United States Capitol Visitor Center
The United States Capitol Visitor Center is a large underground addition to the United States Capitol complex which serves as a gathering point for up to 4,000 tourists and an expansion space for the US Congress. It is located below the East Front of the Capitol and its plaza, between the Capitol building and 1st Street East; the complex contains 580,000 square feet of space below ground on three floors. The overall project's budget was $621 million; the CVC has space for use including multiple new meeting and conference rooms. On the House side, there is a large room which will most be used by a committee; the new Congressional Auditorium, a 450-seat theater, will be available for use by members of Congress or for either House of Congress should their respective chamber be unavailable. The CVC opened on December 2, 2008; this date was selected to coincide with the 145th anniversary of placing Thomas Crawford's Statue of Freedom atop the Capitol building in 1863, signifying the completion of construction of its dome.
The CVC contains three underground levels: a balcony level entrance, the Emancipation Hall level and a third restricted level for new Congressional offices and meeting rooms. The construction of the CVC represents the largest-ever expansion of the United States Capitol and more than doubles the footprint of the US Capitol building complex; the American Institute of Architects gave RTKL Associates Inc. with the Award of Excellence in Historic Resources for their work on the U. S. Capitol Visitor Center; the award was presented at the Architecture Week Closing Party & Design Awards Gala on September 30, 2010, in Washington, D. C. Construction of the CVC was supervised by the Architect of the Capitol; that post was held by Alan Hantman, FAIA until his term expired on February 4, 2007. The ceremonial groundbreaking for the CVC took place on June 20, 2000. Although planned to be completed by January 2004, the final completion date was extended to December 2, 2008; the proposed cost was $71 million, but it has risen to $621 million.
The CVC has caused controversy for being behind schedule. Much of this is blamed on the rising cost of fuel, post-9/11 security measures, inclement weather. At a hearing on the CVC cost-overruns Representative Jack Kingston called it "a monument to government inefficiency and excessiveness."The first major construction contract, worth nearly $100 million, was awarded to Balfour Beatty, in the spring of 2002. This contract involved site demolition, slurry wall construction, construction of columns, installation of site utilities, construction of the concrete and structural steel and construction of a new service tunnel. By July 2005, Balfour Beatty Construction completed all excavation and structural activities, the roof deck covered the entire CVC structure. Manhattan Construction Company was responsible for the build-out including, installation of electrical and plumbing systems, coordination with existing Capitol building systems where the center connects within the Capitol building, completion of the above-ground East Front Plaza, with related site work and security elements.
The space is designed for use as a holding zone for visitors waiting to take tours of the Capitol. The number of annual visitors to the Capitol has tripled from 1,000,000 in 1970 to nearly 3,000,000 as of recent times, it has become difficult to deal with the congestion caused by such crowds. In the past, visitors were required to line up on the Capitol's east stairs, sometimes stretching all the way to 1st Street East; this wait could last hours and no protection was offered against inclement weather. Tickets were on a first-come, first-served basis. With the addition of the CVC, visitors now have a secure, handicap-accessible, educational place to wait before their Capitol tours commence. Visitors are free to explore the CVC, which houses an exhibition hall, two gift shops, a 530-seat food court. Visiting the CVC and the Capitol are free. Tickets for Capitol tours are free and are available online for order ahead of time. Emancipation Hall measures in at 20,000 square feet, it was designated the Great Hall, but this was changed to Emancipation Hall when a bill cosponsored by Congressman Zach Wamp and Jesse L. Jackson, Jr. was passed by Congress and signed by President George W. Bush in January 2008.
Emancipation Hall contains two large skylights, which each measure 30 feet by 70 feet and allow for a view of the Capitol dome never before seen. The skylights allow a significant amount of natural light into the hall and are surrounded by pools of water and seating on the roof deck; the Hall displays the original 1857 plaster cast of the Statue of Freedom, the bronze statue that stands atop the Capitol dome. It was moved to the Hall from the basement rotunda of the Russell Senate Office Building, across Constitution Avenue from the Capitol, where it had stood since January, 1993; the Hall displays 24 statues of the National Statuary Hall Collection. The complete collection is made up of two statues from each state; the statues are donated by their respective state to honor notable residents. In the past years, all 100 statues have been housed in the Capitol, many in Statuary Hall; this has led to overcrowding of statues and relocating some of them to Emancipation Hall has allowed for some space to be reclaimed.
According to the Acting Architect of the Capitol Steven T. Ayers, more-recently added statues have been given pr
France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona
Serbia the Republic of Serbia, is a country situated at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe in the southern Pannonian Plain and the central Balkans. The sovereign state borders Hungary to the north, Romania to the northeast, Bulgaria to the southeast, North Macedonia to the south and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west, Montenegro to the southwest; the country claims a border with Albania through the disputed territory of Kosovo. Serbia's population is about seven million, its capital, ranks among the oldest and largest citiеs in southeastern Europe. Inhabited since the Paleolithic Age, the territory of modern-day Serbia faced Slavic migrations to the Balkans in the 6th century, establishing several sovereign states in the early Middle Ages at times recognized as tributaries to the Byzantine and Hungarian kingdoms; the Serbian Kingdom obtained recognition by the Vatican and Constantinople in 1217, reaching its territorial apex in 1346 as the short-lived Serbian Empire. By the mid-16th century, the entirety of modern-day Serbia was annexed by the Ottomans, their rule was at times interrupted by the Habsburg Empire, which started expanding towards Central Serbia from the end of the 17th century while maintaining a foothold in the north of the country.
In the early 19th century, the Serbian Revolution established the nation-state as the region's first constitutional monarchy, which subsequently expanded its territory. Following disastrous casualties in World War I, the subsequent unification of the former Habsburg crownland of Vojvodina with Serbia, the country co-founded Yugoslavia with other South Slavic peoples, which would exist in various political formations until the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s. During the breakup of Yugoslavia, Serbia formed a union with Montenegro, peacefully dissolved in 2006. In 2008, the parliament of the province of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence, with mixed responses from the international community. Serbia is a member of the UN, CoE, CERN, OSCE, PfP, BSEC, CEFTA, is acceding to the WTO. Since 2014 the country has been negotiating its EU accession with perspective of joining the European Union by 2025. Serbia dropped in ranking from Free to Partly Free in the 2019 Freedom House report. Since 2007, Serbia formally adheres to the policy of military neutrality.
An upper-middle income economy with a dominant service sector followed by the industrial sector and agriculture, the country ranks high on the Human Development Index, Social Progress Index as well as the Global Peace Index. The origin of the name, "Serbia" is unclear. Various authors mentioned names of Serbs and Sorbs in different variants: Surbii, Serbloi, Sorabi, Sarbi, Serboi, Surbi, etc; these authors used these names to refer to Serbs and Sorbs in areas where their historical presence was/is not disputed, but there are sources that mention same or similar names in other parts of the World. Theoretically, the root *sъrbъ has been variously connected with Russian paserb, Ukrainian pryserbytysia, Old Indic sarbh-, Latin sero, Greek siro. However, Polish linguist Stanisław Rospond derived the denomination of Srb from srbati. Sorbian scholar H. Schuster-Šewc suggested a connection with the Proto-Slavic verb for "to slurp" *sьrb-, with cognates such as сёрбать, сьорбати, сёрбаць, srbati, сърбам and серебати.
From 1945 to 1963, the official name for Serbia was the People's Republic of Serbia, which became the Socialist Republic of Serbia from 1963 to 1990. Since 1990, the official name of the country is the "Republic of Serbia". However, between the period from 1992 to 2006, the official names of the country were the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. Archeological evidence of Paleolithic settlements on the territory of present-day Serbia are scarce. A fragment of a human jaw was believed to be up to 525,000 -- 397,000 years old. Around 6,500 years BC, during the Neolithic, the Starčevo and Vinča cultures existed in or near modern-day Belgrade and dominated much of Southeastern Europe. Two important local archeological sites from this era, Lepenski Vir and Vinča-Belo Brdo, still exist near the banks of the Danube. During the Iron Age, Thracians and Illyrians were encountered by the Ancient Greeks during their expansion into the south of modern Serbia in the 4th century BC.
The Celtic tribe of Scordisci settled throughout the area in the 3rd century BC and formed a tribal state, building several fortifications, including their capital at Singidunum and Naissos. The Romans conquered much of the territory in the 2nd century BC. In 167 BC the Roman province of Illyricum was established; as a result of this, contemporary Serbia extends or over several former Roman provinces, including Moesia, Praevalitana, Dalmatia and Macedoni
Ghana the Republic of Ghana, is a country located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa. Spanning a land mass of 238,535 km2, Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south. Ghana means "Warrior King" in the Soninke language; the first permanent state in the territory of present-day Ghana dates back to the 11th century. Numerous kingdoms and empires emerged over the centuries, of which the most powerful was the Kingdom of Ashanti. Beginning in the 15th century, numerous European powers contested the area for trading rights, with the British establishing control of the coast by the late 19th century. Following over a century of native resistance, Ghana's current borders were established by the 1900s as the British Gold Coast, it became independent of the United Kingdom on 6 March 1957. Ghana's population of 30 million spans a variety of ethnic and religious groups.
According to the 2010 census, 71.2% of the population was Christian, 17.6% was Muslim, 5.2% practised traditional faiths. Its diverse geography and ecology ranges from coastal savannahs to tropical rain forests. Ghana is a unitary constitutional democracy led by a president, both head of state and head of the government. Ghana's growing economic prosperity and democratic political system have made it a regional power in West Africa, it is a member of the Non-Aligned Movement, the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States, Group of 24 and the Commonwealth of Nations. The etymology of the word Ghana means "warrior king" and was the title accorded to the kings of the medieval Ghana Empire in West Africa, but the empire was further north than the modern country of Ghana, in the region of Guinea. Ghana was recognized as one of the great kingdoms in Bilad el-Sudan by the ninth century. Ghana was inhabited in the Middle Ages and the Age of Discovery by a number of ancient predominantly Akan kingdoms in the Southern and Central territories.
This included the Ashanti Empire, the Akwamu, the Bonoman, the Denkyira, the Mankessim Kingdom. Although the area of present-day Ghana in West Africa has experienced many population movements, the Akans were settled by the 5th century BC. By the early 11th century, the Akans were established in the Akan state called Bonoman, for which the Brong-Ahafo Region is named. From the 13th century, Akans emerged from what is believed to have been the Bonoman area, to create several Akan states of Ghana based on gold trading; these states included Bonoman, Denkyira, Mankessim Kingdom, Akwamu Eastern region. By the 19th century, the territory of the southern part of Ghana was included in the Kingdom of Ashanti, one of the most influential states in sub-saharan Africa prior to the onset of colonialism; the Kingdom of Ashanti government operated first as a loose network, as a centralised kingdom with an advanced specialised bureaucracy centred in the capital city of Kumasi. Prior to Akan contact with Europeans, the Akan people created an advanced economy based on principally gold and gold bar commodities traded with the states of Africa.
The earliest known kingdoms to emerge in modern Ghana were the Mole-Dagbani states. The Mole-Dagomba came on horseback from present-day Burkina Faso under Naa Gbewaa. With their advanced weapons and based on a central authority, they invaded and occupied the lands of the local people ruled by the Tendamba, established themselves as the rulers over the locals, made Gambaga their capital; the death of Naa Gbewaa caused civil war among his children, some of whom broke off and founded separate states including Dagbon, Mossi and Wala. Akan trade with European states began after contact with Portuguese in the 15th century. Early European contact by the Portuguese people, who came to the Gold Coast region in the 15th century to trade and established the Portuguese Gold Coast, focused on the extensive availability of gold; the Portuguese built a trading lodge at a coastal settlement called Anomansah which they renamed São Jorge da Mina. In 1481, King John II of Portugal commissioned Diogo d'Azambuja to build the Elmina Castle, completed in three years.
By 1598, the Dutch had joined the Portuguese in the gold trade, establishing the Dutch Gold Coast and building forts at Fort Komenda and Kormantsi. In 1617, the Dutch captured the Olnini Castle from the Portuguese, Axim in 1642. Other European traders had joined in gold trading by the mid-17th century, most notably the Swedes, establishing the Swedish Gold Coast, Denmark-Norway, establishing the Danish Gold Coast. Portuguese merchants, impressed with the gold resources in the area, named it Costa do Ouro or Gold Coast. Beginning in the 17th century — in addition to the gold trade — Portuguese, Dutch and French traders participated in the Atlantic slave trade in this area. More than thirty forts and castles were built by the Portuguese, Dano-Norwegians and German merchants. In 1874 Great Britain established control over some parts of the country, assigning these areas the status of British Gold Coast. Many military engagements occurred between the British colonial powers and the various Akan nation-states.
The Akan Kingdom of Ashanti defeated the British a few times i
Unknown Soldier Memorial (Egypt)
Many Unknown Soldier Memorials for Egyptian and Arab soldiers were constructed inside and outside Egypt. The most famous is the one in Cairo; the Unknown Soldier Memorial in Cairo is a pyramid-shaped monument in Nasr City. Its construction was ordered by president Anwar Sadat in 1974 in honour of Egyptians and Arabs who lost their lives in the 1973 October War, it was inaugurated in October 1975. The site was chosen for the president's tomb after his assassination in October 1981; the monument is made of concrete and resembles a hollow pyramid, with a height of 25 meters, a base width of 14.3 meters. The four pillars are 1.9 meters thick, are inscribed with 71 symbolic names. At the center of the base is a solid basalt cube representing the soldier's tomb; the memorial is open to visitors at all times. It was designed by the artist Sami Rafi, a Professor in the Faculty of Fine Arts in Cairo who obtained his PhD from the Faculty of Fine Arts in Vienna. A small memorial to the martyrs of 1973 war is present in the 6th of October Panorama.
