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Waterstones Waterstone's, is a British book retailer that operates 283 shops in the UK and other nearby countries. As of February 2014, it employs around 3,500 staff in the Europe. An average-sized Waterstones shop sells a range of 30,000 individual books, as well as stationery and other related products. Established in 1982 by Tim Waterstone, after whom the company was named, the bookseller expanded until being sold in 1993 to WHSmith. In 1998, Waterstones was bought by a consortium of EMI & Advent International; the company was taken under the umbrella of HMV Group, which merged the Dillons and Ottakar's brands into the company. Following several poor sets of results for the group, HMV put the chain up for sale. In May 2011, it was announced that A&NN Capital Fund Management, owned by Russian billionaire Alexander Mamut, had bought the chain for £53.5m and appointed James Daunt as managing director. The company is incorporated in England & Wales as Waterstones Booksellers Ltd, with its registered office at 203–206 Piccadilly, London.

As well as the Waterstones brand, the company owns the London bookseller Hatchards, Irish shop Hodges Figgis, reached an agreement to purchase Foyles in 2018. In April 2018, hedge fund Elliott Management Corporation bought a majority stake in the company; the bookseller has concession agreements with Paperchase and with coffee chains Costa Coffee and Starbucks in some shops, but since 2012 has introduced its own Café W brand. For a time, Waterstones sold eReaders, including in 2012 partnering with Amazon to sell the Amazon Kindle, but has since pulled out of this market for commercial reasons. Waterstones administers and supports various literary awards, including the Children's Laureate and the Waterstones Children's Book Prize; the chain was founded by Tim Waterstone. He set up his first shop in Old Brompton Road, Kensington with the ambition of creating a'different breed of bookshop', using techniques he had seen in the United States, he used literary authors in front of shop displays and employed literate staff.

The model proved successful and the chain set about expanding its shop portfolio. In 1990 WHSmith took a strong minority stake in the chain, ten years after its birth, by 1992, Waterstone's had grown to be the largest bookseller group in Europe. WHSmith acquired the company in 1993 at an enterprise value of £47m, paying £5.27 a share on 8.1m 10p shares, a 53x multiple for the early stage investors. Under WHSmith, Waterstones pursued international expansion, opening its first US shop in Boston in 1991, as well as further domestic expansion – opening its 100th UK shop in a former chapel in Reading; the chain was part of the eventual dismantling of the Net Book Agreement, when in 1991, following a promotion by rivals Dillons, the company decided to pursue its own discounting promotion on selected titles. By 1997, the agreement had been declared illegal. Following an attempt by Tim Waterstone in 1997 to buy the entire WHSmith group, WHSmith sold the Waterstones chain for £300 million to HMV Media plc – a joint venture between EMI, Advent International and Tim Waterstone.

This included high street brands HMV and rival Dillons, creating an international entertainment retailer. Waterstone was appointed chairman of the group but stood down in 2001, citing "concerns for the way the company was being run" and was replaced by Alan Giles. A year all Dillons shops were rebranded as Waterstones, with some sold to rival Ottakar's making the brand defunct; the chain had begun pulling out of its US overseas venture. Waterstones launched the Waterstones Books Quarterly magazine in 2001, containing book reviews and author interviews. In the same year the booksellers' online operation,, was franchised to, with the company expressing a desire "to concentrate on its high street and campus shops". The move resulted in the loss of 50 jobs. In 2003, Waterstones announced it was supporting Dyslexia Action as its chosen charity, helping to raise awareness and understanding for dyslexia. In 2006 Giles stepped down from his position and was replaced by Gerry Johnson as managing director of Waterstones and Simon Fox as group CEO.

