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Wensleydale

Wensleydale is the dale or upper valley of the River Ure on the east side of the Pennines, one of the Yorkshire Dales in North Yorkshire, England. Wensleydale is one of only a few Yorkshire Dales not named after its principal river, but the older name, can still be seen on some maps and as the Yoredale Series of geological strata; the dale takes its name from the village of Wensley, once the market town for the dale. Wensley derives from meadow of the pagan god Woden; the valley is famous for its cheese, with the main commercial production at Hawes. Most of the dale is within the Yorkshire Dales National Park. Part of lower Wensleydale, below East Witton, is within the Nidderdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Wensleydale was the home of one of Yorkshire's most famous clans, the Metcalfes, after they emigrated from Dentdale; the Metcalfe Society hold records dating back to Metcalfes living in the area during the 14th century. They were one of the most prominent families in Yorkshire for more than five centuries.

Sir James Metcalfe, born and lived in Wensleydale, was a captain in the army which fought with King Henry V in the battle of Agincourt in 1415. A fortified manor, Nappa Hall near Askrigg was built by his son Sir Thomas Metcalfe. Metcalfe is still one of the most common surnames in Yorkshire. Bolton Castle, in the village of Castle Bolton, is a notable local historic site. Building of the structure was begun by Richard le Scrope, Lord Treasurer and Lord Chancellor to Richard II, in 1378; the building was completed in c.1399. Mary, Queen of Scots, was imprisoned there for six months, ending in January 1569, under head keeper Sir Francis Knollys, housed in the apartment of Henry Scrope; the story goes that she once escaped and made her way towards Leyburn but was captured at a spot on "The Shawl" called "Queen's Gap". Wensleydale's principal settlements are Leyburn; the shortest river in England, the River Bain, links Semerwater to the River Ure, at Bainbridge, the home to an Ancient Roman fort. Hardraw Force, the highest above-ground unbroken waterfall in England, is located at Hardraw, near Hawes.

Aysgarth Falls are famous for their beauty, attracting far-off visitors. Some scenes from the 1992 film Wuthering Heights were filmed at the falls. Other notable waterfalls are at Wensley, West Burton, Whitfield Gill Force, near Askrigg. Wensleydale stretches some 25 miles from west to east, it lies between Wharfedale, the quieter Swaledale. Several lesser-known dales are branches of Wensleydale: on the north side Cotterdale and Apedale and on the south side, from west to east, Sleddale, Bishopdale and Coverdale. Below Wensleydale, the River Ure flows east and south, becomes navigable, changes its name to the River Ouse, passes through York, becomes the Humber Estuary, flows under the Humber Bridge past Hull and Grimsby, meets the North Sea off Spurn Head. On the way it collects the waters of the River Swale, River Nidd, River Wharfe, River Aire, River Derwent and River Trent. Wensleydale is a popular destination in its own right, enhanced by its central location between two other well-known tourist dales: Wharfedale and the quieter Swaledale.

Wensleydale is a common destination for visitors who like walking on mountains, dale-sides, valley bottoms. Hawes and Leyburn are popular because of their age and facilities. Hawes is the home of rope maker. Hawes is home to the Wensleydale Creamery, the Dales Countryside Museum and many of places to eat. Part of Bolton Castle is a ruin but the other section has been restored; the Wensleydale Railway operates in Wensleydale. It runs between Leeming Bar, the A1 and Redmire, near Castle Bolton; the railway's long-term plan is to run the whole length of the valley and connect again with the National Rail network at both ends: at Garsdale on the Settle-Carlisle Railway in the west and Northallerton on the East Coast Main Line in the east. It is hoped this may help relieve some of the current traffic congestion that the valley suffers from during the busiest months; some visitors come to Wensleydale due to its connection with Richard III, brought up in Middleham Castle. It has the largest castle keep in the North of England.

Middleham itself is a pleasant village with horse-racing connections. In the market place stands a stone carving, believed to be a boar's head, signifying where the animal market was during the 15th century as well as representing Richard's personal standard, the white boar; each August and local people gather at the edge of Leyburn for the Wensleydale Agricultural Show. The 2018 event was scheduled for 25 August

The Children's Hour (play)

The Children's Hour is a 1934 American play by Lillian Hellman. It is a drama set in an all-girls boarding school run by Karen Wright and Martha Dobie. An angry student, Mary Tilford, runs away from the school and to avoid being sent back she tells her grandmother that the two headmistresses are having a lesbian affair; the accusation proceeds to destroy the women's careers and lives. The play was first staged on Broadway at the Maxine Elliott Theatre in 1934, produced and directed by Herman Shumlin. In 1936 it was presented at London's Gate Theatre Studio. Two women, Karen Wright and Martha Dobie, have worked hard to build a girls' boarding school in a refurbished farmhouse, they teach the school with the somewhat unwelcome help of Lily Mortar, Martha's aunt. One pupil, Mary Tilford, is mischievous and untruthful, leads the other girls into trouble. One day, when Mary feigns illness and is being examined by Dr. Joe Cardin, a physician, Mary's cousin and Karen's fiancé, Martha asks Lily whether she would like to go back to traveling to the places she misses, now that they can afford it.

