Wayne Manor is a fictional American mansion appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. It is the personal residence of Bruce Wayne, the superhero Batman; the residence is depicted as a large mansion on the outskirts of Gotham City and is maintained by the Wayne family's butler, Alfred Pennyworth. While the earliest stories showed Bruce Wayne buying the house himself, by the 1950s at the latest, retroactive continuity established that the manor had belonged to the Wayne family for several generations. Along with serving as a personal residence, the mansion sits above the Batcave, which Batman uses as his secret headquarters; the vast majority of DC Comics references place Wayne Manor just outside of Gotham City in the state of New Jersey. The manor acts as a home base and representation of Bruce's old wealth life, despite matching the Gothic architecture present in Gotham. For live-action films, English country house locations in Nottinghamshire and Buckinghamshire, as well as Stevenson Taylor Hall in New York, have been used to depict Wayne Manor.
Wayne Manor is depicted in earlier comics as being on the outskirts of Gotham City in the state of New Jersey. Comic book portrayals place the mansion within driving distance of Gotham City, close enough that the batsignal can be seen from Wayne Manor alerting Batman of distress in the city. Wayne Manor's grounds include a surrounding gate around the perimeter with a larger front gate at the main entrance. Batman's subterranean headquarters, the Batcave, is located beneath the mansion; the grounds includes a large hill, hollowed out for Batman's aerial vehicles,with the most prominent being the batcave, there is an underground river system, large enough to accommodate docking space for the Batboat and has a large opening for said vehicle. The manor grounds include an extensive cave system that Bruce Wayne discovered as a boy and used as his base of operations, the Batcave; the method used to access it from inside the mansion has varied across the different storylines in the comics and shows.
In the comic books, it is accessible from a hidden door in Wayne Manor's study behind a non-functioning grandfather clock, which opens to a descending staircase when the hands on said clock are turned to 10:47, the time Thomas and Martha Wayne were killed. The Batcave is accessible from outside the mansion through a hidden entrance on the estate's grounds; this entrance leads directly to the Batcave and has been depicted in different forms, including a waterfall, pond and camouflaged door. While these grounds are the regular home of Bruce Wayne, he temporarily vacated it in the stories from the late 1960s to the early 1980s, preferring to live in a penthouse apartment on top of the Wayne Foundation building in the city, which included a secret sub-basement acting as a Batcave. Wayne came to this decision when Dick Grayson went off to college, which led him to decide that the mansion was now impractical with only one resident and one servant. Furthermore, Wayne decided he wanted to be closer to his main field of operations in Gotham City than a home situated outside the main urban area would allow.
However, by the early 1980s, Wayne came to reconsider that purpose and decided that being less accessible to the public was more advantageous for his Batman activities and returned to Wayne Manor. During the events of Batman: Cataclysm a massive earthquake struck Gotham City, the epicenter of, less than a mile from Wayne Manor; the mansion was damaged, as was the cave network beneath. The ground beneath the mansion shifted and revealed the Batcave below, although the Bat-family were able to relocate all of Batman's equipment before official rescue came to the manor so that nobody would learn Bruce Wayne's secrets; the original Manor was damaged beyond repair, forcing Bruce Wayne to redesign the Manor along with the Batcave. The new Manor is a veritable fortress, a pastiche of Gothic architecture combined with features of castellated architecture. Solar panels are installed in the new Manor, providing environmentally-friendly electricity generation for the complex, it includes a heliport for commercial helicopters.
In Batman: The Return of Bruce Wayne it is revealed that Wayne Manor was designed by Nathan Van Derm for Darius Wayne, forming a stylized "W", although the additional gardens that existed at the time the manor was built add on to this symbol to create the image of a bat. During Batman Eternal, Hush's machinations result in Wayne Enterprises being ruined and Bruce Wayne bankrupt after the villain detonates various weapons caches Batman had concealed around Gotham; as part of this bankruptcy, Wayne Manor is repossessed by the city and turned into the new Arkham Asylum following the destruction of the original, but Bruce decides to accept this new status quo, reasoning that he can at least make sure that his enemies remain contained in the new manor given his intimate knowledge of its entrances and exits. The manor is reclaimed by Bruce's lawyers, but it is temporarily left empty due to Bruce's death and amnesic resurrection as Alfred wanted to give Bruce a chance to have a life without Batman.
