click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Webster County, West Virginia

Webster County is a county in the U. S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,154, its county seat is Webster Springs. The county was named for Daniel Webster. Webster County was formed from parts of Nicholas and Randolph counties in Virginia through the approval of an act of the Virginia General Assembly during its 1859-1860 session. Movement toward the formation of this county began in 1851. Webster became part of West Virginia on 20 June 1863; when the state was formed, each county was divided into multiple civil townships, with the intention of encouraging local government. This proved impractical in the rural state, so in 1872 the townships were converted into magisterial districts. Webster County's three original townships, subsequently magisterial districts, were Fork Lick and Holly. A fourth district, Hacker Valley, was formed from part of Holly District in 1876; the four historic magisterial districts remained unchanged until the 1990s, when they were consolidated into three new districts: Central and Southern.

According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 556 square miles, of which 553 square miles is land and 2.8 square miles is water. West Virginia Route 15 West Virginia Route 20 West Virginia Route 82 Lewis County Upshur County Randolph County Pocahontas County Greenbrier County Nicholas County Braxton County Monongahela National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 9,719 people, 4,010 households, 2,815 families living in the county; the population density was 18 people per square mile. There were 5,273 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 99.18% White, 0.01% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.01% from other races, 0.66% from two or more races. 0.37 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 4,010 households out of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.80% were non-families.

26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.89. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 27.10% from 45 to 64, 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $21,055, the median income for a family was $25,049. Males had a median income of $25,362 versus $15,381 for females; the per capita income for the county was $12,284. About 26.60% of families and 31.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.40% of those under age 18 and 21.00% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,154 people, 3,792 households, 2,595 families living in the county; the population density was 16.5 inhabitants per square mile.

There were 5,428 housing units at an average density of 9.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.6% white, 0.2% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.1% from other races, 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 19.8% were American, 15.7% were Irish, 12.6% were German, 8.9% were English. Of the 3,792 households, 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.6% were non-families, 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 44.1 years. The median income for a household in the county was $28,025 and the median income for a family was $35,448. Males had a median income of $44,277 versus $19,292 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,268. About 19.9% of families and 22.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.4% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.

Since 1864, Webster County has voted Democratic in every presidential election with the exceptions of 1972, 2012, 2016. In 1972, Richard Nixon carried the county by a mere 1.08% against George McGovern. However, in 2012 Mitt Romney carried the county handily with a 27.52% margin and in 2016 Donald Trump won by a margin of 57.90%. Camden-on-Gauley Cowen Webster Springs Central Northern Southern Fork Lick Glade Hacker Valley Holly Bergoo Parcoal Josh Stewart, actor Big Ditch Wildlife Management Area Holly River State Park National Register of Historic Places listings in Webster County, West Virginia Mountain Parkway Byway and Backway Dodrill, William Christian. Moccasin tracks and other imprints. Charleston, WV: Lovett Printing Co. Retrieved 2014-04-20. Official website Official website of the Webster County Woodchopping Festival Two-Lane Livin' Magazine

Somerset County, Maryland

Somerset County is the southernmost county in the U. S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,470. Making it the second-least populous county in Maryland; the county seat is Princess Anne. The county was named for Mary, Lady Somerset, the wife of Sir John Somerset and daughter of Thomas Arundell, 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour, she was the sister of Anne Calvert, Baroness Baltimore, who lent her name to Anne Arundel County, erected in 1650 as the Province of Maryland's third county. Somerset County is located on the state's Eastern Shore, it is included in MD-DE Metropolitan Statistical Area. The University of Maryland Eastern Shore is located in Princess Anne. Somerset County was settled and established by English colonists in part due to a response to the Province/Dominion of Virginia passing a law in 1659/1660 requiring Quakers in the colony to convert to Anglicanism or leave the colony. A group of Virginia Quakers living in Accomack County, Virginia, on the southern tip of what became known as the Delmarva Peninsula, petitioned Charles Calvert, third Lord Baltimore in 1661 to migrate to the Eastern Shore of Maryland to the territory under his governance.

The governor considered this an opportunity to fortify the borders of his territory on the Delmarva Peninsula against the pressing encroachment of the Virginians. The Royal Charter that Lord Baltimore had received from King Charles I in 1632 had granted Maryland the land north of the entire length of the Potomac River up to the 40th parallel. Surveys authorized by Baltimore on the Eastern Shore of the Chesapeake Bay indicated that the southern boundary would continue across the peninsula at the mouth of the Pocomoke River, it was marked on the north shore by a rock outcropping labelled as "Watkins' Point". The Virginian Quakers settled just north of that point, on the southern bank of the Annemessex River in November 1662, A separate group of Anglican Virginian settlers were granted permission to make another settlement, further north along the Manokin River. In conjunction with the two new settlements, Lord Baltimore set up a three-man commission for the Eastern Shore territory, made up of two Marylanders and one Virginian.

