Waukegan is the largest city in and the county seat of Lake County, United States. An industrial suburb of Chicago, the city is located in the northern sector of the Chicago metropolitan area, situated 35 miles north of Downtown Chicago and 23 miles northeast of O'Hare Airport; as of the 2010 census, the population of Waukegan was 89,078, in 2018 the estimated population was 86,792, which makes it the ninth most populous city in Illinois. Waukegan is a predominantly working-class community, with a sizeable middle-class population; the site of present-day Waukegan was recorded as Rivière du Vieux Fort and Wakaygagh on a 1778 map by Thomas Hutchins. By the 1820s, the French name had become "Small Fort River" in English, the settlement was known as "Little Fort"; the name "Waukegance" and "Waukegan" was created by John H. Kinzie and Solomon Juneau, the new name was adopted on March 31, 1849. Waukegan had an abolitionist community dating to these early days. In 1853, residents commemorated the anniversary of emancipation of slaves in the British Empire with a meeting.
Waukegan arguably has the distinction of being the only place where Abraham Lincoln failed to finish a speech. During the middle of the 19th century, Waukegan was becoming an important industrial hub. Industries included: ship and wagon building, flour milling, sheep raising, pork packing, dairying. William Besley's Waukegan Brewing Company was one of the most successful of these businesses, being able to sell beyond America; the construction of the Chicago and Milwaukee Railway through Waukegan by 1855 stimulated the growth and rapid transformation and development of the city's industry, so much that nearly one thousand ships were visiting Waukegan harbor every year. During the 1860s, a substantial German population began to grow inside the cityWaukegan's development began in many ways with the arrival of industries such as United States Sugar Refinery, which opened in 1890, Washburn & Moen, a barbed-wire manufacturer that prompted both labor migration and land speculation beginning in 1891, U.
S. Starch Works, Thomas Brass and Iron Works. Immigrants followed hailing from southeastern Europe and Scandinavia, with large groups from Sweden and Lithuania; the town became home to a considerable Armenian population. One member of this community, Monoog Curezhin became embroiled in an aborted plot to assassinate Sultan Abdul Hamid II, reviled for his involvement in massacres of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire. Curezhin lost two fingers on his right hand while testing explosives for this purpose in Waukegan in 1904. By the 1920s and 1930s, African-Americans began to migrate to the city from the south; the town was no stranger to racial strife. In June 1920, an African-American boy hit the car of an off-duty sailor from nearby Great Lakes Naval Base with a rock, hundreds of white sailors gathered at Sherman House, a hotel reserved for African-Americans. Although newspaper reports and rumors suggested that the officer's wife was hit with glass from the broken windshield, subsequent reports revealed that the officer was not married.
The sailors cried "lynch'em," but were kept back by the intervention of the police. Marines and sailors renewed their attack on the hotel several days later; the Sherman's residents fled for their lives as the military members carried torches and the American flag. The Waukegan police once again turned them away, but not before firing and wounding two members of the crowd; the police were not always so willing to protect Waukegan's citizens. The chief of police and the state's attorney in the 1920s, for example, were avowed members of the Ku Klux Klan, facts that came to light when a wrongfully convicted African-American war veteran was released from prison on appeal after 25 years. Labor unrest occurred regularly. In 1919, a strike at the US Steel and Wire Company - which had acquired Washburn & Moen - led to a call for intervention from the state militia. Noted organized crime boss Johnny Torrio served time in Waukegan's Lake County jail in 1925, he installed bulletproof covers on the windows of his cell at his own expense for fear of assassination attempts.
