Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy. Most weather phenomena occur in the lowest level of the atmosphere, the troposphere, just below the stratosphere. Weather refers to day-to-day temperature and precipitation activity, whereas climate is the term for the averaging of atmospheric conditions over longer periods of time; when used without qualification, "weather" is understood to mean the weather of Earth. Weather is driven by air pressure and moisture differences between one place and another; these differences can occur due to the sun's angle at any particular spot, which varies with latitude. The strong temperature contrast between polar and tropical air gives rise to the largest scale atmospheric circulations: the Hadley Cell, the Ferrel Cell, the Polar Cell, the jet stream. Weather systems in the mid-latitudes, such as extratropical cyclones, are caused by instabilities of the jet stream flow.
Because the Earth's axis is tilted relative to its orbital plane, sunlight is incident at different angles at different times of the year. On Earth's surface, temperatures range ±40 °C annually. Over thousands of years, changes in Earth's orbit can affect the amount and distribution of solar energy received by the Earth, thus influencing long-term climate and global climate change. Surface temperature differences in turn cause pressure differences. Higher altitudes are cooler than lower altitudes, as most atmospheric heating is due to contact with the Earth's surface while radiative losses to space are constant. Weather forecasting is the application of science and technology to predict the state of the atmosphere for a future time and a given location; the Earth's weather system is a chaotic system. Human attempts to control the weather have occurred throughout history, there is evidence that human activities such as agriculture and industry have modified weather patterns. Studying how the weather works on other planets has been helpful in understanding how weather works on Earth.
A famous landmark in the Solar System, Jupiter's Great Red Spot, is an anticyclonic storm known to have existed for at least 300 years. However, weather is not limited to planetary bodies. A star's corona is being lost to space, creating what is a thin atmosphere throughout the Solar System; the movement of mass ejected from the Sun is known as the solar wind. On Earth, the common weather phenomena include wind, rain, snow and dust storms. Less common events include natural disasters such as tornadoes, hurricanes and ice storms. All familiar weather phenomena occur in the troposphere. Weather does occur in the stratosphere and can affect weather lower down in the troposphere, but the exact mechanisms are poorly understood. Weather occurs due to air pressure and moisture differences between one place to another; these differences can occur due to the sun angle at any particular spot, which varies by latitude from the tropics. In other words, the farther from the tropics one lies, the lower the sun angle is, which causes those locations to be cooler due the spread of the sunlight over a greater surface.
The strong temperature contrast between polar and tropical air gives rise to the large scale atmospheric circulation cells and the jet stream. Weather systems in the mid-latitudes, such as extratropical cyclones, are caused by instabilities of the jet stream flow. Weather systems in the tropics, such as monsoons or organized thunderstorm systems, are caused by different processes; because the Earth's axis is tilted relative to its orbital plane, sunlight is incident at different angles at different times of the year. In June the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, so at any given Northern Hemisphere latitude sunlight falls more directly on that spot than in December; this effect causes seasons. Over thousands to hundreds of thousands of years, changes in Earth's orbital parameters affect the amount and distribution of solar energy received by the Earth and influence long-term climate.. The uneven solar heating can be due to the weather itself in the form of cloudiness and precipitation.
Higher altitudes are cooler than lower altitudes, which the result of higher surface temperature and radiational heating, which produces the adiabatic lapse rate. In some situations, the temperature increases with height; this phenomenon is known as an inversion and can cause mountaintops to be warmer than the valleys below. Inversions can lead to the formation of fog and act as a cap that suppresses thunderstorm development. On local scales, temperature differences can occur because different surfaces have differing physical characteristics such as reflectivity, roughness, or moisture content. Surface temperature differences in turn cause pressure differences. A hot surface warms the air above it causing it to expand and lower the density and the resulting surface air pressure; the resulting horizontal pressure gradient moves the air from higher to lower pressure regions, creating a wind, the Earth's rotation causes deflection of this air flow due to the Coriolis effect. The simple systems thus formed can display emergent behaviour to produce more complex systems and thus other weather phenomena.
Large scale examples include the Hadley cell while a s
Francis Kittredge Shattuck was the most prominent civic leader in the early history of Berkeley and played an important role in the creation and government of Alameda County as well. He served as the fifth mayor of the city of Oakland in 1859, represented the 4th District in the California State Assembly from 1860-61, he represented Oakland Township for many years on the Board of Supervisors of Alameda County, starting in 1857. He was elected to the board of trustees of the Town of Berkeley in 1884, he was instrumental in founding the First Congregational Church of Oakland. Shattuck was born in Essex County in northern New York state, his mother was Betsy Mather, a descendant of Increase Mather, the president of Harvard from 1685 to 1701. His father Weston Shattuck, a native of Massachusetts, was a farmer who died when Francis was 12. Francis was a schoolteacher for four years, he moved to a small town in Vermont and worked as a store clerk, until he heard of the discovery of gold in California.