Its purpose was ostensibly to oversee the territory, found new settlements, maintain a detailed recording of all land and civic transactions in the area. Lord Baltimore intended to use the commission to reinforce Maryland's claim to the area and to monitor any encroachments by Virginians. In 1663, activists from Virginia persuaded the Virginia Assembly to declare that the Virginia-Maryland border was 30 miles north of the Pocomoke Sound, at the mouth of the Wicomico River; the Assembly tried to secure the allegiance to Virginia of all settlers south of the Wicomico River – including the Annemessex and Manokin settlements. In early October 1663, a militia from Accomac County, Virginia led by a Colonel Edmund Scarborough arrived at the Annemessex settlement, they attempted to secure oaths of allegiance under threat of property confiscation. Scarborough was on a personal mission to arrest Stephen Horsey, the leader of the anti-tax movement and a vocal critic of the colonial government, he along with fellow Northampton County residents William Coulborne,Randall Revell, Ambrose Dixon signed the Tricesimo die Marty 1651.

Scarborough and his force of 40 mounted men reached Horsey's new residence on October 11, 1663, presented the Commands of the Assembly of Virginia against him. Horsey was "arrested" by Scarborough, but Horsey refused to accompany the party back to Virginia, declaring that he was going to remain in Maryland and maintain allegiance to the King and Lord Baltimore; the settlers expelled his force from the settlement. The company moved on to the Manokin Settlement. Although the Anglican settlers there were willing to swear allegiance to the Virginia colonial government, they were not willing to take any action against Lord Baltimore's government. Scarborough returned to Virginia without success in taking over southern Somerset County for Virginia; the new settlers established a government for Calvert County, the eighth in the Province of Maryland. This had been organized in 1642 as the Province's second county, encompassing the entire Eastern Shore of the Chesapeake. Horsey was selected to sit on the first county court.

Charles Calvert appointed Stephen Horsey on December 11, 1665, along with Captain William Thorne, William Stevens, George Johnson, John Winder, James Jones and Henry Boston. Horsey sat as a regular member of the Somerset County Court through the winter and spring of 1666, he traveled across the Chesapeake Bay in 1665 with Captain Thorne to meet with Charles Calvert, who swore them in as county commissioners. Horsey established himself as a someone willing to stand up for his beliefs. County boundary disputes continued, including of the northern boundary. Baltimore believed his Eastern Shore territory extended to the top of the peninsula, where the Delaware River meets the Bay. In the 1680s, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania, claimed this territory as his own, based on a conflicting deed. Penn and their heirs began a protracted legal battle to determine the boundaries, their compromise was to split the Delmarva Peninsula. There were few settlers in the frontier on either side to take issue; that boundary would be settled in 1763 when surveyors Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon inc

Spetsopoula

Spetsopoula is an island situated to the southeast of Spetses, one of the Saronic Islands, in the region of Attica and the Aegean Sea. It is located at about 90 kilometres by helicopter from Athens, its area is about 2 Km2. According to 2011 census the island is uninhabited but the previous census reported a population of 8 inhabitants; the ancient name of the island was Aristera and is referred by Greek traveler and geographer Pausanias. The modern name owes it in the nearby Spetses. In 1962 the island was purchased by Greek shipping magnate Stavros Niarchos. Spetsopoula is linked with the death of former wife of Stavros Niarchos, she was found dead on the island on 4 May 1970. The island is still owned by descendants of Stavros Niarchos. Spetsopoula is visited by people of high society, friends of Niarchos family. Map of Spetsopoula, Wiki Mapia All about Spetses and history

Laird Bergad

Laird W. Bergad is an American historian of Latin America and the Caribbean a Distinguished Professor and founding Director of the CUNY Center for Latin American and Latino Studies at City University of New York and Lehman College, he is a published author, He was one of the first American scholars to be given full access to Cuban historical archives in the 1980s, he published 2 books from these experiences. Bergad was born and raised in Pittsburgh and received a B. A. in History from the University of Wisconsin in 1970. He enrolled at the University of Pittsburgh where he gained an M. A. in 1974 and was awarded a Ph. D. in Latin American and Caribbean history in 1980. He has traveled through Latin America and has lived for extended periods both in Cuba and Brazil. Professor Bergad’s research has centred on the social and demographic history of slave-based plantation societies in the 18th and 19th centuries, his first book and the Growth of Agrarian Capitalism in Nineteenth-Century Puerto Rico, was based upon unused data at the Archivo General de Puerto Rico.

