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Washington County, Pennsylvania

Washington County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 207,820, its county seat is Washington. The county was created on March 1781, from part of Westmoreland County; the city and county were both named after American Revolutionary War leader George Washington, who became the first President of the United States. Washington County is part of PA Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county is home to Washington County Airport, located three miles southwest of Washington. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 861 square miles, of which 857 square miles is land and 3.9 square miles is water. It has a humid continental climate and average monthly temperatures in the city of Washington range from 28.3 °F in January to 71.5 °F in July. Beaver County Allegheny County Westmoreland County Fayette County Greene County Marshall County, West Virginia Ohio County, West Virginia Brooke County, West Virginia Hancock County, West Virginia As of the census of 2000, there were 202,897 people, 81,130 households, 56,060 families residing in the county.

The population density was 237 people per square mile. There were 87,267 housing units at an average density of 102 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.27% White, 3.26% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, 0.82% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.3% were of German, 17.2% Italian, 10.6% Irish, 8.6% English, 7.9% Polish and 6.2% American ancestry. There were 81,130 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.90% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.96. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males. As of 1800, this county was settled by people of Scot-Irish heritage because "prime lands" were taken by the Germans and the Quakers; the County of Washington is governed by a three-member publicly elected commission. The three commissioners serve in legislative capacities. By state law, the commission must have a minority party guaranteeing a political split on the commission; each term is for four years. The three current commissioners for Washington County are Lawrence Maggi, Diana Irey, Harlan G. Shober Jr.. Maggi was the Democratic nominee for Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district against Republican incumbent Tim Murphy in 2012. Maggi earned only 36 percent of the vote. Irey was the Republican candidate for Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district and lost to the late Democratic incumbent John Murtha in the 2006 election; the Washington County Court of Common Pleas, the Twenty-Seventh Judicial District of Pennsylvania, is the state trial court, sitting in and for Washington County.

It serves as the court of original jurisdiction for the region. There are five judges, which the county's citizens elect to ten year terms, under the laws of the Commonwealth; the President Judge is Katherine B. Emery. Judges of the court are: Katherine B. Emery, P. J. John F. DiSalle, J. Gary Gilman, J. Valarie Costanzo, J. Michael J. Lucas, J. Additionally, magisterial district judges serve throughout the county to hear traffic citations, issue warrants, decide minor civil matters; the Democratic Party has been dominant in county-level politics and national politics, only voting Republican for president in Richard Nixon's 1972 landslide victory over George McGovern between 1928 & 2008. However, like much of Appalachian coal country, Washington has trended Republican in recent years. In 2000, Democrat Al Gore won 53% of the vote and Republican George W. Bush won 44%. In 2004, Democrat John Kerry received 50.14% of the vote and Bush received 49.57% a difference of 552 votes. In 2008, Republican John McCain won 51% to Democrat Barack Obama's 46% and each of the three state row office winners carried Washington County.

As of November 7, 2017, there were 139,790 registered voters in the county. Registered Democrats have a plurality of 67,424 registered voters, compared to 56,274 registered Republicans, 752 registered Libertarians, 123 registered Greens, 15,217 voters registered to other parties or none. Clerk of Courts, Barbara Gibbs, Democrat Controller, Michael Namie, Democrat Coroner, Timothy Warco, Democrat District Attorney, Eugene Vittone, Republican Prothonotary, Phyllis Ranko-Matheny, Democrat Recorder of Deeds, Deborah Bardella, Democrat Register of Wills, Mary Jo Poknis, Democrat Sheriff, Samuel Romano, Democrat Treasurer, Francis L. King, Democrat Public Safety Director, Jeffrey A. Yates, Independent Jim Christiana, Republican, 15th district Richard Saccone, Republican, 39th district John A. Maher, Republican, 40th district Jason Ortitay, Republican, 46th district Tim O'Neal, Republican, 48th district Bud Cook, Republican, 49th district Pam Snyder, Democrat, 50th district Pam Iovino, Democrat, 37th district Camera Bartolotta, Republican, 46th

Rex De Costa

Lieutenant Colonel Dr. Anthony St. Clare Rex de Costa, MBE, CAVF was a renowned Sri Lankan medical doctor and soldier, he was the commanding officer of the Ruhunu Regiment, a doctor in the Ceylon Defence Force during World War II and a vice president of the World Veterans Federation. He was assassinated by the JVP during the 1971 Insurrection. Born to Dr Marceline de Costa and Lilia De Costa nee Rajapaksha, he was educated at the Colombo Medical College. After graduating, de Costa joined the Ceylon Medical Corps of the Ceylon Defence Force as a lieutenant during World War II and served in active duty until the demobilization at the end of the war, yet stayed on as a reservist with the rank of captain, his brother Malcolm de Costa joined the Ceylon Navy Volunteer Reserve and served with the Royal Navy during the war. Reaching the rank of captain, Malcolm served as Volunteer Naval Force; when the Ceylon Army was formed in 1949 after Ceylon gained its independence, de Costa strayed with the newly created Ceylon Army Volunteer Force as a major and played a significant part in its early stages.

