Star Wars Trilogy
The Star Wars Trilogy colloquially referred to as the original trilogy or the classic trilogy, is the first set of three films produced in the Star Wars franchise, an American space opera created by George Lucas. It was produced by Lucasfilm Ltd. and distributed by 20th Century Fox, consists of the original Star Wars film, The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi. The films follow the archetypical hero's journey of Luke Skywalker in his quest to become a Jedi and defeat the evil Empire; the original trilogy was followed by a prequel trilogy between 1999 and 2005, a sequel trilogy between 2015 and 2019. Collectively, they have been referred to as the "Skywalker saga" to distinguish them from spin-off films set within the same universe. In 1971, Lucas wanted to film an adaptation of the Flash Gordon serial, but couldn't obtain the rights, he began developing his own story inspired by the work of Edgar Rice Burroughs. After directing American Graffiti, Lucas wrote a two-page synopsis for his space opera, titled Journal of the Whills.
After United Artists, Universal Studios and Disney rejected the film, 20th Century Fox decided to invest in it. Lucas felt his original story was too difficult to understand, so on April 17, 1973, he began writing a 13-page script titled The Star Wars, sharing strong similarities with Akira Kurosawa's The Hidden Fortress. By 1974, he had expanded the script into the first draft of a screenplay, adding elements such as the Sith and the Death Star. Subsequent drafts evolved into the script of the original film. Lucas negotiated to retain the sequel rights. Tom Pollock Lucas' lawyer writes: "We came to an agreement that George would retain the sequel rights. Not all the that came mind you, and Fox would get a first opportunity and last refusal right to make the movie." Lucas was offered $50,000 to write, another $50,000 to produce, $50,000 to direct the film. American Graffiti cast member Harrison Ford had given up on acting to try to become a carpenter, until Lucas hired him to play Han Solo. Star Wars was released on May 25, 1977.
Its success led Lucas to make it the basis of an elaborate film serial. With the backstory he created for the sequel, Lucas decided that the series would be a trilogy of trilogies, with the original film retitled Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope for its 1981 rerelease. Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back was released on May 21, 1980, Episode VI: Return of the Jedi on May 25, 1983; the sequels were self-financed by Lucasfilm, advertised without the episodic number distinction present in their opening crawls. The plot of the original trilogy centers on the Galactic Civil War of the Rebel Alliance trying to free the galaxy from the clutches of the Empire, as well as on Luke Skywalker's quest to become a Jedi and his confrontation with the evil Darth Vader. A Rebel spaceship is intercepted by the Empire above the desert planet of Tatooine. Aboard, the deadliest Imperial warlord Darth Vader and his stormtroopers capture Princess Leia Organa, a secret member of the rebellion. Before her capture, Leia makes sure the droid R2-D2 will escape with stolen Imperial blueprints and a holographic message for the Jedi Knight Obi-Wan Kenobi, living in exile on Tatooine.
Along with C-3PO, R2-D2 falls under the ownership of Luke Skywalker, a farmboy, raised by his aunt and uncle. Luke helps the droids locate Obi-Wan, now a solitary old hermit known as Ben Kenobi, he reveals himself as a friend of Luke's absent father, Anakin Skywalker, Obi-Wan's Jedi apprentice until being murdered by Vader. He tells Luke he must become a Jedi. After discovering his family's homestead has been destroyed by the Empire, they hire the smuggler Han Solo, his Wookiee co-pilot Chewbacca and their space freighter, the Millennium Falcon, they discover that Leia's homeworld of Alderaan has been destroyed, are soon captured by the planet-destroying Death Star. While Obi-Wan disables its tractor beam and Han rescue the captive Princess Leia, they deliver the Death Star plans to the Rebel Alliance with the hope of exploiting a weakness, launch an attack on the Death Star. The first rough draft, titled The Star Wars, introduced "the Force" and the young hero Luke Starkiller. Annikin appeared as a wise Jedi knight.
