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Washington County, North Carolina

Washington County is a county located in the U. S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 13,228, its county seat is Plymouth. The county was formed in 1799 from the western third of Tyrrell County, it was named for George Washington. There are three incorporated towns in Washington County. Plymouth is the county seat. Other towns are Creswell. Washington County is known for extensive forests and abundant public access waters; the Roanoke River and Albemarle Sound form the northern boundary. Lake Phelps is part of Pettigrew State Park in Creswell. Somerset Place is NC Historic Site on Lake Phelps; the Pungo Unit of the Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge in the southern part of the county is said to have the best public black bear viewing in North Carolina. This part of the State is known for having the world's largest black bears and highest black bear densities, according to the NC Black Bear Biologist, Colleen Olfenbuttel; the award-winning NC Black Bear Festival takes place in Plymouth on the first weekend in June.

According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 424 square miles, of which 348 square miles is land and 76 square miles is water; the county borders the Albemarle Sound. Chowan County - north Perquimans County - northeast Tyrrell County - east Hyde County - southeast Beaufort County - southwest Martin County - west Bertie County - northwest Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge US 64 NC 32 NC 37 NC 45 NC 94 NC 99 NC 149 NC 308 As of the census of 2000, there were 13,723 people, 5,367 households, 3,907 families residing in the county; the population density was 39 people per square mile. There were 6,174 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 48.28% White, 48.94% Black or African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.66% from other races, 0.70% from two or more races. 2.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 5,367 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.10% were married couples living together, 18.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.20% were non-families.

24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.99. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.00% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 25.80% from 45 to 64, 15.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 89.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,865, the median income for a family was $34,888. Males had a median income of $27,058 versus $19,477 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,994. About 17.60% of families and 21.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.50% of those under age 18 and 19.20% of those age 65 or over. Washington County is a member of the Albemarle Commission regional council of governments. Washington County is one of the proposed sites for a Navy outlying landing field.

This practice airfield would allow pilots to simulate landings on an aircraft carrier. Construction, which has not yet begun, is controversial due to its potential ecological impact. Creswell High School Plymouth High School Creswell Plymouth Roper Lake Phelps Mackeys Pea Ridge Plymouth Lees Mill Scuppernong Skinnersville National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington County, North Carolina Washington County official website Washington County, NCGenWeb

John Macqueen Cowan

John Macqueen Cowan FRSE CBE was a prominent Scottish botanist in the mid 20th century. He is remembered for the recording and classification of trees on the Indian sub-continent, he was an expert on Spermatophytes. Cowan was born in Banchory in northern Scotland in 1891 or 1892, he was educated at Robert Gordon's College in Aberdeen. He attended both Edinburgh and Oxford University training as a botanist, specialising in trees, receiving a postgraduate doctorate from Oxford in 1927. From 1927 to 1929 he worked with the Indian Forest Service and conducted many studies of tree species throughout India. In February 1929 he made a study trip around the Near East with fellow botanist Cyril Darlington, he worked at the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh 1930 to 1954 alongside Roland Edgar Cooper. In 1954 Cowan took over as Curator of Inverewe Garden on the west coast of Scotland. During the Second World War he provided valuable advice to the Ministry of Supply in relation to the Home-Grown Timber Production Department.

In 1931 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh his proposers including Sir William Wright Smith, William Grant Craib and Albert William Borthwick. He served as President of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh for 1951–53, he was awarded the Veitch Memorial Medal in 1951 and the Victoria Medal of Honour in 1958. Queen Elizabeth created him a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1952, he died in 1960. The Trees of Northern Bengal The Forests of Kalimpong Nature Study Talks on Animals and Plants The History of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh A Guide to the Younger Botanic Garden at Benmore, Argyllshire The Rhododendron Leaf The Wildlife of the Sundarbans Chakaria Cowan married fellow-botanist Adeline May Organe, their daughter was Pauline Cowan who, as Pauline Harrison, was given a personal Chair in the Department of Biochemistry at Sheffield University