He and a friend, George Blake, by also his brother-in-law, took off for California. In 1852, Shattuck and Blake, two partners they met in the gold fields, William Hillegass and James Leonard, claimed four adjoining 160-acre strips of land in the area that became the central part of Berkeley. Shattuck was instrumental in getting the Central Pacific Railroad to construct a branch line into Berkeley in 1876, which connected the community and University of California with the main line and the railroad's ferry to San Francisco. Shattuck died after he was knocked down by a man exiting from a train that Shattuck was trying to board on Shattuck Avenue, he was buried with his wife Rosa M. Shattuck, his sisters, their husbands George Blake, Henry H. Havens and Benjamin F. Lee at the Mountain View Cemetery in Oakland. Shattuck had four sisters, Millicent K. Blake, Elizabeth Havens, Mary A. Shattuck, Eliza L. Lee. Millicent married George Blake. Shattuck, though married, died childless, his estate, including several Berkeley properties, went to his wife and to his nephew, John W. Havens, the son of his sister Elizabeth Helen Shattuck Havens.
The principal avenue in the city of Berkeley, Shattuck Avenue, is named for him, as is a smaller street, Kittredge. The Hotel Shattuck Plaza occupies the site of his original home. Berkeley, California: the story of the evolution of a hamlet into a city of culture and commerce by William Warren Ferrier, Imprint Berkeley, Calif. Berkeley Gazette, September 10, 1898, page 1 Berkeley: The Town and the Gown of It, by George A. Pettitt, Howell-North Books, Berkeley Hotel Shattuck Plaza history Advertisement in the 1919 Automobile Blue Book
Skipp Whitman is a hip-hop artist from Brookline, Massachusetts, USA. He has released six self-produced albums, which include Piece, Whitman Can't Jump, Free Agent, Skipp City, 5am, along with multiple Mixtapes which include'Whitman Fiasco,' and'Clean,' and'Unfinished Songs' vols. 1-4, along with an EP, produced by Jeremy Page called'Elevator Music', approaching the 1M mark on Spotify. Whitman has opened for Kanye West, he has opened for KRS, Talib Kweli, Kool G Rap and Guru. Whitman describes his music as, “autobiographic and honest to a fault”. In Skipp City, he self-produced the album with samples from “Amazing Grace” and “Destination Unknown”, his first self-produced CD was “Mention The Eye, Out to Breakfast” in 2005. A self-produced mix tape called “Skipp Whitman vs. Richard Pryor” was released in 2009. Whitman grew up in an upper-middle-class neighborhood town to artist parents, he describes himself as “fierce and independent”. Whitman has real estate licenses in Massachusetts, New York, California, where he has worked selling real estate In 2009, a mix tape called “Skipp Whitman vs. Richard Pryor” was reworked after complaints from Richard Pryor’s ex-wife over the unauthorized use of samples from Pryor’s stand-up performances.
The mix tape was released as a “Clean” version. Album: Free Agent Mix tape: Skipp Whitman vs. Richard Pryor Mix tape: The Whitman Fiasco Album: Skipp City Album: 5am Album: Whitman Can't Jump Album: Piece Album: Girls MixTape: UFSV#1 Mixtape: UFSV#2 Mixtape: UFSV#3 Mixtape: UFSV#4 Ep: Elevator Music
The Milan Ciga Vasojević Cup is the women's national basketball cup of Serbia. It is run by the Basketball Federation of Serbia. Named in honor of Milan Ciga Vasojević, who as coach and director lead the national team of Yugoslavia during the greatest successes of women's basketball, who died on 24 December 1996. After the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro in 2006, the competition was called the Serbian Cup. At the initiative of Hemofarm in 2008 the Cup bears its present name. 2006–07 Hemofarm 2007–08 Hemofarm 2008–09 Hemofarm 2009–10 Hemofarm 2010–11 Partizan 2011–12 Hemofarm 2012–13 Partizan 2013–14 Radivoj Korać 2014–15 Vojvodina 2015–16 Crvena zvezda 2016–17 Crvena zvezda 2017–18 Partizan 1953 2018–19 Crvena zvezda Including titles in SFR Yugoslavia, FR Yugoslavia and Montenegro and Serbia First Women's Basketball League of Serbia Basketball Federation of Serbia List of finals in period 1992-2002 at web.archive.org
Don't Worry, Be Healthy is a Singaporean Chinese sitcom, commissioned by the Ministry of Communications and Information, sponsored by Pioneer Generation Package, telecast on Singapore's free-to-air channel, Mediacorp Channel 8. The sitcom began production on 15 October 2015 and made its debut on 16 February 2016 and ended on 5 April 2016, it stars Chew Chor Meng, Eelyn Kok, Zhang Wei, Chen Tianwen, Carrie Wong & Youyi as the main casts of this series. This sitcom consists of 8 episodes, it was first screened on every Tuesday night at 8:00 pm. Wu Jiabao and Cai Shumei live in a 5-room HDB flat with their children. Jiabao is an honest gentleman, he has been holding the position of an editorial assistant for many years. He never have the intention to claim credit for his hard work, he is a "foodie" and only food. Shumei is a part-time insurance agent, eloquent and a planner, she tends to find Jiabao too pragmatic. They have Mavis and a son, Manfred. Jiabao’s father, Wu Dajiang is a retiree and his mother, Chen Liniang is a homemaker.
