Captain Planet and the Planeteers
Captain Planet and the Planeteers is an American animated environmentalist television program created by Ted Turner and Barbara Pyle. The series was produced by Turner Program Services and DiC Animation City and broadcast on TBS from September 15, 1990, to December 5, 1992. A sequel series, The New Adventures of Captain Planet, was produced by Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc. distributed by Turner Program Services and broadcast from September 11, 1993, to May 11, 1996. Both series continue today in syndication; the program is a form of edutainment and advocates environmentalism and is famous for having a number of famous actors providing voices for the villains. The show spawned a franchise consisting of a charity, a Marvel comic book series, video games, a TV crossover with OK K. O.! Let's Be Heroes. Pyle cites that the inspiration for the five Planeteers came from real people that she met during the show's pre-production in 1989. In a September 2012 interview with Barbara Pyle and Nick Boxer, it was stated that the Hope Island was located near the Bahamas.
The original series was the second longest running US-cartoon of the 1990s, producing 113 episodes. It lasted for three seasons under the name Captain Planet and the Planeteers; the show's intro theme was composed by Tom Worrall. The ending theme is considered one of the most memorable parts of the series due to its catchy main chorus and rock track, its lyrics were written by show producer Nick Boxer and is performed by Murray McFadden and Timothy Mulhollan. During the end credits, James Coburn, in character as Looten Plunder, utters the line "You'll pay for this, Captain Planet.". This is followed by a rap from the voice actors of the Planeteers, it is akin to New Kids On The Block's "Step By Step". In 1993, the show saw a production company switch, changing the title to The New Adventures of Captain Planet. During this time, it aired as part of TBS' Sunday Morning In Front Of The TV block, alongside fellow H-B toons SWAT Kats: The Radical Squadron and 2 Stupid Dogs; this series expanded on it dramatically.
The tone of these episodes was more mature than the initial series. The animation style was altered; the DiC seasons' synth-rock soundtrack was replaced by a large number of orchestral pieces, while the end credits theme was retained, the ending sequence now showcased footage from the Hanna-Barbera episodes. A small number of cast changes occurred, affecting some of the eco-villains; the opening narration was spoken by David Coburn rather than LeVar Burton and, in the final season, was replaced by a rap by Fred Schneider of The B-52's. The Captain Planet Foundation was founded in 1991, when series producer Barbara Pyle negotiated a percentage of the show's merchandising revenue to empower young people; the concept allowed schools and organizations around the world to present their environmental projects to the Foundation and receive seed money to grow their ideas. In 2001, Time Warner decided to shut down the CPF due to a challenging merger with AOL. Laura Seydel and her husband Rutherford Seydel worked with Time Warner to orchestrate the transition of the corporate foundation to a public charity - the Captain Planet Foundation.
In 2007, CPF acquired the rights to exhibit previous episodes of Captain Planet and the Planeteers online and on-air, thus "allowing this valuable resource to reach out and educate the children of today!" As of 2017, the organization's board is chaired by daughter of Ted Turner. Various episodes were constructed to touch on relevant themes to a modern audience. "Mind Pollution"The episode titled "Mind Pollution" was notable for dealing with the issue of drug abuse. This was explained by the fact that the characters thought of drug addiction as "pollution of the mind"; the episode revolved around an epidemic of a designer drug known as "Bliss" created by Verminous Skumm. It included a scene of Linka's cousin Boris dying from a drug overdose. "A Formula for Hate"The episode titled "A Formula for Hate" was unusual for the series in that it was the first episode in an American children's animated series to directly deal with the HIV/AIDS pandemic. In the episode, Skumm brainwashes a local community into thinking the virus can be spread through casual contact and thus causing people to hate and fear a young man, infected with HIV, named Todd Andrews.