Lily becomes angry and starts shouting about how, whenever Joe is around, Martha becomes irritable and jealous, taking her jealousy of Joe out on her. Two of Mary's schoolmates, Peggy Rogers and Evelyn Munn, who were listening at the door trying to discover Mary's condition, overhear Lily's outburst. Mary is sent to her room and squeezes the information out of Peggy and Evelyn. Mary plans to ask her grandmother, Amelia Tilford—who not only indulges her but who helped Karen and Martha a great deal in setting up the school—to allow her not to return; when Amelia refuses, Mary cleverly twists. With the help of several well-crafted lies and a book that the girls have been reading in secret, Mary convinces her grandmother that Karen and Martha are having a lesbian affair. On hearing this, Amelia Tilford begins contacting the parents of Mary's classmates. Shortly, most of Mary's schoolmates have been pulled out of school. Rosalie Wells, a student whose mother is abroad, stays with Mary. On discovering that Rosalie is vulnerable, Mary blackmails her into corroborating everything she says.

When Karen and Martha realize why all their pupils were pulled out of their school in a single night, they go to Mrs. Tilford's residence to confront her. Amelia tells Mary to repeat her story; when Karen points out an inconsistency, Mary pretends to have been covering for Rosalie, who reluctantly corroborates Mary's story for fear of being exposed herself. Resolving to take Amelia to court and Karen leave. Seven months after Martha and Karen have lost the case, everyone still believes that they were lovers; when Lily returns from abroad to take care of her niece, the women are angry with her for not having stayed in the country in order to testify to their innocence. Meanwhile, who has remained loyal throughout, has found a job in a distant location, he tries to convince Martha to come with him and start over. As Martha goes to prepare dinner, Joe continues his attempts to persuade Karen, who now believes that she has ruined his life and destroyed everything that she and Martha had worked so hard to achieve.

At Karen's insistence, Joe reluctantly asks her whether she and Martha had been lovers. When Karen says that they were not, he believes her. Karen decides that she and Joe must part, she explains. She asks Joe to leave and he refuses, he agrees to leave. When Martha returns and finds out from Karen what has happened, she is consumed with guilt, her discovery that she might indeed have feelings for Karen terrifies her. Before Martha tells Karen how she feels, Karen tells Martha that she would like to relocate in the morning and wants her to come with her. Martha says it's impossible for them to live comfortably again and admits her feelings for Karen. Karen responds dismissively. Martha continues, but Karen tells Martha that she is tired and they can talk about it in the morning; as Karen sits in her room, she hears a shot. Martha has killed herself. Shortly after, Amelia Tilford arrives to beg Karen's forgiveness, since Mary's lies have now been uncovered. Karen explains to her that it is too late: Mary's lies, together with the community's willingness to believe and spread malicious gossip, have destroyed three innocent lives.

After her graduation from New York University, Lillian Hellman was a play reader in the office of theatrical producer Herman Shumlin. In May 1934 Hellman asked Shumlin to read a play of her own—the sixth draft of The Children's Hour, he read it. After he read the first act Shumlin said, "Swell". After reading the second act he said, "I hope it keeps up". After reading the third act he said, "I'll produce it."Shumlin and Hellman worked through the details of the production together over the next months. Shumlin wanted Hellman to change it. Hellman recalled being rudely treated by Lee Shubert, then-owner of the Maxine Elliott Theatre, at a rehearsal. Shumlin faced Shubert down and barked, "That girl, as you call her, is the author of the play."After writing one unsuccessful play with Louis Kronenberger, Hellman wrote The Children's Hour as an exercise, to teach herself how to write a play. Believing that she would do better to find a subject based in fact, Dashiell Hammett suggested the idea for the play to Hellman after he read a book titled Bad Companions, a true-crime a