Between drafts, Lucas read Joseph Campbell's The Hero with a Thousand Faces, was surprised to find that his story "was following classical motifs." The third draft replaced Annikin with Ben Kenobi. Some months Lucas had negotiated a contract that gave him rights to two sequels. Lucas hired Alan Dean Foster, ghostwriting the novelization of the first film, to write them—with the main creative restriction that they could be filmed on a low budget. By 1976, a fourth draft had been prepared for principal photography; the film was titled The Adventures of Luke Starkiller, as taken from the Journal of the Whills, Saga I: The Star Wars. During production, Lucas changed Luke's name to Skywalker and shortened the title to The Star Wars, just Star Wars. At that point, Lucas was not expecting the film to warrant full-scale sequels; the fourth draft of the script underwent subtle changes to become a self-contained story ending with the destruction of the Empire in the Death Star. The intention was that if the film was successful, Lucas could adapt Foster's novels into low-budget sequels.
By that point, Lucas had developed a tentative backstory to aid in developing the saga. Star Wars exceeded all expectations; the success of the film and its merchandise sales led Lucas to make Star Wars the basis of an elaborate film serial, use the profits to finance his filmmaking center, Skyw
Meshach Taylor was an American actor. He was Emmy-nominated for his role as Anthony Bouvier on the CBS sitcom Designing Women, he was known for his portrayal of Hollywood Montrose, a flamboyant window dresser in Mannequin. He played Sheldon Baylor on the CBS sitcom Dave's World, appeared as Tony on the short-lived NBC sitcom Buffalo Bill opposite Dabney Coleman, appeared as the recurring character Alastair Wright, the social studies teacher and school principal, on Nickelodeon's sitcom, Ned's Declassified School Survival Guide. Taylor was born in Boston, the son of Hertha Mae and Joseph T. Taylor, former dean of students at Dillard University in New Orleans, the first dean of arts and sciences at Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis. After the family moved from New Orleans to Indianapolis, Taylor graduated from Crispus Attucks High School in 1964, where he took an interest in acting, went on to study in the dramatic arts programs at Wilmington College and Florida A&M University.
Leaving Florida A&M a few credits shy of graduation, he worked in Indianapolis as a State House reporter for AM radio station WIFE, where he used the on-air name Bruce Thomas, as the host of a community-affairs program on television station WLWI, as Bruce Taylor. Many years in May 1993, he received his bachelor's degree in theatre arts from Florida A&M. Taylor's first professional acting gig was in a national tour of Hair, he honed his craft in repertory theater as a member of Chicago’s Goodman Theatre, the Organic Theater Company alongside Joe Mantegna, André DeShields, Dennis Franz, Keith Szarabajka, Jack Wallace, director Stuart Gordon. While in Chicago, he appeared in David Rabe's Streamers, Native Son, The Island and Athol Fugard’s Sizwe Banzi Is Dead, for which he garnered the 1977 Joseph Jefferson Award for Actor in a Principal Role in a Play, he received an Emmy Award for his role as Jim in the WTTW production of Huckleberry Finn and hosted the Chicago television show Black Life. In 1998, Taylor made his Broadway debut as Lumiere in Beauty and the Beast, where he starred alongside Toni Braxton.
In September, 2012, he appeared in Year of the Rabbit at Ensemble Studio Theater-LA as Vietnam veteran JC Bridges. In 1977, Taylor moved to Los Angeles, where he crafted a gallery of memorable characters in film and on television, including his Emmy nominated turn in the CBS sitcom Designing Women. Taylor played Anthony Bouvier, the assistant at the fictitious Sugarbaker interior design firm in Atlanta, Georgia. In 1989, he received an Emmy nomination for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series. In May 1981, the ninth season of M*A*S*H, he was seen as a corpsman in the final episode, "The Life You Save". From 1993-97, he was a series regular as plastic surgeon Sheldon Baylor on Dave's World, had a recurring role as Alastair Wright, the history teacher turned school principal, on Nickelodeon's sitcom, Ned's Declassified School Survival Guide and Buffalo Bill on NBC with Dabney Coleman. Other appearances include: The Unit, Hannah Montana as a fashion designer, All of Us as Neesee's father, The Drew Carey Show, Static Shock, Caroline in the City, Aaahh!!!
