Hintonburg is a neighbourhood in Kitchissippi Ward in Ottawa, Canada, located west of the Downtown core. It is a working-class, predominantly residential neighbourhood, with a commercial strip located along Wellington Street West, it is home to the Parkdale Farmer's Market, located along Parkdale Avenue, just north of Wellington. Its eastern border is the O-Train Trillium Line, just west of Preston Street, with Centretown West / Somerset Heights neighbourhood to the east. To the north it is bounded by the transitway, along Scott Street, with Mechanicsville beyond. To the south it is bounded by the Queensway and to the west by Holland Avenue or as far west as Island Park Drive. Using the community association's borders, the population of the neighbourhood is 7581. Hintonburg is mixed in its character; the land use is mixed, this is due to its predating land zoning rules. The area has a mix of recent additions. In its April 2007 issue, enRoute magazine named Hintonburg one of the top ten emerging neighbourhoods in Canada.
The same month, Ottawa Magazine said Hintonburg is "hot" and credits the QUAD arts district as the reason residents think we're "cool". In June 2007, the Financial Times noted that the'Burg is "thriving again"; the area to the north of Wellington is mixed, can be characterised as being in transition. Some industry still exists just south of Scott to the west of Parkdale; the north-east area is completely residential, of one-hundred-year-old wood'clapboard' homes, with a small village/enclave nature. Many of the homes are small, reflecting the late 1800s typical worker's homes; the area north of Wellington was once considered part of the "Mechanicsville" neighbourhood, not Hintonburg, but the expansion of the Transitway and Scott Street have cut off this section from the area to the north. The area to the south of Wellington is entirely residential of brick-veneer wood-frame construction dating to the 1910 to 1920s. There is little commercial activity south of Wellington, except for the Fairmont Confectionery / Sam's Café at the intersection of Fairmont and Gladstone Avenues, along the O-Train Trillium Line to the east, where the Canadian Bank Note Company operates a large facility and there are some industrial buildings along Breezehill.
To the west of Holland, the area is known as Elmdale. The basic pattern of land-use continues. To the south of Wellington residential. To the north residential, with smaller homes close to Scott reflecting the time when a railway ran nearby; the road known as Wellington ends here, continues west as Richmond Road, at one time leading to the village of Richmond. Commercial activity along this street is predominantly independent offices. Businesses on Wellington are characterised by a mixture of proprietor-operated retail and service shops. In the east, Wellington has not recovered from its being bypassed in the 1960s. Several vacant and/or underutilized properties exist. To the west, Wellington is busier, commercial activities are thriving due to the proximity of Tunney's Pasture and the Parkdale Market. Bars and restaurants have multiplied along the stretch from Parkdale to Holland; the businesses along Wellington have grouped themselves under the banner of "Wellington West" to promote their businesses.
Holland Avenue, a four-lane north-south avenue leading directly south of Tunney's Pasture, has developed a stretch of restaurants and commercial businesses to serve the government complex. At the corner of Holland and Wellington, the Irving Greenberg Theatre Centre was opened in 2007 for live theatre. Parkdale Avenue, a two-lane north-south avenue is a busy road; when the Queensway was built in the 1960s, Parkdale was chosen for an interchange rather than the four-lane Holland Avenue. This leads to daily traffic jams at "rush hour." At its north end, some vestiges of the industrial area along the Scott Street rail line exist and are being converted into artists' space. The popular warm-weather Parkdale Market, a farmers' market, just north of Wellington is the home of about 20 stalls, of local and imported produce and flowers. To the south of Wellington, it is residential on both sides. Hintonburg is home to the QUAD; the QUAD, an acronym that stands for Quartier des artistes / Arts District, blends cultural expression, community spirit and heritage character to create a special neighbourhood that embraces all arts disciplines, was established in 2003.