In 1954, with the formation of the Ruhunu Regiment a reserve force raised from personnel from the southern province he transferred to it. He became the commanding officer of the 1st Battalion, Ruhunu Regiment based in Galle with the rank of lieutenant colonel. During this time his adjutant was Lt. Tissa Weerathunga, who would become the head of the Sri Lankan Army. Following the general election of 1956, when S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike became prime minister, he disbanded the Ruhunu Regiment as he considered it loyal to the previous UNP government. Lt. Col. de Costa requested a transfer to his old unit the Ceylon Army Medical Corps, turned down. Therefore, at the age of 36 he retired from the army as one of its youngest lieutenant colonels. For his wartime service he had earned the Defence Medal and the War Medal 1939–1945, for service in the Ceylon Army, he received the Ceylon Armed Services Inauguration Medal, the Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal. Thereafter he took up the cause of world war veterans around the world and joined the World Veterans Federation.

He traveled to several countries for WVF work and became its vice president from 1961 to 1963. For his service he was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire by HM Queen Elizabeth II and retired to a quiet life to his family home in Deniyaya in 1967. There he continued his medical practice for the benefit of the poor in the area. On April 5, 1971, the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna launched an insurrection against the government. Since the insurrection had taken the Ceylon Government by surprise many of the small police stations in rural areas were unprepared and overrun in the initial days with many constables and officers killed; the small police station in the town of Deniyaya came under insurgent attacks and Dr. Rex de Costa volunteered his help in the form of medical aid to wounded constables and in weapons training which the police lacked; when the situation became critical on April 8 the OIC of the Deniyaya Police Station decided to withdraw his personnel to the safety of larger Police Station in Rakwana.

The Inspector asked Dr. Rex de Costa to come with them. Since his children were sick, Lt. Col. de Costa stayed behind. After the police withdrew from Deniyaya town and its police station releasing the detainees held there; as the insurgent learnt of Dr. Rex de Costa's assistance to the police an insurgent unit went to his house around 9 am on April 9, Good Friday and demanded that he come out; as he came out from front door with hands raised, he was cut down by a hail of bullets. Dr. Rex de Costa died in front of his wife; the assassination of Dr. Rex de Costa was one of the major incidents of the 1971 JVP Insurrection. Justice A. C. Alles a member of the Commission of Inquiry established under the Criminal Justice Commissions Act following the insurrection dedicated an entire chapter in his book about the insurrection to De Costa Murder, he was married to his cousin Doreen de Costa nee Gunathilake and four children Marcel, Cheryl and Eric. After his death the family was involved in community work in the town of Deniyaya and had close links to his old regiment, 2nd Sri Lanka Army Medical Corps


Kildysart Killadysert, is a village in County Clare, Ireland and a civil and Roman Catholic parish by the same name that surrounds the village. The parish lies on the east border of the barony of Clonderalaw, it covers 12,859 acres. It includes islands in the Fergus and Shannon Estuary, land along the western seaboard of the Fergus estuary and moor-covered uplands; the main island is Canon. Inland are the lakes of Cloonsnaghta; the Catholic parish is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Killaloe. The village of Kildysart/Killadysert is on the north bank of the Shannon Estuary on the R473 coastal route between Ennis and Kilrush; the parish contains the following townlands: Ballyleaan, Ballyvohane, Booltydoolan, Canon Island, Cloonkett, Cloonulla, Coney Island, Coolteengowan, Crossderry, Derrylea,Effernan, Glenconaun Beg, Glenconaun More, Gortnahaha, Inishcorker, Inichmacowney, Killadysert, Liscormick, Lissyvurriheen and Shannacool. A monastery is said to have been founded on Low Island by Saint Senan of Iniscattery, before Saint Patrick came into Munster.

Saint Moronoc is said to have had a cell here at the time of Senan's death, called "the Penitentiary of Inisluaidhe". There were many Danish tumuli in the parish; the Moland Report of 1703 said of "Kildizert" that it "has on it ye ruins of an old church and several cabins." The ruins of the old church still remained in the burial-ground near the shore as of 1837. In 1831 the population was 4,501, in 1841 it was 5,130 in 753 houses. In 1834 there were 32 Protestants. In 1837 the village contained about 60 houses, irregularly built. A steamboat passed daily on the way to or from Limerick. An application had been made to the Board of Public Works to improve the Quay near Kildysart, from which pigs, corn and agricultural produce were sent to Limerick in boats. Kildysart has two minimarkets, hardware shops, a mobile bank, clinic, veterinary clinic, credit union, community centre, four pubs and the Quay Marina, it has St Michael's and St John Bosco Community College. Kildysart is known both in the estuary and in the local lakes.