MyslĂ­v

Myslív is a village and municipality in the Klatovy District of the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. The municipality covers an area of 15.74 square kilometres, has a population of 426. Myslív lies 22 kilometres east of Klatovy, 40 km south of Plzeň, 96 km south-west of Prague. From the mid 1800's to early 1900's, more than 100 of its inhabitants have been documented as immigrating to America. Subvillages: Loužná, Milčice, Nový Dvůr, Draha Other villages that attended its parish: Nehodiv, Kovčín, Pohoří, Polánka, Štipoklasy, Strážovice, Bližanovy, Klikařov, Neurazy and various hamlets/mills. Strážovice changed to the Těchonice parish, Chlumy changed to the Kvášňovice parish, the latter 4 villages attended Neurazy's parish. Kovčín temporarily attended the Nepomuk parish for part of the 18th century. In the 1654 tax list, nine peasant farmers are named. So far, about 119 people born in Myslív have been identified as immigrating to America along with many others from the general vicinity and profiled on FamilySearch.

The first from the whole area, might have been Jan "John" Duban and his family who moved to Illinois side of the St. Louis area around 1851 due to the effects of the California Gold Rush. Afterwards, immigration increased with the foundation of Norddeutscher Lloyd in 1857 through which a majority of the area's immigrants traveled by ship from Bremen to Baltimore. Jan was followed by the Tichacek family to St. Louis around 1858 and Jan "John Adam" Stupka who settled in Monmouth, Iowa around 1859. Immigration slowed because of the American Civil War; this lasted until the half of the 1860s. The immigrants are listed as follows: Historically, social life took place in pubs where men drank and cheered with many staying until morning, coming home to "hear the endless lamentation of his wife." Myslív's grandmothers went to church for rorates in the morning, in the evening they drove feathers around the cottages. The washing of the feathers was closed by doders, when they were singing and dancing. In the carnival time, villagers disguised in masquerade would run around, representing a traditional shaggy laufra, a masked figure walking at the head of the procession, a running Jew with a punch on his back, a photographer or a mare.

God's punishment for wasting food and goods was believed and money would be spent so as to not be condemned for scandalism. People in the village and in the city counted every issued tailor. So, for example, the bark for tannery was peeled from the trees, slaughtered during the sap, the peeled peeling consisted of borders for paper mills; the woodcutters used the brush and the skins at home by cutting them into small pieces and tied them in haggles. These were settled on the walls throughout the summer. Wads, dry lands and stumps have served as fuel throughout the winter. Petr Vodička - teacher He was a native of Rožmitál pod Třemšínem, where his father was a miller, he attended a primary school. His family moved to Prague, where he attended the main school in Smíchov and the grammar school in Malá Strana moved to the industrial school in Smíchov and to a real German school in the Old Town of Prague, he completed his education at the ck Czech Institute for Teacher Education in Prague. In 1877 he was appointed interim administrator of the school in Luženice near Domažlice.

At the beginning of the school year 1879 he was appointed a definitive teacher at a three-class school in Kolinec. Three years he was appointed head teacher in Myslov, where he spent the rest of his life, he died of a stroke visiting his brother in Písek in 1911. Ladislav Stehlík - poet, writer He was born on 26 June 1908 in house number 36 in Bělčice, lying between Blatná and Březnice, it is a landscape full of ponds, forests and intact natural corners inviting for thought. He spent his childhood in this region, his whole life is permeated with the memory of this early period, associated with boy's fun, pasture work and the entire cycle of village life. It was during his childhood that he began to perceive the beauty of nature, the awareness of home, to foster an understanding of the poor, rural people. In his native town of Bělčice Ladislav Stehlík attended elementary school attended a secondary school in Blatná, he spent his childhood joyfully and in Bělčice. He did not grow up in a wealthy family, so he and his siblings helped his parents to the farm.

Most of all, he liked work on pasture. It was not just work for him, but fun; as a cowherd boy, he tasted the smell of potato-baked potatoes, kid's games and other pleasures that rural life provided him with in the unspoilt nature. In 1924 -1928 he studied at the Teaching Institute in Příbram. Here he met many of his friends. After graduation, Ladislav began working as a teacher, he first taught at elementary schools in Leletice, Hudčice and Koupi. From May 1930 until the liberation in 1945, ie for fifteen years, he worked as a teacher in the village of Šumava at the elementary school in Myslív, Klatovy. Ladislav Stehlík's Myslív stay inspired him to write six poetry collections; this secluded rural environment did not isolate him from cultural events: he contributed to various magazines, collaborated on editing the Příbram Proceedings Drúza and maintained friendly and social relations with