Every episode is followed up with at least one "Planeteer Alert" clip connected to the plot, where environmental-political and other social-political issues are discussed and how the viewer can contribute and be part of "the solution" rather than "the pollution". Gaia, the spirit of the planet, sends five magic rings, four with the power to control an element of nature and one controlling the element of Heart, to five chosen youths across the globe. In situations that the Planeteers cannot resolve alone, they can combine their powers to summon the title superhero Captain Planet, a superhero who possesses all of their powers magnified. Once his work is done, Captain Planet returns to the planet, leaves viewers with the message: "The power is yours!" Planet only manifests to deal with the bigger crisis and departs, but a few storylines have explored him existing beyond these moments, such as when he was summoned while Kwame and Ma-Ti we
Michael J. Anderson
Michael J. Anderson is an American actor known for his roles as The Man from Another Place in David Lynch's television series Twin Peaks, the prequel film for the series, Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me, as Samson Leonhart on the HBO series Carnivàle, he has the genetic disorder osteogenesis imperfecta, a disease that leads to frequent breaks in long bones and improper healing, leaving him with a shortened stature of 3 feet 7 inches tall. Prior to his acting career, Anderson worked as a computer technician for Martin Marietta, working on the ground support system for NASA's space shuttle, he appeared as himself in a 1984 documentary called Little Mike: A Videoportrait of Michael Anderson. Anderson appeared in four episodes of Twin Peaks; the Man from Another Place speaks in an unusual manner. Anderson used phonetically reversed speaking as a secret language with his junior high school friends and played a character in Twin Peaks where he used the same method of speaking, recorded and played backwards, Anderson synced his lips to the reversed recording for film.
He first appears in Special Agent Dale Cooper's cryptic dream about the murder of Laura Palmer, set in a red room. Anderson's Man materializes in the film prequel to Twin Peaks, Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me. Anderson portrayed a man of average height in Lynch's Mulholland Drive, using a prosthetic body. From 2003 to 2005, Anderson was a cast member of the TV series Carnivàle. Anderson portrayed "Punt" in the PlayStation video game Road Rash: Jailbreak. "Turtle Song", music promo video by alternative band Hugo Largo Lodge Anathema Michael J. Anderson on IMDb Michael J. Anderson at AllMovie
Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China. The group includes the basis of Standard Mandarin or Standard Chinese; because Mandarin originated in North China and most Mandarin dialects are found in the north, the group is sometimes referred to as the Northern dialects. Many local Mandarin varieties are not mutually intelligible. Mandarin is placed first in lists of languages by number of native speakers. Mandarin is by far the largest of the seven or ten Chinese dialect groups, spoken by 70 percent of all Chinese speakers over a large geographical area, stretching from Yunnan in the southwest to Xinjiang in the northwest and Heilongjiang in the northeast; this is attributed to the greater ease of travel and communication in the North China Plain compared to the more mountainous south, combined with the recent spread of Mandarin to frontier areas. Most Mandarin varieties have four tones; the final stops of Middle Chinese have disappeared in most of these varieties, but some have merged them as a final glottal stop.
Many Mandarin varieties, including the Beijing dialect, retain retroflex initial consonants, which have been lost in southern dialect groups. The capital has been within the Mandarin area for most of the last millennium, making these dialects influential; some form of Mandarin has served as a national lingua franca since the 14th century. In the early 20th century, a standard form based on the Beijing dialect, with elements from other Mandarin dialects, was adopted as the national language. Standard Chinese is the official language of the People's Republic of China and Taiwan and one of the four official languages of Singapore, it is used as one of the working languages of the United Nations. It is one of the most used varieties of Chinese among Chinese diaspora communities internationally; the English word "mandarin" meant an official of the Ming and Qing empires. Since their native varieties were mutually unintelligible, these officials communicated using a Koiné language based on various northern varieties.
When Jesuit missionaries learned this standard language in the 16th century, they called it "Mandarin", from its Chinese name Guānhuà, or "language of the officials". In everyday English, "Mandarin" refers to Standard Chinese, called "Chinese". Standard Chinese is based on the particular Mandarin dialect spoken in Beijing, with some lexical and syntactic influence from other Mandarin dialects, it is the official spoken language of the People's Republic of China, the de facto official language of the Republic of China, one of the four official languages of the Republic of Singapore. It functions as the language of instruction in Mainland China and in Taiwan, it is one of the six official languages of the United Nations, under the name "Chinese". Chinese speakers refer to the modern standard language as Pǔtōnghuà in Mainland China, Guóyǔ in Taiwan, or Huáyǔ in Singapore, Malaysia and Philippines,but not as Guānhuà. Linguists use the term "Mandarin" to refer to the diverse group of dialects spoken in northern and southwestern China, which Chinese linguists call Guānhuà.
