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Waverley Park

Waverley Park was an Australian rules football stadium in Mulgrave, Australia. For most of its history, its purpose was as a neutral venue and used by all Victorian-based Victorian Football League/Australian Football League clubs. However, during the 1990s it became the home ground of both the Hawthorn and St Kilda football clubs, it ceased to be used for AFL games following the opening of Docklands Stadium. It is used as a training venue by Hawthorn; the main grandstand and oval are listed on the Victorian Heritage Register. The seating capacity is now 8,000, down from a peak of 72,000. Waverley Park was first conceived in 1959 when delegates from the 12 VFL clubs requested the league to find land, suitable for the building of a new stadium. In September 1962, the VFL had secured a 212-acre block of grazing and market garden land in Mulgrave; this area was chosen because it was believed that with the effects of urban sprawl and the proposed building of the South-Eastern freeway, the area would become the demographic centre of Melbourne.

The VFL lobbied the state government to construct a train connection to the stadium, but that never occurred. The original plans were for a stadium catering for up to 157,000 patrons, which would have made it one of the biggest stadiums in the world. To accommodate the large number of patrons the members' stand was to be extended around the whole ground. However, in 1982 and/or 1983 when the extensions were due to commence, the Government of Victoria refused to approve the plans for the upgrade because it would have threatened the Melbourne Cricket Ground's right to host the VFL Grand Final. Hence, no further development occurred and the capacity was set at just over 100,000 patrons; the playing surface of 200 metres long and 160 metres wide was the biggest in the league. This caused some controversy and the boundary lines were repainted and goals were relocated to make the playing area a similar size to the MCG's playing surface. Under the direction of architect Reginald E. Padey, work started at the site on 5 January 1966 when the VFL President Sir Kenneth Luke turned the first sod.

Construction of the stadium involved the excavation of 378,000 cubic yards of topsoil, the surface of the oval was lowered to a depth of 27 feet from the surrounding area. The spoil was used to form the banks for some sections of the stadium; the foundations of the K. G. Luke stand were laid in 1969 and more than 12 miles of concrete terracing was laid around the ground. On 18 April 1970, Fitzroy and Geelong played the first game at Waverley Park, in front of a crowd of 25,887. However, the stadium was far from completed, with only the first level of the K. G. Luke Stand having been finished; the rest of the stadium had only been constructed to ground level. The Public Reserve Stands encircling the rest of the stadium were finished in 1974, at a cost of $4.5 million, the car park was extended to fit a total of 25,000 cars. Lighting was added in May 1977, at a cost of $1.2 million, in time for the first of the 1977 night-series televised matches. In 1982, a monochrome video matrix scoreboard was installed, for the first time in VFL history, displaying instant replay highlights.

In 1984, the arena was re-turfed and the drainage system upgraded. Two years a mosaic mural, commemorating many great names of VFL football, was installed on the grandstand façade above the members' entrance. During the 1988 season, automatic turnstiles were introduced at the members' entrance; the first-ever final played at the ground was the first elimination final played in AFL history, played between St Kilda and Essendon in 1972. During the 1973 season, 42,610 attended the first interstate match at the ground and a record 60,072 attended the second semi-final between Carlton and Collingwood. Essendon and Carlton contested a once-off match on Anzac Day in 1975 in front of a crowd of 77,770; the record attendance was 92,935 for Collingwood versus Hawthorn in 1981. In 1977 Fitzroy played North Melbourne in the first night match at the stadium in the Amco-Herald Cup; the game started 55 minutes late after the State Electricity Commission's supply to the $1 million lighting system failed just ten minutes before the game was due to begin.

A fuse was thought to have blown in the feeder pole to the ground. All power to the ground was turned off for 18 minutes. In 1977 VFL Park played host to the first'Supertest' of Kerry Packer's World Series Cricket, it was host to the first-ever day-night cricket game. On 15 November 1980 the band Kiss played for a crowd of over 40,000 on their first tour of Australia. In 1987 Fitzroy played North Melbourne in the first night match at the stadium for premiership points in the major competition. A total of 183,383 people watched the three finals games at VFL Park and the preliminary final attendance of 71,298 was the largest since 1984; the game was between Melbourne and Hawthorn and the game was described as the most epic played at VFL Park, with Hawthorn winning from a goal kicked after the siren, by Gary Buckenara after a 15-metre penalty was awarded against Jim Stynes. In 1989 a match was played for premiership points on a Sunday at VFL Park for the first time; the ground hosted its first and only AFL Grand Final in 1991, contested

