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Washburn County, Wisconsin

Washburn County is a county in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. It is named after Governor Cadwallader C. Washburn; as of the 2010 census, the population was 15,911. Its county seat is Shell Lake; the county was created in 1883. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 853 square miles, of which 797 square miles is land and 56 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 53 U. S. Highway 63 Highway 48 Highway 70 Highway 77 Highway 253 Shell Lake Municipal Airport serves the county and surrounding communities. Douglas County - north Bayfield County - northeast Sawyer County - east Rusk County - southeast Barron County - south Burnett County - west Saint Croix National Scenic Riverway As of the 2000 census, there were 16,036 people, 6,604 households, 4,530 families residing in the county; the population density was 20 people per square mile. There were 10,814 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.27% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 1.01% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, 1.22% from two or more races.

0.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.9% were of German, 11.4% Norwegian, 7.0% Irish, 6.2% Swedish, 6.1% English and 5.6% American ancestry. There were 6,604 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.88. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 101.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.3 males. In 2017, there were 153 births, giving a general fertility rate of 70.0 births per 1000 women aged 15–44, the 17th highest rate out of all 72 Wisconsin counties.

Additionally, there were fewer than five reported induced abortions performed on women of Washburn County residence in 2017. Shell Lake Spooner Birchwood Minong Springbrook Stone Lake Trego Harmon National Register of Historic Places listings in Washburn County, Wisconsin Washburn County website Washburn County map from the Wisconsin Department of Transportation Washburn County tourism website

Whitewater River (Minnesota)

The Whitewater River is a 16.6-mile-long tributary of the Upper Mississippi River which flows through the Driftless Area of Minnesota, reaching its mouth in Wabasha County at the community of Weaver opposite Buffalo, Wisconsin. The nearest towns are Altura, Saint Charles, Elba; the region hosts endangered native dry oak savannas, semiforested areas that seem to have been dependent on fire for their well-being. The main stem of the Whitewater River is formed by the confluence of the North and Middle forks at Elba, is joined by the South Fork just downstream; the North Fork flows through Wabasha and Winona counties, with a "channel length of 47 km". The upper branches of the Whitewater River system including the portion that flows through Whitewater State Park are designated trout streams. Native brook, wild brown and stocked rainbow trout populate the streams; the state maintains Whitewater State Park on the upper reach of the main stem, on the Middle Fork and on Trout Run Creek. Crystal Springs Fish Hatchery is located on the lower portion of the South Fork.

Whitewater River is the English translation of the native Sioux language name. In the 1990s the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources restored nearly 5 miles of the river to a more natural, meandering form. Designed to allow the river to access its floodplain, the restored section is supposed to disperse high water levels over a wide area and reduce shoreline erosion; the year 1938 saw major sediment deposition along the river. As a result of the 2007 Midwest flooding, the river overtopped its dikes, flooding the town of Elba on August 18, 2007. U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Whitewater River, Retrieved July 12, 2007 Whitewater River Watershed Project Retrieved July 12, 2007 "Map". Retrieved July 12, 2007

James Sherard

James Sherard was an English apothecary and amateur musician. He was born in Leicestershire to George and Mary Sherwood, his older brother, William became a noted botanist. James Sherard may have been educated at Merchant Taylors' School, which his brother attended, but his name is nowhere to be found in the published list of students. On 7 February 1682, apothecary Charles Watts, who served as curator of Chelsea Physic Garden, took him in as an apprentice. After honing his craft with Watts, Sherard moved to Mark Lane, where he started his own successful business, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1706. In time, Sherard came into contact with Wriothesley Russell, 2nd Duke of Bedford through his brother, who had once served as a tutor in Russell's family. Sherard dedicated his first set of trio sonatas to Russell. Printed by Estienne Roger in Amsterdam, the piece is based on Italian sonatas those of Arcangelo Corelli. Sherard may have helped premiere the work himself, performing on the violin alongside the Duke's two Italian chamber musicians, cellist Nicola Francesco Haym and violinist Nicola Cosimi.

