Finland–Mexico relations

Finland-Mexico relations are diplomatic relations between Finland and Mexico. Both nations are members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the United Nations. On 13 July 1920, Mexico recognized the independence of Finland from Russia. On 2 October 1936, Finland and Mexico signed a Treaty of Friendship in Washington, D. C. United States which established diplomatic relations between both nations. In December 1939, during the Winter War, Mexican President Lázaro Cárdenas sent a message of solidarity to the Finnish people. In 1949, a few years after the end of World War II, Finland and Mexico formally accredited ambassadors to each other's nations, respectively; the first Mexican embassy accredited to Finland was based in Stockholm, Sweden with Gilberto Bosques Saldívar becoming the first Mexican Ambassador accredited to Finland. The first Finnish embassy accredited to Mexico was based in Washington, D. C. In 1964, resident embassies were established in each other's capitals, respectively.

In February 1999, President Martti Ahtisaari became the first Finnish head-of-state to pay a visit to Mexico. In October 2016, Finnish Prime Minister Juha Sipilä paid an official visit to Mexico and met with Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto. During the meeting, the leaders highlighted the excellent state of bilateral political dialogue and the importance of President Sauli Niinistö’s state visit to Mexico in May 2015 to give a renewed impetus to the ties between Mexico and Finland. In 2016, both nations celebrated 80 years of diplomatic relations and announced direct flights between Helsinki and Puerto Vallarta with Finnair which commenced in November 2017. High-level visits from Finland to Mexico President Martti Ahtisaari President Tarja Halonen President Sauli Niinistö Prime Minister Juha Sipilä High-level visits from Mexico to Finland Foreign Undersecretary Carlos de Icaza Foreign Minister José Antonio Meade Both nations have signed several bilateral agreements such as an Agreement on Economic and Technological Cooperation.

In 2015, 14,000 Finnish citizens visited Mexico for touristic purposes. There are direct flights between Finland and Mexico with the following airlines: Finnair and TUI Airways. In 1997, Mexico signed a Free Trade Agreement with the European Union. Since the implementation of the free trade agreement in 2000, trade between the two nations has increased dramatically. In 2018, two-way trade between Mexico and Finland was $715 million USD. Between 1999-2012, Finnish companies invested over $676 million USD in Mexico. Finland is Mexico fifteenth most important trading partner within the EU. Finland's main exports to Mexico include: Machinery and transport equipment and manufactured products. Mexico's main exports to Finland include: transport equipment. Mexican multinational companies Cemex and Mexichem operate in Finland. Finland has an embassy in Mexico City. Mexico has an embassy in Helsinki

Otto Esswein

Offizierstellvertreter Otto Esswein was a German World War I flying ace credited with twelve aerial victories. Otto Esswein was born in Waiblingen, in the Kingdom of Württemberg within the German Empire, on 3 March 1890. Details of Esswein's entry into military service are not available. However, Esswein transferred from ground service to aviation in mid-1915. On 30 October 1917, he was assigned to Jagdstaffel 26, he scored his first victory. He was slightly wounded in the right eye on 27 November; when he returned to the squadron in early 1918, a new Fokker Dr. I triplane awaited him, he used it to shoot down another Camel on 2 February, three more the next day, two more British fighters on the 5th, one of, the Royal Aircraft Factory SE-5 of No. 84 Squadron RFC's Lt. Cyril Ball, brother of English ace Albert Ball. By 26 March 1918, he was a double ace with ten victories. On 31 May, he increased his tally to a dozen with his two last victories, he was awarded the Military Merit Cross on 3 June 1918 to join his Iron Crosses, awarded his home kingdom's Military Merit Order.

On 16 July, in one of the pioneer usages of a parachute, he bailed out of his burning plane after being shot down attacking a balloon. Five days he was unable to repeat the feat and was killed in action in another flaming aircraft over Hartennes-et-Taux, France. Franks, Norman. Above the Lines: The Aces and Fighter Units of the German Air Service, Naval Air Service and Flanders Marine Corps, 1914–1918. Grub Street. ISBN 0-948817-73-9, ISBN 978-0-948817-73-1