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Warren County, Virginia

Warren County is a U. S. county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The 2010 census places Warren County within the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area with a population of 37,575; the county seat is Front Royal. By 1672 the entire Shenandoah Valley was claimed for hunting by the Iroquois Confederation following the Beaver Wars; some bands of the Shawnee settled in the area as client groups to the Iroquois and alternately to the Cherokee after 1721. The Iroquois formally sold their entire claim east of the Alleghenies to the Virginia Colony at the Treaty of Lancaster in 1744. Warren County was established in 1836 from Shenandoah counties. At that time the county had a population of 7,000 people. Wedding records show marriages of people born in the 1770s marrying in the 1800s who head households of four to eight "free colored" so the early demographics of the population are unclear. Joist Hite lead the Sixteen Families into the Lower Shenandoah Valley; some consider that group the first European settlers of the area, others believe different claims.

Either way, Presbyterians of Scotch-Irish lineage and Quakers followed. Rail service was established in 1854 with the construction of the Alexandria and Manassas Gap Railroad between Manassas and Riverton; this line was soon extended to Strasburg in time to become a factor in the Battle of Front Royal on May 23, 1862 and throughout the Civil War. Lumber, agriculture and grain mills provided employment in the region for decades after the Civil War; the county is named for Joseph Warren. During the Civil War the Battle of Front Royal took place in the county on May 23, 1862. On September 23, 1864 William Thomas Overby and five others of Lt. Col. John S. Mosby's 43rd Virginia Battalion of Partisan Rangers were captured by cavalry troops under the command of Brig. Gen. George A. Custer in Front Royal out of uniform and were executed as spies. In 2017, SuperfundResearch.org founder, Matthew Berdyck, raised questions about the validity of an alleged $40 million dollar economic development deal, brought to the community by Curt Tran, the owner of a company called IT Federal, over the redevelopment of the Avtex Superfund site.

Berdyck claimed he move away from the area. Royal Examiner writer, Roger Bianchini, responded to Berdyck's claims by defending McDonald, "I would call Berdyck’s blog hit job on McDonald, the EPA and Superfund remediation in general seems OFF BASE vindictive and counterproductive to any rational discussion of any of these topics."In 2018, Warren County Economic Development Authority Executive Director, Jennifer McDonald, was charged with filing false police reports about an alleged rock-throwing incident that she claimed had occurred at her home. In 2019, the Warren County Economic Development Authority Executive Director Jennifer McDonald, other parties, were embroiled in a massive financial scandal that some observers have characterized as the largest embezzlement scheme in the history of the state of Virginia; the fraud scheme, which involved the alleged embezzlement of $21 million in county funds through fictitious development schemes and insider deals, was uncovered by the Virginia State Police Bureau of Criminal Investigation's Culpeper Field Office, after reports had been made by Matthew Berdyck, in June 2018.

The Virginia State Police launched a probe into the business practices of Warren County Economic Development Authority Executive Director, Jennifer McDonald, in conjunction with the Front Royal Police Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Sheriff McEathron, indicted after it was revealed he was McDonald's business partner, committed suicide. Jennifer McDonald was charged with 32 felony counts, for her role in the scheme.14 current and former municipal officials were indicted and are facing criminal charges, including the entire Warren County board of supervisors as well as the former Warren County Attorney and the head of the Warren County schools division. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 217 square miles, of which 213 square miles is land and 3.3 square miles is water. The highest point is Hogback Mountain in Shenandoah National Park, along the border with Rappahannock County. Frederick County, Virginia – north Clarke County, Virginia – northeast Fauquier County, Virginia – east Rappahannock County, Virginia – southeast Page County, Virginia – southwest Shenandoah County, Virginia – west Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park George Washington National Forest Shenandoah National Park As of the census of 2000, there were 31,584 people, 12,087 households, 8,521 families residing in the county.

The population density was 148 people per square mile. There were 13,299 housing units at an average density of 62 per square mile; the demographics of the county is 92.71% White, 4.83% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, 1.29% from two or more races. 1.56 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 12,087 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.50% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, 12.30% who were 6

Betty Ann Elliott

Elizabeth Ann Elliott pioneered the expansion of the role of women in petroleum geology. She was an active member of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists for 56 years. Elizabeth Anne Elliott known as Betty or "Aunt Betty" was born March 19, 1918) near New Cordell, Oklahoma, her father, Bruce W. Baker, was the only physician in Cordell, therefore as a young girl Elizabeth would accompany her father on his numerous travels to visit patients in their community. In high school, Elliott had the highest academic achievements of her class and became the valedictorian. In 1940 she pursued a post-secondary education from the University of Oklahoma, from a class of 40, she was one of 3 women who graduated with a B. S in geology. Betty had enrolled in pre-med but switched her major to geology because she was inspired by Charles Decker, one of the founders of the "American Association of Petroleum Geologists". Throughout her career she was an active member of the “American Association of Petroleum Geologists”.