One surviving copy of the work was owned by an apothecary named William Salter. He wrote commentary in the margins, including a note that Sherard was friends with George Frideric Handel. Sherard published a second set of trio sonatas in 1711. Both sets are in da chiesa form. Sherard's extensive collection of manuscripts of vocal and instrumental music is preserved in the Bodleian Library, includes unique copies of German church music among other items. In 1711, around the time Sherard finished composing his second set of sonatas, the Duke died, Sherard's interest in music seems to have died with him, he fell ill with gout, which prevented him from playing the violin. Instead, he turned to botany. Upon retiring from his business in Mark Lane in the 1720s, he had acquired an ample fortune, he purchased two manors in Leicestershire and a property at Eltham in Kent, near London, where he resided. Sherard soon found himself maintaining a growing collection of rare plants at Eltham. Despite his ill health, he made several trips to continental Europe in search of seeds for his garden, which soon became recognized as one of the finest in England.

In 1721, in order to help with a projected revision of Caspar Bauhin’s Pinax of 1623, William Sherard brought the German botanist Johann Jacob Dillenius to England. In 1732, James published. According to Blanche Henrey it was "the most important book to be published in England during the eighteenth century on the plants growing in a private garden" and a major work for the pre-Linnaean taxonomy of South African plants, notably the succulents of the Cape Province. Dillenius' herbarium specimens from Eltham are preserved in the herbarium of the Oxford Botanical Garden. In 1728, Sherard's brother died, he was left in charge of executing William's will, he negotiated his brother's endowment of the Sherardian Professorship of Botany at the University of Oxford. For his work in endowing the professorship, Sherard was granted a doctorate in medicine by the university in 1731. On his death in 1838 he had amassed a fortune of £150,000, he was survived by his wife Susanna, with whom he had no children, was buried at the Evington parish church in Leicestershire.

Boulger, G. S.. "Dillenius, Johann Jakob". Rev. D. J. Mabberley, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved on 11 June 2008. Munk, William; the Roll of the Royal College of Physicians of London. London: Royal College of Physicians. Tilmouth, Michael. "James Sherard, an English Amateur Composer". Music and Letters. 47: 313–322. Doi:10.1093/ml/47.4.313. Tilmouth and Robert Thompson. "Sherard, James ". Grove Music Online. Ed. L. Macy. Retrieved on 7 June 2008. Webb, W. W.. "Sherard, James". Rev. Scott Mandelbrote, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved on 7 June 2008; the first edition of this text is available at Wikisource: "Sherard, James". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. Stephen Rose. Leipzig Church Music from the Sherard Collection: Eight Works by Sebastian Knüpfer, Johann Schelle, Johann Kuhnau, Yale University Collegium Musicum series 2, volume 20

Rasika Joshi

Rasika Joshi was a noted Marathi and Hindi film actress. A celebrated Marathi theatre and Indian television actress, she was known for Maharashtrian roleplays in Bollywood films. Rasika was born in a Marathi Brahmin family and was married to Girish Joshi and actor, she began her career with a Marathi play by Lata Narvekar called Uncha Mazha Zoka, starring Avinash Masurekar and Smita Talvalkar. Her last movie was Ram Gopal Verma's movie Not A Love Story, she worked as writer and actor in the play White Lily And Night Rider. She applauded in Ek Hasina Thi, she became quite a favourite of Priyadarshan. Some of her Hindi movies include: Billu Dhol Bhool Bhulaiyaa Gayab Ek Hasina Thi Vaastu Shastra De Taali Darna Zaroori Hai Malamaal Weekly She became a household name with the Marathi serials Prapanch, Ghadlay Bighadlay, Bua Alaa and Yeh Duniya Hai Rangeen, her performance as Tarulata in Bandini was much appreciated. Rasika Joshi was a talented actresses who worked in many films, theatre as well as television serials.

Jabardast and Khabardaar are some of her notable works. T. V. shows like Ghadlay Prapanch made her popular. She has authored the Marathi movie Yanda Kartavya Aahe, her self written, essayed play, White Lily & Night Rider along with Milind Phatak won many awards, praises as well as accolades. She died from leukaemia on 7 July 2011 in a nursing home in Mumbai, aged 38, was survived by her husband Girish Joshi and family


Acrosorus is a genus of ferns in the family Polypodiaceae, subfamily Grammitidoideae, according to the Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group classification of 2016. It is known from the Philippines, Malesia and the Pacific islands. Members of the genus have radially symmetric rhizomes, covered with hairless scales of uniform color, their leaves may be cut, into lobes, or divided into pinnae. Their veins are at most a few times forked, lack hydathodes; each lobe or pinna of a fertile leaf bears a single sorus near the tip. Leaf hairs may be single setae, single catenate hairs, or branched catenate hairs, with setae for branches; the genus was created by Edwin Copeland in 1906, to accommodate a group of ferns similar to Prosaptia and until classified in Davallia. As of February 2020, the Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World accepted the following species: Acrosorus friderici-et-pauli Copel. Acrosorus grammitidiphyllus. Acrosorus schlechteri Christ Acrosorus sclerophyllus. Acrosorus subtriangularis Parris Acrosorus tenuis Parris Acrosorus vallatus Parris