Taha Hussein

Taha Hussein was one of the most influential 20th-century Egyptian writers and intellectuals, a figurehead for the Egyptian Renaissance and the modernist movement in the Middle East and North Africa. His sobriquet was "The Dean of Arabic Literature", he was nominated for a Nobel prize in literature fourteen times. Taha Hussein was born in a village in the Minya Governorate in central Upper Egypt, he went to a kuttab, thereafter was admitted to El Azhar University, where he studied Religion and Arabic literature. From an early age, he was reluctant to take the traditional education to his heart. Hussein was the seventh of thirteen children, born into a lower-middle-class family, he became blind at the result of faulty treatment by an unskilled practitioner. Hussein married Suzanne Bresseau while attending the University of Montpellier in France, she was referred to as "sweet voice". This name came from her ability to read to him as he was trying to improve his grasp of the French language. Suzanne became his wife, best friend and the mother of his two children and was his mentor throughout his life.

Taha Hussein's children, his daughter Amina and her younger brother Moenis, were both important figures in Egypt. Amina, who died at the age of 70, was among the first Egyptian women to graduate from Cairo University, she and her brother, translated his Adib into French. This was important to their father, an Egyptian who had moved to France and learned the language. More important, the character of Adib is that of a young man who, like Taha Hussein, has to deal with the cultural shock of an Egyptian studying and living in France; when the secular Cairo University was founded in 1908, he was keen to be admitted, despite being blind and poor he won a place. In 1914, he received a PhD for his thesis on the sceptic poet and philosopher Abu al-ʿAlaʾ al-Maʿarri, he went on to become a professor of Arabic literature there. In 1919, he was appointed a professor of history at Cairo University. Additionally, he was the founding Rector of the University of Alexandria. Although he wrote many novels and essays, in the West he is best known for his autobiography, Al-Ayyam, published in English as An Egyptian Childhood and The Stream of Days.

However, it was his book of literary criticism On Pre-Islamic Poetry of 1926 that bought him some fame in the Arab world. In this book, he expressed doubt about the authenticity of much early Arabic poetry, claiming it to have been falsified during ancient times due to tribal pride and rivalry between tribes, he hinted indirectly that the Qur'an should not be taken as an objective source of history. The book aroused the intense anger and hostility of the religious scholars at Al Azhar and many other traditionalists, he was accused of having insulted Islam. However, the public prosecutor stated that what Taha Hussein had said was the opinion of an academic researcher and no legal action was taken against him, although he lost his post at Cairo University in 1931, his book was banned but was re-published the next year with slight modifications under the title On Pre-Islamic Literature. Taha Hussein was an intellectual of the Egyptian Renaissance and a proponent of the ideology of Egyptian nationalism along with what he called Pharaonism, believing that Egyptian civilization was diametrically opposed to Arab civilization, that Egypt would only progress by reclaiming its ancient pre-Islamic roots.

After Hussein obtained his MA from the University of Montpellier, he continued his studies and received another PhD at the Sorbonne. For his doctoral dissertation, written in 1917, Hussein wrote on Ibn Khaldun, a Tunisian historian, claimed by some to be the founder of sociology. Two years in 1919, Hussein made his way back to Egypt from France with his wife and was appointed professor of history at Cairo University. In 1950, he was appointed a Minister of Knowledge in which capacity he led a call for free education and the right of everyone to be educated. Additionally, he was an advocate against the confinement of education to the rich people only. In that respect, he said, "Education is as water and air, the right of every human being". In his hands, education became free and Egyptians started getting free education, he transformed many of the Quranic schools into primary schools and converted a number of high schools into colleges such as the Graduate Schools of Medicine and Agriculture. He is credited with establishing a number of new universities.