His access to Cuban historical archives during the early 1980s resulted in the publication of two books. The first, Cuban Rural Society in the Nineteenth Century: The Social and Economic History of Monoculture in Matanzas, documented the growth of the sugar plantation economy in the Cuban province of Matanzas during the 19th century; the second, The Cuban Slave Market, 1790-1880, co-authored with Fe Iglesias García and María Carmen Barcia of the Cuban Institute of History, examined the demographic and price structure of Cuban slave society. His next book, The Demographic and Economic History of Slavery in Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1720-1888 was a study of slavery in Brazil during the 18th and 19th centuries, he co-authored Hispanics in the United States: A Demographic and Economic History 1980-2005 with Prof. Herbert S. Klein, Latin American Curator of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, his most recent works are Puerto Rican Rural Society in the Early Twentieth Century, a study of Puerto Rican history under U.

S. rule, a social and demographic history of Latinos in the New York metropolitan area 1900–2016. He was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1986

Shoal Lake 40 First Nation

Shoal Lake 40 First Nation is an Ojibway or Ontario Saulteaux First Nation reserve located in the Eastman Region of Manitoba and the Kenora District of Ontario. The total registered population in September 2017 was 641, of which the on-reserve population was 285; the First Nation is a member of the Bimose Tribal Council, a Regional Chief's Council, a member of the Grand Council of Treaty 3. This First Nation's community inhabits a man-made island, it is accessible via barge traffic from Iskatewizaagegan 39 First Nation's dock, located in the community of Kejick, in winter by ice roads. The construction of a new all-season road to link this community with the Trans-Canada Highway is now more certain, after an agreement was reached between three levels of government, on how the cost would be covered; the First Nation possess basic infrastructure, limited retail outlets and outdoor recreational facilities and provide local elementary schooling to Grade 8. In 1915 the City of Winnipeg annexed 33,000 acres of Shoal Lake 40 for the extraction of fresh water and the transport infrastructure to move it to the city, including an aqueduct.

The construction project involved the excavation of indigenous burial grounds and disinterment of human remains. In 1980, both First Nation bands in this area planned to develop 350 cottage lots on Indian Bay, Shoal Lake; this project was opposed by the City of Winnipeg because of concerns about the safety of its drinking water, drawn from Indian Bay. The dispute was settled in 1989 when the Greater Winnipeg Water District placed $6 million in trust for Shoal Lake 40 with the interest to be used to fund alternative development projects; the agreement was conditional on a contribution of $3 million from the federal government. A tripartite agreement was finalized when a parallel agreement was signed between the federal government and Shoal Lake 40 in 1990. In the meantime Shoal Lake began importing water by truck at a substantial cost. In 2011, when the proposal for a new water treatment plant showed that the cost would be more than anticipated, the Federal government refused to contribute the difference and the plan was abandoned.

Instead, Shoal Lake proposed the construction of an all-weather road to guarantee safe year-round access to the reserve and for the importation of water. Shoal Lake 40 joined forces with the neighbouring Manitoba municipality of Reynolds to encourage the building of an all-weather road by two levels of government, in order to connect with the Trans-Canada Highway. In earlier years, the community obtained many necessary supplies and goods via the Greater Winnipeg Water District Railway as they were shipped to the aqueduct water intake site; this terminus site for the railway was known as Waugh Station. In 2015, the government agreed to pay for a design project for the study, but would not promise to pay for the construction of "Freedom Road" itself. Earlier in the year, the community's barge ferry failed to pass inspection and the local leadership declared a state of emergency. Funding was approved and construction of the new road started in Spring 2017. Completion of the road in June 2019 has reconnected the community to the rest of Canada, allowing emergency services to enter waste to be transported out, residents to access health services outside of the community..

The Freedom Road project intersects the eastbound lanes of the Trans-Canada Highway at a point 3.7 km west of Route 301 in Falcon Beach, MB. This First Nation occupies three reserves: 2579 ha Shoal Lake 40, which serves as their main Reserve, containing the community of Indian Bay, Manitoba 172.4 ha Shoal Lake 34B2 Indian Reserve 379 ha Agency 30 Indian Reserve, shared with 12 other First Nations Shoal Lake 40 First Nation elects their leadership through the Act Electoral System for two year terms. 2014–Present: Chief Erwin Redsky and 4 Councillors: Brenda Freel, Herbert Green, Vernon Redsky and Billy Wahpay. 2012-2014: 2014–Present: Chief Erwin Redsky and 4 Councillors: Herbert Green, Vernon Redsky, Tania Bruyere, Preston Green. 2010-2012: Chief Erwin Redsky and 4 Councillors: Tom Anderson, Marcella Meekis, Vernon Redsky and Billy Wahpay. Shoal Lake 40 was featured the 360° documentary experience film, Cut-Off VR which places the viewer in the middle of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's historic visit to Shoal Lake 40.