Real Monsters, Women of the House, In the Heat of the Night, Punky Brewster, What’s Happening Now!, Hill Street Blues, ALF, The Golden Girls, Cagney & Lacey, Barney Miller, Lou Grant, The White Shadow, The Incredible Hulk, Barnaby Jones. In 1996, Taylor hosted his own series on HGTV, The Urban Gardener with Meshach Taylor, in 1998, he hosted Meshach Taylor's Hidden Caribbean on The Travel Channel, he was a regular panelist on the 2000 revival of the television game show To Tell the Truth. He co-hosted Living Live! with Florence Henderson on Retirement Living TV. Taylor had been friends with actor Joe Mantegna since they appeared together in 1969 in the musical Hair. Taylor guest-starred in 2012 on Criminal Minds' eighth season in the episode "The Fallen", opposite Mantegna as Harrison Scott, Rossi's former Marine sergeant with whom he served in Vietnam. In January 2014, he reprised this role in "The Road Home" which aired January 22, 2014, just five months before his death. Mantegna led a Criminal Minds tenth season episode "Anonymous", to honor Taylor on January 21, 2015.
Taylor appeared in such feature films as Mannequin, Mannequin Two: On the Move, Damien: Omen II. Taylor married actress Bianca Ferguson in 1983, they had four children, daughters Tamar Taylor, Esme Taylor, Yasmine Taylor, son Tariq Taylor, four grandchildren. Suffering from colorectal cancer, Taylor died on June 2014, at his home in Altadena, California. Taylor was survived by his wife, their four children, his mother Hertha Ward Taylor, two siblings, four grandchildren. A memorial service to celebrate his life was held at Forest Lawn Memorial Park on July 6, 2014. Meshach Taylor at AllMovie Meshach Taylor on IMDb Meshach Taylor obituary at nytimes.com June 29, 2014 Meshach Taylor at Find a Grave'Fresh Air' Remembers Actor Meshach Taylor NPR'Fresh Air' host Terry Gross pays tribute to actor Meshach Taylor with rebroadcast of 1990 interview
Star Wars Rogue Squadron II: Rogue Leader
Star Wars Rogue Squadron II: Rogue Leader is an action game co-developed by Factor 5 and LucasArts and is the second of three games in the Rogue Squadron series, it was published by LucasArts and released as a launch title for the GameCube in North America on November 9, 2001 and Europe on May 3, 2002. Set in the fictional Star Wars galaxy, the game spans all three original trilogy Star Wars films; the player controls either Wedge Antilles. As the game progresses, Skywalker and the Rebel Alliance fight the Galactic Empire in ten missions across various planets. Similar to its predecessor, Star Wars: Rogue Squadron, Rogue Leader is a fast-paced, flight action game; each of the game's ten levels introduces mission objectives such as search and destroy or protection that must be completed to progress to the next level. Enemy aircraft are composed of TIE fighters, Imperial shuttles and Star Destroyers. Ground defenses are more varied and include three different walkers, various laser turrets, probe droids and stormtroopers.
The heads-up display features a health meter, a radar, an ammunition count for secondary weapons and the "command cross" that allows the player to give limited instructions to their wingmen via the GameCube controller's D-pad. The player can control seven craft in the base game: X-wing, A-wing, Y-wing, B-wing, the T-16 Skyhopper and the Millennium Falcon; each vehicle offers a unique armament arrangement, as well as varying degrees of speed and maneuverability. The game restricts the player to a particular craft for each level; some levels offer the player the option to change craft mid-level. Eleven bonus power-ups are hidden in different levels throughout the game; these bonuses improve a craft's weapons and targeting computer and are applied to each eligible craft for the remainder of the game. The player's performance is measured throughout the game, performance statistics are checked after each level against three medal benchmarks; each benchmark contains six categories: completion time, number of enemies destroyed, shot accuracy, number of friendly craft and structures saved, number of lives lost and targeting computer efficiency.
If a player's performance meets or exceeds one of the level's three benchmarks in all six categories, a medal—bronze, silver or gold—is awarded on completion. Acquiring these medals promotes the player's rank and helps unlock hidden content. Once the player completes all of the training missions and achieves gold medals on all 15 levels, the opportunity to activate "Ace Mode" is awarded; the player may achieve one more medal per level by completing them with this mode activated. Rogue Leader includes a number of unlockable secrets; the player can unlock five bonus levels. Two of these levels allow the player to pilot the Millennium Falcon, while two others allow the player to fight against the Rebel Alliance as Darth Vader; the fifth unlockable level pits the player against 99 waves of enemy fighters. These levels can be purchased after the player obtains enough points accumulated via the game's medal system. Alternatively, they can be unlocked via password. Several craft are available when unlocked.