Several galleries have opened since 2006 in the vicinity of the Parkdale Market. In 2005, the Hintonburg community Association launched the ArtsPark annual event in the Parkdale Market featuring the works of Ottawa artists and musicians to highlight the community's growing role as an arts district in the city. Regular activities are put on at the Hintonburg Community Centre, including outdoor films in the summer. Hintonburg is the long-time home of the Orpheus Musical Theatre Society, located on Fairmont Avenue; the Society produces several musical productions every year. The productions are mounted at the Centrepointe Theatre in Nepean. In 2007 the Great Canadian Theatre Company relocated to Hintonburg, in a new theatre built at Holland and Wellington. GCTC produces original Canadian plays. Hintonburg features a few old churches. Including Saint-François d'Assise parish, it was established in 1890 by members of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin, refugees from compulsory military service in France, with the construction of a church and monastery.
In 1902, the buildings were enclos
Island Park Drive
Island Park Drive is an important and scenic north-south thoroughfare in Ottawa, Canada with a length of about 4 km. It is one of several parkways in Ottawa administered by the National Capital Commission providing scenic routes throughout Canada's capital region. Many luxury homes and several embassies line the street; the north end connects to the Sir John A. Macdonald Parkway and the Champlain Bridge, which crosses the Ottawa River into Gatineau, Quebec. Island Park Drive is named for Bate Island, the largest island crossed by the Champlain Bridge, which has a small park with road access; the south end connects to the Central Experimental Farm. Island Park Drive has a northbound offramp from no other ramps. Hampton Park is borders Island Park Drive. Island Park residents walk their dogs in the park. During the summer of 2007, the Highway 417 overpass was replaced using a rapid replacement technology technique which uses heavy lift and rolling equipment; this process replaced them with new bridges built nearby.
The full operation, which required about 15 hours, occurred during the night of 11-12 August 2007, it is the first time that this method was used in Canada, although it was used in other countries including the United States. It was the first of two similar operations in the 417 corridors, the other being at a future date near the Carling Avenue area. Commercial vehicles are prohibited from Island Park Drive, a two-lane arterial road with a 40 km/h speed limit due to the residential nature
LeBreton Flats is a neighbourhood in Somerset Ward in central Ottawa, Canada. It lies to the west of Centretown neighbourhood, to the north of Centretown West; the Ottawa River forms the western and northern limit, with the western side being a wider area of the river known as Nepean Bay. A residential area, much of the northern portion of the Flats is now occupied by the Canadian War Museum and the National Holocaust Monument. Construction of the Pimisi station of the city's new light rail transit system is underway and slated for completion in late 2018. About half of the total area, on the south side of the Sir John A. Macdonald Parkway, is undergoing redevelopment; the large RendezVous LeBreton project, which includes a new municipal library and NHL hockey arena, is planned to start construction in 2019. The population was 373, up from 57 in 2006 and 50 in 2001. LeBreton Flats was named after Lieutenant John LeBreton, one of Nepean Township's first settlers and a hero of the War of 1812, as an officer in the Royal Newfoundland Regiment and between April and October 1812 he acted as adjutant to the Voltigeurs Canadiens.
LeBreton purchased the area in 1820, a purchase, described as for the purpose of capitalizing on the construction of the planned Rideau Canal. The account, according to his detractors, goes. In 1820, LeBreton lived at the community of Britannia, west of Ottawa and overheard Lord Dalhousie explain that the intended plan for the Rideau Canal was from Dow's Lake to the Chaudière Falls, directly crossing the flats. LeBreton bought for the land for £ 499. LeBreton offered to sell the land to Dalhousie for £3000. Dalhousie recognized LeBreton's land speculation and was so infuriated he decided to move the canal to Entrance Bay, the current location where the canal enters into the Ottawa River; this raised the cost of the canal, as it was a longer route and additional locks were now required. At the same time, Dalhousie purchased neighbouring Barracks Hill as part of the agreement, which would become Parliament Hill. For his part, LeBreton vigorously maintained that he had purchased the land at a public auction and that he had been grievously wronged by Dalhousie and those in the community who took the Governor General's side.