The alternative term Běifānghuà, or "Northern dialects", is used less and less among Chinese linguists. By extension, the term "Old Mandarin" or "Early Mandarin" is used by linguists to refer to the northern dialects recorded in materials from the Yuan dynasty. Native speakers who are not academic linguists may not recognize that the variants they speak are classified in linguistics as members of "Mandarin" in a broader sense. Within Chinese social or cultural discourse, there is not a common "Mandarin" identity based on language. Speakers of forms of Mandarin other than the standard refer to the variety they speak by a geographic name—for example Sichuan dialect, Hebei dialect or Northeastern dialect, all being regarded as distinct from the standard language; the hundreds of modern local varieties of Chinese developed from regional variants of Old Chinese and Middle Chinese. Traditionally, seven major groups of dialects have been recognized. Aside from Mandarin, the other six are Wu, Xiang in central China, Min and Yue on the southeast coast.
The Language Atlas of China distinguishes three further groups: Jin, Huizhou in the Huizhou region of Anhui and Zhejiang, Pinghua in Guangxi and Yunnan. After the fall of the Northern Song and during the reign of the Jin and Yuan dynasties in northern China, a common speech developed based on the dialects of the North China Plain around the capital, a language referred to as Old Mandarin. New genres of vernacular literature were based on this language, including verse and story forms, such as the qu and sanqu poetry; the rhyming conventions of the new verse were codified in a rime dictionary called the Zhongyuan Yinyun. A radical departure from the rime table tradition that had evolved over the previous centuries, this dictionary contains a wealth of information on the phonology of Old Mandarin. Further sources are the'Phags-pa script based on the Ti
Fantasy films are films that belong to the fantasy genre with fantastic themes magic, supernatural events, folklore, or exotic fantasy worlds. The genre is considered a form of speculative fiction alongside science fiction films and horror films, although the genres do overlap. Fantasy films have an element of magic, wonder and the extraordinary. Several sub-categories of fantasy films can be identified, although the delineations between these subgenres, much as in fantasy literature, are somewhat fluid; the most common fantasy subgenres depicted in movies are Sword and Sorcery. Both categories employ quasi-medieval settings, magical creatures and other elements associated with fantasy stories. High Fantasy films tend to feature a more richly developed fantasy world, may be more character-oriented or thematically complex, they feature a hero of humble origins and a clear distinction between good and evil set against each other in an epic struggle. Many scholars cite J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings novel as the prototypical modern example of High Fantasy in literature, the recent Peter Jackson film adaptation of the books is a good example of the High Fantasy subgenre on the silver screen.
Sword and Sorcery movies tend to be more plot-driven than high fantasy and focus on action sequences pitting a physically powerful but unsophisticated warrior against an evil wizard or other supernaturally endowed enemy. Although Sword and Sorcery films sometimes describe an epic battle between good and evil similar to those found in many High Fantasy movies, they may alternately present the hero as having more immediate motivations, such as the need to protect a vulnerable maiden or village, or being driven by the desire for vengeance; the 1982 film adaptation of Robert E. Howard's Conan the Barbarian, for example, is a personal story concerning the hero's quest for revenge and his efforts to thwart a single megalomaniac—while saving a beautiful princess in the process; some critics refer to such films by the term Sword and Sandal rather than Sword and Sorcery, although others would maintain that the Sword and Sandal label should be reserved only for the subset of fantasy films set in ancient times on the planet Earth, still others would broaden the term to encompass films that have no fantastic elements whatsoever.