The Millennium Falcon, the TIE advanced, an Imperial shuttle and the Slave I may be selected after the player meets or exceeds various medal requirements or enters the corresponding passwords. A Naboo Starfighter and a TIE fighter may be selected after the player completes in-game tasks dependent on the time as dictated by the GameCube's real-time clock. A playable model of a 1969 Buick Electra 225 based on a car owned by the game's sound designer, Rudolph Stember, can be unlocked via password only; the complex scrambling system developed for Star Wars: Rogue Squadron to help hide a code from gamers using game-altering devices such as GameShark or ProAction Replay made a return. This time it is used to hide a password-only alternate color scheme for Slave I, as seen in Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones. Slave I could be restored to its original color scheme by entering the password a second time. Star Wars Rogue Squadron II: Rogue Leader is set in the fictional Star Wars galaxy, where a war is fought between the Galactic Empire and the Rebel Alliance.
The game spans all three original trilogy Star Wars films: A New Hope, The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi. Young pilots Luke Skywalker and Wedge Antilles have joined the Alliance to help defeat the Empire and restore freedom to the galaxy; the game opens with an opening crawl resembling those featured in the Star Wars films. Further story details are presented through the game's instruction manual, pre-mission briefings, character conversations during the game, in-game cut scenes and movie clips lifted directly from Star Wars films; the game begins with the Rebel Alliance launching an attack on the Death Star, the Galactic Empire's largest space station. In a reenactment of A New Hope's climactic battle, Luke Skywalker destroys the Death Star after firing into an exhaust port. Skywalker and Wedge Antilles accompany a Rebel supply convoy from Yavin IV to Hoth; when attempting to rendezvous with a second convoy in the Ison Corridor, they discover that the convoy has been destroyed and are ambushed.
After fighting off the attack, the Rebels continue on to Hoth. As depicted in The Empire Strikes Back, Imperial forces locate the Rebel base on Hoth and begin an invasion. Despite Skywalker crash-landing, Rogue Squadron is able to hold off the Imperial attack force long enough for the Rebel base to sufficiently evacuate. A secret Imperial installation is located in The Maw; as the Antilles-led Rogue Squadron approaches the base
Luke Skywalker is a fictional character and the main protagonist of the original film trilogy of the Star Wars franchise created by George Lucas. Portrayed by Mark Hamill, Skywalker first appeared in the original 1977 film and returned in The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi. Three decades he portrayed the character in the Star Wars sequel trilogy beginning with The Force Awakens in 2015 and The Last Jedi in 2017. Hamill is slated to reprise his role in The Rise of Skywalker. Luke is a pivotal figure in the Rebel Alliance's struggle against the Galactic Empire, a friend and eventual brother-in-law of smuggler Han Solo, unknown to him until Return of the Jedi, the twin brother of Rebellion leader Princess Leia, he trains under Jedi Masters Obi-Wan Kenobi and Yoda, is the son of Anakin Skywalker and Padmé Amidala. He mentors Rey, the protagonist of the sequel trilogy, is the maternal uncle of Kylo Ren, the antagonist of the sequel trilogy; the character briefly appears in the Star Wars prequel Episode III: Revenge of the Sith as an infant.
The non-canonical Expanded Universe depicts him as a powerful Jedi Master, the husband of Mara Jade, father of Ben Skywalker and maternal uncle of Jaina and Anakin Solo. Introduced in the 1977 film Star Wars, the character represents the hero archetype of "the young man, called to adventure, the hero going out facing the trials and ordeals, coming back after his victory with a boon for the community". Luke Skywalker lives on a moisture farm on Tatooine with his Uncle Aunt Beru. Luke takes his first steps toward his destiny when he purchases the droids C-3PO and R2-D2. While examining R2-D2, he sees a message from Princess Leia Organa of Alderaan; when R2-D2 goes missing, Luke goes out to search for the droid, is saved from a band of Tusken Raiders by Obi-Wan Kenobi, an old hermit. Luke and Obi-Wan seek shelter, R2-D2 plays the full message for Obi-Wan from Leia, beseeching him to help her defeat the Galactic Empire. Obi-Wan says that he and Luke's father were once Jedi Knights, that his father was murdered by a traitorous Jedi named Darth Vader.