In April 2006 following two bids by Permira for the group, Tim Waterstone attempted to buy back the company from HMV for £256 million, but withdrew his offer specifying the conditions set by HMV were "too punitive" to accept. A strategic review in September saw Waterstones pull out of its franchise agreement with Amazon to re-launch its online business,, independently. The chain began to pilot a loyalty programme in South West England and Wales; the scheme was successful, launching nationally as The Waterstones Card across its entire shop portfolio. Waterstones piloted a brand refresh exercise in selected shops, beginning with Manchester's Arndale Centre in 2007. On 19 November 2007, the chain closed its first branch on Old Brompton Road. Following a consultation, the company's supply chain was overhauled in 2008 with the implementation of a 150,000 sq ft warehouse and distribution centre in Burton-upon-Trent. Existing direct-to-store deliveries from suppliers were replaced by a centralised warehouse capable of receiving merchandise and sorting an estimated 70 million books per year and 200 staff were made redundant by the process.

In September 2008, Waterstones began selling the Sony Reader in an agreement which saw the booksellers' branches and Sony Centre shops stock the reader for two weeks after its release. began to supply eBooks in the.epub format. In November 2009, Waterstones moved into second-ha

The Resurrection of Pigboy Crabshaw

The Resurrection of Pigboy Crabshaw is a 1967 album by The Butterfield Blues Band, their third release. Its name refers to Elvin Bishop, whose role shifted to lead guitarist after Mike Bloomfield departed to form Electric Flag; the album marked a slight shift in the band's sound towards R&B and was the first Butterfield record to feature a horn section, which included alto saxophone player David Sanborn. "One More Heartache" – 3:20 "Driftin' and Driftin'" – 9:09 "I Pity the Fool" – 6:00 "Born Under a Bad Sign" – 4:10 "Run Out of Time" – 2:59 "Double Trouble" – 5:38 "Drivin' Wheel" – 5:34 "Droppin' Out" – 2:16 "Tollin' Bells" – 5:23 Paul Butterfield – vocals, harmonica Elvin Bishop – guitar Mark Naftalinkeyboards Bugsy Maugh – bass, vocal on "Driving Wheel" Phil Wilsondrums Gene Dinwiddietenor saxophone David Sanborn – alto saxophone Keith Johnsontrumpet Billboard

Working Class Hero: The Definitive Lennon

Working Class Hero: The Definitive Lennon is a two-disc compilation of music by John Lennon, released in October 2005 on Capitol Records, catalogue CDP 0946 3 40391 2 3, in commemoration of what would have been his 65th birthday. The set contains remixed and remastered versions of his songs, overseen by widow Yoko Ono from 2000 to 2005; the 38 assembled tracks span his entire solo career, contain every Lennon song released as a single with the exception of the posthumous "Every Man Has a Woman Who Loves Him", although not always the version or edit released as such. Representative tracks appear from all of his eight studio albums issued from 1970 to 1984, the set contains all the songs featured on the released compilation Lennon Legend and all but one from The John Lennon Collection, albeit at times in different form; the bonus DVD included in Working Class Hero Deluxe Pack issued by EMI on 23 October 2008, is the Lennon Legend DVD. Working Class Hero: The Definitive Lennon was critically well-received upon its release and reached number 11 in the United Kingdom.

It fared poorly in the United States, debuting on the Billboard 200 album chart on 22 October at number 135, spending only three weeks on the chart. All tracks are written by John Lennon, except where noted

Freedom Press

Freedom Press is an anarchist publishing house in Whitechapel, United Kingdom. Founded in 1886, it is the largest anarchist publishing house in the country and the oldest of its kind in the English speaking world, it is based at 84b Whitechapel High Street in the East End of London. Alongside its many books and pamphlets, the group runs a news and comment-based website and until regularly published Freedom, the only regular anarchist newspaper published nationally in the UK; the collective took the decision to close publication of the full newspaper in March 2014, with the intention of moving most of its content online and switching to a less regular freesheet for paper publication. Other regular publications by Freedom Press have included Freedom Bulletin and the World, Revolt! and War Commentary. The core group which went on to form Freedom Press came out of a circle of anarchists with international connections formed around the London-based radical firebrand Charlotte Wilson, a Cambridge-educated writer and public speaker, in the process of breaking from Fabian Society orthodoxy.

