Weird Tales is an American fantasy and horror fiction pulp magazine founded by J. C. Henneberger and J. M. Lansinger in late 1922; the first issue, dated March 1923, appeared on newsstands February 18. The first editor, Edwin Baird, printed early work by H. P. Lovecraft, Seabury Quinn, Clark Ashton Smith, all of whom would go on to be popular writers, but within a year the magazine was in financial trouble. Henneberger sold his interest in the publisher, Rural Publishing Corporation, to Lansinger and refinanced Weird Tales, with Farnsworth Wright as the new editor; the first issue under Wright's control was dated November 1924. The magazine was more successful under Wright, despite occasional financial setbacks it prospered over the next fifteen years. Under Wright's control the magazine lived up to its subtitle, "The Unique Magazine", published a wide range of unusual fiction. Lovecraft's Cthulhu mythos stories first appeared in Weird Tales, starting with "The Call of Cthulhu" in 1928; these were well-received, a group of writers associated with Lovecraft wrote other stories set in the same milieu.
Robert E. Howard was a regular contributor, published several of his Conan the Barbarian stories in the magazine, Seabury Quinn's series of stories about Jules de Grandin, a detective who specialized in cases involving the supernatural, was popular with the readers. Other well-liked authors included Nictzin Dyalhis, E. Hoffmann Price, Robert Bloch, H. Warner Munn. Wright published some science fiction, along with the fantasy and horror because when Weird Tales was launched there were no magazines specializing in science fiction, but he continued this policy after the launch of magazines such as Amazing Stories in 1926. Edmond Hamilton wrote a good deal of science fiction for Weird Tales, though after a few years he used the magazine for his more fantastic stories, submitted his space operas elsewhere. In 1938 the magazine was sold to William Delaney, the publisher of Short Stories, within two years Wright, ill, was replaced by Dorothy McIlwraith as editor. Although some successful new authors and artists, such as Ray Bradbury and Hannes Bok, continued to appear, the magazine is considered by critics to have declined under McIlwraith from its heyday in the 1930s.
Weird Tales ceased publication in 1954, but since numerous attempts have been made to relaunch the magazine, starting in 1973. The longest-lasting version began in 1988 and ran with an occasional hiatus for over 20 years under an assortment of publishers. In the mid-1990s the title was changed to Worlds of Fantasy & Horror because of licensing issues, with the original title returning in 1998; the magazine is regarded by historians of fantasy and science fiction as a legend in the field, with Robert Weinberg, author of a history of the magazine, considering it "the most important and influential of all fantasy magazines". Weinberg's fellow historian, Mike Ashley, is more cautious, describing it as "second only to Unknown in significance and influence", adding that "somewhere in the imagination reservoir of all U. S. genre-fantasy and horror writers is part of the spirit of Weird Tales". In the late 19th century, popular magazines did not print fiction to the exclusion of other content. In October 1896, the Frank A. Munsey company's Argosy magazine was the first to switch to printing only fiction, in December of that year it changed to using cheap wood-pulp paper.
This is now regarded by magazine historians as having been the start of the pulp magazine era. For years pulp magazines were successful without restricting their fiction content to any specific genre, but in 1906 Munsey launched Railroad Man's Magazine, the first title that focused on a particular niche. Other titles that specialized in particular fiction genres followed, starting in 1915 with Detective Story Magazine, with Western Story Magazine following in 1919. Weird fiction, science fiction, fantasy all appeared in the pulps of the day, but by the early 1920s there was still no single magazine focused on any of these genres, though The Thrill Book, launched in 1919 by Street & Smith with the intention of printing "different", or unusual, was a near miss. In 1922, J. C. Henneberger, the publisher of College Humor and The Magazine of Fun, formed Rural Publishing Corporation of Chicago, in partnership with his former fraternity brother, J. M. Lansinger, their first venture was Detective Tales, a pulp magazine that appeared twice a month, starting with the October 1, 1922 issue.
It was unsuccessful, as part of a refinancing plan Henneberger decided to publish another magazine that would allow him to split some of his costs between the two titles. Henneberger had long been an admirer of Edgar Allan Poe, so he created a fiction magazine that would focus on horror, titled it Weird Tales. Henneberger chose the editor of Detective Tales, to edit Weird Tales. Payment rates were low between a quarter and a half cent per word. Sales were poor, Henneberger soon decided to change the format from the standard pulp size to large pulp, to make the magazine more visible; this had little long-term effect on sales, though the first issue at the new size, dated May 1923, was the only one that first year to sell out completely—probably because it contained the first instalment of a popular serial, The Moon Terror, by A. G. Birch; the magazine lost a considerable amount of money under Baird's editorship: after thirteen issues, the total debt was over $40,000. In t
Henryk Pietrzak was a Polish fighter ace of the Polish Air Force in World War II. Pietrzak joined the Polish Air Force in 1933, during the Invasion of Poland, piloted PZL.23 Karaś light bombers and flew fighters with the Free French Air Force's GC III/9 squadron. He joined No. 306 Polish Fighter Squadron as a Sergeant Pilot in August 1941, flying Hawker Hurricanes and Supermarine Spitfires, was commissioned the following year becoming a squadron leader. On 31 December 1942 while flying a Spitfire Mk IX he scored the 500th victory for the UK-based Polish Air Force in the war and was decorated by Polish President Władysław Raczkiewicz. After starting a second tour with 306 Sqn he joined 315 Polish Fighter Squadron from July 1944 until October 1944, flying P-51 Mustang IIIs, he was awarded the DFC in August 1944. His score was 2 damaged. All his victims were German fighter planes: 4.5 Focke-Wulf Fw 190s. He is credited with destroying four V-1 flying bombs, he settled in England after the war, commanding 309 Polish Fighter-Reconnaissance Squadron from July 1945 to January 1947, subsequently leaving the Airforce to become a farmer in Suffolk.