Obi-Wan presents Luke with his father's lightsaber and offers to take him to Alderaan and train him in the ways of the Force, but Luke rejects his offer. Luke changes his mind when he returns home to find out that Imperial stormtroopers have killed his aunt and uncle, he and Obi-Wan travel to Mos Eisley, where they meet smugglers Han Solo and Chewbacca at the cantina. They team up and travel on the Millennium Falcon to Alderaan, only to find out that it has been destroyed by the Death Star, they rescue Princess Leia. Obi-Wan deactivates the tractor beam, he sacrifices his life in a duel with Vader, so that Luke and his friends can board the Falcon and escape. During the Battle of Yavin, Luke joins the Rebel Alliance in attacking the Death Star. In the trench leading to the Death Star's exhaust port, Luke hears Obi-Wan's voice, telling him to "trust his feelings". In the film's final scene, he joins Chewbacca in receiving a royal medal from Leia. In The Empire Strikes Back, set three years Luke is now a lieutenant commander in the Rebel Alliance.
While on a mission on the ice planet Hoth, he manages to escape. In the frozen wasteland, he sees Obi-Wan's spirit, telling him to travel to the planet Dagobah and complete his training with the Jedi Master Yoda, before he is rescued by Han; when the Empire discovers the Rebel base on Hoth, Luke leads his squadron to battle a swarm of AT-ATs, but he is forced to retreat when his wingman is killed. Escaping in his X-wing, he travels to Dagobah, meets Yoda, he undergoes rigorous Jedi training increasing his power in the Force. During his training, Luke sees a vision of his friends in danger. Against both Obi-Wan and Yoda's advice to complete his training, he travels to Bespin to save them, only to be lured into a trap, he engages in a lightsaber duel with Darth Vader. As his mentors warned, Luke proves to be no match for Vader. Vader reveals that he is Luke’s father, offers him the chance to turn to the dark side of the Force and rule the galaxy at his side. Horrified, Luke throws himself into a deep reactor chasm.
He survives, but is pulled into a garbage chute to the underside of Cloud City, left hanging onto a weather vane. Leia, flying away from Cloud City in the Millennium Falcon, senses Luke's peril, turns the ship around to save him. Aboard the ship, he hears Vader telepathically telling him that it is his destiny to join the dark side. Luke's severed hand is replaced with a bio-mechanical one. In Return of the Jedi, set one year Luke is now a Jedi Knight, has constructed his own lightsaber, he returns to Tatooine to help Leia, the droids, Lando Calrissian save Han from the crime lord Jabba the Hutt. Luke offers to negotiate with Jabba, who rejects his offer and casts him into a pit to fight a Rancor; when Luke kills the Rancor, he is sentenced to death in the Sarlacc Pit. Luke escapes with R2-D2's help, destroying Jabba's sail barge. During his return trip to Dagobah, Luke learns from a dying Yoda. Luke learns from Obi-Wan's spirit that he has a twin sister, whom he realizes is Leia. Obi-Wan tells Luke.
Arriving on Endor as part of a Rebel commando squad, Luke surrenders to Vader in an attempt to bring his father back from the dark side of the Force
Rogue Squadron is a starfighter squadron in the Star Wars franchise. Many surviving members of Red Squadron, the X-wing attack force that Luke Skywalker joins during the Battle of Yavin in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope join Rogue Squadron; the squadron appears in The Empire Strikes Back as Rogue Group. In the 2016 film Rogue One, Rebel fighters on a suicide mission to steal the plans for the Death Star self-identify as "Rogue One", a possible precursor to Rogue Squadron. Rogue Squadron is prominently featured in the comic book series Star Wars: X-wing, the ten-volume novel series Star Wars: X-wing, the video game series Star Wars: Rogue Squadron; the unit is depicted as consisting of "the best pilots and the best fighters". Red Squadron, the forerunner of Rogue Squadron, is first featured as a Rebel Alliance division in A New Hope during the attack on the first Death Star; this appearance features many notable pilots, including Biggs Darklighter, Jek Porkins, Wedge Antilles, Luke Skywalker.