Among this founding group were Nikola Chaikovski, Francesco Saverio Merlino, as of 1886, celebrated anarchist-communist Peter Kropotkin, invited to Britain by Wilson after his release from prison in France in January of that year. Wilson led a group of anarchists in founding Freedom as a social anarchist and anarchist communist group in September 1886, just a month after losing a vote in which the Fabians formally backed the parliamentary route to socialism. Alongside starting Freedom newspaper as a monthly beginning in October, the group produced other pamphlets and books translations of international writers including Errico Malatesta, Jean Grave, Gustav Landauer, Max Nettlau, Domela Nieuwenhuis, Emile Pouget, Varlaam Cherkezov, Emma Goldman, Alexander Berkman Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Mikhail Bakunin and of course, Kropotkin himself. Discussion groups and public meetings were begun early on. In the early years of the paper Wilson funded and edited it out of a number of different offices while Kropotkin became a regular writer and provided its star turn.

In 1895 Wilson resigned after a long series of personal difficulties and Alfred Marsh, a violinist, took over. Marsh solidified the Press alongside close collaborator William Wess, they were joined by ex-members of the defunct Socialist League's publication, CommonwealJohn Turner, Tom Cantwell, Joseph Presburg. Marsh was able to acquire more permanent premises and printing facilities at 127 Ossulston Street in 1898. Freedom collective member Donald Rooum notes: "Freedom Press stayed in Ossulston Street for the next 30 years; the hand-operated press dated from about 1820, needed three operators. With the acquisition of its own press, albeit an elderly one, the group was able to publish more and in 1907 started a second paper, Voice of Labour, which allowed former Spectator compositor Thomas Keell to become a permanent collective member taking over editorial duties at the paper in 1910 as Marsh's health declined. Freedom became one of the most read anarchist publications in the period leading up the First World War.

Keell and his companion Lilian Wolfe would go on to be imprisoned for the paper's staunch opposition to the war in 1916, though Wolfe was released. As with many other anarchist enterprises, Freedom had trouble maintaining itself after the war ended as many activists had died and the seeming success of Marxist-Leninism in Russia drew British radicals into the orbit of an ascendant Communist Party of Great Britain. While donations allowed it to remain solvent for over a decade and several of its core group remained, notably John Turner who became its publisher from 1930 until his death in 1934, a crushing blow came in 1928 when the Ossulston Street building was demolished as part of a slum clearance scheme. Keell retired shortly afterward and while the collective continued to publish, it produced only an irregular newsletter over the course of the next eight years The paper was relaunched 10 years as energy and interest in the anarchists swelled around the Spanish Civil War, beginning with the publication of a fortnightly publication, Spain And The World, renamed to Revolt!, War Commentary, before being renamed back to Freedom in August 1945.

It was edited by Vero Recchioni, the son of an Italian anarchist, Marie Louise Berneri, the daughter of Camillo Berneri, an Italian anarchist, assassinated in Spain. The Italian anarchist movement had been well-established in London since the 1920s. Much of the bookshop's history through this time was tied up with Richards, the driving force behind both the press and the newspaper from the 1930s until late in the'90s. Richards teamed up with Keel and Wolff as publisher and administrator - the latter would remain so until the age of 95. In 1942 the press was able to buy a printing firm, Express Printers, at 84a Whitechapel High Street, which it did with the help of a rival printing firm and a supporters' group, the Anarchist Federation, which would become the nominal owner of the title until it declared itself autonomous in the 1950s. With an avowedly anti-war stance, the paper would continue to publish throughout the war, would face prosecution f

Hugh Willoughby

Sir Hugh Willoughby was an English soldier and an early Arctic voyager. He served in the court of Henry VIII and fought in the Scottish campaign where he was knighted for his valour. In 1553 he was selected by a company of London merchants to lead a fleet of three vessels in search of a northeast route to the Far East. Willoughby and the crews of two ships died on the voyage while the third vessel went on to open a successful and long-lasting trading arrangement with Russia. Willoughby was the third and youngest son of Sir Henry Willoughby of Middleton, Derbyshire, a wealthy and influential gentleman who served in the courts of Richard III and Henry VII and was knighted by Henry VII following the Battle of Stoke Field in 1487. Hugh Willoughby served various roles in the court of Henry VIII and joined the military to serve as a captain in the Scottish campaign of 1544, he was knighted at Leith by Edward Seymour Earl of Hertford. In 1548 he became commander of Thirlestane Castle and served there until 1550 withstanding a siege by the Scots and the French.

