Wast Water or Wastwater is a lake located in Wasdale, a valley in the western part of the Lake District National Park, England. The lake is 3 miles long and more than one-third mile wide, it is a glacial lake, formed in a glacially'over-deepened' valley. It is the deepest lake in England at 258 feet; the surface of the lake is about 200 feet above sea level, while its bottom is over 50 feet below sea level. It is owned by the National Trust; the head of the Wasdale Valley is surrounded by some of the highest mountains in England, including Scafell Pike, Great Gable and Lingmell. The steep slopes on the southeastern side of the lake, leading up to the summits of Whin Rigg and Illgill Head, are known as the "Wastwater Screes" or on some maps as "The Screes"; these screes formed as a result of ice and weathering erosion on the rocks of the Borrowdale Volcanic Group, that form the fells to the east of the lake, towards Eskdale. They are 2,000 feet, from top to base, the base being about 200 feet below the surface of the lake.
A path runs the length of the lake, through the boulders and scree fall at the base of the craggy fell-side. On the northwestern side are the upturned-boat shape of Yewbarrow. Wast Water is the source of the River Irt. Both the lake and Wasdale Screes are protected as Sites of Special Scientific Interest and under European Union law as Special Areas of Conservation. "Wastwater" comes from "Wasdale" plus English "water". "'Wasdale lake' or'the lake of Vatnsá, lake river'. The present name rather curiously contains the reflexes of both Old Norse'vatn"water','lake', Old English'wæter"water', with the meaning'lake' influenced by the Old Norse'vatn'; the valley is pronounced as in was, not with a hard a: the name of the lake but with a soft "s" as in "thou wast". The lake is named "Wast Water" on Ordnance Survey maps but the spelling "Wastwater" is used with equal frequency, including by its owner, the National Trust, along with the Cumbria Tourist Board, the Lake District National Park Authority. In 1976, The Wasdale Lady in the Lake, Margaret Hogg, was murdered by her husband and her body was disposed of in the lake.
She was found after eight years, with her body preserved like wax due to the lack of oxygen in the water. In February 2005 it was reported that a "gnome garden" complete with picket fence had been placed in the lake as a point of interest for divers to explore, it was removed from the bottom of Wastwater after three divers died in the late 1990s. It is thought. Police divers report a rumour that the garden had been replaced at a depth beyond the lowest they were allowed to dive. PC Kenny McMahon, a member of the North West Police Underwater Search Unit, said "Wastwater is quite clear at the bottom, but there's nothing to see. At a depth of about 48 m, divers put a picket fence around them, but several years ago there were a number of fatalities and the Lake District National Park Authority asked us to get rid of them. We put them in bags and removed the lot, but now there's a rumour about a new garden beyond the 50 m depth limit. As police divers we can't dive any deeper so, if it exists, the new garden could have been purposefully put out of our reach."
Water was first pumped from the lake during World War II to supply the Royal Ordnance Factory at Drigg. It is pumped to the nearby Sellafield nuclear facility as an industrial water supply; the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority is allowed to extract from the lake a maximum of 18,184.4 m3 a day, or 6,637,306 m3 a year, to use on that site. On 9 September 2007, Wast Water was announced as the winner of a vote to determine "Britain's Favourite View" by viewers of ITV. Clockwise from River Irt Countess Beck Smithy Beck Goat Gill Nether Beck Over Beck Mosedale Beck Lingmell Beck Hollow Gill Straighthead Gill In the book Goodbye, Mr. Chips, Mr Chipping meets his wife at Wasdale Head; the Wasdale Lady in the Lake The Cumbria Directory - Wast Water
Ogallah is an unincorporated community in Trego County, United States. It is located 7 miles east of WaKeeney. Ogallah was named for the Oglala Lakota tribe; the post office was established January 27, 1879. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Ogallah has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. Cedar Bluff Reservoir and Cedar Bluff State Park Trego County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
Bill Champion was an American stock car racing driver, who competed in the NASCAR Winston Cup Series from 1951 to 1976. He was the uncle of Ricky Rudd; when he was not racing on the NASCAR circuit, Champion had a shop in Virginia. Bill's most iconic ride of his NASCAR career was driving the 1969 Ford Torino. Champion managed to drive 55,262.2 miles or 88,935.9 kilometres in his professional stock car racing career. At the end of his career, Bill's total earnings was $234,268. Champion's experience in NASCAR added up to 57,214 laps of professional stock car racing experience. In addition to his 43 finishes in the "top ten," Champion has accumulated four finishes in the "top five" and never failed to qualify for a race. During the 1955 Southern 500, he managed to avoid Duckworth by swerving past his vehicle in a rapid manner. However, Arden Mounts did not get to see the stalled vehicle in time and prepared himself for a hard collision into Don Duckworth's vehicle. One of Bill Champion's best races was at the November running of the 1969 Georgia 500.