The squadron went on to appear in The Empire Strikes Back at the Battle of Hoth and in Return of the Jedi during the attack on the second Death Star. However, the squadron was never a prominent feature of these films, was referred to as "Rogue Squadron". In the films' plot, the Red Squadron is essential to the destruction of the Death Star at the Battle of Yavin, where they engaged in a dogfight against Darth Vader, they use X-wing for the assault. Jek Porkins, Biggs Darklighter, most of the Squadron dies. Wedge leaves too damaged to continue. Luke would have died, had not being saved by Han Solo and Chewbacca driving the Millennium Falcon, giving Luke time to deliver the shot that destroyed the Death Star. Luke Skywalker and Wedge Antilles are the only members of Red Squadron to survive the assault; the Rogue Squadron on the ice planet Hoth, during The Empire Strikes Back, has the burden of defending Echo Base with new pilots added to their roster, like Derek Klivian and Tycho Celchu. During the Battle of Hoth.
The twelve snowspeeders of the Rogues gave the Rebels enough time to evacuate Echo Base and were destroyed in the battle. Luke and Wedge survive. After the evacuation of Hoth, Antilles took command during the "unexplained" absence of Skywalker while he trained with Yoda at Dagobah. After the events of The Empire Strikes Back and Antilles formed a squadron of twelve units around the core group and the Rogue Squadron was formed. Antilles commanded the squadron when Luke had important off-flight missions. During the Battle of Endor on Return of the Jedi, Rogue Squadron was dissolved and absorbed into the general fleet and Antilles took the role of Red Leader, in memory of the Battle of Yavin. Luke is busy helping on the ground as a Jedi, Wedge destroys the second Death Star with the aid of Lando Calrissian and Nien Numb driving the Millennium Falcon; the anthology film Rogue One, set shortly before A New Hope features many of the pilots who fought on the Death Star fighting on the battle of Scarif, where Jyn Erso leads a group of Rebels called Rogue One, in an on-foot mission to steal the plans of the original Death Star.
Unable to leave the planet, team Rogue One beams the plans to Leia's ship. Minutes all Rogue One members are killed by the Death Star. Since the release of the prequel, the Rogue Squadron has been hinted and revealed to have named itself in the memory of the Rogue One team; this are the pilots featured in the canon of Star Wars. Luke Skywalker's debut with the Rebel Alliance came as Red Five at the Battle of Yavin, as portrayed in A New Hope. After his destruction of the Death Star, he founded Rogue Squadron with Wedge's help using the Rebels' best X-Wing pilots as shown in Rogue Squadron and proceeded to have a long and distinguished flying career with the group. By the time of Return of the Jedi, Luke was focusing on his training as a Jedi Knight and had thus handed command of Rogue Squadron to Wedge. In the Legends non-canonical storyline the last mission of Rogue Squadron, takes place 6 years after the Battle of Endor during Dark Empire. Although Luke Skywalker was the first commander of Rogue Squadron, Antilles is considered the "face" of the squadron due to his tenure as its leader.
He appears in the films A New Hope, Empire Strikes Back, Return of the Jedi, in which he commands the squadron. When seeing the Death Star for the first time in Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope, Wedge utters the line "Look at the size of that thing!" Wedge has a unique situation casting-wise. Colin Higgins portrays him during the Rebel briefing for the Battle of Yavin, where he expresses his doubt that a computer could shoot a proton torpedo down the Death Star's thermal exhaust port. Wedge appears in season 3 of Star Wars: Rebels. Biggs Darklighter appeared in A New Hope played by Garrick Hagon. Biggs was in the Battle of Yavin scene, where he joined his childhood friend Luke Skywalker and Luke's other wingman, Wedge, in their attack run on the first Death Star. Biggs had a larger role in earlier drafts of the script for the movie and several of the additional scenes appeared in the novelization, his additional scenes include a conversation with Luke on Tatooine where Biggs tells Luke of his secret desire to join the Rebel Alliance despite his training at the Imperial Academy.
This scene was deleted from A New Hope, but the book Inside the Worlds of the Star Wars Trilogy depicts the missing scene at Tosche Station, it can be seen in its entirety on the Star Wars: Behind the Magic CD-ROM Encyclopedia and on DVD and Blu-ray versions of A New Hope. Biggs also
The Millennium Falcon is a fictional starship in the Star Wars franchise. The modified YT-1300 Corellian light freighter is commanded by Corellian smuggler Han Solo and his Wookiee first mate, Chewbacca. Designed by the Corellian Engineering Corporation, the modified YT-1300 is durable and modular, is stated as being the second-fastest vessel in the Star Wars canon; the Millennium Falcon first appears in Star Wars, subsequently in The Star Wars Holiday Special, The Empire Strikes Back, Return of the Jedi, Revenge of the Sith, The Force Awakens, The Last Jedi, Solo: A Star Wars Story. Additionally, the Falcon appears in a variety of Star Wars expanded universe materials, including books and games, it appears in the 2014 animated film The Lego Movie in Lego form, with Billy Dee Williams and Anthony Daniels reprising their roles of Lando Calrissian and C-3PO, Keith Ferguson voicing Han Solo. The ship had a more elongated appearance, but this design's similarity to the Eagle Transporters in Space: 1999 prompted Lucas to change the Falcon's design.
