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Wernher von Braun

Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun was a German and American aerospace engineer and space architect. He was the leading figure in the development of rocket technology in Germany and a pioneer of rocket and space technology in the United States. While in his twenties and early thirties, von Braun worked in Nazi Germany's rocket development program, he helped design and develop the V-2 rocket at Peenemünde during World War II. Following the war, he was secretly moved to the United States, along with about 1,600 other German scientists and technicians, as part of Operation Paperclip, he worked for the United States Army on an intermediate-range ballistic missile program, he developed the rockets that launched the United States' first space satellite Explorer 1. In 1960, his group was assimilated into NASA, where he served as director of the newly formed Marshall Space Flight Center and as the chief architect of the Saturn V super heavy-lift launch vehicle that propelled the Apollo spacecraft to the Moon.

In 1967, von Braun was inducted into the National Academy of Engineering, in 1975, he received the National Medal of Science. He advocated a human mission to Mars. Wernher von Braun was born on March 23, 1912, in the small town of Wirsitz in the Posen Province the German Empire, he was the second of three sons of a noble Lutheran family. From birth he held the title of Freiherr; the German nobility's legal privileges were abolished in 1919, although noble titles could still be used as part of the family name. His father, Magnus Freiherr von Braun, was conservative politician, his mother, Emmy von Quistorp, traced her ancestry through both parents to medieval European royalty and was a descendant of Philip III of France, Valdemar I of Denmark, Robert III of Scotland, Edward III of England. Wernher had an older brother, the West German diplomat Sigismund von Braun, who served as Secretary of State in the Foreign Office in the 1970s, a younger brother named Magnus von Braun, a rocket scientist and a senior executive with Chrysler.

The family moved to Berlin in 1915. After Wernher's Confirmation, his mother gave him a telescope, he developed a passion for astronomy. Here in 1924, the 12-year-old Wernher, inspired by speed records established by Max Valier and Fritz von Opel in rocket-propelled cars, caused a major disruption in a crowded street by detonating a toy wagon to which he had attached fireworks, he was taken into custody by the local police. Wernher learned to play both the cello and the piano at an early age and at one time wanted to become a composer, he took lessons from the composer Paul Hindemith. The few pieces of Wernher's youthful compositions that exist are reminiscent of Hindemith's style, he could play piano pieces of Bach from memory. Beginning in 1925, Wernher attended a boarding school at Ettersburg Castle near Weimar, where he did not do well in physics and mathematics. There he acquired a copy of By Rocket into Planetary Space by rocket pioneer Hermann Oberth. In 1928, his parents moved him to the Hermann-Lietz-Internat on the East Frisian North Sea island of Spiekeroog.

Space travel had always fascinated Wernher, from on he applied himself to physics and mathematics to pursue his interest in rocket engineering. In 1930, von Braun attended the Technische Hochschule Berlin, where he joined the Spaceflight Society and assisted Willy Ley in his liquid-fueled rocket motor tests in conjunction with Hermann Oberth. In spring 1932, he graduated with a diploma in mechanical engineering, his early exposure to rocketry convinced him that the exploration of space would require far more than applications of the current engineering technology. Wanting to learn more about physics and astronomy, von Braun entered the Friedrich-Wilhelm University of Berlin for doctoral studies and graduated with a doctorate in physics in 1934, he studied at ETH Zürich for a term from June to October 1931. Although he worked on military rockets in his years there, space travel remained his primary interest. In 1930, von Braun attended a presentation given by Auguste Piccard. After the talk, the young student approached the famous pioneer of high-altitude balloon flight, stated to him: "You know, I plan on traveling to the Moon at some time."

Piccard is said to have responded with encouraging words. Von Braun was influenced by Oberth, of whom he said: Hermann Oberth was the first who, when thinking about the possibility of spaceships, grabbed a slide-rule and presented mathematically analyzed concepts and designs... I, owe to him not only the guiding-star of my life, but my first contact with the theoretical and practical aspects of rocketry and space travel. A place of honor should be reserved in the history of science and technology for his ground-breaking contributions in the field of astronautics. According to historian Norman Davies, von Braun was able to pursue a career as a rocket scientist in Germany due to a "curious oversight" in the Treaty of Versailles which did not include rocketry in its list of weapons forbidden to Germany. Von Braun had an complex relationship with the Nazi Third Reich, he applied for membership of the Nazi Party on November 12, 1937, was issued membership number 5,738,692. Michael J. Neufeld, an author of aerospace history and chief of the Space History Division at the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum, wrote that t

Near North (neighborhood), Minneapolis

Near North is a neighborhood within the larger Near North community on the north side of Minneapolis. It is bordered by the Hawthorne and Jordan neighborhoods to the north, St. Anthony West to the east, North Loop, Sumner-Glenwood, Harrison to the south, Willard-Hay to the west; the neighborhood contains three buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Minneapolis Public Library, North Branch Sumner Community Library John Lohmar House Minneapolis Neighborhood Profile - Near North InsideNorthside, North Minneapolis Encyclopedia

Leo MaslĂ­ah

Leo Maslíah is a Uruguayan musician and writer. Born in 1954 in Montevideo, he started writing and composing in 1978 with a touch of humour. After a considerable success in the Uruguayan underground movement, he disembarked in Buenos Aires, Argentina in 1982, he gained popularity, had concerts in Chile, Cuba, Brazil and Spain among others. His music resists classification, it results from an original mix of personal experiments, popular music, classical composition - including electroacoustic materials - and jazz. He bases his pieces on the minimalistic repetition of short elements, his lyrics include frequent puns. Overall, his production adopts a tone both ironic and critical, always intelligent and witty, sometimes nihilistic, he recorded most of them released in Uruguay and Argentina. In 2003 his opera "Maldoror" was performed in the Teatro Colón, he wrote over 40 books with novels, short stories and plays. 10 of his plays were taken to theater. The Konex Foundation of Argentina awarded him "Merit for humour in literature" in 1994.

El chevrolé Qué absurdo es haber crecido Leo Maslíah - Biography Maslíah's Konex Newspaper comments on Maslíah, biography Leo Maslíah on IMDb