In 1551 he was again campaigning in eastern marches. The downfall and execution of Somerset in 1552 affected Willoughby's standing and caused him to look for other opportunities. In 1553 a company of London merchants and courtiers were financing a voyage of exploration and trade. Organized by Sebastian Cabot, they hoped to find a northeast sea route to the Far East. Called the Company of Merchant Adventurers to New Lands, the trade organization became better known as the Muscovy Company. Willoughby petitioned to lead this expedition and although he lacked significant maritime experience, he was selected based on his distinguished family and his "singular skill in the services of war."Three new vessels were constructed for the voyage. The fleet was well-provisioned for a lengthy voyage and an experienced crew was selected. On 10 May 1553, Willoughby set sail on the Bona Esperanza as captain-general of the fleet with two other vessels, the Edward Bonaventura and the Bona Confidentia, under his command.

His chief pilot, Richard Chancellor, sailed on the Edward, captained by Stephen Borough. They left London with great fanfare and travelled down the Thames, pausing at Greenwich to fire an artillery salute for the young King Edward, they were delayed by unfavourable winds, only reaching the coast of Norway on July 14, more than two months after leaving London. The ships were careful to stay together and agreed that if they were separated, they would rendezvous at Wardhouse, a small fortified outpost on Norwegian island of Vardø. On July 30, they were beset by storms and "terrible whirlwinds" in the vicinity of the North Cape. Willoughby and one other ship, the Bona Confidentia, became separated from Chancellor on the Edward; the Edward sailed to Wardhouse as agreed and waited for seven days but the other two ships never appeared. Setting out again to resume their eastward journey, Chancellor found the entrance to the White Sea and moored at the mouth of the Dvina River near the convent of St. Nicholas.

From there he was summoned to Moscow and Ivan the Terrible's Court, where he negotiated an agreement opening trade with Russia through the northern ports that lasted three hundred years. Willoughby and his crew were never seen alive again but the events following their separation can be pieced together from Willoughby's journal, recovered; the storm had blown them far from the coast and without any landmarks they became disoriented. Willoughby attempted to reach Wardhouse but their maps were misleading, compass readings were unreliable, the weather was too overcast to measure latitude. For two weeks the ships sailed eastward until they encountered an uninhabited shoreline, teeming with ducks and other birds, it was a part of the south island of Novaya Zemlya which came to be known to the Russians as Gusinaya Zemlyn. They turned back and headed west, coasting along Kolguev Island and just missing the entrance to the White Sea where Chancellor had landed; as the weather became colder and sea ice began to form they decided to winter in a bay formed by the Varzina River on the coast of the Kola Peninsula.

Searches were made in three directions but no settlements were discovered. No one survived the winter. For many years it was assumed. More it has been suggested that the crew may have been killed by carbon monoxide poisoning, resulting from a decision to insulate their ship and block their stove chimney to fight the Arctic cold; the discovery was reported back to the tsar in Moscow who ordered the ships secured and transferred to the White Sea to await recovery by the English. It was not until 1556, it was claimed. After leaving St. Nicholas on July 20. 1556, the two ships made it as far as the west coast of Norway when they encountered a storm that sank them both. Willoughby's journal did make it back to England safely on another ship. During the voyage, Willoughby thought. Based on his description, these were subsequently depicted on maps as Willoughby's Land and Macsinof or Matsyn Island. List of solved missing persons cases Nesbit Willoughby Risley Hall Evans, James. Tudor Adventurers: An Arctic Voyage of Discovery.