Continuing her studies, she attended University of Colorado, where she held a teaching fellowship, research program focusing on micropaleontology and the relationship and correlation of cretaceous shales. Elliott's work with cretaceous shales helped foster a better understanding of the Cretaceous Interior Seaway. Elliott developed a micropaleontology library during her time at the University of Colorado. However, due to the Second World War she was unable to finish her master's degree, she married Guy Elliott and the couple moved to Seattle, Washington where she took a job as a civil engineer at the Corps of Engineers. At that time she worked as a stratigrapher for the U. S. Geological Services in Denver, Colorado. Afterwards, Elliott worked in Texas for Gulf Oil. During her time working for Gulf Oil, Elliott worked at a well-site, a job, rare for a woman to hold in the 1940s, she worked for the company Mobil Oil in both New York and in Dallas, Texas. After her husband's death in 1960, Elliott moved to Mobil's Oklahoma city office where she worked on the stratigraphy of the Permian and the Arkoma basin.

While in Dallas, Elliott evaluated offshore Atlantic basins and Central American concession where she trained many young geologists. Nicknamed “Aunt Betty” by her trainees, she retired around the age of 67, opening up a consulting office in Dallas. Betty Ann Elliott was said to have "...excelled at sample identification and "sat" wells, a uncommon task for a woman." Elliott served as the 2nd VP for the Dallas Geological Society from 1985-1986. At age 81 Elliott received the Pioneer Award at the AAPG Annual Convention, marking the first time the award had been given to a woman. On July, 2001, at age 83, she died. Gries, Robbie "Women Sitting Wells:A Forgotten History",September 21, 2015. Retrieved on Dec 6, 2017

Here Comes My Baby (Dottie West song)

"Here Comes My Baby" is a song co-written and recorded by American country music artist Dottie West. It was released in June 1964 as the first. West wrote the song with her then-husband Bill. "Here Comes My Baby" was the first song to be written and made famous by Dottie West. In 1964, Dottie West was trying to make it big in Nashville, she released a single the previous year called "Let Me off at the Corner," which made the Top 40. She recorded another with Jim Reeves called "Love Is No Excuse," which became a hit after his death in 1964, she had just received a recording contract with RCA Victor and decided that she would write her own song and see how it does as a single. The song was written in one day, according to West, who wrote along with her husband Bill West, she recorded it in Nashville. Nobody expected the success the song would bring in 1964; the song made it to number 10 on the Billboard country charts that year, making the song a national hit for West. That year, West won a BMI award for writing "Here Comes My Baby."

The next year, West made history when the song won her a Grammy for Best Female Country Vocal Performance. West not only became the first person to win this type of Grammy award, but became the first female country music singer to win a Grammy award; because of the success of the song, West got a spot on the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville, the song became one of West's signature songs of her career. It has been made a standard to record in country music. Since its original release, "Here Comes My Baby" has been recorded by over 100 artists, including Lynn Anderson from the album "Songs That Made Country Girls Famous", Dean Martin, Faron Young and a 1965 Perry Como version produced by Chet Atkins. Canadian country music artist Anita Perras covered the song on her 1989 album Touch My Heart, her version was peaked at number 9 on the RPM Country Tracks chart. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

De Viris Illustribus (Petrarch)

De viris illustribus is an unfinished collection of biographies, written in Latin, by the 14th century Italian author Francesco Petrarca. These biographies are a set of Lives similar in idea to Plutarch's Parallel Lives; the works were unfinished. However he was famous enough for these and other works to receive two invitations to be crowned poet laureate, he received these invitations on the same day, April 8, 1341, one being from the Paris University and the other from the Roman Senate. He accepted the Roman invitation, it is composed of two books: Liber I includes 24 to 36 moral biographies of heroes of Greek and Roman antiquity. Liber II includes 12 moral biographies of mythical figures. There is as yet no English translation. Harvard University has it under contract to appear in the I Tatti Renaissance Library sometime in the future; these are 36 biographies of Petrarch's subjects starting with Romulus, the mythological founder of Rome, going through Trajan. All of these are mentioned in Petrarch's epic poem Africa.

He revised the list many times over the years in different "plans." Some "Illustrious Romans" ended with Titus. Another plan of "Illustrious Romans" added Julius Caesar as the twenty-fourth biography; the adjacent 1476 Table of Contents introduction is old Italian and says something to the effect: Repository of the book here present where will be shown the chapters on 36 "illustrious men" whose deeds are extensively described by the honorable poet, Sir Francesco Petrarca, beginning as appears below. Listed among these are Titus, Scipio Africanus and Julius Caesar; these are the subjects of Petrarch's 12 biographies starting with the first person of the Bible. Petrarch influenced Giovanni Boccaccio Lives On Famous Women of 106 biographies which starts with the first woman of the Bible. Below is the first person of the Bible and above in Liber I is the first mythical figures that started Rome. Adam Noah Nimrod Ninus Semiramis Abraham Isaac Jacob Joseph Moses Jason Hercules Petrarch was working on De viris illustribus at the same time he was working on his epic poem Africa with Scipio Africanus being the center figure for both.