LeBreton claimed he was one of the few to grasp the commercial value of the flats and that he had begun to make offers to acquire land there as early as 1818, well before the canal was approved or any route revealed. LeBreton presented Dalhousie with a lengthy written defence against the allegations; these arguments Dalhousie somewhat peremptorily dismissed, entrenching the notion of LeBreton as a swindler in local legend. By the mid-19th century, LeBreton Flats developed into a mixed community to serve the lumber mills on the nearby Chaudière and Victoria islands. A rail line came in with a station and yards, industries developed in turn. There was housing for both the workers and owners, as well as hotels and taverns; the area was ravaged by the Great Fire of 1900, which had started across the river in Hull, but crossed over by way of the great stacks of piled lumber on the islands. The fire destroyed the neighbourhood; the area was rebuilt, but the lumber barons relocated their dwellings up into the city proper above the escarpment, leaving the workers as the remaining Flats' residents.
In the 1960s, expropriation occurred in order to make room for redevelopment, including offices for the Government of Canada. Ottawa Valley artist Ralph Wallace Burton documented the neighbourhood in his Lebreton Flats series of oil sketches, "working just ahead of the demolition crews"; as a result of disputes over the use of the land and soil contamination from the previous industrial uses, the land remained vacant for over forty years. It was used in the winter for piling snow, removed from Ottawa streets, with the pile remaining well into the late spring; as a result of the runoff from this snowpile, the land became more contaminated. Because of this, it was found that all of the area's topsoil would have to be removed in order for redevelopment to proceed, but the ownership had to be consolidated, since the Government of Canada, the former Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton government, the City of Ottawa were all landowners; this situation was remedied with a federal agency called the National Capital Commission acquiring all title to the land.
In May 2005, the new home for the Canadian War Museum was opened on LeBreton Flats as the first component of redevelopment. There are plans to use the remainder of the site for housing, commercial space and parkland; the southern part of LeBreton Flats between Albert Street and Nanny Goat Hill escaped the expropriation of the 1960s. In this area, brick houses and townhouses built following the 1900 fire still exist alongside row housing built in the 1970s; the portion of Lorne Avenue which lies below Nanny Goat Hill is an example of the housing which filled LeBreton prior to the 1960s and is a Heritage District designated by the City of Ottawa. The western portion of the Transitway runs through LeBreton Flats, served by Lebreton Station; the Transitway will be replaced by light rail, planned for launch in spring 2019. As of the Canada 2006 Census, 57 people were living in LeBreton Flats; the portion of LeBreton Flats, expropriated and left vacant in the 1960s welcomed its first residents in 2008, as the first condominium building constructed in the first phase of the redevelopment neared completion.
In 2015, the NCC put out
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included, it is home to the nation's capital city and the nation's most populous city, Ontario's provincial capital. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east and northeast, to the south by the U. S. states of Minnesota, Ohio and New York. All of Ontario's 2,700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system; these are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
There is only about 1 km of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario; the great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation; the province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes; the province consists of three main geographical regions: The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario. Although this area does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes and rivers. Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions: Northeastern Ontario.
The unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast swampy and sparsely forested. Southern Ontario, further sub-divided into four regions. Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south; the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County; the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests ecoregion where the forest has now been replaced by agriculture and urban development. A well-known geographic feature is part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies 87 percent of the surface area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend farther. All are south of 42°N – farther south than the northern border of California; the climate of Ontario varies by location. It is affected by three air sources: cold, arctic air from the north; the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental. Ontario has three main climatic regions; the surrounding Great Lakes influence the climatic region of southern Ontario. During the fall and winter months, heat stored from the lakes is released, moderating the climate near the shores of the lakes.
This gives some parts of southern Ontario milder winters than mid-continental areas at lower latitudes. Parts of Southwestern Ontario have a moderate humid continental climate, similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic states and the Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States; the region has warm to cold winters. Annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes. In December 2010, the snowbelt set a new record when it was h
Wellington Street (Ottawa)
Wellington Street is a major street in Ottawa, Canada. The street is notable for being the main street of the Parliamentary Precinct of the Parliament of Canada, it is one of the first two streets laid out in Bytown in 1826. The street runs from Booth Street to the Rideau Canal where it connects with Rideau Street and delimits the northern border of the downtown core, it is named after the Duke of Wellington, in recognition of his role in the creation of the Rideau Canal, therefore of Ottawa. Starting at its easternmost point, Wellington forms the northern edge of Confederation Square, south of which runs Elgin Street. West of Confederation Square, Parliament Hill can be found on its north side, while the Langevin Block, home of the Prime Minister's Office and of the Privy Council Office, the former American embassy and the Wellington Building can be found to the south. West of the intersection with Bank Street, are located the Confederation Building and the Justice Building, while the headquarters of the Bank of Canada can be found opposite the Hill.