Gortglass and Effernan, close to the village, are trout fishing lakes only. Only members of the local angling club are allowed to fish in them. Visitors can charter a boat for fishing for trips to the islands; the estuary holds fish such as conger, dogfish, flounder and Thorn Back Ray, all of which can be caught off Cahercon Pier, open to the public and is about 1 mile from Kildysart. List of towns and villages in Ireland

The Whispering Road

The Whispering Road is a children's book by Livi Michael, published in 2005. It won the Nestlé Children's Book Prize Bronze Award and the Stockton Children's Book of the Year Award, as well as being shortlisted for the Ottakar's Children's Book Prize; the Whispering Road documents the stories of Joe, a young, orphaned boy who loves to tell fantastical stories, Annie, his younger sister who can contact the dead. Since their mother left them on the front step of the local workhouse and Annie have been searching for her, but to no success. At the beginning of the novel, they work for a cruel master and mistress, whose chores they complete. An abusive old man named Old Bert supervises them and punishes them for the least mistake. Old Bert forces Joe and Annie to sleep in the chicken coop, threatens to kill Joe if they wake him up. After Annie becomes cold, angered at the people of the farm, makes the decision to run away. Joe's perturbed efforts wake up most of the chickens, attracting Old Bert, who Joe hits over the head with a shovel.

Young Bert sends the farm owner's hounds upon the siblings, who make for the nearby fence separating the estate from the woods. It is assumed that they escape and fall asleep somewhere in the woods, when they wake up, they are greeted by a hobbit-like man who seems warm and kind, he names himself as Travis, tells them many stories about his adventures in the woods, such as meeting Dog-woman, an outcast angel. Joe and Annie travel wide searching for their mother. Soon they meet other outcasts in a traveling circus. Joe sets off for Manchester, where he meets a street gang, he stays with them for a while. They taught him about Manchester and he taught them how to use a sling. An epidemic spread through the gang. A member, called Lookout, becomes sick and soon dies

St. Stephen's Episcopal Church (Earleville, Maryland)

St. Stephen's Episcopal Church is a historic Episcopal church located in Earleville, Cecil County, Maryland. North Sassafras Parish, as it was known, was one of the original 30 Anglican parishes in the Province of Maryland, named for its location north of the Sassafras River which separated Cecil County from Kent County, Maryland. On June 22, 1834, this parish hosted the ordination as an Episcopal deacon by bishop William Murray Stone of William Douglass, a Methodist preacher who became the second rector of the historic African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas in Philadelphia, where the African American abolitionist was ordained as a priest and served until his death in 1862; the current church has a single-story rectangular stuccoed brick main block, three bays by three, resting on a excavated fieldstone foundation and covered by a steeply pitched slate roof. It features a 4-story bell tower with patterned slate roof; this Gothic Revival structure was built in 1870–1874 but incorporated the walls of the earlier churches of 1824 and 1735.

A graveyard surrounds the structure. The structure was designed by a Baltimore architect, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. St. Stephen's Episcopal Church, Cecil County, including photo from 1968, at Maryland Historical Trust

Griffith Institute

The Griffith Institute is an institution based in the Griffith Wing of the Sackler Library and is part of the Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Oxford, England. It was founded for the advancement of Egyptology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies by the first Professor of Egyptology at the University of Oxford, Francis Llewellyn Griffith. Griffith bequeathed funds in his will for the foundation of the Institute and it opened on 21 January 1939, with its own independent committee of management. Rosalind Moss operated the Griffith Institute from its opening until the mid 1960s; the Griffith Institute Archive is home to an unique set of Egyptology resources. Built upon Griffith's original collection of manuscripts and excavation records, it contains and preserves early copies of inscriptions, watercolours, old negatives, photographs and rubbings. Among some seventy major groups of material the Institute holds the papers of Sir Alan H. Gardiner, Battiscombe Gunn and Jaroslav Černý, records made by Howard Carter during his discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun in 1922, as well as the documentation from the Nubian expeditions of Griffith and Sir Henry Wellcome.

The Institute edits and publishes two major research projects, the Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts and Paintings, the Online Egyptological Bibliography. It is responsible for a number of important publications within the field of Egyptology, the best-known being Gardiner's Egyptian Grammar and Faulkner's A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian; the Griffith Institute administers the A. H. Gardiner Travel Scholarship in Egyptology, the aim of, to promote friendship and cooperation between Egyptologists from the United Kingdom and the Arab Republic of Egypt. An exhibition at the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, Discovering Tutankhamun, open from July until November 2014, explored Howard Carter’s excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamun in 1922. Original records and photographs from the Griffith Institute were on display; the complete records of the ten-year excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamun were deposited in the Griffith Institute Archive at the University of Oxford shortly after Carter's death.

The Griffith Institute official website