Juqu Mujian

Juqu Mujian, named Juqu Maoqian in some sources, formally Prince Ai of Hexi, was a king of the Xiongnu state Northern Liang—with most Chinese historians considering him the last king, although with some considering his brothers Juqu Wuhui and Juqu Anzhou to be kings of the state as well. By the time that Juqu Mujian succeeded his father Juqu Mengxun in 433, Northern Liang appeared to be stronger than yet was under the shadow of the much stronger state Northern Wei, to which Northern Liang was nominally a vassal. In 439, Emperor Taiwu of Northern Wei launched a major campaign against Northern Liang and captured both his capital Guzang and Juqu Mujian himself. Juqu Mujian remained an honored Northern Wei subject as Emperor Taiwu's brother-in-law until 447, when Emperor Taiwu, believing him to be trying to rebel, forced him to commit suicide, it is not known when Juqu Mujian was born, nor who his mother was—the historical records seem to indicate that his mother was not Juqu Mengxun's wife Princess Meng, although do not preclude that possibility.

He was Juqu Mengxun's third son. The first reference to him in history was in 420, after Juqu Mengxun had destroyed rival Western Liang and captured its capital Jiuquan, as Juqu Mengxun made him the governor of Jiuquan Commandery and gave him the deceased Western Liang duke Li Xin's Li Jingshou as his wife. Juqu Mujian was never named heir by his father's will, as his father created Juqu Zhengde his oldest brother, as heir apparent, in 413. After Juqu Zhengde was killed in battle against Rouran forces in 423, Juqu Mengxun created another brother of Juqu Mujian's, Juqu Xingguo, as heir apparent. After Juqu Xingguo was captured and detained by the Western Qin prince Qifu Mumo in 429, Juqu Mengxun failed in his attempt to ransom Juqu Xingguo back from Western Qin, he created a younger brother of Juqu Mujian's, said to be of the same mother as Juqu Xingguo's, Juqu Puti, as heir apparent. However, as Juqu Mengxun was ill in 433, the nobles and the officials considered Juqu Puti too young to govern, so they deposed Juqu Puti and made Juqu Mujian, considered studious and kind, heir apparent instead.

Juqu Mengxun soon died, Juqu Mujian succeeded to the throne. He created his son Juqu Fengtan as heir apparent. Juqu Mujian's initial policy was one of careful supplication to the powerful Northern Wei and its Emperor Taiwu, and, as Juqu Mengxun had agreed to do, he sent his younger sister Princess Xingping to Emperor Taiwu, who created her an imperial consort, created Juqu Mujian the Prince of Hexi. Juqu Mujian, however carefully cultivated relationships with Northern Wei's rivals Liu Song and Rouran, in 434, after he sent messengers to Liu Song to show submission as well, Emperor Wen of Liu Song created him the Prince of Hexi. In 436, after Emperor Taiwu had destroyed Northern Yan and seized its territory, he began to consider conquering Northern Liang. Still, in 437, he sent his sister Princess Wuwei to be married to Juqu Mujian. Juqu Mujian, although he was married to Princess Li, felt compelled to accept, Princess Wuwei became his princess. At the same time, Emperor Taiwu ordered that Juqu Mujian's mother be honored as the Princess Dowager of Hexi.

Juqu Mujian was forced to divorce Princess Li, exiled to Jiuquan from the Northern Liang capital Guzang, died soon thereafter. By Northern Wei demands, Juqu Mujian sent Juqu Fengtan to the Northern Wei capital Pingcheng as a hostage. However, he continued to send messengers to Liu Song, offering tributes of books while requesting supplies of other books, Emperor Wen granted them without question. In 439, Juqu Mujian was entangled in a scandal that adversely affected his relationship with Northern Wei, he and his two brothers were all having affairs with the wife of another brother, Lady Li, Lady Li plotted, with a sister of Juqu Mujian, to poison Princess Wuwei. Emperor Taiwu sent doctors, who were able to save Princess Wuwei's life, he demanded that Juqu Mujian turn over Lady Li. Juqu Mujian refused, only sent Lady Li to Jiuquan. Meanwhile, the Northern Wei messengers to the Xiyu kingdoms, who were going through Northern Liang were alleging that Juqu Mujian had informed Xiyu kingdoms that they should not submit to Northern Wei and should submit to Rouran instead.