Taha Hussein held the position of chief editor of a number of newspapers and wrote innumerable articles. He was a member of several scientific academies in Egypt and around the world; the author of "more than sixty books and 1,300 articles", his major works include: Complete Works of Taha Hussein 1–16 The Memory of Abu Al-Ala' al-Ma'arri 1915 Selected Poetical Texts of the Greek Drama 1924 Ibn Khaldun's Philosophy 1925 Dramas by a Group of the Most Famous French Writers 1924 Pioneers of Thoughts 1925 Wednesday Talk 1925 Pre-Islamic Poetry 1926 In the Summer 1933 The Days, 3 Volumes, 1926–1967 Hafez and Shawki 1933 The Prophet's Life "Ala Hamesh El Sira" 1933 Curlew's Prayers 1934 From a Distance 1935 Adeeb 1935 The Literary Life in the Arabian Peninsula 1935 Together with Abi El Alaa in his Prison 1935 Poetry and Prose 1936 Bewitched Palace 1937 Together with El Motanabi 1937 The Future of Culture in Egypt 1938 Moments 1942 The Voice of Paris 1943 Sheherzad's Dreams 1943 Tr


Stumptown is a name or nickname, applied to several places in the United States: Guerneville, California the site of an ancient coast redwood forest, much of, logged for the rebuilding of San Francisco after the 1906 earthquake and fire. Prior to being renamed for one of the local milling families, Guerneville was called Stumptown for the giant redwood stumps left by the loggers; each year Guerneville holds its "Stumptown Daze Parade" and a number of local businesses adopted the original name including Stumptown Brewery, Stumptown Nursery and Stumptown Cycles. Whitefish, Montana was called Stumptown. Matthews, North Carolina was named Stumptown in the early 19th century after cotton farmers cleared the land, leaving tree stumps everywhere. Portland, Oregon bears the nickname Stumptown, as well as several other nicknames. In the mid-19th century, the city's growth led residents to clear a lot of land but the tree stumps were not removed; the nickname is used in the names of several local businesses, including Stumptown Coffee Roasters, an independent coffee roaster and retailer located in Portland.

Stumptown, Indiana is an unincorporated community in Parke County. Stumptown, Loudoun County, Virginia is an unincorporated community. Stumptown, Northampton County, Virginia is an unincorporated community. Stumptown, West Virginia is an unincorporated community in Gilmer County

Souk Ahras Province

Souk Ahras is a province in the Aures region in Algeria, named after its capital, Souk Ahras. It stands on the border between Tunisia. Souk Ahras is situated in the extreme north east of Algeria, its area is 4360 km². Its border to the north is the province of El Taref, it is composed of three important areas: In the north: mountainous region. In the south: agricultural area. In the centre: lowlands region; the city of Souk Ahras has a semi continental and humid climate, heavy rains in the north in winter and hot and dry in the south during summer. The rains are 350-750 mm/year and the temperatures vary from 1°C to 14°C in winter and from 25°C to 38°C in summer; the fauna is rich in Souk Ahras, where species such as the hare, fox, ferret and barbarian hart can be found. The flora as well is rich, with species such as: Cork oak: 12,000 hectares Zeen oak: 4,600 hectares Ash-tree Flowering ash Aleppo pine Cypress tree Mastic-tree Lavender Heather Trading activities are widespread in Sedrata and Zaarouria were many public and private companies have been set up: National company of painting National company of textile Brick-making company Sedrata metallic company Mansouri paper factory Hamada dairy ALKALAM factory The most important activities in this region are: agriculture and com cultivation.

The total area is about 436,000 hectares. 235,000 hectares are consecrated to agriculture. Basic under structures and the railway system: Main roads: 600 km Secondary roads: 1600 km; the railway from Souk Ahras to Annaba is 138.8 km, among. The province is divided into 10 districts, which are further divided into 26 communes or municipalities

Wingletang Down (St Agnes)

Wingletang Down is a Site of Special Scientific Interest on the southern side of the island of St Agnes in the Isles of Scilly, England, UK, noted for its biological characteristics. The site is managed by the Isles of Scilly Wildlife Trust and is within the Isles of Scilly Heritage Coast and the Isles of Scilly Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, it is the only site in Great Britain and Ireland for the small fern, least adder’s–tongue. As of 11 September 2009 the SSSI was considered to be in ″unconditional recovering″ condition because European gorse and bramble are at unacceptable levels. Forty–three Bronze Age cairns have been recorded, some of which have granite kerbstones and others are linked by hedge walls. A cairn indicates a burial site. On the west side of St Warna’s Cove is a stone–lined well, reputed to be of great antiquity, close to where the saint is supposed to have come ashore in a coracle after a journey from Ireland; the name Warna is unknown anywhere else as a Celtic saint, may be the name of a Celtic water goddess.