Beyond Parliament Hill, the Supreme Court of Canada is situated west of the Justice building, opposite St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church; the East and West Memorial Buildings can be seen next standing east and west of Lyon Street and linked by the Memorial Arch. West of the Supreme Court is the National Library and Archives of Canada main building, with the Garden of the Provinces across the street. Between the Supreme Court and the National Library is a large open area, today a mix of parkland and large parking lots; until the 1970s, this was home to a cluster of temporary buildings, erected in the Second World War to provide much-needed office space. In the 1970s, there was a plan to build both a home for the National Gallery. A design competition was held for the National Gallery, but in the end, the government cancelled both projects. Wellington Street continues west past the Portage Bridge, north of the eastern half of the Lebreton Flats, becomes the Sir John A. Macdonald Parkway after crossing Booth Street at the Canadian War Museum.
West of the O-Train Bayview station, a separate segment is known as Wellington Street West, passes through the Hintonburg and Island Park neighbourhoods before becoming Richmond Road at Island Park Drive. Both sections of Wellington are four-lane historic urban arterial roads with a speed limit of 50 km/h, although the flow is even slower than that due to high pedestrian traffic. A number of proposals have been made to change the street's name, some as recent as 2010. From Bronson Avenue until Rideau Street, Wellington is known as Ottawa Road #34. From Western Avenue to Somerset Street, Wellington is known as Ottawa Road #36. Wellington Street from Bay Street to the Rideau Canal showing the prominent structures located along it. See Downtown Ottawa for a map of the entire area. "City of Ottawa map showing Wellington Street downtown". Accessed 15 November 2006 West Wellington Community Association, accessed 15 November 2006 List of Ottawa roads
Somerset Street (Ottawa)
Somerset Street is a street in Ottawa, Canada. It is divided into Somerset Street West by the Rideau Canal. Somerset Street East is a short road that runs through the neighbourhood of Sandy Hill from the University of Ottawa campus to the west and Strathcona Park to the east. Somerset used to extend east over the Rideau River towards St. Laurent Boulevard. However, that bridge was demolished, the street was renamed to Donald Street east of the river. Known as Ottawa Road #36, Somerset Street West begins at the Queen Elizabeth Driveway in the east and continues west to Wellington Street West where it ends at Somerset Square. Somerset Street West houses the backbone of Ottawa's Chinatown, between Bay Street in the east to Preston Street in the west, the centre of Ottawa's Little Italy; the area of the street between Bank and O'Connor is known as Somerset Village. The Ottawa Electric Railway ran along Somerset Street West between Bank Street going west towards Britannia Park In the 1870s, as the area was developed, a bridge was proposed linking the two Somerset Streets over the Rideau Canal.
However, this bridge never came into existence. Today, on the east side of the canal, there is a pedestrian link from the multi-use pathway that runs alongside the canal, across Colonel By Drive, under Nicholas Street and the transitway, onto the University of Ottawa campus; the street continues through the campus as Marie Curie Private, with traffic restricted to bicycles in the westbound direction. The Corktown Footbridge is restricted to non-motorized traffic; the bridge opened to the public on September 21, 2006. A large public weblog of photographs of many buildings on Somerset Street West made after 2003 is available at http://www.somersetstreet.ca/
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada. It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario. Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec; as of 2016, Ottawa had a city population of 964,743 and a metropolitan population of 1,323,783 making it the fourth-largest city and the fifth-largest CMA in Canada. Founded in 1826 as Bytown, incorporated as Ottawa in 1855, the city has evolved into the political centre of Canada, its original boundaries were expanded through numerous annexations and were replaced by a new city incorporation and amalgamation in 2001 which increased its land area. The city name "Ottawa" was chosen in reference to the Ottawa River, the name of, derived from the Algonquin Odawa, meaning "to trade". Ottawa has the most educated population among Canadian cities and is home to a number of post-secondary and cultural institutions, including the National Arts Centre, the National Gallery, numerous national museums. Ottawa has the highest standard of living in low unemployment.
