click links in text for more info

Warren County, Missouri

Warren County is a county located in the eastern portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,513; the county is located on the north side of the Missouri River. Its county seat is Warrenton; the county was organized on January 5, 1833, named for General Joseph Warren, who died in the Battle of Bunker Hill during the American Revolutionary War. Warren County is part of MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county is traversed by Route 94, called the "Missouri Weinstrasse" because of the many vineyards from Marthasville east into St. Charles County. Warren County is part of the Missouri Rhineland, with award-winning wineries located on both sides of the Missouri River. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 438 square miles, of which 429 square miles is land and 9.2 square miles is water. Lincoln County St. Charles County Franklin County Gasconade County Montgomery County Interstate 70 U. S. Route 40 Route 47 Route 94 As of the census of 2000, there were 24,525 people, 9,185 households, 6,888 families residing in the county.

The population density was 57 people per square mile. There were 11,046 housing units at an average density of 26 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.89% White, 1.94% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, 1.02% from two or more races. 1.28% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among the major ancestries reported in Warren County were 41.4% German, 13.8% American, 10.2% Irish and 7.0% English ancestry. There were 9,185 households out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.20% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.00% were non-families. 20.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.05. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $41,016, the median income for a family was $46,863. Males had a median income of $36,315 versus $23,443 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,690. About 6.40% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over. All of the elected positions in the county are held by Republicans. Warren County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, both of which are held by Republicans. District 42 — Bart Korman. Consists of most of the entire county, including the communities of Marthasville, Pendeleton and Warrenton. District 63 — Bryan Spencer. Consists of the communities of Foristell and Wright City. Warren County is a part of Missouri's 10th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Jeanie Riddle.

The 10th Senatorial District consists of all of Audrain, Lincoln, Monroe and Warren counties. Warren County is included in Missouri's 3rd Congressional District and is represented by Blaine Luetkemeyer in the U. S. House of Representatives. At the presidential level, like many exurban counties, Warren County tends to lean Republican. Bill Clinton in 1992 is the solitary Democratic presidential nominee to carry Warren County since Stephen Douglas in 1860, Clinton only won with 37.1 percent of the vote. Like most rural and exurban areas throughout Northeast Missouri, voters in Warren County adhere to and culturally conservative principles which tend to influence their Republican leanings; the initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Warren County's longstanding tradition of supporting conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage.

In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Warren County with 77.48 percent of the vote. The proposition passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99 percent voting in favor. Former U. S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton received more votes, a total of 1,971, than any candidate from either party in Warren County during the 2008 presidential primary. Warren County R-III School District - Warrenton Daniel Boone Elementary School Warrior Ridge Elementary School Rebecca Boone Elementary School Black Hawk Middle School Warrenton High School Wright City R-II School District - Wright City Wright City East Elementary School - Foristell Wright City Elementary School Wright City Middle School Wright City High School Holy Rosary School – Warrenton – Roman Catholic St. Vincent De Paul School – Marthasville – Roman Catholic St. Ignatius Loyola School – Marthasville – Roman Catholic Warrenton Branch Library Innsbrook Pendleton Three Creeks KFAV, 99.9 mHz FM station featuring country music, sister station to KWRE KWRE, 730 kHz AM station

James Thompson Bain

James Thomson "JT" Bain was a socialist and syndicalist in colonial South Africa. Bain was born into poverty in Dundee, Scotland on 6 March 1860 to Eliza Thomson. At the age of 16, he enlisted in the British Army and in 1878 he was sent to Pretoria, the capital of the Transvaal, annexed by Britain the previous year, he fought for the British against the Zulus in Natal in 1879. From 1880 to 1882 he was stationed in India. After leaving the Army he returned to Scotland; as a skilled artisan, he became active in the labour movement and became familiar with the thought of Thomas Carlyle, a Scottish socialist. He became active in socialist circles, joined the Scottish Land & Labour League and met William Morris, a leading figure in European socialism, in Edinburgh. In 1890 he moved to South Africa settling in Cape Town, he became known as a zealous proponent of socialism. Bain moved soon after to the Transvaal, he settled in Johannesburg, which had become a major mining settlement after the discovery of gold in 1886, became active in the Labour Union, launched in August 1892.

During the 1890s Bain was politically active in a range of ways, including spying for the Kruger government in the Transvaal and Natal. He became editor of the Johannesburg Witness in 1899 and became a leading figure in Johannesburg Trades Council. With Tom Mathews and Johannesburg Trades Council's secretary Robert Noonan he founded the International Independent Labour Party; when the Second Boer War broke out between the ZAR and Britain in October 1899, Bain joined the Transvaal forces and fought for his adopted country. On 31 July 1900, the day Johannesburg fell to the British, he was captured there and faced the prospect of a charge of treason, but was treated as a POW on the basis of his naturalisation to the Transvaal, he was held in Ceylon, after his release in 1903 returned to Johannesburg. From to 1905 Bain maintained a low profile in the labour movement, but in 1906 the Transvaal Independent Labour Party was formed and, after its merger with another grouping, Bain was elected president.