Other spectacular finishes occurred at the 1971 Asheville 300, the 1971 Kingsport 300 and the 1971 Georgia 500. He performed the best on dirt tracks. However, Champion was not a good performer on restrictor plate tracks where he averaged a meager finish of 25th place. Bill Champion driver statistics at Racing-Reference
Ashwini Deshpande is an Indian economist best known for her papers concerning various topics such as poverty, regional disparities and gender discrimination. She is working as a professor at Ashoka University, but she has taught at Delhi School of Economics in the past as well, she has won many awards for her papers and publications, one of, called Grammar of Caste: economic discrimination in contemporary India. Ashwini Deshpande completed her bachelors honouring in Economics in 1985 from the University of Delhi, she proceeded to complete her masters at the Delhi School of Economics in 1987. Additionally, in 1994 she earned her Ph. D at Delhi School of Economics with Some Aspects of the International Debt Crisis of Developing Countries. After graduating she was a lecturer at different colleges and universities in the Delhi area. From 1998-2000 Ashwini Deshpande Post-doctoral research fellow, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA, she has a lot of major research and organisational experience, which includes being a chairperson at the annual conference for development and change from 2005-2007 and 2010.
In 2007 she was one of four people appointed to be the principal investigators in a project on Urban Labour Market Inequality in India, initiated by Princeton University, USA and Indian Institute of Dalit Studies. She was an author in an DFID funded study "Gender-caste growth assessment" designed to bring out the interconnections between growth and gender/caste inequalities in India. Additionally she was a regional author for the 2010 UN Report written by Naila Kabeer about inequality and if the MDG would be able to diminish the inequalities which many face, she was appointed for some official positions including being a member in the ministry of minority affairs in 2007, the consultative group of external sector in 2004, in planning commission all for the Government of India. She has done some work internationally, she was the deputy director of the Cambridge Advanced Program on Development Economics in 2002. Ashwini Deshpande has written several works, including books, journal articles, papers.
The topics of these works. The overall theme of her work is the effects of Indian culture on its own society, she has written some articles about music. Ashwini Deshpande has published several books of her own, including The Grammar of Caste: Economic Discrimination in Contemporary India, published in 2011, Globalization and Development: A Handbook of New Perspectives, published in 2010, The Global Economic Crisis and the Developing World; the Grammar of Caste: Economic Discrimination in Contemporary India is about the discrimination there is within Indian society because of the caste system in India and how it has changed in recent years. Data from the Indian Railways for 23 years was examined. Research from various other writers suggests that there is patterns in the labour market which show that in many jobs people are discriminated against just because of their caste. Globalization and Development: A Handbook of New Perspectives is a book written about the alternatives of globalization. Taking specific countries as case studies, the book explores alternative policies which could be implemented other than the mainstream discourse.