F430 is the prosthetic group of the enzyme methyl coenzyme M reductase. MCR catalyzes the release of methane in the final step of methanogenesis: CH3–S–CoM + HS–CoB → CH4 + CoB–S–S–CoMIt is found only in methanogenic Archaea and anaerobic methanotrophic Archaea, it occurs in high concentrations in archaea that are thought to be involved in reverse methanogenesis. Organisms that promote this remarkable reaction contain 7% by weight nickel protein; the structure of F430 was deduced by NMR spectroscopy. Coenzyme F430 features the most reduced tetrapyrroles. In addition, it possesses two additional rings in comparison to the standard tetrapyrrole ring scaffold, with a γ-lactam ring E and a keto-containing carbocyclic ring F, it is the only natural tetrapyrrole containing nickel. Nickel is infrequent in terms of metals in biology; the biosynthesis begins with uroporphyrinogen III, the progenitor of all natural tetrapyrroles, including chlorophyll, vitamin B12, siroheme and heme d1. Uroporphyrinogen III is converted to sirohydrochlorin.
Insertion of nickel into this tetrapyrrole is catalysed by a class II chelatase, generating nickel-sirohydrochlorin. An ATP-dependent amidase converts the a and c acetate side chains to acetamide, generating nickel-sirohydrochlorin a,c-diamide. A two-component complex carries out a 6-electron and 7-proton reduction of the ring system to generate the 15,173-seco-F430-173-acid intermediate. Reduction involves ATP hydrolysis, electrons are relayed through two 4Fe-4S centres. In the final step, an ATP-dependent MurF-like ligase form the final keto-containing carbocylic ring F, generating coenzyme F430; as an amine source, this reaction uses either free ammonia. The sequence of the two amidations is random
Graham Mark Benstead is a retired professional football goalkeeper who made over 110 appearances in the Football League for Brentford. He played league football for Sheffield United, Colchester United, Norwich City and was capped by England at youth and semi-pro level. Benstead is goalkeeping coach at Frimley Green. A goalkeeper, Benstead began his career as a part-time player at Wimbledon and entered the youth system at Queens Park Rangers, he signed his first professional contract in 1981. He had to wait until 8 January 1983 to make what would be his only appearance for the club, which came with a start in a 3–2 FA Cup third round defeat to West Bromwich Albion. After a loan spell with Norwich City late in the 1984–85 season, Benstead joined the newly-relegated Second Division club at the end of the campaign for an initial £10,000 fee, with up to £35,000 in add-ons. After promotion straight back to the First Division in 1985–86 and in the face of competition from new £100,000 signing Bryan Gunn, Benstead began the 1986–87 season as Norwich City's first-choice goalkeeper, but a shoulder injury suffered in November 1986 ended his Carrow Road career.
After loan spells with Colchester United and Sheffield United, he joined the latter club on a permanent contract for a £35,000 fee in 1988. Benstead was a regular for Sheffield United during the 1988–89 season, at the end of which the club celebrated promotion to the Second Division after a second-place finish, he lost his place to Simon Tracey during the 1989–90 season and made just one further appearance for the club before moving to Third Division Brentford in July 1990 for a £60,000 fee, with a further £10,000 to be paid after 25 appearances. Benstead had a successful first season with Brentford, missing just one match, keeping 23 clean sheets and winning the club's Supporters' and Players' Player of the Year awards. Despite suffering from hamstring and knee injuries, things were better during the 1991–92 season, when the Bees finished the campaign as champions of the Third Division. Despite missing four months of the 1992–93 First Division season with knee ligament damage and a hamstring injury, Benstead made 32 appearances during the campaign, which ended with relegation straight back to the Second Division.
Benstead rejected the new contract offered to him during the 1993 off-season and was made available for loan. He failed to see eye-to-eye with new manager David Webb and made just seven early-1993–94 season appearances before joining Conference high-flyers Kettering Town on loan in October 1993; the deal was made permanent with Benstead signing on a free transfer. Benstead made 144 appearances during just over three seasons at Griffin Park. Benstead's 18 months with Conference club Kettering ended with second and sixth-place finishes and he dropped down to the Southern League Premier Division to move to Northamptonshire rivals Rushden & Diamonds in June 1995, he had an excellent 1995–96 season, helping the club to the Premier Division title and promotion to the Conference. Benstead made just seven appearances during the 1996–97 season and had a non-playing spell with Kingstonian, before making a surprise return to Brentford in July 1997, as player/goalkeeping coach on a week-to-week deal. Minor surgery required by first-choice goalkeeper Kevin Dearden meant that Benstead made his second debut for the club in a 3–1 defeat to York City on 11 October 1997.