At the encouragement of the prime minister Cui Hao, Emperor Taiwu again prepared military action. With Yuan He, the son of Southern Liang's last prince Tufa Rutan, as guide, he launched a speedy attack and arrived at Guzang quickly. Juqu Mujian, in shock, refused to surrender, defending the city against a siege, while seeking immediate military assistance from Rouran's Chilian Khan, Yujiulü Wuti. Yujiulü Wuti did launch a surprise attack on Pingcheng to try to force Emperor Taiwu to give up the campaign, but after initial successes, he failed to capture Pingcheng, his brother Yujiulü Qiliegui was captured by Northern Wei forces. After nearly two months of siege, Juqu Mujian's nephew Juqu Wannian surrendered to Northern Wei forces, Guzang collapsed. Juqu Mujian surrendered. Emperor Taiwu took the city, but continued to tr

Hatem Ghoula

Hatem Ghoula is a Tunisian race walker. He won four consecutive African Championships in the 20 kilometres walk from 1996 to 2002, his foremost medal was a 20 km walk bronze at the 2007 World Championships in Athletics. He is a two-time gold medallist at the All-African Games, having won in 2003 and 2007, he has represented Tunisia at four Olympic Games, with his best performance of eleventh place coming in 2004. He competed at the IAAF World Championships in Athletics for eight straight editions from 1993 to 2007 and made his ninth appearance at the 2013 World Championships in Athletics. At the IAAF World Race Walking Cup he has participated on five occasions and came close to a medal in 2006, finishing in fourth place, he is a two-time gold medallist at the African Race Walking Championships and the Jeux de la Francophonie, was the champion at the 2004 Arab Games and 2001 Mediterranean Games. He holds the African records in racewalking for the distance of 20,000 metres on the track and 20 km walk on the road.

List of champions of the African Athletics Championships Hatem Ghoula at World Athletics Evans, Hilary. "Hatem Ghoula". Olympics at Sports Reference LLC

Astra 19.2°E

Astra 19.2°E is the name for the group of Astra communications satellites co-located at the 19.2°East orbital position in the Clarke Belt that are owned and operated by SES based in Betzdorf, Luxembourg. Astra 19.2°E used to be known as Astra 1, as it was the first orbital position used by Astra and the craft positioned there all have the Astra 1x name, but this was changed by SES to Astra 19.2°E in 2008, to avoid confusion with other Astra orbital positions that now include Astra 1x craft positioned at 19.2°East. The Astra satellites at 19.2°East provide for services downlinking in the 10.70 GHz-12.70 GHz range of the Ku band. Astra 19.2°E is one of the major TV satellite positions serving Europe, transmitting over 1,150 TV, radio and interactive channels to more than 93 million direct-to-home and cable homes in 35 countries. There are more than 40 high definition television channels broadcast by the satellites at 19.2°E, using five HDTV platforms. SES was instrumental in introducing satellite HDTV broadcasting in Europe, using the Astra 19.2°E satellites, helped establish the HD ready specifications for TVs to view HDTV broadcasts.

A subsidiary of SES, HD+ operates the HD+ free-to-view platform of German channels from Astra 19.2°E. Astra 19.2°E was one of the last satellite position to carry numerous analogue channels, until April 30, 2012 when the switch-off of German analogue broadcasts was completed. It is the only position to have carried radio stations in the proprietary Astra Digital Radio format, although that technology was superseded by DVB-S radio as the analogue transponders that carried the service switched to digital. Astra 1KR Astra 1L Astra 1M Astra 1N Astra 1A Astra 1B Astra 1C Astra 1D Astra 1E Astra 1F Astra 1G Astra 1H Astra 2B Astra 2C The satellites at the Astra 19.2°E position provide digital TV, digital radio and multimedia services to Europe and North Africa, principally to Algeria, Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain and Tunisia. Astra 19.2°E provides both free-to-air and a number of pay-TV services in networks such as ARD Digital, ArenaSat, CanalDigitaal, CanalSat, ORF Digital, Sky Germany, ProSieben, Movistar+, Sat.1, UPC Direct, ZDF, is the market leader for DTH and communal dish reception in Austria, France, the Netherlands and Switzerland.