An Unknown Soldier monument commemorating those who lost their lives in the October War is located in El-Shohada Square, Alexandria. A memorial dedicated to the unknown soldiers who lost their lives in the sea battles, it is present on the sea shore at Alexandria; the Port Said Martyrs Memorial commemorates the martyrs of Port Said in the battles of the tripartite aggression during the Suez Crisis in 1956. It exists in Port Said. There is an unknown October war martyrs Memorial in Desouk, Kafr el-Sheikh Governorate. There is an Egyptian unknown October war Memorial at the entrance of Sadat City; the Egyptian unknown Soldier & October war Memorial at Ismailyia was erected to commemorate the victory of Egyptian army at the Battle of Ismailia. An unknown soldier memorial for Egyptian soldiers of the 1948 war stands at Ad Halom known as "the Ad Halom commemoration wall"; the Ad Halom memorial marks the northernmost point in Israel to which the Egyptian army advanced during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
It was erected under the terms of the 1979 Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty. The inscriptions on the four edges are in Hebrew, Arabic and hieroglyphics. Another monument erected under the terms of the 1979 peace treaty stands near Fort Yoav in Southern Israel; the Egyptians had requested to place a memorial for soldiers fallen in Negba as one had been placed to commemorate the Israeli fallen. Due to local opposition, the monument was placed in nearby Sde Yoav, it is a monument to four Egyptian soldiers -- a sergeant and a private. Like its Ad Halom counterpart, it too is inscribed in Hebrew, Arabic and hieroglyphics. A monument was erected in the village of Beit Nuba west the city of Ramallah in the West Bank in memory of 10 Egyptian soldiers bravery during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, it is dedicated to the Egyptian soldiers who refused to surrender the area to Jordan the Zionist forces bomb them causing their death. The monument was built on July 17, 2012 as a joint effort between the Egyptian embassy and the Fatah party.
Israeli forces entered Beit Nuba on 12 December 2012 and notified the villagers that the monument and buildings would be demolished. The Egyptian Minister of Foreign affairs made contacts with the Egyptian ambassador in the Palestinian territories, to stop the Israeli decision to demolish the Beit Nuba monument of the Egyptian soldiers. Palestinians organized a sit-in to protest the decision to demolish the monument. A memorial for the Egyptian troops who fell in the Kuwait war during the Liberation of Kuwait campaign during the Operation Desert Storm, it is displayed at the Kuwait National Memorial Museum to show Egypt's contribution to the liberation. It commemorates Egypt loss of 12 soldiers; the Monument for Egyptians Martyrs at Sana'a, Yemen was erected for the memory of the over 20,000 Egyptian soldiers that died during the North Yemen Civil War in 1965. Official Website
Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum
Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum is situated at the foot of the second peak of Mount Zijin in Nanjing. Construction of the tomb started in January 1926, was finished in spring of 1929; the architect was Lü Yanzhi. His representative and project partner was his close friend Huang Tanpu. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Dr. Sun was born in Guangdong province of China on 12 November 1866, died in 1925 in Beijing, China. On 23 April 1929, the Chinese government appointed He Yingqin to be in charge of laying Dr. Sun to rest. On 26 May, the coffin departed from Beijing, on 28 May, it arrived in Nanjing. On 1 June 1929, Dr. Sun was buried there. Sun, considered to be the "Father of Modern China" both in mainland China and in Taiwan, fought against the imperial Qing government and after the 1911 revolution ended the monarchy, founded the Republic of China. A committee decided to host a design competition in order to collect designs for the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum; the committee put advertisements in the newspapers on 5 May 1925, inviting architects and designers at home and abroad to send their designs.
In exchange for a 10 yuan charge, the committee would provide the designer with 12 pictures of the site. The design would have to adhere to guidelines, it had to be done in a traditional Chinese style that evoked a modern design with special and memorial substance. Not only should it evoke the Chinese architectural spirit, but add creativity. Designers were required to insure. Over 40 proposals were received. On 20 September 1925, the committee convened in Shanghai, unanimously selected Lu Yanzhi's proposal; the mausoleum was designed by Lu Yanzhi and completed by Poy Gum Lee between 1926–1929. Reclining on a mountain slope, the majestic mausoleum blends the styles of traditional imperial tombs and modern architecture. Lying at the mountainside, the vault is more than 700 metres away from the paifang on the square below, the entrance of the mausoleum. There is a three-tier stone stand on which a huge bronze ding, an ancient Chinese vessel symbolizing power, perches. To the north of the square, the paifang towers high.