New York: Pegasus Books. Gordon, Eleanora C.. "The Fate of Sir Hugh Willoughby and His Companions: A New Conject

2008–09 NHL season

The 2008–09 NHL season was the 92nd season of operation of the National Hockey League. It was the first season since prior to the 2004–05 lockout in which every team played each other at least once during the season, following three seasons where teams only played against two divisions in the other conference, it began on October 4, with the regular season ending on April 12. The Stanley Cup playoffs ended on June 12, with the Pittsburgh Penguins taking the championship; the Montreal Canadiens hosted the 57th NHL All-Star Game at the Bell Centre on January 25, 2009, as part of the Canadiens' 100th season celebration. National Hockey League announced that the regular season salary cap would be going up for the fourth straight season; the 2008–09 salary cap is being increased by $6,400,000 per team to bring the salary cap up to $56,700,000. The salary floor is at $40,700,000, higher than the salary cap on 2005–06 season; the NHL brought in a number of rule changes for the start of the 2008–09 NHL season aimed at increasing offence and safety.

The first rule change was to Rule 76.2 on faceoffs. The first faceoff of a power play will now be in the defending zone of the team that committed the foul, regardless of where the play was stopped; the second rule dealt with the issue of safety while players are pursuing the puck on a potential icing call. Rule 81.1 states that, "Any contact between opposing players while pursuing the puck on an icing must be for the sole purpose of playing the puck and not for eliminating the opponent from playing the puck. Unnecessary or dangerous contact could result in penalties being assessed to the offending player." The third rule change dealt with faceoff position: if a puck is shot off the goal frame, goal post or crossbar, the subsequent faceoff will remain in the end zone where the puck went out of play. Another rule change prohibits TV commercials, game breaks, any line changes after an icing call; the 2008–09 schedule returns to the pre-lockout schedule. The new schedule eliminates the three-year rotation where teams would only play teams in two of the three divisions of the opposite conference.

In this new schedule, each team will play their divisional rivals six times for a total of 24 games. To obtain a total of 82 games there are an additional three-wild card games; the regular season started with four games played in Europe. The Ottawa Senators and the Pittsburgh Penguins played each other twice in Stockholm, Sweden with the two teams splitting a 2-game premiere, the New York Rangers and the Tampa Bay Lightning played each other twice in Prague, Czech Republic The Rangers swept Tampa Bay 2–0; the New York Rangers represented the NHL in the inaugural Victoria Cup challenge game as part of the club's pre-season schedule. The four teams played some pre-season exhibition games in Europe. Other than the four overseas regular season games starting October 4, October 9 was the actual first day of regular season games as far as widespread continental North American broadcast from most providers, including pay per view hockey packages. Other teams still played preseason games between October 4 and 6.

By February 23, 2009, all four teams who started the season in Europe had fired their coaches. Because of the success of the 2008 Winter Classic, another outdoor game was held in the 2008–09 NHL season. While Yankee Stadium was considered an early favorite, in a game to be hosted by the Rangers, cold-weather issues involving the old stadium put that location out of the mix. Another site considered was Beaver Stadium at Penn State University, with that game to involve the Penguins and the Flyers. On May 29, 2008, TSN reported that the 2009 NHL Winter Classic would be held in Chicago, Illinois on January 1, 2009, played between the Chicago Blackhawks and defending champion Detroit Red Wings. Soldier Field was considered an early candidate, however the NFL's Chicago Bears objected, citing a possible home game for the 2008 NFL playoffs that weekend, it was decided that the game would be played at Wrigley Field, the North Side home of the Chicago Cubs, as confirmed by the Minneapolis Star-Tribune on July 6.

Ten days afterward, the NHL confirmed the reports that the game would be held on New Year's Day. Faceoff was scheduled for 1 pm EST; the Red Wings won the game 6–4. The NHL and National Hockey League Players' Association agreed to move the trade deadline from Tuesday, March 3, 2009, to Wednesday, March 4, 2009; this was done because the schedule has twelve games on March 3 and only two on March 4. At the meeting, held in Naples, Florida from March 9–11, 2009, general managers of the teams discussed issues that concerned them. Consensus on any topic would lead to action by the Board of Governors or the Competition committee in meetings. Paul Kelly, president of the NHLPA, made a presentation on the topic of dangerous hits to the head, proposing new rules to penalize intentional hits; the general managers took no further action. Kelly intends to review the issue at the future Competition committee meeting, held after the Stanley Cup final; the general managers discussed the topic of fighting in hockey, agreed to penalize further player