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Werwolf

Werwolf was a Nazi plan, which began development in 1944, to create a resistance force which would operate behind enemy lines as the Allies advanced through Germany. Werwolf's propaganda value far outweighed its actual achievements. How and by whom the name was chosen is unknown, but it may have alluded to the title of Hermann Löns' novel, Der Wehrwolf, first published in 1910. Set in the Celle region during the Thirty Years' War, the novel concerns a peasant named Harm Wulf. After marauding soldiers kill his family, Wulf organises his neighbors into a militia who pursue the soldiers mercilessly and execute any they capture, while referring to themselves as Wehrwölfe. Löns wrote that the title was a dual reference to the fact that the peasants put up a fighting defense and to the protagonist's surname of Wulf, but it had obvious parallels with the word Werwölfe in that Wulf's men came to enjoy killing. While Löns was not himself a Nazi, his work became popular with the German far right, the Nazis celebrated it.

Indeed, Celle's local newspaper began serialising Der Wehrwolf in January 1945. In 1942 Adolf Hitler named the OKW and OKH field headquarters, at Vinnytsia in Ukraine, "Werwolf", Hitler on a number of occasions had used "Wolf" as a pseudonym for himself. In late summer/early autumn 1944, Heinrich Himmler initiated Unternehmen Werwolf, ordering SS Obergruppenführer Hans-Adolf Prützmann to begin organising an elite troop of volunteer forces to operate secretly behind enemy lines; as conceived, these Werwolf units were intended to be legitimate uniformed military formations trained to engage in clandestine operations behind enemy lines in the same manner as Allied Special Forces such as Commandos. Prützmann was named Generalinspekteur für Spezialabwehr and assigned the task of setting up the force's headquarters in Berlin and organising and instructing the force. Prützmann had studied the guerrilla tactics used by Soviet partisans while stationed in the occupied territories of Ukraine, the idea was to teach these tactics to the members of Operation Werwolf.

Rumors of a secret Nazi guerrilla organization began to surface soon after the Allied invasion of Normandy. TIME magazine ran an article containing speculation that the Germans would try to prolong the war indefinitely by going underground after their defeat; the 27 January 1945 issue of Collier's Weekly featured a detailed article by Major Edwin Lessner, stating that elite SS and Hitler Youth were being trained to attack Allied forces and opening with a 1944 quote from Joseph Goebbels: "The enemy will be taken in the rear by the fanatical population, which will ceaselessly worry him, tie down strong forces and allow him no rest or exploitation of any possible success."On 23 March 1945 Goebbels gave a speech known as the "Werwolf speech", in which he urged every German to fight to the death. The partial dismantling of the organised Werwolf, combined with the effects of the Werwolf speech, caused considerable confusion about which subsequent attacks were carried out by Werwolf members, as opposed to solo acts by fanatical Nazis or small groups of SS.

The Werwolf propaganda station "Radio Werwolf" broadcast from Nauen near Berlin, beginning on 1 April 1945. Broadcasts began with the sound of a wolf howling, a song featuring the lyrics, "My werewolf teeth bite the enemy / And he's done and he's gone / Hoo, hoo hoo." The initial broadcast stated that the Nazi Party was ordering every German to "stand his ground and do or die against the Allied armies, who are preparing to enslave Germans. Every Bolshevik, every Englishman, every American on our soil must be a target for our movement... Any German, whatever his profession or class, who puts himself at the service of the enemy and collaborates with him will feel the effect of our avenging hand... A single motto remains for us:'Conquer or die.' "According to Belgian resistance operatives, the name held clout in the general population in Northern Austria too. Using an alleged link with the group as cover they were able to reroute a train of "refugees" from Innsbruck back to Switzerland and Brussels.

British and American newspapers reported the text of Radio Werwolf broadcasts, fueling rumors among occupation forces. Armed Forces Radio reminded American soldiers that Every friendly German civilian is a disguised soldier of hate. Armed with the inner conviction that the Germans are still superior... that one day it will be their destiny to destroy you. Their hatred and their anger... are buried in their blood. A smile is their weapon by which to disarm you... In heart and spirit every German is Hitler. Gauleiters were to suggest suitable recruits, who would be trained at secret locations in the Rhineland and Berlin; the chief training centre in the West was at Hülchrath Castle near Erkelenz, which by early 1945 was training around 200 recruits drawn from the Hitler Youth. Werwolf had about five thousand members recruited from the SS and the Hitler Youth; these recruits were specially trained in guerrilla tactics. Operation Werwolf went so far as to establish front companies to ensure continued fighting in those areas of Germany that were occupied (all of the "front companies" were discovered and shut down