Beyond is the 50-metre - wide stairway which has 392 stairs leading to the vault. On both sides, pine and ginkgo trees guard the way. At the end of the stairway is a gate, 16 metres high and 27 metres wide; the tri-arched marble gate is inscribed with the personal motto of Dr. Sun, with four Chinese characters written by him, "Tian Xia Wei Gong" which means "What is under heaven is for all". Inside the gate, there is a pavilion in which a 9-metre stele is set, a memorial monument set by the Kuomintang. A few stairs up is the vault. In front of the sacrificial hall there stands a pair of huabiao, ancient Chinese ornamental columns, which are 12.6 meters high. The sacrificial hall is a palace of 30 metres in length, 25 metres in width, 29 metres in height. In the center of the hall a 4.6-metre -high statue of Dr. Sun sits; the statue was sculptured out of Italian white marble. The hall's ceiling features the flag of the Kuomintang. Biographical information on Dr. Sun is available to visitors in the hall.
North of the hall lies the bell-shaped vault. Architectural influence of the Mausoleum's design is evident in Taiwan's Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall. In a historical documentary, Chiang Kai Shek, former President of the Republic of China, officiated the opening and paid his visit to Mausoleum reporting his victory of the Northern Expedition to unify China in 1929. Chiang made a second visit in summer of 1946 after the conclusion of the second world war to report the victory for his cause that mainland China was once again in Chinese sovereignty. On 27 April 2005, Kuomintang Chairman Lien Chan, his wife, other KMT members visited the Mausoleum, it was the first visit of KMT members to the site since 1949. On 15 November 2006, a visit was made to the Mausoleum by Dr. Sun's granddaughter, Sun Huiying, by over eighty years old. In May 2008, Wu Po-hsiung became the first ruling KMT Chairman to visit the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum since 1949. There were concerns that the 392 steps leading to the tomb would be too taxing given Wu's leg injuries.
On 12 February 2014, Wang Yu-chi became the first ROC government official in office to visit the site after the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949. On 31 October 2016, KMT Chairperson Hung Hsiu-chu visited the mausoleum during her mainland trip for the Cross-strait Peace Development Forum. National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall Cihu Mausoleum Touliao Mausoleum Linggu Temple and Tomb of Tan Yankai Tomb of Lin Sen at Geleshan, Chongqing Tomb of Liao Zhongkai and He Xiangning Plum Blossom Mountain in Nanjing Tomb of Hu Hanmin at Longyandong, Guangzhou Wu Zhihui Memorial park in Kinmen Tomb of Huang Xing at Yuelu Mountain Second Guangzhou Uprising Tomb of Sun Zhesheng in Yangmingshan Private Cemetery, Beitou District, Taipei Tomb of Yu Youren in Yangmingshan National Park, Taipei Sun Yat Sen Nanyang Memorial Hall Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall Sun Yat Sen Memorial House Sun Yat-sen Museum Penang Sun Yat Sen Memorial Park Dr. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum national park
House of Flowers (mausoleum)
House of Flowers is the resting place of Josip Broz Tito, the President of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, his wife Jovanka Broz. It is located on the grounds of the Museum of Yugoslav History in Dedinje, Serbia; the name House of Flowers comes from the fact that many flowers surrounded the tomb until it was closed to the public after the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Today there are only white rocks, it was internally called "flower shop" during Tito's life when it served as his auxiliary office with covered garden. "House of Flowers" was built on the basis of a project by architect Stjepan Kralj. It was built as a winter garden with areas for work and rest of Josip Broz with an area of 902 square metres near the residence where he lived, it consists of three parts: the central one - a flower garden, two parallel wide corridors on the sides. On the opposite side of the entrance is an uncovered terrace with a view of Belgrade. In the central part, following his personal wish, Tito was buried in May 1980.
Permanent exhibition in "House of Flowers" consist of local and federal Relays of Youth from the period after 1957, from when 25 May was celebrated as Youth Day. Beside that, written messages that Tito received with relays, photographs of people carrying and exchanged batons and programs of rallies, other related material are displayed in the museum. For a decade after the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia the entire complex was closed to the public and the military guards were permanently removed. However, today the site is open again to people who wish to pay their respects. Many guests, from all over the former Yugoslavia, visit the place on May 25 - the former Youth Day under Socialism; the memorial was visited by more than eleven thousand people in 2004, since 1982, more than 17,000,000 people. Official website House of flowers - Virtual tour