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Washington Parish, Louisiana

Washington Parish is a parish located in the interior southeast corner of the U. S. state of Louisiana, one of the Florida Parishes. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,168, its parish seat is Franklinton. The parish was founded in 1819. Washington Parish comprises the Bogalusa, LA Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the New Orleans-Metairie-Hammond, LA-MS Combined Statistical Area. Washington Parish was formed in 1819 by splitting off from St. Tammany Parish. Franklinton was designated as the parish seat on February 10, 1821. Washington Parish is the most northeasterly of. Great Britain took over control of this French territory east of the Mississippi River in 1763 after defeating France in the Seven Years' War, but France had ceded some territory to Spain. This area was under contention, English and American settlers tried to set up an independent state here in 1810; the United States annexed the territory settling with Spain in a treaty. Through much of this period, the French influence remained strong in the region in its former colonial cities.

This area was rural and forested with virgin longleaf pine In the early 20th century, entrepreneurial brothers Frank and Charles W. Goodyear successful businessmen from Buffalo, New York, purchased hundreds of thousands of acres of forest in this area and in southwestern Mississippi, they established the Great Southern Lumber Company, constructed a huge sawmill in the middle of the forest, developed Bogalusa, Louisiana, as a company mill town. In the early 20th century, there were numerous confrontations as workers attempted to unionize and companies hired private militia to suppress such activities; the company housing for workers was divided by Jim Crow custom and state laws on racial segregation into sections for "Americans" and another for "colored" and foreign workers. It built housing for supervisors, supporting facilities, such as several hotels, churches, a YMCA and YWCA, other services within a year, opening facilities in 1907. To access the timber and transport processed lumber from the mill to markets, the company built the New Orleans Great Northern Railroad, connecting Bogalusa to the port of New Orleans.

Well before World War II, the virgin forest was harvested. Great Southern Lumber Company closed the sawmill in 1938, its paper mill and chemical operations continued. In the late 20th century, these operations declined; as jobs left, the population dropped in such industrial towns. Some people moved to emerging industries in New Orleans and other major cities; the Washington Parish Government is "President-Council" form of Government. Its current President, elected at-large, is Jr.. The seven council members are each elected from single-member districts. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 676 square miles, of which 670 square miles is land and 6.4 square miles is water. Pike County, Mississippi Walthall County, Mississippi Marion County, Mississippi Pearl River County, Mississippi St. Tammany Parish Tangipahoa Parish Louisiana Highway 10 Louisiana Highway 16 Louisiana Highway 21 Louisiana Highway 25 Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge Bogue Chitto State Park As of the census of 2000, there were 43,926 people, 16,467 households, 11,642 families residing in the parish.

The population density was 66 people per square mile. There were 19,106 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile; the racial makeup of the parish was 67.42% White, 31.53% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.11% from other races, 0.54% from two or more races. 0.76 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 16,467 households out of which 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.30% were married couples living together, 17.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.30% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.09. In the parish the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males. The median income for a household in the parish was $24,264, the median income for a family was $29,480. Males had a median income of $27,964 versus $17,709 for females; the per capita income for the parish was $12,915. About 19.40% of families and 24.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.20% of those under age 18 and 20.40% of those age 65 or over. Washington Parish has the second highest level of poverty in the state after Orleans Parish. Washington Parish is known for its agriculture watermelons. Through much of the 20th century, its economy was based on its paper industry. In 1906, The Great Southern Lumber Company, founded by the Goodyear brothers from New York, purchased huge tracts of forest and established a sawmill in Bogalusa to harvest the local virgin pine forests; this company was the first to introduce reforestation in order to sustain the timber industry locally. Taken over by Crown Zellerbach, it started a paper mill and chemical businesses in the area.

The local business passed through several hands as the lumber and related industr


Béal an Daingin or Béal a' Daingin is a small Gaeltacht village in Connemara, County Galway, Ireland. The primary spoken language is Irish, all but a few of the elderly population speak English. There is a post office and a primary school within a few miles of the village. Local traditions include the continued cutting of turf for use in heating homes. Sean-nós singing is still performed locally. Raidió na Gaeltachta is the local Irish-language radio station and some local singers and musicians can be heard on the station; the name of the village derives from the Irish béal an daingin meaning the mouth of the stronghold. Other nearby villages are An Cheathrú Rua. Diarmuid Mac an Adhastair, 1944-2015 - An Irish actor who portrayed the character Seamus Mhicil Tom on the Irish drama, Ros na Rún. List of towns and villages in Ireland

Rangoon (2017 Tamil film)