In the book, decomposition method was used to measure the discrimination people face because of the caste system, she discusses the advantages and disadvantages of using this methodology as well. The Global Economic Crisis and the Developing World is a book about how wealth inequality can be effected by an economic crisis. In addition, it analyzes how unemployment is affected in a country due to a financial crisis by comparing separate countries unemployment and inequality levels. In the book, the main countries which are discussed are South Brazil. There was a correlation between inequality and unemployment with a coefficient of 80% based on data from 2001, 2002, 2007. But, South Africa was a bit of an outlier as the data from the middle-class did not have a correlation with unemployment compared to the other classes and Brazil; the results showed that for a country to face the least amount of loss during a crisis, policies to maximize employment should be implemented. Ashwini Deshpande has written, co-written, edited hundreds of papers, below are some concerning the effects of the caste system in India.
In this study, child height is analyzed as a marker of population health levels. The study took these height differences and compared them to the socioeconomic status of each child, as it would be assumed that a child with higher socioeconomic status would have a higher chance of being healthier and therefore taller. In the study they looked at the relationship between the caste system in the particular area and how it affected the children's heights; the conclusion of the study was not clear as there seemed to be no direct trend which associated with the caste system. The results contrasted with results from similar studies, who could find a correlation between the two variables. India has a high wealth gap, there are millions of charities worldwide asking for donations for poor kids in India; this study examines the markets in term of behaviour as people donate more. The study identifies an "identifiable victim effect". Data was collected for three different experiments; the first experiment consisted of a survey to receive detailed information about the person, so variables such as caste and gender can be factored into the results.
The second experiment ran around 56,000 advertisements of charities which were shown online in India to see if there were any common trends in the marketing of the charities. Thirdly the participants from the first
During the history of Canadian politics, twelve minority governments have been elected at the federal level. There have been two minority governments resulting from governments being replaced between elections, for a total of fourteen federal minority governments in twelve separate minority parliaments. There have been historical cases where the governing party had fewer than half of the seats but had the support of independents who called themselves members of the party. In a minority situation, governments must rely on the support of other parties to stay in power, providing less stability than a majority government. At the federal level, no minority government has lasted a standard four-year term. Most minority governments have lasted less than two years; the average duration of completed minorities in Canada is 479 days or 1 year, 140 days counting only that part of the 14th Parliament, a minority, or 1 year, 207 days counting the entire duration of it. In addition to the minorities below, the 2nd Canadian Parliament was a minority for 56 days under prime minister Alexander Mackenzie after he took power from Sir John A. Macdonald following the Pacific Scandal.
However, this event is not noted because Parliament was never in session while Mackenzie was in power. The fourteenth federal minority parliament was elected in the 2019 election. In the United Kingdom and elsewhere in the world, minority governments are referred to as hung parliaments. Alexander Mackenzie replaced Sir John A. Macdonald in 1873 after the latter was involved in the Pacific Scandal. Mackenzie became the prime minister of a minority government, but he called an election in which he won a majority. Seats short of a majority 1921: 0. Term of office 1,339 days. Seats short of a majority 1925: 23. Term of office 204 days. Liberal minority after the 1921 election; the Liberal Party had the exact number of seats required for a majority. It maintained that majority until December 1923 when it lost two seats in by-elections returning it to a minority, it continued as a minority until November 1924 when the Liberals gained a seat in a by-election and became a majority again. Therefore, although this particular Parliament lasted for 3 years and 7 months, for only about half of that time was it an actual minority Parliament.
Liberal minority after the 1925 election- This was a minority Parliament throughout its life. The election resulted in the incumbent Liberal government of Mackenzie King being reduced to 101 seats in the House of Commons, while the opposition Conservatives took the most seats. All others won 24 of them won by the Progressives. King chose to face the new Parliament seeking its confidence. From January to July 1926, King's government sustained such confidence with the support of most of the Progressives. On June 26, after losing control of the House and sustaining a loss on a sub-amendment to a censure motion and facing a final vote on the main censure motion, King asked the Governor-General for dissolution and was refused. King therefore resigned and the Conservative leader Arthur Meighen agreed to form a government which itself, although larger, was a minority one. However, a few days on July 1, 1926, the new Meighen minority government was defeated on a matter of confidence. Meighen requested and obtained a dissolution from the Governor-General.