Goose bumps

Goose bumps are the bumps on a person's skin at the base of body hairs which may involuntarily develop when a person is tickled, cold or experiencing strong emotions such as fear, euphoria or sexual arousal. The formation of goose bumps in humans under stress is considered to be a vestigial reflex; the reflex of producing goose bumps is known as piloerection or the pilomotor reflex, or, more traditionally, horripilification. It occurs in many mammals; the phrase "goose bumps" derives from the phenomenon's association with goose skin. Goose feathers grow from spores in the epidermis; when a goose's feathers are plucked, its skin has protrusions where the feathers were, these bumps are what the human phenomenon resembles. It is not clear why the particular fowl, was chosen in English, as most other birds share this same anatomical feature; some authors have applied "goosebumps" to the symptoms of sexually-transmitted diseases. "Bitten by a Winchester goose" was a common euphemism for having contracted syphilis in the 16th century.

"Winchester geese" was the nickname for the prostitutes of Southern London, licensed by the Bishop of Winchester in the area around his London palace. This etymology does not explain. "Goose skin" is used in German, Swedish and Norwegian, Greek, Russian, Polish, Slovak and Hungarian. In other languages, the "goose" may be replaced by other kinds of poultry. For instance, "hen" is used in Spanish, Romanian, Catalan, Slovene and in Central Italy. "Chicken" is used in Dutch, Finnish, Estonian and Korean. In Hindi/Urdu it is called rongtey khade ho jaana; the equivalent Japanese term, 鳥肌, translates as "bird skin". In Arabic it is called kash'arirah, while in Hebrew it is called "duck skin". In Vietnamese, it is called da gà, which can be translated as "chicken skin", or gai ốc, which can be translated as "snail node". All of the birds listed above are consumed in the country of origin, so it may well be assumed that the term "goose pimples" and all other related terms in other languages came into being due to the visual similarity of the bird's plucked skin and the human skin phenomenon, used to describe the sensation in a way, familiar.

The same effect is manifested in the root word horror in English, derived from Latin horrere, which means "to bristle", "be horrified", because of the accompanying hair reaction. Goose bumps are created when tiny muscles at the base of each hair, known as arrector pili muscles and pull the hair erect; the reflex is started by the sympathetic nervous system, responsible for many fight-or-flight responses. The muscle cells connected to the hair follicle have been visualized by actin immunofluorescence. In animals covered with fur or hair, the erect hairs trap air to create a layer of insulation. Goose bumps can be a response to anger or fear: the erect hairs make the animal appear larger, in order to intimidate enemies; this can be observed in the intimidation displays of chimpanzees, some New World monkeys like the cotton-top tamarin, in stressed mice and rats, in frightened cats. In humans, goose bumps can extend to piloerection as a reaction to hearing nails scratch on a chalkboard, listening to awe-inspiring music, or feeling or remembering strong and positive emotions, or while watching a horror film.

Some can deliberately evoke goose bumps in themselves without any external trigger. Such people tend to have the ability to increase their heart rate and describe the event as a chill from the base of their skull down the body, that causes the increase in heart rate and concurrent goosebumps on the skin the forearms which varies in duration. Further research is needed to discover more on such people. Goose bumps are accompanied by a specific physiological response pattern, thought to indicate the emotional state of being moved. In humans, goose bumps are strongest on the forearms, but occur on the legs and other areas of the skin that have hair. In some people, they occur in the face or on the head. Piloerection is a classic symptom of some diseases, such as temporal lobe epilepsy, some brain tumors, autonomic hyperreflexia. Goose bumps can be caused by withdrawal from opiates such as heroin. A skin condition that mimics goose bumps in appearance is keratosis pilaris. Goose bumps can be experienced in the presence of flash-cold temperatures, for example being in a cold environment, the skin being able to re-balance its surface temperature quickly.

The stimulus of cold surroundings causes the tiny muscles attached to each hair follicle to contract. This contraction causes the hair strands to stand straight, the purpose of, to aid in quicker drying via evaporation of water clinging to the hair, moved upward and away from the skin. People say t