Bain went to work on a mine outside Pretoria in 1908 and remained active in politics and trade unions. In 1913 he became a full-time organiser with the Trade Union Federation and immediately was plunged into the greatest industrial conflict experienced in Southern Africa. From May to July 1913 as secretary of the Strike Committee he was the leader of the strike that started at the Kleinfontein Mine east of Johannesburg and soon escalated to a Transvaal-wide industrial revolt. In June Bain led efforts to initiate sympathy strikes at various neighbouring mines and on the 20th was arrested on a charge of'incitement to strike', he was released on bail and on 29 June a general strike was called. On 4 July 1914, in a meeting between the strike leaders, Prime Minister Louis Botha and then-minister Jan Smuts, agreement was reached on the basis of full reinstatement of all miners, dismissed and an undertaking by the government to consider all the grievances of the trade unions. Botha and Smuts managed to persuade the mine owners, the settlement was concluded.

However, Smuts was to have his revenge for the'defeat' of 1913. A railway strike declared in January 1914 led Smuts to mobilise his newly organised citizens' forces and seize key railway institutions. A general strike was proposed. Bain and fellow labour leaders barricaded themselves into their headquarters and on 13 January the Federation announced that affiliated unions had balloted in favour of the strike. However, on 15 January the Trades Union building was surrounded by police and soldiers, including artillery, Bain and his colleagues had no option but to surrender. In February he was deported to Britain. By November 1914 he and other deportees were back on the Rand, but – as a result of World War I – never regained the initiative. In October 1919 he was admitted to Johannesburg General Hospital. After writing a letter to a newspaper from his death bed, urging readers to vote for Labour and Socialist candidates in the forthcoming local election, he died on 29 October. Hyslop, Jonathan The Notorious Syndicalist - J.

T. Bain: A Scottish Rebel in Colonial South Africa. Johannesburg: Jacana Media

Mary Richard

Mary Richard, was an aboriginal activist and politician in Winnipeg, Canada. Richard was born to a Métis family in Manitoba, she has long been active in promoting language retention, training, cultural awareness and business enterprise among and for Manitoba's aboriginal population. She became the director of the Manitoba Association of Native Languages in the 1980s, held this position for a decade. In 1997, she was appointed by Winnipeg Mayor Susan Thompson to co-chair the North Main Task Force, examining social problems in north Winnipeg's aboriginal community, she was the first Chief Executive Officer of Thunderbird House in north Winnipeg, which opened its doors in 2000. Although this was intended as a tourist destination, it soon became a social outreach centre for the many low-income persons living in the area. Under Richard's leadership, Thunderbird House became active in programs to assist aboriginal youth escape solvent abuse, gang life and the sex trade. Richard was a president of the Aboriginal Council of Winnipeg, a former executive director of the Indian and Métis Friendship Centre of Winnipeg.

She owned the Teepee Restaurant in Winnipeg. In 2000, she was admitted to the Order of Manitoba, she campaigned for the Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba in the 1999 provincial election, in the constituency of Point Douglas. Richard's campaign was part of an effort by Gary Filmon's government to increase its profile in the aboriginal community, she received an improvement over previous Conservative candidacies in the area. The winner was George Hickes of the New Democratic Party; the following year, Richard crossed to the Liberal Party of Canada and ran as that party's candidate in Winnipeg North Centre for the 2000 federal election. In explaining this move, Richard told a Winnipeg Free Press reporter that she had long supported the Progressive Conservatives at the provincial level and the Liberals at the federal level, she received 6,755 votes. She died on September 9, 2010, while undergoing treatment after a kidney transplant

Venus (play)

Venus is a black play, completed by Suzan-Lori Parks in 1995. Set in Southern Africa and ending in Paris, the play is a response to some of the known historical events that occurred to a Khoisan woman known as Saartjie Baartman/ Sarah Baartman/ The Venus Hottentot. Beginning with her migration from Southern Africa to England as a dancing attraction for early 19th-century British audiences who called her the Hottentot Venus, her character remains a central figure of loving and being loved, until her untimely death in Paris in 1815, her dead body was the subject of a pseudo-scientific autopsy that pertained to steatopygia– a condition which French naturalist, Georges Cuvier, uses to his academic advantage. Parks' work is not intended to be accurate, but rather uses the concept of Baartman's career to explore colonization, racial objectification, historical sexualization black female bodies. It's questioning the history of history... It embraces the unrecorded truth." Venus won 2 OBIE Awards in 1995-1996.

Venus opens with a revolving showcase of the protagonist, Miss Saartjie Baartman, while the Negro Resurrectionist hails her stage-name, "The Venus Hottentot!" – an exclamation, repeated by the Brother and the Man. Here, all of the leading characters and choruses in Venus take turns shouting each other's names, the roles they will characterize in the play, to their audience; the Negro Resurrectionist proceeds to foreshadow to two audiences–the Venus characters and the live audience–about the death of The Venus Hottentot. There wont b inny show tuhnite.". The chorus becomes an enraged audience in response to the show's cancellation, meanwhile its members talk about paying their way to look at, feel inside, comment on sexual aspects of the naked prize they call the Venus Hottentot; the overture concludes after the Negro Resurrectionist uses a rhyme scheme while summarizing the course of Venus's life and death in Europe. Saartjie Baartman's story in Venus begins in South Africa in the early 1800s, where she is introduced as a servant called'the Girl'.

The Brother is trying to persuade the Man to financially invest in a two-year performance act in London, England. While the Girl scrubs a floor on her hands and knees in the presence of the Man's Brother and the Man, she becomes an object of their interest to create a Freak Act that will exhibit the Girl's unique genitalia and buttocks– referred to as steatopygia; the Girl agrees to travel with the Brother to England under false pretence that they will split the profit of her African Dancing act, believing that in two-years' time she will return to South Africa with fame and wealth. However, before the Girl reaches the end of her supposed contract, the Brother sells her to a new boss called the Mother-Showman; the Mother-Showman runs a freak show in England, consisting of 8 Human Wonders, she intends for the Girl to be the 9th Wonder. It is during scene 27–when the Mother-Showman forces the Girl to bathe herself–that the Girl begins her life as the Venus Hottentot; the year is 1810, the Venus Hottentot's exhibition of her nudity and dancing has become a lucrative business for the Mother-Showman.

However, a large sum of the riches gained from Hottentot's act comes from spectators who pay the Mother-Showman for private exhibitions so that they can feel her genitalia and buttocks. After a year of travelling in a cage from English town to town, Venus becomes the subject of a riot caused by her public indecency, whereupon she appears before the law in front of a court and is released under the Court's pretence that "her show is part of God's great plan". Shortly before Venus's trial in front of the Court, the Baron Docteur's fascination in her was revealed, whereafter, he approaches the Mother-Showman to buy The Venus so as to study her Steatopygia and genitalia before and after her death. Upon the characters first introduction, the Baron Docteur treats The Venus kindly–offering her chocolates, new clothes–so long as she agrees to move to his home in Paris, France. During this rest period, the Baron Docteur reemerges as himself, but several years in the future, proceeds to read aloud a detailed anatomy of the deceased Venus Hottentot.

In-between the Baron Docteur's speech, The Bride-to-be reads her love letters aloud. The Bride-to-be's poem: "My love for you, My Love, is artificial // Fabricated much like this epistle // Constructed with mans finest powrs // Will last through the days and the weeks and the hours.". The Baron Docteur's poem: "My love for you is artificial // Fabricated much like this epistle // Its crafted with my finest powers // To last through the days and the weeks and the hours.". After the Baron Docteur finishes his speech on the Venus's anatomy, he exits the stage, the 7th Wonder enters to sing a song about The Venus Hottentot until the end of Intermission While living in Pairs and The Baron Docteur become engaged in a love affair, which takes place amid her continuous physical examinations that the Chorus of the 8 Anatomists perform at the medical academy. During this period, the Baron Docteur is unexpectedly visited by the Grade-School Chum, whom, on multiple encounters tries to convince the Baron Docteur to eradicate Venus from his personal life and from his work.

When The Venus falls ill to the clap –suspected to be from the Docteur–The Grade-School Ch

Madura Island

Madura is an Indonesian island off the northeastern coast of Java. The island comprises an area of 4,078.67 km². Madura is administered as part of the East Java province, it is separated from Java by the narrow Strait of Madura. The administered area has a density of 702 people per km², while that of the island itself is higher at 817/km². In 1624, Sultan Agung of Mataram conquered Madura and the island's government was brought under the Cakraningrats, a single princely line; the Cakraningrat family opposed Central Javanese rule and conquered large parts of Mataram. Following the First Javanese War of Succession between Amangkurat III and his uncle, Pangeran Puger, the Dutch gained control of the eastern half of Madura in 1705. Dutch recognition of Puger was influenced by the lord of West Madura, Cakraningrat II, thought to have supported Puger's claims in the hope that a new war in central Java would provide the Madurese with a chance to interfere. However, while Amangkurat was arrested and exiled to Ceylon, Puger took the title of Pakubuwono I and signed a treaty with the Dutch that granted them East Madura.

The Cakraningrats agreed to help the Dutch quash the 1740 rebellion in Central Java after the Chinese massacre in 1740. In a 1743 treaty with the Dutch, Pakubuwono I ceded full sovereignty of Madura to the Dutch, contested by Cakraningrat IV. Cakraningrat fled to Banjarmasin, took refuge with the English, was robbed and betrayed by the sultan, captured by the Dutch and exiled to the Cape of Good Hope; the Dutch continued Madura's administrative divisions of four states each with their own regent. The island was important as a source of colonial troops and in the second half of the nineteenth century it became the main source of salt for Dutch-controlled territories in the archipelago. Madura has a population of about 3.65 million. The main language of Madura is Madurese, one of a family of Austronesian languages, spoken in part of eastern Java and on many of the 66 outlying islands; the Madurese are a large ethnic population in numbering around 7 million inhabitants. They come from the island of Madura as well as surrounding islands, such as Gili Raja, Sapudi and the Kangean Islands.

In addition, many Madurese live in the eastern part of East Java called the "Horseshoe", from Pasuruan to the north of Banyuwangi. Madurese are found in Situbondo and Bondowoso, east of Probolinggo, a few at most who speak Javanese, including North Surabaya, as well as some of Malang. Madura has a large Shia minority. However, since 2012, interfaith discord has escalated into violence, with many Shia villages around the city of Sampang being attacked and the population fleeing their homes for government refugee centers; the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs has provided details of such attacks in 2013. Madura Island is part of East Java province and is divided into the following four regencies, listed from west to east: Note: Sumenep Regency includes many offshore islands - notably the Kangean Islands to the east of Madura, the smaller Sapudi Islands lying between Madura and the Kangean Islands, the small Masalembu Islands to the north; the mainland covers 1,146.93 km² consisting of 17 districts, while the islands are 946.53 km², comprising 9 districts, of 128 islands, 46 inhabited.

Source: 2014 estimates On the whole, Madura is one of the poorest regions of the East Java province. Unlike Java, the soil is not fertile enough to make it a major agricultural producer. Limited economic opportunities have led to chronic poverty; these factors have led to long-term emigration from the island, such that most ethnically Madurese people do not now live on Madura. People from Madura were some of the most numerous participants in government transmigration programs, moving to other parts of Indonesia. Subsistence agriculture is a mainstay of the economy. Maize is a key subsistence crop, on island's many small landholdings. Cattle-raising is a critical part of the agricultural economy, providing extra income to peasant farmer families, in addition to being the basis for Madura's famous bull-racing competitions. Small-scale fishing is important to the subsistence economy. Among export industries, tobacco farming is a major contributor to the island's economy. Madura's soil, while unable to support many food crops, helps make the island an important producer of tobacco and cloves for the domestic kretek industry.

Since the Dutch era, the island has been a major producer and exporter of salt. Bangkalan, on the western end of the island, has industrialized since the 1980s; this region is within a short ferry ride of Surabaya, Indonesia's second-largest city, hence has gained a role as a suburb for commuters to Surabaya, as a location for industry and services that need to be near the city. The Surabaya-Madura Bridge, opened 2009, is expected to further increase the Bangkalan area's interaction with the regional economy. Madura is famous for its bull-racing competition where a jockey a young boy, rides a simple wooden sled pulled by a pair of bulls over a course of about 100 meters in ten to fifteen seconds. Several forms of music and theater are popular on Madura among poorer people for whom they provide an inexpensive form of entertainment and community-building; the topeng theater, which involves masked performan

James Stanley Scott

Air Commodore James Stanley Scott was a leading figure in the pre-World War II Royal Canadian Air Force and a Royal Flying Corps officer during World War I. Scott was graduated from Quebec High School. In March 1916 Scott was seconded from the Canadian Artillery to the Royal Flying Corps. Only four months in July 1916, while serving as a lieutenant, Scott was awarded the Military Cross for attacking a train well behind the German lines though his aircraft was badly damaged by enemy fire, he transferred to the Royal Air Force in 1918 and after the Armistice he was awarded the Air Force Cross. After the War Scott returned to Canada, after promotion to wing commander, he served as the Officer Commanding the Canadian Air Force from 1921 to 1922. Two years Scott, promoted to group captain again held the Air Force's senior post, this time as the Director of the Royal Canadian Air Force. During this time he petitioned his superior Major-General J H MacBrien for permission for the Air Force to stop focussing on forestry and photography work in order to train as a fighting force.

Scott's request was refused and he continued in post until 1928. On 1 April 1931, Scott was granted the honorary rank of air commodore. Scott left the RCAF and returned to duty in 1939 and served during World War II and retired in 1945. Scott died in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1975