Pandava laminata

Padava laminata is a species of araneomorph spider in the family Titanoecidae. It is distributed from East Africa through China to New Guinea and the Marquesas Islands. Pandava laminata has a brownish body and legs with darker brown chelicerae. Males have more varied colouring than females, with darker brown around the head area and yellowish brown on the sternum as well as on the second to fourth pairs of legs. Females range from about 6–8 mm in total body length, males being smaller at about 5.5–6 mm. Like all titanoecids, males have a complex projection on the tibia of their palps, with three main parts. In Pandava laminata males the lobe closest to the spider's mouth is short; the female epigyne is semi-circular. Padava laminata is native to Tanzania, Madagascar, Sri Lanka through China to New Guinea and the Marquesas Islands, it has been introduced to Hungary. In Germany it was discovered for the first time at Cologne Zoo; the species was most introduced with plants or cargo from Southeast Asia.

Nentwig, Wolfgang.

Crazy Drake

Crazy Drake is a platformer game released in 1996. The protagonist of the game is a duck named Prince Drake, whose mission is to rescue a golden egg from Dr. Foulbrain, an evil scientist. Gameplay follows the character Prince Drake, the son of King Drake and Queen Drake of Loonville. After the antagonist, Dr. Foulbrain steals a relic named the Sacred Golden Egg, Prince Drake confronts Dr. Foulbrain to recover the egg. There are six worlds in Crazy Drake; each world has 3 levels each, featuring its own set of its own theme. Each level one ends with a boss related for example aliens for Sci-Fi Space; each level two is set in midair and ends with Crazy Drake entering an elevator. Each level three ends with the appearance of Dr. Foulbrain. A new version of the game, made by eGames, was released in 2000, it was featured in the CD-ROM game package Arcade Classics, which featured other eGames titles such as Speedy Eggbert and Demonstar

Magicland Dizzy

Magicland Dizzy is a platform adventure game published in Europe in 1990 by Codemasters for the ZX Spectrum, Commodore 64 and Amiga platforms. By 1992 there were MS-DOS, Atari ST and Amstrad CPC versions available, it is the sixth game in the Dizzy series, the fourth adventure-based Dizzy title. The story, set in a fantasy world called Magicland, follows on from the events of Fantasy World Dizzy, the previous adventure title. In Magicland Dizzy the player controls Dizzy, an egg-shaped character, trying to save six of his friends who have been placed under spells by the Evil Wizard Zaks; the game was the first Dizzy game not to be developed by Dizzy's creators, the Oliver Twins. Instead, whilst they were focusing on other projects, Magicland Dizzy was designed by Neal Vincent and coded by external developer Big Red Software; the Oliver Twins retained design-approval oversight. The game is sometimes alternatively known by its development title, Dizzy 4, with the Roman numeral IV visible at the top of the game screen, behind the player's score.

A prequel, Into Magicland, was released to promote the game and featured a new character, never seen in any of the series games again. The game was acclaimed by critics across the platforms with scores in the 80-95% region. Criticism was leveled at its similarity to previous games in the series and the awkward inventory system. By November 1991 it was noted that the Dizzy games had sold more than half a million units across all platforms. A NES version titled Wonderland Dizzy was developed in 1993 and released in October 2015. In Magicland Dizzy the player guides Dizzy, an egg-shaped character, in an attempt to rescue his six friends who are held captive under the influence of various magic spells; the locations are all located in the titular "Magicland" and are fantastical in nature, many inspired by fairy tales. They include a field of standing stones called Weirdhenge, a witch's island and Prince Charming's castle. Movement from one screen to the next is enabled through flip-screen such that when Dizzy touches the outer edge of one screen he is transported to the next.

The individual screens consist of platforms and ladders with Dizzy able to both walk and jump to navigate the maze and its obstacles. Dizzy can collect up to three items at once which are used at specific locations to solve puzzles and advance through the game. At the start of the game the player has three lives and a health bar which can be replenished by finding and collecting diamonds scattered throughout the maze; the Evil Wizard Zaks, the primary antagonist of the series, whom Dizzy defeated in Fantasy World Dizzy, has returned having "made certain arrangements against his premature demise". He has cast spells on six members of the Yolkfolk, egg-shaped friends and relations of Dizzy, transported them to Magicland. At the beginning of the game Dizzy teleports himself to Magicland and must set about lifting the spells from his friends. Following their introduction in Fantasy World Dizzy, this game again features the Yolkfolk; each of them has had a spell cast upon them by Zaks: Dylan is transfigured into a thorny bush.