Rangoon is a 2017 Indian Tamil-language action crime drama film written and directed by Rajkumar Periasamy and produced by AR Murugadoss. The film features Gautham Sana Makbul in the lead roles, it was the fifth joint venture of Fox Star Studios. The film turned out to be the first hit film for Gautham Karthik. Venkat hails from Myanmar's Rangoon, presently Yangon, he lives as a Tamil Burma repatriate in a neighborhood called Annai Sivagami Nagar known as Burma Nagar in Ennore, Chennai. His family, in search of livelihood, has migrated from his birthplace, Myanmar, to this neighborhood of Chennai, his homeland, where lots of such Tamil-Burma repatriates live. Venkat grows as an irresponsible youth and now is a college dropout, looking for a job. Through his childhood friend Atho Kumar a.k.a. Kumaran, he gets an employment under Gunaseelan a.k.a. Siya, a respected businessman in the neighborhood, his job is to attract passersby to the small secondhand gold shop. Venkat grows as a trustworthy aide to Siya, a secondhand gold dealer of Chennai’s wholesale gold market, Sowcarpet.

At one instance, Venkat saves the life of Siya from a murder attempt. This garners a promotion for Venkat. Venkat is promoted as the sole manager for Gunaseelan’s import-export gold shop; the shop, only on the outlook, is an import-export shop, but underneath a back gate for the city’s gold smuggling wing. Meanwhile, Venkat meets a club singer falls in love with her, she tries to pull him out of smuggling and illegal trading. Venkat decides to do one last job. He, with his closest friends of life and Tiptop a.k.a. Sasi, he indulges in gold smuggling to clear Siya's debts with the profits earned. In the same motive, he, along his friends travels to Myanmar on a smuggling deal in an illegal route via road crossing the borders, for Siya. Venkat's fancy-looking, street-smart goes awfully wrong as his money that he earned mysteriously goes missing in Yangon, Myanmar; this brings Siya amidst traders in the Chennai market. Venkat, in order to clear further debts, indulges in ransom demanding. In a mishap, the three friends accidentally shoot the kidnapped kid.

Things go awry. Furthermore, the plot unfolds the mystery, the blatant truth is shown to Venkat, his learning from the experiences of a unique childhood, friendship and prison sentence makes him a learned man. After four years, Venkat gets released from jail and starts his own small jewelry shop in the name of his father. Now, Venkat faces life with faith, as a reformed man of mid-20s; the project was first announced in August 2014, with AR Murugadoss revealing that he would produce a film titled Rangoon directed by his Thuppakki film's associate director Rajkumar Periasamy, which would feature Gautham Karthik in the lead role. Anirudh Ravichander was rumoured to be the film's music composer as he was working with AR Murugadoss together on the mass commercial film titled Kaththi at that time, but the crew was composed of newcomers. Songs were composed by RH Vikram. Anish Tharun Kumar an upcoming cinematographer was fixed to man the camera. Vishal Chandrasekhar scored the background score of the film.

He did two songs which made to the film's album. The film went onto floors in 2015; this crime thriller was filmed in many real locations of Myanmar. Though Rangoon has a broader setting like Myanmar, Chennai city's northern parts' live locations, Indo-Myanmar borders the production was completed on a low budget; the film released after facing a bit of delay due to Gautham Karthik's previous films' performances in the market. The film released on June 9th, 2017, it opened to positive reviews due to its realistic portrayal and the same being a racy thriller with twists and turns as the film progressed, it turned out to be the first hit for Gautham Karthik. The movie was appreciated by critics a lot for its research, action and direction; the satellite rights were bagged by Star Vijay television. It was premiered on Star Vijay tv on the new year's day of 2018. Digital rights are with Hotstar. Baradwaj Rangan of Film Companion wrote "Rajkumar Periasamy gives us just a visual, he may not have made the most perfect film, but he leaves us with the thought that maybe he’s a genuine filmmaker."

Rangoon won the Best story in 10th Vijay Awards Sensational debut director award in MGR-Sivaji Academy awards The soundtrack consists of six songs. Rangoon on IMDb

Courtrai Chest

The Chest of Courtrai is a medieval oak chest that bears a carving depicting scenes from the Franco-Flemish War, including the 1302 Battle of the Golden Spurs at Kortrijk, between Flemish citizen foot-soldiers and French Knights. The chest is among the few surviving contemporaneous depictions of those significant events; the Chest was discovered around 1905 in the village of Stanton St John, a village owned by New College, Oxford. Found by Warden of the College William Archibald Spooner on a'Warden’s Progress', it was in a barn of a College tenant where it was used as a feed bin! Nothing is known of the Chest's 600-year journey from Flanders to Oxford; the Chest surround is a 17th-century construction, but the carved front-face is the Flemish original, measuring 102 cm by 71 cm, dating from the 14th century. The carving illustrates the Battle of the Golden Spurs. Fought in Kortrijk, Flanders, on 11 July 1302, the battle was a citizens’ uprising against the French, King Philip IV of France having annexed Flanders some years before.