The Africa was conceived as a poetic parallel of De Viris Illustribus. Petrarch conceived his first plan for De viris illustribus of biographies of illustrious men of Jewish, oriental and Roman famous figures in 1337-38, he wrote up his list of "Illustrious Men" from Adam to Hercules and Romulus to Titus in 1337-38 about the same time as he was writing up the Africa. Petrarch's earliest reference to writing a series of biographies of Lives can be found in the third book of his work Secretum, written up around 1337. St. Augustine speaks to Petrarch Petrarch went from these Lives of "Illustrious Men" into his work on the Africa using the research of De viris illustribus as the bases. Petrarch was preoccupied with this idea of a series of biographies of Lives of ancient heroes of generals and statesmen for forty years. There were several plans of De viris illustribus. In 1348-49 Petrarch made a larger version of Lives. Petrarch writes a letter to Luca Cristiani in 1349 concerning these Lives for De viris illustribus that he was doing in the valley at Vaucluse in France.

This is known to scholars as an "all-ages" plan. Petrarch added the "bio" of Julius Caesar, De gestis Cesaris as the twenty-fourth and last character of the Roman version finished about 1364 as an afterthought to his original "Famous Men." He wanted to depict events that were controlled by the Roman leaders, not events that happened by luck or fortune. He wanted to convey these illustrious men in dignity. For these reasons he is considered the first historian of the Renaissance. Petrarch worked on versions of De viris illustribus, he was not only influenced by ancient historians like Livy and Valerius Maximus, but by other historians of his time period that were working on similar ideas. In the early part of the fourteenth century in northern Italy it was commonplace among historians to write a series of biographies on famous men. A friend of Petrarch's, Giovanni Colonna, authorized his version of a De viris illustribus before he left Avignon for Rome in 1338. Another of Petrarch's friends, Guglielmo Pastrengo, had two works on lives of famous men, De viris illustribus and De originibus.

Petrarch's friend, Pastrengo wrote a work on De viris illustribus and De originibus. The previous historian's works of De originibus are about the origins and definitions of geographical sites and certain stone structures. Historian Kohl says that there was at least three different "plans" that Petrarch devised for his De viris illustribus; the first plan, prior to his famous epic poem Africa, was written around 1337. It is known as the "republican Rome" plan; the second plan started in 1350 entered in Christian figures, similar in style to Jerome's De viris illustribus and his "Church Fathers." It was called the "all-ages" plan. Petrarch enjoyed both the writings of ancient writers before the Christian era for their history of famous men and that of Jerome's Latin "Church Fathers" for their Christian viewpoints, he viewed both as a world being in decline. The third plan was a series of biographies of

Pittsburgh Locomotive and Car Works

The Pittsburgh Locomotive and Car Works was a railroad equipment manufacturing company founded by Andrew Carnegie and T. N. Miller in 1865, it was located since 1907 part of that city. It repaired an early locomotive known as Bausman's Rhinoceros in April 1867. Starting in the 1870s under its superintendent and general manager Daniel A. Wightman, it became known for its production of large locomotives, its engines were shipped around the world, including Japan. By 1901, when Pittsburgh had merged with seven other manufacturing companies to form American Locomotive Company, Pittsburgh had produced over 2,400 locomotives. In March 1919, ALCO closed the Pittsburgh facility. Following is a list of Pittsburgh locomotives built before the ALCO merger that have been spared the scrapper's torch. American History Site SteamLocomotive.info list of extant ALCO-Pittsburgh locomotives. Maritime Railway site History of Maritime Railway and disposition of its locomotives

Richtree Market

Richtree Market is a Canadian restaurant chain, which approximates the style of a European market. Richtree Market Restaurants Inc. operates market-style, open-kitchen restaurants founded by Jorg and Marian Reichert in 1996. To that the Reicherts owned several Mövenpick franchises in Toronto and held the North American franchise rights to the Mövenpick name, they had pioneered the open market concept in 1992 when they had opened the first Mövenpick Marché in the former BCE Place, now Brookfield place, in Toronto. At their height, they operated over 10 restaurants under the Richtree name. In 2003 they gave up their rights to either Richtree or Mövenpick; the company has two owned-and-operated locations at the Eaton Centre in Toronto, Canada and at Square One, Ontario, Canada. The chain offers casual dining and takeout service, with limited grocery stores and special items for children. Menu items are inspired by foods of Asia. Locations seat 120 people; the flagship, downtown-Toronto location, at Brookfield Place, went out of business in January, 2010.

Mövenpick has reopened the location back under the Mövenpick Marché name. Richtree closed their restaurant locations in College Park in Toronto, Rideau Centre in Ottawa, Bayview & York Mills in Toronto, Promenade in Vaughan. List of Canadian restaurant chains