With the draining of the Champlain Sea around ten thousand years ago, the Ottawa Valley became habitable. Local populations used the area for wild edible harvesting, fishing, trade and camps for over 6500 years; the Ottawa river valley has archaeological sites with arrow heads and stone tools. Three major rivers meet within Ottawa, making it an important trade and travel area for thousands of years; the Algonquins called the Ottawa River Kichi Sibi or Kichissippi meaning "Great River" or "Grand River". Étienne Brûlé regarded as the first European to travel up the Ottawa River, passed by Ottawa in 1610 on his way to the Great Lakes. Three years Samuel de Champlain wrote about the waterfalls in the area and about his encounters with the Algonquins, using the Ottawa River for centuries. Many missionaries would follow the early traders; the first maps of the area used the word Ottawa, derived from the Algonquin word adawe, to name the river. Philemon Wright, a New Englander, created the first settlement in the area on 7 March 1800 on the north side of the river, across from the present day city of Ottawa in Hull.
He, with five other families and twenty-five labourers, set about to create an agricultural community called Wrightsville. Wright pioneered the Ottawa Valley timber trade by transporting timber by river from the Ottawa Valley to Quebec City. Bytown, Ottawa's original name, was founded as a community in 1826 when hundreds of land speculators were attracted to the south side of the river when news spread that British authorities were constructing the northerly end of the Rideau Canal military project at that location; the following year, the town was named after British military engineer Colonel John By, responsible for the entire Rideau Waterway construction project. The canal's military purpose was to provide a secure route between Montreal and Kingston on Lake Ontario, bypassing a vulnerable stretch of the St. Lawrence River bordering the state of New York that had left re-supply ships bound for southwestern Ontario exposed to enemy fire during the War of 1812. Colonel By set up military barracks on the site of today's Parliament Hill.
He laid out the streets of the town and created two distinct neighbourhoods named "Upper Town" west of the canal and "Lower Town" east of the canal. Similar to its Upper Canada and Lower Canada namesakes "Upper Town" was predominantly English speaking and Protestant whereas "Lower Town" was predominantly French and Catholic. Bytown's population grew to 1,000 as the Rideau Canal was being completed in 1832. Bytown encountered some impassioned and violent times in her early pioneer period that included Irish labour unrest that attributed to the Shiners' War from 1835 to 1845 and political dissension evident from the 1849 Stony Monday Riot. In 1855 Bytown was incorporated as a city. William Pittman Lett was installed as the first city clerk guiding it through 36 years of development. On New Year's Eve 1857, Queen Victoria, as a symbolic and political gesture, was presented with the responsibility of selecting a location for the permanent capital of the Province of Canada. In reality, Prime Minister John A. Macdonald had assigned this selection process to the Executive Branch of the Government, as previous attempts to arrive at a consensus had ended in deadlock.
The "Queen's choice" turned out to be the small frontier town of Ottawa for two main reasons: Firstly, Ottawa's isolated location in a back country surrounded by dense forest far from the Canada–US border and situated on a cliff face would make it more defensible from attack. Secondly, Ottawa was midway between Toronto and Kingston and Montreal and Quebec City. Additionally, despite Ottawa's regional isolation it had seasonal water transportation access to Montreal over the Ottawa River and to Kingston via the Rideau Waterway. By 1854 it had a modern all season Bytown and Prescott Railway that carried passengers and supplies the 82-kilometres to Prescott on the Saint Lawrence River and beyond. Ottawa's small size, it was thought, would make it less prone to rampaging politically motivated mobs, as had happened in the previous Canadian capitals; the government owned the land that would become Parliament Hill which they thought would be an ideal location for the Parliament Buildings. Ottawa was th