Viewers visit Cross Lake, where a state of emergency was declared after a wave of youth suicides. The film was created by Vice and Occupied VR; the documentary nominated for a Canadian Screen Award for Best Immersive Experience. Official website AANDC profile profile from Chiefs of Ontario Map of Shoal Lake 40, Manitoba at Statcan Map of Shoal Lake 40, Ontario at Statcan Map of Shoal Lake 34B2, Ontario at Statcan

Le Roy House and Union Free School

The Le Roy House and Union Free School are located on East Main Street in Le Roy, New York, United States. The house is a stucco-faced stone building in the Greek Revival architectural style, it was a land office, expanded in two stages during the 19th century by its builder, Jacob Le Roy, an early settler for whom the village is named. In the rear of the property is the village's first schoolhouse, a stone building from the end of the 19th century. Le Roy expanded the small land office with finely decorated interior. After its completion, he hosted the reception following Daniel Webster's second marriage, to one of Le Roy's sisters, it served as a residence for educational administrators of both Ingham University and the local public schools. During the late 19th century it was subdivided into a boardinghouse for faculty and students at Ingham and the Le Roy Academic Institute, an early secular private school. Upon the establishment of the Le Roy Historical Society in 1941 it became the local historical museum.

The school was an addition built on a frame building, first for the Le Roy Academic Institute and the local public school district, which it served as a high school. Its educational use ended in the early 20th century. For several decades afterward it was used as a factory for the manufacture of patent medicines. Since the 1940s it has been a property of the historical society; the Le Roy House is today owned by the Le Roy Historical Society and operated as historic house museum, with 19th century period rooms, a room with Morganville Pottery items, exhibits of local history. The school has been converted into the Jell-O Gallery, devoted to the history and marketing of Jell-O, invented and first manufactured in Le Roy. Both buildings are located on a 3-acre lot along the north side of East Main Street, 500 feet east of Oatka Creek. Across the street is a small park and Le Roy's current elementary school, built in the early 20th century; the surrounding neighborhood is otherwise residential, with other large houses from the 19th century and the First Baptist Church at the creek.

The deep lot has the house on the street, followed by a small parking lot, the school and a Little League baseball field in the rear. A line of trees delineates the property boundaries. In 1997 both buildings were listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the house is a two-and-a-half-story stucco-faced limestone structure with a raised foundation and side-gabled roof shingled in asphalt. Two brown brick chimneys with concrete caps pierce it at either end; the roofline has broad overhanging eaves on the north and south and a dentilled pedimented cornice on the east and west. On the north elevation is a full-width one-story porch on a concrete foundation with limestone steps, its hipped roof is supported by louvered panels at the sides. Its south facade frames the centrally located main entrance in a hip roofed portico with classical entablature supported by paired fluted Doric columns with indented capitals. All windows on the facade are tripartite, with 12-over-12 double-hung sash flanked by three-over-three sidelights on the first story complemented by eight-over-eight and two-over-two on the second.

All have wooden shutters for the sidelights. At the basement level a window on the west side provides light; the side elevations are asymmetrically fenestrated. Both have a six-over-six window flanked by quarter-round windows in the pediments. On the east are three six-over-six windows in the northern bays, two on the first in the two northernmost bays; the west face's second story is fenestrated, but with an eight-over-eight in the second bay from north dropped a half-story. Below it, the first story has, from the south, a six-over-six, eight-over-eight, six-over-six and four-over-four, all with stone sills; the north elevation has tripartite windows like those on the opposite face surrounding the rear entrance, a six-panel door with narrow six-light sidelights and four-light transom. The second story has three six-over-six windows aligned with the first-story windows. Paired paneled pilasters flank the six-light sidelights aside the main entrance, topped by another four-light transom; the six-panel wooden door opens into a 53-foot central hall running the depth of the house.

In the middle an elliptical arch with molded soffit panels and reeded wood keystones. A similar arch on the adjacent wall leads into the stair hall. Flooring throughout the first story is four-inch wooden board with the plaster walls covered by reproduction wallpaper. On either side of the center hall are two large rooms; the southwest room is decorated to approximate the building's original function as a land office. Wooden shutters for the 12-over-12 at the center of the tripartite window are on the adjacent interior walls; the doors and windows have reed surrounds with molded corner blocks. The west wall's fireplace mantel has a classical entablature, Doric columns and a glazed brick hearth. Next to the chimney breast are French doors leading into the northwest room. A closed portion in the northeast corner houses the original circular stairway; the northwest room is the Le Roy Historical Society's office. Another six-panel wooden door with molded surround opens into it from the center hall, its west wall fireplace molded square corner blocks.

To its north a built-in bookcase spans the wall. The east wall has a kitchen unit, the room is floored in linoleum. East of the center hall, the two parlors have the greatest degree of decoration; the smaller southeas