Both of them are from the pioneer generation who are optimistic. They have been living with their single daughter, Jiaxin in the same neighbourhood as Jiabao and Shumei. On New Year’s Eve, the chief editor is going to retire. Jiabao thought. However, the company had hired Elena. Jiabao was disappointed but when he realised Elena has no family in Singapore, he invited her to his house to have reunion dinner with his family. Dajiang and Liniang notice Jiaxin acting suspect that she has contracted cancer, they learned that she is pregnant. She is worried that her boyfriend, a doctor, will not acknowledge the child she is carrying. Jiabao wanted to confront Zida but found out that he did not pick up Jiaxin’s call as he was busy in the operation theatre, he proposed to Jiaxin publicly. After Jiaxin got married, she followed Zida, posted to work overseas. At the same time, Mavis had got her scholarship to study overseas. All of a sudden, the house seems too quiet for Shumei. Both of them started visiting Shumei quite often.
Dajiang has high blood heart disease. Liniang has diabetes and her joints are weak too. Shumei started to complain to Jiabao that Jiaxin used to be able to share the burden of the family but now it has become Jiabao’s responsibility. On top of that, although Mavis is on a scholarship, Jiabao is still responsible for her living expenses. Jiabao comforts Shumei that the pioneer generation package will help to reduce the medical expenses and told her not to worry... List of MediaCorp Channel 8 Chinese drama series
The North American Vascular Biology Organisation is a scientific society promoting knowledge exchange in the area of vascular biology. NAVBO organises several international scientific meetings annually which broadly cover the areas of development of blood and lymphatic vasculature and lymphatic disease, vascular matrix biology and vascular bioengineering; the North American Vascular Biology Organisation was founded in 1994 as a non-profit scientific organisation with voluntary membership. NAVBO is open to those with an interest in the subject of vascular biology who wish to engage with members to promote the study and dissemination of scientific information relevant to vascular biology, who meets the criteria established by the Council, elected by the Membership; the society administers offers travel awards to trainee members and three annual awards to independent vascular biology investigators, the Springer Junior Investigator Award for a junior researcher who will outstanding work for presentation at a NAVBO meeting that year, the Judah Folkman Award in Vascular Biology for a mid-career researcher who has made significant contributions to vascular biology research, the Earl P. Benditt Award for an established researcher who has contributed seminal work to vascular biology research.
2011 - Carlos Fernandez-Hernando, New York University, USA 2012 - Lorin E. Olson, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, USA 2013 - Hyung J. Chun,Yale University, USA 2014 - Jason E. Fish, University of Toronto, USA 2015 - Daniel Greif, Yale University, USA 2016 - Stefania Nicoli, Yale University, USA 2017 - Babak Razani, Washington University in St. Louis, USA 2018 - Yi Fan, University of Pennsylvania, USA 2009 - Luisa Iruela-Arispe, UCLA, USA 2010 - Brant Weinstein, NICHD/NIH, USA 2011 - Holger Gerhardt, Cancer Research UK, United Kingdom 2012 - Cam Patterson, UNC, USA 2013 - Mark Kahn, University of Pennsylvania, USA 2014 - Tatiana Byzova, Cleveland Clinic, USA 2015 - Mukesh Jain, Case Western Reserve University, USA 2016 - Gabriele Bergers, University of Leuven, Belgium 2017 - Guillermo García-Cardeña, Harvard Medical School 2018 - Christiana Ruhrberg, UCL, United Kingdom 2019 - Anne Eichmann, Yale University, USA 1999 - Morris Karnovsky 2000 - Judah Folkman 2001 - Stephen Schwartz 2002 - Michael A. Gimbrone, Jr. 2003 - Mark H. Ginsberg 2004 - Peter Carmeliet 2005 - Thomas Maciag 2006 - Salvador Moncada 2007 - Harold F. Dvorak 2008 - Shaun R. Coughlin 2009 - A. Jake Lusis 2010 - Richard O. Hynes 2011 - Kari Alitalo 2012 - Bradford C. Berk 2013 - Michael Klagsbrun 2014 - Jordan S. Pober 2015 - Eli Keshet 2016 - Elisabetta Dejana 2017 - Peter Libby 2018 - Rakesh Jain 2019 - Bill Sessa