Throughout the game Dizzy interacts with many of Magicland's inhabitants. These include the Queen of Hearts, the good witch Glenda and Prince Charming, along with various other creatures who can help or hinder Dizzy's progress. During the course of the game Dizzy comes across the legendary sword Excalibur and has the opportunity to awaken Sleeping Beauty; this was the first Dizzy game, not designed and coded by the Oliver Twins, the creators of Dizzy. After Fantasy World Dizzy they had started working more with Codemasters, developing games for the American market where the Nintendo Entertainment System was capturing a large audience. In order to continue the Dizzy series, which remained popular in Codemasters' home market, the Twins had to bring in others to do the majority of the design and coding; this gave them time to concentrate on their other projects. The coding of Magicland Dizzy was contracted out to Big Red Software. In order to promote Magicland Dizzy, a five screen mini-adventure for the ZX Spectrum known as Into Magicland or unofficially Dizzy 3 and a half was given away with the January 1991 edition of Crash, a UK-based magazine.

It featured Dizzy and his cousin Danny and is a prequel to the main game, ending with Dizzy teleporting to the first screen of Magicland Dizzy. This was the character Danny's only appearance in a Dizzy game. Magicland Dizzy was only available as part of a five-game Dizzy compilation called The Dizzy Collection which featured Dizzy, Treasure Island Dizzy, Fantasy World Dizzy and Fast Food; the game was released separately at a budget price. Wonderland Dizzy is a platform adventure game developed in 1993 and released in October 2015 by the Oliver Twins for the Nintendo Entertainment System; the Oliver Twins had released several games for the NES, published by Camerica for both the Aladdin Deck Enhancer and sold as standalone non-licensed cartridges. Camerica released the Codemasters-designed Game Genie cartridge, distributed in the US by Galoob and the subject of Lewis Galoob Toys, Inc. v. Nintendo of America, Inc. Like many of the Dizzy games ported to the Nintendo Entertainment System, Wonderland Dizzy is an enhanced remake of a released Dizzy game – Magicland Dizzy, albeit with an Alice in Wonderland theme.

As in Magicland Dizzy, the aim of the game is rescuing the other members of The Yolkfolk who have been placed under s

Darkveti church

The Darkveti church of Saint George is a 10th–11th-century Georgian Orthodox church in the western Georgian region of Imereti. A single-nave basilica with an ambulatory, the church has harmonious proportions and carved masonry ornamentation on the exterior façades; the church is inscribed on the list of Georgia's Immovable Cultural Monuments of National Significance. The Darkveti church stands on the right bank of the Jruchula, a tributary of the Qvirila River, in the eponymous village, in the Chiatura Municipality, Imereti region; the village itself sits on a mountain, above the Mghvimevi monastery, its known for its prehistoric grotto. The Darkveti church, dedicated to Saint George, is a single-aisled basilica, with a low ambulatory—annexed at a date—which runs along the south and west sides; the interior is divided up by two pairs of pilasters. The interior is whitewashed and there is no trace of painting; the church is lit with one on each side. The façades bear carved ornamentations the window and door frames, resembling those of the Savane church of St. George, some 15 km east of Darkveti.

On the south wall, there is a slab with a relief representation of a peacock. The western facade of the church has one semi-circular window, with carved archivolt, bears a number of medieval Georgian inscriptions. Paleographically they represent the rare angular, sometimes the rarer square-shaped letters; the inscriptions credit the certain Goliath and his sons—Godalbri, K–E. From an inscription in Savane, Goliath is known to have been a son of Giorgi, son of Gulzviad, an eristavt-eristavi and the builder of that church, it is not known to which noble family these persons belonged: Dimitri Bakradze and G. Tsereteli saw in them members of the Kakhaberidze dynasty, while Ekvtime Taqaishvili hypothesized they represented the pre-Kakhaberidze dukes of Argveti

A Stranger Is Watching

A Stranger Is Watching is a suspense novel by Mary Higgins Clark. The main characters in the novel are Steve Peterson, whose wife Nina was murdered two years before, his six-year-old son Neil, who witnessed the murder, Sharon Martin, a young journalist who befriends them both; the novel opens as Sharon debate capital punishment. A young man named. Sharon tries to save Thompson. Unknown to them, Thompson is innocent; the real killer is a psychopath named August Rommel Arty for short. He calls himself Foxy, he kidnaps Neil, hiding them under New York's famed Grand Central Station. The rest of the novel describes the race against time to save the three innocent people; the novel was made into a 1982 film starring Rip Torn, James Naughton, Kate Mulgrew. A Stranger Is Watching on IMDb