He made one further appearance in an FA Cup first round replay versus former club Colchester United on 25 November, before being released by new manager Micky Adams in January 1998. Benstead joined Isthmian League Premier Division club Basingstoke Town in 1998 and wound down his career with spells at Chertsey Town, Farnborough Town and Stevenage Borough. Benstead won three caps for England Semi-Pro. Benstead has worked as a goalkeeping coach at Brentford, Basingstoke Town, Chertsey Town, Farnborough Town, Stevenage Borough and Frimley Green, he served as caretaker manager of Farnborough Town for one match and in 2004 was assistant to manager Graham Westley at Stevenage Borough. Benstead works as decorator. Sheffield UnitedFootball League Third Division second-place promotion: 1988–89BrentfordFootball League Third Division: 1991–92Rushden & Diamonds Southern League Premier Division: 1995–96Individual Brentford Supporters' Player of the Year: 1990–91 Brentford Players' Player of the Year: 1990–91 Canary Citizens by Mark Davage, John Eastwood, Kevin Platt, published by Jarrold Publishing, ISBN 0-7117-2020-7 Macey, Gordon.
Young Frankenstein first appears in Teen Titans vol. 3 #38 and was created by Geoff Johns and Tony Daniel. Little is known about the origin of Young Frankenstein. At one point, Young Frankenstein was a member of the Teen Titans in-between the events of Infinite Crisis and One Year Later. A picture of him shows him as a younger version of the famous Frankenstein's monster, another DC Comics character based on the famous monster and a member of the Seven Soldiers of Victory. What the connection is between the two has yet to be explained, he made an appearance during the World War III event where he and the other Teen Titans tried to help stop a rampaging Black Adam. The group confronts the murderer at the Greek Parthenon. Zatara is badly injured. Young Frankenstein grabs Black Adam, who rips off his arms. At that point the Titans leave their wounded to the care of approaching Greek authorities. Martian Manhunter, disguised as a medical worker, goes into Young Frankenstein's mind and learns that he is still alive and in great pain.
Martian Manhunter soothes his mind. In the DC Infinite Halloween Special, Victor Zsasz revealed the final fate of Young Frankenstein in a tale called "... In Stitches"; as his remains were being carried away in a helicopter, it was struck by lightning. His body was blown to bits, the individual pieces began moving on their own, killing anyone in their path for new flesh. Young Frankenstein was able to pull himself back together in Albania and began walking on the bottom of the Ionian Sea with a need for revenge. According to promotional materials for the new Terror Titans series, Young Frankenstein, whose final story is now revealed to be true and not a fabricated Halloween tale, is stated to be one of the imprisoned heroes forced to fight on the behest of the Apokoliptan gods on Earth in the Dark Side Club. After being rescued from the club by Miss Martian, Young Frankenstein was offered a spot on the new Teen Titans roster, but declined, he appears in a pin-up drawn for the final issue of Teen Titans.
Young Frankenstein possesses super-human strength and durability. He is an expert at hand-to-hand combat; the Kingdom Come Titans first appeared in 1996. The Titans Tomorrow team is a future, anti-hero version of the Teen Titans and was first seen in 2005; the group, from "10 years in the future," first appeared prior to Infinite Crisis in the Titans Tomorrow storyline. The main team consists of Robin, Beast Boy, Cyborg and Starfire, they were joined by Terra for a brief period in the second season. Titans East was formed at the end of the third season with Bumblebee, along with Aqualad, Más y Menos, Speedy. Several Titans were given honorary membership over the course of the series, they were all seen in the episode "Calling all Titans". In order of joining the team order of appearance in the series. DC Comics Titans Tower
Leerdammer is a Dutch semihard cheese made from cow's milk. It has an ageing time around 3–12 months, it has a creamy white texture and was made to be similar in appearance and flavor to Emmental, but it is rounder in taste. Its sweet and somewhat nutty flavour becomes more pronounced with age, it has distinct holes. In a past advertisement campaign, this was made use in claiming jokingly that "the taste is around the holes"; the cheese is produced by the Groupe Bel. The Leerdammer name is a trademark of Bel Leerdammer B. V. Leerdammer cheese is produced in Schoonrewoerd in the municipality of Leerdam, the city which gave Leerdammer its name. Generic Leerdammer-style cheese is sold as Maasdam cheese. Groupe Bel has a second factory producing Leerdammer in Dalfsen, in the eastern province of Overijssel, it is produced in FranceThe cheese was developed by Cees Boterkooper, who had owned a small dairy in Schoonrewoerd since 1914, Bastiaan Baars, who ran a cheese shop in a nearby village. The two met in 1970, soon afterwards decided to collaborate.
They worked on a cheese that could compete with Edam. Leerdammer was launched in 1977, it is available in supermarkets throughout Europe and the US Jarlsberg cheese List of cheeses Food portal Dutch Leerdammer Site itscheese.com Leerdammer page