The original model was modified, re-scaled, used as Princess Leia's ship, Tantive IV. Modelmaker Joe Johnston had about four weeks to redesign the Falcon, Lucas's only suggestion to Johnston was to "think of a flying saucer". Johnston did not want to produce a "basic flying saucer", so he created the offset cockpit, forward cargo mandibles, rear slot for the engines; the design was simple enough to create in the four-week window. Johnston called production of the new Falcon design one of his most intense projects; the sound of the ship traveling through hyperspace comes from two tracks of the engine noise of a McDonnell Douglas DC-9, with one track out of synchronization with the other to introduce a phasing effect. To this, sound designer Ben Burtt added the hum of the cooling fans on the motion-control rig at Industrial Light & Magic. Visually, the Millennium Falcon was represented by external and internal sets. For Star Wars, a partial exterior set was constructed and the set dressed as Docking Bay 94 and the Death Star hangar.
Besides the functional landing gear, an additional support held up the structure and was disguised as a fuel line. The interior set included the starboard ring corridor, the boarding ramp, cockpit access tunnel, gun turret ladder, secret compartments, the forward hold; the cockpit was constructed as a separate set that could be rocked when the ship was supposed to shake. Several inconsistencies exist between the internal set and the external set, the cockpit access tunnel angle being the most noticeable; the effects models for Star Wars matched the design of the exterior set. The primary model was detailed with various kit parts; the ship was represented by a matte painting when Princess Leia sees it for the first time, showing the full upper surface. For the 1997 "Special Edition", a digital model replaces the effects model in several shots, is used in a new shot of the Falcon lifting off from Docking Bay 94. For The Empire Strikes Back, a new external set was constructed. In spring 1979, Marcon Fabrications, a heavy engineering firm that served the UK's petrochemical and oil industries, was hired to build a movable full-scale external model capable of "moving as if it were about to take off."
Built in secrecy under the project code name Magic Roundabout, the company leased the 1930s Western Sunderland Flying Boat hangar in Pembroke Dock, West Wales. The model, which took three months to construct, weighed over 25 long tons, measured 65 feet in diameter and 20 feet high, used compressed air hover pads for up to 1.5 inches of hover-height movement around the set. It was disassembled and shipped to Elstree Studios, for filming. Today, the Pembroke Dock museum has an exhibit about the project. Along with the full-size mock-up of the Falcon, a new miniature model was created for Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back to allow ILM to film more intricate in-flight rolls and pitches that were not possible with the five-foot model; this model was able to be mounted on a gimbal that allowed ILM to simulate difficult maneuvers as the ship attempted to outrun Imperial TIE fighters during the asteroid-field-escape scene from the film. The new model, which measured at 32 inches in length, had several surface features that differed from the five-foot model including updated landing gear and different surface greeblies.
The 32" model was the version of the Millennium Falcon most depicted in toys, model kits, promotional materials for the Star Wars universe prior to the release of The Force Awakens. The model was reused for Episode VI: Return of the Jedi; as in Star Wars, the location set was changed around the ship set. The only major design change was to add landing gear where the disguised fuel line had been in Star Wars; as this set included the port side, that gave the set seven landing gears. The internal set was refitted from A New Hope and featured a sliding cockpit door, a larger cargo hold, an additional corridor to port, an equipment room. Two new interior sets were created that are not shown to connect to the rest of the set: a top hatch that Lando Calrissian uses to rescue Luke Skywalker, the compartment where Luke rests on a bunk; the 5-foot-long effects model from Star Wars was modified to reflect the additional landing gear, several new models were built, including one the size of a U. S. Quarter Dollar.