However, Bruce returns to the manor. In Batman & Dracula: Red Rain, Wayne Manor is destroyed as part of a plan to destroy Dracula's vampire family, bombs exposing the interior of the Batcave to sunlight after Batman lured the vampires into the cave following a chase through Gotham's sewers that ended in the Batcave just as the sun rose. Although the manor collapses into the cavern system after a second series of bombs are set off, thus concealing Bruce Wayne's secret and Alfred relocate to a brownstone in the center of town, Batman r
Neervilakom is a village located 4 km from Chengannur and 7 km from Aranmula. Neervilakom is a suburb of Aranmula panchayath in the extreme west part of pathanamthitta district in the state of Kerala in south India, it is the geographical border of pathanamthitta districts. It shares borders with Malakkara, Puthancavu and Piralasherry villages. Neervilakom is situated 4 kilometres east of Chengannur in Alappuzha district, India; the main attraction of this place is the ancient temple "Shree Dharma Shastha Temple". Lord Ayyappa is the main deity. Thousands of devotees from various places of Central Travancore worship here. There is a post office in the village and the Postal Index Number of Neervilakom is 689122 and is served by Angadical-Chengannur post office; this place is remarkably known for its economic contribution to the entire Central Travancore. Majority of the population are NRIs who play important role in accomplishing the foreign exchange for the nation. Neervilakom has an average elevation of 7 m
Pegivirus is the approved name for a genus of single positive-stranded RNA viruses in the family Flaviviridae. The name is a derived one: "Pe" stands for "persistent" and "g" is a reference to Hepatitis G, a former name of the C species. Eleven named. Isolates belonging to the species Pegivirus C are monophyletic and show < 50% nucleotide sequence divergence between aligned sequences from the polyprotein from each other. However, all differ by >50% nucleotide divergence from other members of this genus. Pegiviruses assigned to this species originate from primate host species; the sequence U22303 has been assigned as the type member of the species, as this was the first pegivirus to be described for this species. Terminology to describe viruses with different hosts has not been approved by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. A second species within the pegiviruses is termed Pegivirus B. Only one virus was included in the naming proposal, a complete genome of a virus found in the bat species Pteropus giganteus.
This sequence differs by >50% nucleotide divergence from all proposed members of the primate-derived Pegivirus C species that originate from primate host species. The sequence GU566734 has been assigned as the type member of the species, as this was the first pegivirus to be described for this species; the use of deep sequencing technologies has identified additional viruses that differ from Pegivirus B species by >50% nucleotide and Pegivirus C in rodents, in different bat species, Old World monkeys and the number of Pegivirus species has been expanded to eleven. The species known in 2016 have been classified into 11 species—Pegivirus A–K. Pegivirus A includes the virus GBV-A Pegivirus B includes the virus GBV-D Pegivirus C includes the virus GBV-C Pegivirus D includes the virus Theiler’s disease-associated virus Pegivirus E includes the virus Equine pegivirus Pegivirus F includes the virus Bat pegivirus Pegivirus G includes the virus Bat pegivirus Pegivirus H includes the virus Human pegivirus 2 Pegivirus I includes the virus Bat pegivirus Pegivirus J includes the virus Rodent pegivirus Pegivirus K includes the virus Porcine pegivirus In 1967, experimental inoculation of serum from a thirty four year old surgeon with acute hepatitis into tamarins was reported to have resulted in hepatitis.
In 1995, two new members of the family Flaviviridae were identified in tamarins that developed hepatitis following inoculation with the 11th GB passage. A number of GBV-A variants were identified in wild New World monkeys that were captured. Subsequently in 1995, a human virus was identified. A more distantly related virus was discovered in the bat; the genus Pegivirus was proposed in 2011. GBV-B was assigned to the genus Hepacivirus, whereas GBV-A together with GBV-C were assigned to the new genus Pegivirus. In 2016 Pegivirus genus was divided into 11 species – pegiviruses A–K with GBV-C classified under pegivirus C species. Theiler's disease — a form of equine hepatitis — appears to be caused by a pegivirus—Theiler disease–associated virus. Human hepegivirus 1 or Human Pegivirus 2 is a virus isolated from 2 multiply transfused hemophiliacs and two transfused patients; this virus appears to belong to a new clade in the Pegiviruses. A related virus has been isolated from the graceful catshark; the human pegiviruses appear to be related to the nonhuman primate species.
Researchers in 2019 described Human pegivirus-1 as a "cause of human encephalitis". Another virus—rodent pegavirus—has been isolated from the white throated woodrat. A pegivirus has been isolated from a horse