Therefore, the Parliament arising from this election was throughout a minority one. After the 1926 election, the Liberal party proper was seven seats short of a majority. However, eight MPs were elected as Liberal-Progressive members and voted with the Liberals giving the government a working majority; as well, following the 1945 election the official Liberal candidates did not win a majority of seats leaving the King government five seats short of a majority. However, the election of eight "Independent Liberal" MPs, most of whom did not run as official Liberals because of their opposition to conscription, as well as one Liberal-Progressive, gave the King government an effective working majority in parliament. Most of the Independent Liberal MPs joined the Liberal caucus following World War II when the conscription issue became moot. Seats short of a majority 1926: 8. Term of office 88 days. Arthur Meighen led two short-lived Conservative governments; the first was a majority at the end of the 13th parliament, elected in 1917 under the Unionist ticket.
The second government was a minority in 1926. Meighen's conservatives won a plurality of the seats in the previous 1925 election, however, a government was instead formed via an agreement between the Liberals and Progressives. After King's Liberals had lost the progressives' support he requested parliament to be dissolved by the governor-general, Lord Byng, resulting in the King-Byng Affair; the resulting conflict caused King to shortly resign as prime minister, Byng subsequently appointed Meighen as prime minister. On July 1, 1926, a week after Byng appointed him prime minister, Meighen lost a confidence vote in the House of Commons resulting in the 1926 election. 1Not elected as such Seats short of a majority 1957: 22. Term of office 294 days. Seats short of a majority 1962: 17. Term of office 304 days. After 22 years of Liberal rule, the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, led by John Diefenbaker, unexpectedly won a minority government in the 1957 election. Prime Minister Lo
Lyubov Holota is a Ukrainian author. She has written prose works and journalism and was granted the award of "Honoured Cultural Worker of Ukraine". In 2008 she became a Shevchenko Laureate, having received the Shevchenko Premier for the groundbreaking novel Episodic Memory. Lyubov Holota was born into a mining family on the 31 December 1949 in Kryvyi Rih, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast. In 1972 she graduated from the philological faculty of Dnipropetrovsk State University, she subsequently worked as a journalist in Dnipropetrovsk at the provincial newspapers Zorya and Prapor Yunosti and at the province's radio station. She has worked at the Molod and Radyanskyy Pysmennyk publishing houses. From 1995 onwards she has been the Chief Editor of Slovo Prosvity, the weekly national paper of the prominent Ukrainian cultural organisation Prosvita. Holota organised and published the first women's cultural journal in Independent Ukraine, Pyata Pora, has authored the scenarios for many of the Ukrainian capital's large scale festivities and events.
She edited the book Zhyttya i Chyn Anatoliya Pohribnoho. Naukovi rozvidky, spohady, published in 2011, her most notable recent achievement was the publication of Episodic Memory, a groundbreaking novel which deploys Tulving's theory of memory as a metaphor for changes within Ukrainian society and shifts in the human psyche caused by globalisation. The Ukrainian critic Dmytro Drozdovskyi described how the language used in the book "enchants" the reader and described the novel as "a profound manifestation of the moderrnist style". Narodzhena v stepakh Vesnyane rivnodennya Horytsvit Vikna Zhinky i ptytsi Dzerkala Na cholovichyy holos Oprominena chasom Dytya lyudske Sotvorinnya Epizodychna pamyat Holota is the author of several children's books; the roles taken on by Lyubov Holota in her extensive public career include: Member of the National Union of Writers of Ukraine since 1977. A former member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. A member of the central governing body of the national cultural organisation "Vseukrainskoho tovarystva "Prosvity" i.
T. Shevchenka" 1981— The Georgian Volodymyr Mayakovsky award 2001— The premiya imeni Volodymyry Sosiury "Lyubit Ukrainu" 2008— The Natsionalna premiya Ukrainy imeni Tarasa Shevchenka for the novel Epizodychna Pamyat List of Shevchenko National Prize laureates#2008