The city has retained a distinct industrial character in contrast to many of the residential suburbs along Chicago's North Shore. The financial disparity created by the disappearance of manufacturing from the city in part contributed to the Waukegan Riot of 1966. Central to this event and the remainder of Waukegan's 20th century history was Robert Sabonjian, who served as mayor for 24 years, earned the nickname the "Mayor Daley of Waukegan" for his personal and sometimes controversial style of politics. Waukegan is located at 42°22′13″N 87°52′16″W. Waukegan is on the shore of Lake Michigan, about 11 miles south of the border with Wisconsin and 37 miles north of downtown Chicago, at an elevation of about 650 feet above sea level. According to the 2010 census, Waukegan has a total area of 24.50 square miles, of which 24.26 square miles are land and 0.24 square miles, or 0.99%, are water. Waukegan is located within the humid continental climate zone with warm and hot summers, cold and snowy winters.
The record high is 108 °F, set in July 1934. The record low is −27 °F set in January 1985. Waukegan's proximity to Lake Michigan keeps Waukegan cooler throughout the year; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 89,078 people living in the city. The racial makeup of the town
Jerome "Jerry" P. Keuper was a physicist and the founder and first president of Brevard Engineering College, served in the position from 1958 to 1986. A statue of the man stands on-campus in the original academic quad. Keuper was born in Fort Thomas, Kentucky in 1921, he joined the United States Army and served in China and Burma during World War II as an intelligence officer in the Office of Strategic Services. Keuper earned a bachelor's degree from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a master's from Stanford University and a doctorate from the University of Virginia, he is credited with bringing the MG Car Club Florida to Brevard County. He joined the Systems Analysis Group of RCA in the early days of the Space Race, moved to Brevard County, Florida. Keuper started the Brevard Engineering college in 1958 utilizing junior high school classrooms rented from the Brevard County School District, he did this as there was a need in the area to supply engineers to Kennedy Space Center for the growing U.
S. space program. When the school board found out that a black student had been admitted in 1959, they ended their arrangement with Keuper, he relocated his school to a local church until he had obtained enough private funding to build his own campus. Throughout his life he served as chairman of the Council of Presidents of the State Board of Independent Colleges and Universities. Keuper had several of his books published and included topics such as idiomatic expressions in Mandarin Chinese and Spanish. In 1995, Keuper was inducted into the Brevard County Business Hall of Fame He died on March 25, 2002 in Brevard County, Florida of congestive heart failure at age 81
Carlo Mancini was an Italian painter noted for his rural scenes and Oriental subjects. Born into a Milanese family of ancient and noble lineage, Carlo Mancini grew up in a liberal cultural climate and mixed with some of the leading figures in Milan’s musical world. Regular guests in the family villa at Merate, included: Gioachino Rossini, Gaetano Donizetti and Giuseppe Verdi as well as Arrigo Boito, with whom he formed a close friendship, it was the landscape painter Rinaldo Barbiano di Belgioso, an uncle on his mother’s side, who first interested him in painting. Given that the only evidence of his studies under the guidance of Giuseppe Bisi holder of the chair in landscape at the Brera Academy, is an end-of-course exam work of the mid-1850s and that his name appears on no official academic documents, it has been suggested that his pictorial apprenticeship took place outside the institution. At the culmination of his studies, in 1857, he exhibited Winter Morning at the International Exhibition in Paris.
A trip in Brittany and Normandy led to early contact with English landscape painting and steered Mancini’s artistic interests towards faithful depiction from life but attenuated by late-Romantic overtones in the handling of light. Until he stopped showing work at exhibitions in 1875, he focused on rural subjects drawn from the countryside in Brianza and from memories of his youthful stay in Normandy, which were favourably reviewed by critics and won him some marks of official recognition. In his career, he visited Egypt, India and China and brought home hundreds of sketches which he kept in a locked, iron chest until his death. In 1929, these sketches were donated to the Galleria Moderna d'Arte. From the 1870s, following his trip to the Far-East and Middle-East, his work included more Oriental subject matter. Mancini worked in watercolour, however he worked in oil. November Sunset over Po Lombard Plains Luogo Solitario In Valle Brentano On the shores of the Brenta. List of Orientalist artists Orientalism Elena Lissoni, Carlo Mancini, online catalogue Artgate by Fondazione Cariplo, 2010, CC BY-SA.
Media related to Carlo Mancini at Wikimedia Commons