In the past pins were dropped into the well as an offering to encourage storms to drive ships ashore. Wrecks were a vital resource for coastal communities. Ceramic beads from the 17th-century wreck of a Venetian ship can be found on the beach at Beady Pool on Wingletang Bay; the underlying rock is Hercynian granite covered by thin and podzolic soils on the higher land where there are many weathered outcrops. At the southernmost tip is Horse Point, separated from the rest of St Agnes by a narrow neck of blown sand between two bays. Along the coast to the west towards St Warna Cove are boulder beaches. Wingletang Down is 71 acres of maritime heath, dune grassland and scrub reaching a maximum height of 66 feet above sea–level and is considered by Plantlife to be an Important Plant Area. Due to exposure to salt–laden winds, wind-pruned or "waved" maritime heath has developed on the low nutrient, shallow soils on the higher land, whilst to the south on the deeper sandy soils close to sea–level dune grassland grows.

At the southern promontory of Horse Point there is short maritime grass and a tumble of large granite boulders where shallow temporary brackish pools occur. Sea milkwort grows here. Sand sedge and sand couch dominate the dune grassland between Wingletang Bay and Porth Askin whilst flowering plants include common storksbill, Portland spurge and hemlock water dropwort, unusual here as it grows in wet habitats. At Beady Pool, part of Wingletang Bay, sea kale grows on the strandline along with yellow horned poppy and sea spurge. There is a colony of Six–spot Burnet here and in the past Ringed Plover nested; the nationally scarce early meadow grass grows in the short maritime grass west of Porth Askin. The wind pruned maritime heath, on the higher part of the site is dominated by western gorse and bell heather; this heath is unique because all three Ophioglossum species found in the British Isles have been recorded within this small area. The largest and easiest to find is adder’s–tongue, the commonest on the mainland but the rarest in Scilly and has not been seen in the Isles since 1990, or on Wingletang Down since 1938.

The second, recorded on all the inhabited islands is small adders’s–tongue, nationally scarce and found along the western coast of Britain and Ireland north to Orkney and Shetland. The third is least adder’s–tongue which, in Britain, is known only from this small area of St Agnes, where it was discovered in March 1950 by John Raven who found a colony of about one hundred fronds covering an area of one square metre. Botanists have since found other colonies all within the area of the downs; the probable reason for its late discovery is because the 0.79 inches fronds are found in the winter and turn yellow and disintegrate by early April, before most botanists are in the area. Since the withdrawal of grazing by cattle and, due to Myxomatosis, the fall in the population of rabbits, some of the colonies are in danger of being smothered by competitive vegetation such as bracken, European gorse and bramble. Outside of the Isles of Scilly the nearest colony is in Guernsey where it was discovered in 1854.

Lowland heathland – a cultural and endangered landscape Isles of Scilly Seabird Recovery Project Isles of Scilly Seabird Recovery Project: Frequently asked questions The Isles of Scilly Area of Outstanding Beauty The Isles of Scilly Wildlife Trust The Megalithic Portal

Paradise, Michigan

Paradise is an unincorporated community in Whitefish Township, Chippewa County in the U. S. state of Michigan. Paradise is on the northeastern portion of Michigan's Upper Peninsula, on the western side of Whitefish Bay, Lake Superior, about 60 miles by road from Sault Ste. Marie and about 55 miles north of the Mackinac Bridge, its zip code is 49768, the area code and telephone exchanges are and 492 respectively. Founded in 1925, Paradise is surrounded by state and national forests and its main business is tourism, it is considered one of two gateways to Tahquamenon Falls State Park. The area draws hunters, campers, backpackers and birdwatchers; the region harvests cranberries in season. It is the home of the blueberry festival held every summer. Lake Superior shipping lanes are several miles off shore; the Paradise post office opened May 1, 1947. Paradise is the main point of entry to Whitefish Point, 11 miles to the north, a world migratory route protected by the Seney National Wildlife Refuge, studied by the Whitefish Point Bird Observatory.

It is known for the Great Lakes Shipwreck Museum, its Lake Superior shoreline, the Whitefish Point Lighthouse, the Whitefish Point Underwater Preserve, a series of sunken shipwrecks. The Sufjan Stevens album Greetings from Michigan contains a song entitled "For The Widows In Paradise, For the Fatherless in Ypsilanti." Hell, Michigan Paradise Chamber of Commerce Exploring Paradise A Paradise Website Live webcams in Paradise