living together, 28.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.60% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.22. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, 12.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 114.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 118.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $22,003, the median income for a family was $27,232. Males had a median income of $26,062 versus $19,328 for females; the per capita income for the county was $10,916.
About 26.10% of families and 29.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.40% of those under age 18 and 25.30% of those age 65 or over. Hancock County is the poorest county in Georgia and the 55th poorest in the country according to per capita income; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,429 people, 3,341 households, 2,183 families residing in the county. The population density was 20.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 5,360 housing units at an average density of 11.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 74.1% black or African American, 24.4% white, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% from other races, 0.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 25.1% were American. Of the 3,341 households, 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.8% were married couples living together, 23.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.7% were non-families, 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 43.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $22,283 and the median income for a family was $27,168. Males had a median income of $26,837 versus $21,223 for females; the per capita income for the county was $10,925. About 26.7% of families and 26.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.3% of those under age 18 and 21.7% of those age 65 or over. Culverton Sparta Mayfield Hancock County has