For the 1997 Special Edition, a CGI model replaced the e
Star Wars expanded to other media
Star Wars expanded to other media includes all Star Wars fictional material produced by Lucasfilm or licensed by it outside of the original Star Wars films and television series. Intended as an enhancement to and extension of the theatrical films produced by George Lucas, the spin-off material was moderated by Lucasfilm, Lucas reserved the right to both draw from and contradict it in his own works; this includes an array of derivative Star Wars works produced in conjunction with and after the original trilogy, prequel trilogy, sequel trilogy of films, includes books, comic books, video games, television series. Material produced prior to 2014 were known as the Star Wars Expanded Universe rebranded to Star Wars Legends, with the exception of the 2008 The Clone Wars animated film and TV series, with most works produced after 2014 part of the official canon as defined by Lucasfilm; the Star Wars space opera media franchise began with Lucas's 1977 film Star Wars, set "a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away" and chronicles the attempt by the characters Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, the Wookiee Chewbacca—assisted by the Jedi Obi-Wan Kenobi and the droids C-3PO and R2-D2—to thwart the evil plans of Sith Lord Darth Vader and the Galactic Empire.
The film was followed by multiple prequel films. Along the production of the films were an array of derivative Star Wars works, including books, comic books, video games, television series, which take place at the same time as, after the events of the original trilogy and prequel trilogy. All non-film material produced prior to 2014 was branded as the Star Wars Expanded Universe, was intended as an enhancement to and extension of the Star Wars theatrical films produced by George Lucas. Although the Star Wars film series itself has never been rebooted, a decision was made, due to works set after the original trilogy that contradict and deviate from Lucas' own view of the Star Wars story, to discard the EU works from the franchise canon. Lucas decided to cease creative involvement after selling, in October 2012, the Star Wars franchise as well as Lucasfilm to The Walt Disney Company; when Disney began development of a sequel trilogy of films and other works, needed its films to have full creative freedom unbound by the EU, nearly all EU works were removed from Star Wars franchise canon and rebranded as Star Wars Legends.
Most of the non-film works produced after April 2014 are part of the official Lucasfilm canon. In April 2014 Lucasfilm decreed prior expanded universe content non-canonical, christened it Star Wars Legends, with a new company division, Lucasfilm Story Group, ensuring that all forthcoming comics, books and other media were non-contradictory and true to one another, other canonical media, the story of the films themselves. From that point onward the official Star Wars canon was clarified to include the Star Wars theatrical films and The Clone Wars animated film and TV series. Works which have since been produced include the Rebels animated TV series, the 2015 film The Force Awakens and its 2017 sequel The Last Jedi, the 2016 anthology film Rogue One, the 2017 video game Star Wars Battlefront II, the 2018 film Solo: A Star Wars Story, a number of novels and comic book series. Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker, Alan Dean Foster's novelization of the original 1977 film Star Wars, was released six months before the film in November 1976.
Based on George Lucas's 1976 version of the screenplay, it was ghostwritten by Foster but credited to Lucas. Lucas commissioned Foster's subsequent 1978 novel Splinter of the Mind's Eye as the basis for a potential low-budget sequel to Star Wars if that film proved unsuccessful. Foster's works were followed by the film novelizations The Empire Strikes Back by Donald F. Glut and Return of the Jedi by James Kahn, as well as the two trilogies The Han Solo Adventures by Brian Daley, 1983's The Adventures of Lando Calrissian by L. Neil Smith. Running from April 1977 to May 1986, the Star Wars comic book series from Marvel Comics met with such strong sales that former Marvel editor-in-chief Jim Shooter credited it with saving Marvel financially in 1977 and 1978. Marvel's series became one of the industry's top selling titles in 1979 and 1980. Two spin-off television films focusing on the life of the Ewoks, creatures introduced in Return of the Jedi, aired in 1984 and 1985; the 1985 animated television series Star Wars: Droids featured the exploits of R2-D2 and C-3PO, the droids who have appeared in all the Saga films.
The series takes place between the events which were to be depicted in Revenge of the Sith and the original Star Wars. In 1986, Marvel Comics' Star Comics imprint published a comic book based on the cartoon series under the name Star Wars: Droids; the bi-monthly series ran for eight issues. The American/Canadian animated television series Star Wars: Ewoks aired for two seasons between 1985 and 1986. In 1985, Star Comics published a bi-monthly Ewoks comic, based on the animated series, which ran for two years, ending with issue #14. Like the TV series, this was aimed towards a younger audience, it was produced along with Droids, which was