The battle secured an unexpected victory for the Flemish artisan footmen against the army of French knights. An image of the Courtrai Chest at New College, can be found on their website; the image below shows the full-sized reconstruction of the original chest, on display at the'Kortrijk 1302' museum in Belgium, where it is known as'De Kist van Oxford': The victory marks an important historical and cultural reference point for the people of Flanders and is commemorated as an official holiday,'Feestdag van Vlaanderen', by the Flemish Community in Belgium. The battle demonstrated for the first time, the ability of foot-soldiers to defeat armed mounted knights; the Chest is of significant interest to military historians. The Chest is on deposit at the Ashmolean Museum, where it can be seen in the Medieval gallery. A fine reproduction of the Chest's carving is kept on display at the Kortrijk1302 museum, where it is known as the'Chest of Oxford', as part of an extensive exhibition of artefacts concerning the 1302 battle.

This reproduction comprises a reconstruction of the whole chest, including the stiles or legs supporting it, as would have been present in its original form, but are missing from the remains of the original, found in Oxford. Annals of Ghent Ffoulkes, Charles. "Carved Chest at New College, Oxford". The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs. 21: 240–1. JSTOR 859053

Givens rotation

In numerical linear algebra, a Givens rotation is a rotation in the plane spanned by two coordinates axes. Givens rotations are named after Wallace Givens, who introduced them to numerical analysts in the 1950s while he was working at Argonne National Laboratory. A Givens rotation is represented by a matrix of the form G =, where c = cos θ and s = sin θ appear at the intersections ith and jth rows and columns; that is, for fixed i > j, the non-zero elements of Givens matrix are given by: g k k = 1 for k ≠ i, j g k k = c for k = i, j g j i = − g i j = − s The product Gx represents a counterclockwise rotation of the vector x in the plane of θ radians, hence the name Givens rotation. The main use of Givens rotations in numerical linear algebra is to introduce zeros in vectors or matrices; this effect can, for example, be employed for computing the QR decomposition of a matrix. One advantage over Householder transformations is that they can be parallelised, another is that for sparse matrices they have a lower operation count.

When a Givens rotation matrix, G, multiplies another matrix, A, from the left, G A, only rows i and j of A are affected. Thus we restrict attention to the following counterclockwise problem. Given a and b, find c = cos θ and s = sin θ such that =, where r = a 2 + b 2 is the length of the vector. Explicit calculation of θ is necessary or desirable. Instead we s. An obvious solution would be c ← a / r s ← − b / r. However, the computation for r may overflow or underflow. An alternative formulation avoiding this problem is implemented as the hypot function in many programming languages; the following fortran code is a minimalistic implementation of Givens rotation for real numbers. If the input values'a' or'b' are zero, the code may be optimized to handle these cases as presented here. Furthermore, as Edward Anderson discovered in improving LAPACK, a overlooked numerical consideration is continuity. To achieve this, we require r to be positive; the following MATLAB/GNU Octave code illustrates the algorithm.

The IEEE 754 copysign function, provides a cheap way to copy the sign of y to x. If, not available, |x|⋅sgn, using the abs and sgn functions, is an alternative as done above. Given the following 3×3 Matrix: A 1 =, perform two iterations of the Givens rotation to yield an upper triangular matrix in order to compute the QR decomposition. In order to form the desired matrix, we must zero elem

EchoStar XIV

EchoStar XIV is an American geostationary communications satellite, operated by EchoStar. It is positioned in geostationary orbit at a longitude of 119° West, from where it is used to provide high-definition television direct broadcasting services to the continental United States for Dish Network. EchoStar XIV was built by Space Systems/Loral, is based on the LS-1300 satellite bus, it is equipped with 103 J band transponders, at launch it had a mass of 6,384 kilograms, with an expected operational lifespan of around 15 yearsThe launch of EchoStar XIV was conducted by International Launch Services, using a Proton-M carrier rocket with a Briz-M upper stage. The launch occurred from Site 200/39 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, at 18:26:57 UTC on 20 March 2010; the launch placed EchoStar XIV into a geosynchronous transfer orbit. Following separation from the rocket, it manoeuvred into a geostationary orbit with a perigee of 35,785 kilometres and an apogee of 35,789 kilometres. 2010 in spaceflight