To some, the term Sword and Sandal has pejorative connotations, designating a film with a low-quality script, bad acting, poor production values. Another important subgenre of fantasy films that has become more popular in recent years is contemporary fantasy; such films feature magical effects or supernatural occurrences happening in the "real" world of today. Films with live action and animation such as Disney's Mary Poppins, Pete's Dragon and the Robert Zemeckis film Who Framed Roger Rabbit are fantasy films although are more referred to as Live action/animation hybrids. Fantasy films set in the afterlife, called Bangsian Fantasy, are less common, although films such as the 1991 Albert Brooks comedy Defending Your Life would qualify. Other uncommon subgenres include Historical Fantasy and Romantic Fantasy, although 2003's Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl incorporated elements of both; as noted above, superhero movies and fairy tale films might each be considered subgenres of fantasy films, although most would classify them as altogether separate movie genres.
As a cinematic genre, fantasy has traditionally not been regarded as as the related genre of science fiction film. Undoubtedly, the fact that until fantasy films suffered from the "Sword and Sandal" afflictions of inferior production values, over-the-top acting, decidedly poor special effects was a significant factor in fantasy film's low regard. Since the early 2000s, the genre has gained new respectability in a way, driven principally by the successful adaptations of J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings and J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter series. Jackson's The Lord of the Rings trilogy is notable due to its ambitious scope, serious tone, thematic complexity; these pictures achieved phenomenal commercial and critical success, the third installment of the trilogy became the first fantasy film to win the Academy Award for Best Picture. The Harry Potter series has been a tremendous financial success, has achieved critical acclaim for its design, thematic sophistication and emotional depth, grittier realism and darkness, narrative complexity, characterization, boasts an enormous and loyal fanbase.
Following the success of these ventures, Hollywood studios have greenlighted additional big-budget productions in the genre. These have included adaptations of the first and third books in C. S. Lewis' The Chronicles of Narnia series and the teen novel Eragon, as well as adaptations of Susan Cooper's The Dark Is Rising, Cornelia Funke's Inkheart, Philip Pullman's The Golden Compass, Holly Black's The Spiderwick Chronicles, Nickelodeon's TV show Avatar: The Last Airbender, the Fantasia segment The Sorcerer's Apprentice Fantasy movies in recent years, such as The Lord of the Rings films, the first and third Narnia adaptations, the first, second and seventh Harry Potter adaptations have most been released in November and December; this is in contrast to science fiction films, which are released during the northern hemisphere summer. All three installments of the Pirates of the Caribbean fantasy films, were released in July 2003, July 2006, May 2007 and the latest releases in the Harry Potter se
Aquatic plants are plants that have adapted to living in aquatic environments. They are referred to as hydrophytes or macrophytes. A macrophyte is an aquatic plant that grows in or near water and is either emergent, submergent, or floating, includes helophytes. In lakes and rivers macrophytes provide cover for fish and substrate for aquatic invertebrates, produce oxygen, act as food for some fish and wildlife. Aquatic plants require special adaptations for living submerged at the water's surface; the most common adaptation is aerenchyma, but floating leaves and finely dissected leaves are common. Aquatic plants can only grow in water or in soil, permanently saturated with water, they are therefore a common component of wetlands. Fringing stands of tall vegetation by water basins and rivers may include helophytes. Examples include stands of Equisetum fluviatile, Glyceria maxima, Hippuris vulgaris, Carex, Sparganium, yellow flag and Phragmites australis; the principal factor controlling the distribution of aquatic plants is the depth and duration of flooding.
However, other factors may control their distribution and growth form, including nutrients, disturbance from waves and salinity. Aquatic vascular plants have originated on multiple occasions in different plant families. Seaweeds are not vascular plants. A few aquatic plants are able to survive in brackish and salt water; the only angiosperms capable of growing submerged in seawater are the seagrasses. Examples are found in genera such as Zostera. Although most aquatic plants can reproduce by flowering and setting seed, many have extensive asexual reproduction by means of rhizomes and fragments in general. One of the largest aquatic plants in the world is the Amazon water lily. Many small aquatic animals use plants like duckweed for a home, or for protection from predators, but areas with more vegetation are to have more predators; some other familiar examples of aquatic plants might include floating heart, water lily and water hyacinth. Based on growth form, macrophytes can be classified as: Emergent macrophytes Floating-leaved macrophytes Submerged macrophytes Free floating macrophytes An emergent plant is one which grows in water but which pierces the surface so that it is in air.
Collectively, such plants are emergent vegetation. This habit may have developed because the leaves can photosynthesize more efficiently above the shade of cloudy water and competition from submerged plants but the main aerial feature is the flower and the related reproductive process; the emergent habit permits pollination by flying insects. There are many species of emergent plants, among them, the reed, Cyperus papyrus, Typha species, flowering rush and wild rice species; these may be found growing in fens but less well owing to competition from other plants. Some species, such as purple loosestrife, may grow in water as emergent plants but they are capable of flourishing in fens or in damp ground. Floating-leaved macrophytes have root systems attached to the substrate or bottom of the body of water and with leaves that float on the water surface. Common floating leaves macrophytes are pondweeds. Submerged macrophytes grow under water with root attached to the substrate or without any root system.
Free-floating macrophytes are aquatic plants that are found suspended on water surface with their root not attached to substrate or sediment or bottom of water body. They are blown by air and provide breeding ground for mosquito. Example include Pistia spp called water lettuce, water cabbage or Nile cabbage The many possible classifications of aquatic plants are based upon morphology. One example has six groups as follows: Amphiphytes: plants that are adapted to live either submerged or on land Elodeids: stem plants that complete their entire lifecycle submerged, or with only their flowers above the waterline Isoetids: rosette plants that complete their entire lifecycle submerged Helophytes: plants rooted in the bottom, but with leaves above the waterline Nymphaeids: plants rooted in the bottom, but with leaves floating on the water surface Pleuston: vascular plants that float in the water Macrophytes perform many ecosystem functions in aquatic ecosystems and provide services to human society.
One of the important functions performed by macrophyte is uptake of dissolve nutrients from water. Macrophytes are used in constructed wetlands around the world to remove excess N and P from polluted water. Beside direct nutrient uptake, macrophytes indirectly influence nutrient cycling N cycling through influencing the denitrifying bacterial functional groups that are inhabiting on roots and shoots of macrophytes. Macrophytes promote the sedimentation of suspended solids by reducing the current velocities, impede erosion by stabilising soil surfaces. Macrophytes provide spatial heterogeneity in otherwise unstructured water column. Habitat complexity provided by macrophytes like to increase the richness of taxonomy and density of both fish and invertebrates; some aquatic plants are used by humans as a food source. Examples include wild rice, water caltrop, Chinese wa
Doug Jones (actor)
Doug Jones is an American actor and mime. He is best known for his roles in Hellboy, Pan's Labyrinth, The Shape of Water, he is known for his multiple collaborations with filmmaker Guillermo del Toro, starring in Mimic, as Abe Sapien in Hellboy and Hellboy II: The Golden Army, the Faun and the Pale Man in Pan's Labyrinth, the ghosts of Edith's Mother and Beatrice Sharpe in Crimson Peak, the Amphibian Man in The Shape of Water. He has appeared in films such as Hocus Pocus and The Bye Bye Man, he portrayed the titular Silver Surfer in the superhero film Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer, appeared in the TV series Falling Skies, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, del Toro's The Strain. Since 2017, he has been a series regular on Star Trek: Discovery. Jones was born in Indianapolis, the youngest of four brothers, attended Bishop Chatard High School, he graduated from Ball State University, where he parlayed his background as a mime into portraying the school mascot "Charlie Cardinal". Jones started his career in the television and movie industry as a television advertisement character of the 1980s, Mac Tonight.
He worked as a contortionist, saying, "You'd be surprised how many times that comes into play in commercials. They'll want somebody to hold a box of something. I once squished into a box for a commercial for relaxed fit jeans". Although known for his work under prosthetic makeup, such as the zombie Billy Butcherson in the Walt Disney Pictures Halloween film Hocus Pocus, or the lead spy Morlock in the 2002 remake of the 1960 film The Time Machine, he has performed without prosthetics in such films as Adaptation, Mystery Men, Batman Returns, indie projects such as Stefan Haves' Stalled, AntiKaiser Productions' Three Lives, Phil Donlon's A Series of Small Things, as Cesare in David Fisher's 2005 remake of the 1920 silent classic The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, he played Abe Sapien in Hellboy, although the voice was performed by an uncredited David Hyde Pierce. Explaining the challenge of working so in rubber suits and prosthetics, he notes, "I have to make that a part of my being and my physicality and again, acting is a full body experience and that's a part of it when you're doing a costumed character."
In 2005, he worked again with Mexican director Guillermo del Toro, starring as the Faun in del Toro's multiple-Academy Award-winning Spanish-language fantasy/horror project Pan's Labyrinth. He has a secondary role in the film as the Pale Man, a gruesome creature with a penchant for eating children. Working once more under heavy prosthetics in both roles, he was required to learn large amounts of dialogue in Spanish, although his voice was redubbed anyway, by Pablo Adan; the same year brought success for The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, the film receiving three awards at the Screamfest Horror Festival in Los Angeles, including the Audience Choice Award. In 2006, Jones appeared in the feature films The Benchwarmers and Lady in the Water, reprised his role as Abe Sapien by voicing the character in the new Hellboy Animated television project, recording two 75-minute animated films. In February 2007, Jones' likeness was used for Nvidia's "Human Head" tech demo. In June 2007, he appeared in Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer as the Silver Surfer.
He reprised his role as Abe Sapien in Hellboy II: The Golden Army, once more under the direction of del Toro, for which he provided both the voice and body performance. He played two other roles in the film: the Angel of Death and the Chamberlain, both under heavy prosthetics. In 2009, del Toro announced on BBC Radio that Jones would be playing the monster in his upcoming version of Frankenstein. Jones starred as himself in Sockbaby 4, the fourth installment of the Internet martial arts comedy series Sockbaby. Jones appeared in the French-language film Gainsbourg and directed by French comic book author Joann Sfar and produced by Universal Europe. Jones played La Gueule, the grotesque fantasy muse and malicious doppelganger who teases and accompanies Serge Gainsbourg throughout his life, he was fitted with prosthetics designed and created by the Academy Award-winning Spanish FX shop DDT Efectos Especiales, with whom he had worked on Pan's Labyrinth. As in Pan's Labyrinth, Jones performed his lines phonetically, this time speaking in French.
Director Joann Sfar liked Jones' speech patterns so much that he asked Elmosnino to mimic it when he performed the creature's lines. The film was released in France on January 20, 2010. In January 2010, Jones signed a book deal with Medallion Press to model a nonfiction comedic coffee table book called Mime Very Own Book, co-written by Adam Mock and Scott Allen Perry, photographed by Eric Curtis; the book was due for publication in December 2011. Jones plays Dr. Henry Vataber in the web series Universal Dead. In late June 2010, it was announced, he appeared in the independent film The Candy Shop, a "modern fairy tale" shedding light upon child sex trafficking, created by the American film studio Whitestone Pictures. He appeared as the Operator, a fictional entity based on the Internet myth known as the Slender Man, in Always Watching: A Marble Hornets Story a 2014 film adaptation of the popular Marble Hornets YouTube series. Jones was cast as Commander Saru in Star Trek: Discovery, which premiered September 24, 2017.
That same year, Jones reunited
Peter Pau Tak-Hei is a Hong Kong cinematographer and film director, best known to western audiences as for his work on Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Cinematographer in 2000. One of Hong Kong's premier cinematographers, he has collaborated with directors John Woo, Ronny Yu, Ang Lee, Tsui Hark, Wong Kar-wai. Pau is a member of the Hong Kong Society of Cinematographers; the asteroid 34420 Peterpau was named in his honour in early 2006. His older sister is Hong Kong Film Awards best actress winner Paw Hee-Ching. Peter Pau on IMDb hkcinemagic entry lovehkfilm entry