The close proximity of Astra 19.2°E to one of SES' other orbital positions, Astra 23.5°E, allows the use in target countries of a single small dish fitted with a monoblock Duo LNB to receive channels from both positions. As of December 2019 the Astra satellites at 19.2° east broadcast on 147 transponders to 118.4 million households. Launched in 1988, Astra 1A was the first satellite in the Astra 19.2°E group. With 16 transponders, Astra 1A was the first satellite intended for DTH reception of satellite TV across Europe. From the start of transmissions in 1989, Astra 1A carried four channels for Sky Television plc, the world's first commercial multi-channel DTH service, on transponders leased before the satellite was completed. Early channels broadcasting from 19.2°East included those intended for the UK, the Benelux countries, Scandinavia, so-called pan-European channels such as MTV Europe, CNN International, Eurosport. Astra 1A was joined at 19.2°East by Astra 1B in 1991 and subsequently by Astra 1C in 1993, establishing SES' principles of co-locating satellites for the provision of transparent backup by each satellite for the others in the group.

The first three satellites at Astra 19.2°E carried only analogue channels in PAL and D2-MAC. The fourth satellite, Astra 1D launched in 1994, was intended to carry the first European digital TV channels but the rapid expansion of satellite television across Europe and demand for analogue TV capacity meant that it was used for analogue signals. Astra 1E was dedicated to digital satellite TV services for Europe and subsequent satellites launched to Astra 19.2°E were all-digital in the traffic they carried. Hand-in-hand with the switchover to digital transmission of TV by satellite came a shift to encryption and the targeting of channels to individual countries or regions; the demand for digital TV capacity was so great that SES opened up additional orbital positions to provide for new digital networks aimed at specific countries, starting with Astra 28.2°E for the UK and Ireland, in 1998. That became the home of Sky Digital, the last Sky analogue channels left Astra 19.2°E in 2001. Most Scandinavian broadcasters have migrated from Astra 19.2°E to 1°West and Astra 5°E, SES has opened orbital positions of Astra 23.5°E and Astra 31.5°E to cope with the ever-increasing demands for digital capacity and the expanding markets of Eastern Europe and Asia that are now served by Astra satellites.

SES satellite operator Astra satellite family HD+ Astra 28.2°E other SES orbital position Astra 23.5°E other SES orbital position Astra 5°E other SES orbital position Astra 31.5°E other SES orbital position Duo LNB SES guide to receiving Astra satellites SES guide to channels broadcasting on Astra satellites SES fleet information and map OnAstra - Official consumers/viewers' site Astra HDTV website HD+ website Videobitrates of 19.2°E channels - daily measured Astra 1M Ku-band Wide

49th Arizona State Legislature

The 49th Arizona State Legislature, consisting of the Arizona State Senate and the Arizona House of Representatives, was constituted in Phoenix from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2010, during the final month of Janet Napolitano's second term in office, prior to her resignation to become United States Secretary of Homeland Security, the first two years of her successor, Jan Brewer. Both the Senate and the House membership remained constant at 60, respectively; the Republicans gained a seat in the Senate, increasing the majority to 18-12. The Republicans gained two seats in the lower chamber, giving them a 35–25 majority; the Legislature met for two regular sessions at the State Capitol in Phoenix. The first opened on January 12, 2009, adjourned on July 12, while the Second Regular Session convened on January 11, 2010 and adjourned sine die on April 29. There were nine Special Sessions, the first of, convened on January 28, 2009 and adjourned on January 31; the asterisk denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.

The asterisk denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature