Monterey Jazz Festival
The Monterey Jazz Festival is an annual music festival in Monterey, California, founded on October 3, 1958 by jazz disc jockey Jimmy Lyons. The festival is held annually on the 20-acre, oak-studded Monterey County Fairgrounds, located at 2004 Fairground Road in Monterey, on the third full weekend in September, beginning on Friday. Five hundred top jazz artists perform on nine stages spread throughout the grounds, with 50 concert performances. In addition, the Monterey Jazz Festival features jazz conversations, panel discussions, exhibitions, an international array of food and festivities spread throughout the fairgrounds. From 1992–2010, Tim Jackson was general manager and artistic director, in 2010, Chris Doss became the managing director, Jackson became the artistic director. In 2014, Colleen Bailey became the managing director. Since 1992, Clint Eastwood has been on MJF's board of directors. Kent and Keith Zimmerman describe the festival as having expanded in recent years: "While jazz radio and major labels cut back on musical choice and commitment, the Monterey Jazz Festival has widened its scope by expanding the parameters of jazz and rock....
MJF is now as diverse and vibrant as Lyons imagined it could be."In 2006, the festival set an attendance record of 40,000, selling out all five major concerts on the main stage arena, in 2007, 40,000 attended the 50th Golden Celebration. The Monterey Jazz Festival is a nonprofit organization, it has donated its proceeds to musical education since its inception in 1958. The festival's scholarship program started with a $35,000 scholarship fund in 1970; as of 2012, the festival invests $600,000 annually for jazz education. Every spring, the Monterey Jazz Festival invites student musicians from across the country and around the world to participate in the "Next Generation Festival". Dave Brubeck was instrumental in getting city approval for the first festival in 1958; the founder and general manager of MJF for 35 years, Jimmy Lyons, brought Brubeck to Monterey to perform for the city council to persuade them to allow the festival to occur. He performed at the Festival 14 times which included his appearance at the 2007 / 50th golden anniversary.
The Monterey Pop Festival was held at the fairgrounds in 1967 for three days in mid-June, part of the Summer of Love. 1958 Mort Sahl, Master of Ceremonies, Ernestine Anderson with Gerald Wiggins, Louis Armstrong and His All-Stars, Burt Bales & the Dixie All-Stars, Betty Bennett, Dave Brubeck Quartet, Benny Carter, George Coleman, Buddy DeFranco, Art Farmer, Med Flory Band, Jimmy Giuffre Three with Bob Brookmeyer and Jim Hall, Dizzy Gillespie, Claude Gilroy Quintet, Virgil Gonsalves Sextet, Billie Holiday, Milt Jackson, Harry James Orchestra, John Lewis, Mel Lewis-Bill Holman Quintet, Booker Little, Shelly Manne, Mastersounds with Wes Montgomery, Lizzie Miles, Buddy Montgomery and Monk Montgomery, Modern Jazz Quartet, Monterey Jazz Festival Symphony conducted by Gregory Millar, Brew Moore & Dickie Mills Quintet, Gerry Mulligan, Max Roach, Sonny Rollins, Rudi Salvini Band, Grace Stock, Jake Stock & the Abalone Stompers, Cal Tjader Sextet, Leroy Vinnegar Quartet with Teddy Edwards, Ed Zubov Band1959 Lambert, Hendricks & Ross, Master of Ceremonies, "Symphony for Brass & Percussion" by Gunther Schuller, "Three Saxes" by Ernie Wilkins with Ornette Coleman, Ben Webster, Brass Ensemble performs new works by Werner Heider, Chris Barber, Charlie Byrd & Zoot Sims, Buddy Collette, Count Basie Orchestra with Joe Williams, Benny Golson, Coleman Hawkins & Orchestra, Woody Herman & the All Stars with Ernestine Anderson, Earl Hines, André Hodeir, Paul Horn, J.
J. Johnson and John Lewis, John Lewis and Quincy Jones, George Lewis New Orleans Band, Lizzie Miles, Modern Jazz Quartet, Oscar Peterson Trio with Ray Brown and Ed Thigpen, Cal Tjader Quintet, Jimmy Witherspoon, Sarah Vaughan1960 Cannonball Adderley, Louis Armstrong All-Stars, Ornette Coleman Quartet, John Coltrane Quartet, Duke Ellington Orchestra, Jon Hendricks with Miriam Makeba, Helen Humes, Clarence Horatius Miller, Modern Jazz Quartet, André Previn Trio, Jimmy Rushing, Jimmy Witherspoon1961 Dave Brubeck Quartet, John Coltrane Quartet with Eric Dolphy & Wes Montgomery, Duke Ellington, Dizzy Gillespie Quintet, Carmen McRae, Jimmy Rushing, George Shearing Quintet1962 Louis Armstrong All-Stars, Dave Brubeck, Stan Getz Quartet, Dizzy Gillespie Quintet, Quincy Jones & the Monterey Jazz Festival Orchestra, Carmen McRae, Gerry Mulligan Quartet1963 Carmen McRae, Miles Davis Quintet, Dizzy Gillespie Quintet, Dave Brubeck Quartet, Herbie Hancock, Thelonious Monk Quartet, Jon Hendricks, Harry James Orchestra, Jimmy Witherspoon, The Andrews Sisters & the Gospel Song, Helen Merrill, Joe Sullivan1964 Duke Ellington Orchestra, Dizzy Gillespie Quintet, Miles Davis Quintet w/ Wayne Shorter, Herbie Hancock, Ron Carter & Tony Williams, Gerry Mulligan, Thelonious Monk Quartet, Lou Rawls, Joe Williams, Woody Herman, Art Farmer Quartet, Big Mama Thornton.1965 Louis Armstrong All-Stars, Duke Ellington Orchestra, Dizzy Gillespie Quintet w/ Mary Stallings, Cal Tjader Quintet, John Handy Quintet, Clark Terry, Earl "Fatha" Hines, Harry James New Swingin' Band w/ Buddy Rich, Anita O'Day, Mary Lou Williams, Ethel Ennis1966 Duke Ellington Orchestra, Count Basie Orchestra, Dave Brubeck Quartet, Don Ellis Orchestra, Gerry Mulligan, Cannonball Adderley Quintet, Carmen McRae, Big Mama Thornton, Jefferson Airplane, Jimmy Rushing, Muddy Waters Band, Randy Weston, Bola Sete, Charles Lloyd1967 10th Anniversary headliners T-Bone Walker, B. B.
King, the Clara Ward Singers, Dizzy Gillespie Quintet, Modern Jazz Quartet, Ornette Coleman Quartet, Carmen McRae, Earl "Fatha" Hines, Richie Havens, Big Brother and the Holding Company w/ Janis Joplin1968 Dizzy Gillespie Quintet, Count B
Leonard Joseph Tristano was an American jazz pianist, composer and teacher of jazz improvisation. Tristano studied for bachelor's and master's degrees in music in Chicago before moving to New York City in 1946, he played with leading bebop musicians and formed his own small bands, which soon displayed some of his early interests – contrapuntal interaction of instruments, harmonic flexibility, rhythmic complexity. His quintet in 1949 recorded the first free group improvisations. Tristano's innovations continued in 1951, with the first overdubbed, improvised jazz recordings, two years when he recorded an atonal improvised solo piano piece, based on the development of motifs rather than on harmonies, he was infrequently recorded. Tristano started teaching music improvisation, in the early 1940s, by the mid-1950s was concentrating on teaching in preference to performing, he taught in a structured and disciplined manner, unusual in jazz education when he began. His educational role over three decades meant that he exerted an influence on jazz through his students, including saxophonists Lee Konitz and Warne Marsh.
Musicians and critics vary in their appraisal of Tristano as a musician. Some suggest that his innovations had little impact. Tristano was born in Chicago on March 19, 1919, his mother, Rose Tristano, was born in Chicago. His father, Michael Joseph Tristano, was moved to the United States as a child. Lennie was the second of four brothers. Lennie started on the family's player piano at the age of three, he had classical piano lessons when he was eight, but indicated that they had hindered, rather than helped, his development. He was born with weak eyesight as a consequence of his mother being affected by the 1918–19 flu pandemic during pregnancy. A bout of measles when aged six may have exacerbated his condition, by the age of nine or ten he was blind as a result of glaucoma, he went to standard state schools, but attended the Illinois School for the Blind in Jacksonville for a decade from around 1928. During his school days he played several instruments, including saxophones, trumpet and drums. At the age of eleven he had playing clarinet in a brothel.
Tristano studied for a bachelor's degree in music in performance at the American Conservatory of Music in Chicago from 1938 until 1941, stayed for another two years for further studies, although he left before completing his master's degree. One of his aunts assisted Tristano by taking notes for him at university. In the early 1940s Tristano played tenor saxophone and piano for a variety of engagements, including in a rumba band, he began giving private music lessons at around the same time, including to saxophonist Lee Konitz. From 1943 Tristano taught at the Axel Christensen School of Popular Music, he first received press coverage for his piano playing in early 1944, appearing in Metronome's summary of music in Chicago from that year, in Down Beat from 1945. He recorded with some musicians from Woody Herman's band in 1945, he recorded solo piano pieces in the same year. Tristano married in 1945. Tristano's interest in jazz inspired a move to New York City in 1946; as a preliminary step to moving there, he stayed in Freeport, Long Island, where he played in a restaurant with Arnold Fishkin and Billy Bauer.
This trio, with an assortment of bassists replacing Fishkin, was recorded in 1946–47. Reviewers at the time commented on the originality of the piano–guitar counterpoint and the trio's approach to harmony. Gunther Schuller described one of their recordings as "too far ahead of its time" in its harmonic freedom and rhythmic complexity. Tristano first met saxophonist Charlie Parker in 1947, they played together in bands that included bebop musicians Dizzy Gillespie and Max Roach that year for radio broadcasts. The pianist reported that Parker enjoyed his playing, in part because it was different from what Parker was accustomed to and did not copy the saxophonist's style. In 1948 Tristano played less in clubs, added Konitz and a drummer to his regular band, making it into a quintet; this band recorded the first sides for the New Jazz label, which became Prestige Records. That year Warne Marsh, another saxophonist student of Tristano's, was added to the group. Tristano's band had two recording sessions in 1949.
The sextet recorded original compositions, including his "Wow" and "Crosscurrent", that were based on familiar harmonies. Without a drummer, the other musicians recorded the first free improvisations by a group – "Intuition" and "Digression". For these tracks, the sequence in which the musicians would join in the ensemble playing, the approximate timing of those entrances, were planned, but nothing else – harmony, time signature, melody or rhythm – was prepared or set. Instead, the five musicians were held together by contrapuntal interaction. Both tracks were praised by critics, although their release was delayed – "Intuition" was released late in 1950, "Digression" not unt
Anthony Dwayne Montgomery is an American film and television actor, as well as graphic novelist. He is best known for his portrayal of Ensign Travis Mayweather on the UPN science fiction television series Star Trek: Enterprise. Montgomery is playing Andre Maddox on the ABC daytime soap opera General Hospital, he is the grandson of guitarist Wes Montgomery. Montgomery was born in Indiana, he graduated from Ball State University with a degree in performance drama. Montgomery did stand-up comedy after graduation, before moving to California. Sometimes credited as "A. T. Montgomery", his first starring role was in the horror-spoof Leprechaun in the Hood for which he contributed writing and vocals for several songs, he had a recurring role on the television series Popular before being cast in Star Trek: Enterprise in 2001. In 2004, he returned to stand-up comedy. Montgomery starred in the film I'm Through with White Girls in 2007. In January 2009, Montgomery appeared in an episode of the Fox series House.
In 2013, he appeared as a dud romantic-interest in the show Baby Daddy, playing a handsome but boring drycleaner the show's grandmother was interested in. In 2013 he produced and starred in the independent film Chariot, about seven amnesiac strangers who awake on an airliner mid-flight. In 2015, Montgomery joined the cast of the ABC daytime soap General Hospital playing Dr. Andre Maddox. In 2004, Montgomery returned to the stage in Los Angeles, producing the show Dutchman by LeRoi Jones, he has performed in a number of stage productions. His other stage credits include productions of Working, Oliver and Much Ado About Nothing. In the summer of 2005, Montgomery returned to Indiana to star in theatrical fundraisers for charity. Montgomery has produced one CD of his own music, What You Know About... featuring four songs about Star Trek themes. In April 2007 Anthony Montgomery signed with the Germany-based AGR Television Records, his debut-album, titled A. T. was released in November 2008. In the series Single Ladies, "Stimulation," was his all-new single he wrote and performed, picked for the music-heavy show's mood soundtrack for Episode 9.
His single featured rapper J. Naught-T. In 2013, Montgomery created Miles Away, a hoped-to-be media franchise, about a teenager with special needs who battles aliens. A graphic novel was published in June 2013. Anthony Montgomery was married to Adrienne Montgomery in August 2007, they have a son together, he has a daughter from a previous relationship. His grandfather was jazz musician Wes Montgomery. Montgomery is a martial arts student, he studied Hapkido and Koga Ryu Ninjutsu]. In July 2016, Montgomery had a torn meniscus and ligament sprains. In December 2016, he had arthroscopy on his left knee. Montgomery sustained an injury to his hand on August 20, 2017 while visiting a beach with his nephew, his girlfriend and her youngest son; the injury occurred. His girlfriend and nephew were not hurt, his girlfriend's son sustained a sprained ankle. In 2014, Montgomery was nominated for two Glyph Comics Awards for Miles Away. In the March 6, 2017 issue, Montgomery received the Performer of the Week in Soap Opera Digest for his role as Andre Maddox on General Hospital.
Official website Anthony Montgomery on IMDb
Quincy Delight Jones Jr. is an American record producer, musician and film producer. His career spans six decades in the entertainment industry with a record 80 Grammy Award nominations, 28 Grammys, a Grammy Legend Award in 1992. Jones came to prominence in the 1950s as a jazz arranger and conductor, before moving on to work in pop music and film scores. In 1969, Jones and his songwriting partner Bob Russell became the first African-Americans to be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song, for "The Eyes of Love" from the film Banning. Jones was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Score for his work on the 1967 film In Cold Blood, making him the first African-American to be nominated twice in the same year. In 1971, he became the first African-American to be the musical director and conductor of the Academy Awards ceremony. In 1995, he was the first African-American to receive the Academy's Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award, he has tied with sound designer Willie D. Burton as the second most Oscar-nominated African-American, with seven nominations each.
Jones was the producer, with Michael Jackson, of Jackson's albums Off the Wall and Bad, as well as the producer and conductor of the 1985 charity song "We Are the World", which raised funds for victims of famine in Ethiopia. In 2013, Jones was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame as the winner, alongside Lou Adler, of the Ahmet Ertegun Award, he was named one of the most influential jazz musicians of the 20th century by Time magazine. Quincy Delight Jones Jr. was born on the South Side of Chicago on March 14, 1933, the son of Sarah Frances, a bank officer and apartment complex manager, Quincy Delight Jones Sr. a semi-professional baseball player and carpenter from Kentucky. Jones' paternal grandmother was an ex-slave in Louisville, Jones would discover that his paternal grandfather was Welsh. With the help of the author Alex Haley in 1972 and Mormon researchers in Salt Lake City, Jones discovered that his mother's ancestors included James Lanier, a relative of poet Sidney Lanier. Jones said, "He had a baby with my great-grandmother, my grandmother was born there.
We traced this all the way back to the Laniers, the same family as Tennessee Williams." Learning that the Lanier immigrant ancestors were French Huguenots who had court musicians among their ancestors, Jones attributed some of his musicianship to them. For the 2006 PBS television program African American Lives, Jones had his DNA tested, genealogists researched his family history again, his DNA revealed he is African but is 34% European in ancestry, on both sides of his family. Research showed that he has English, French and Welsh ancestry through his father, his mother's side is of West and Central African descent the Tikar people of Cameroon. His mother had European ancestry, such as Lanier male ancestors who fought for the Confederacy, making him eligible for Sons of Confederate Veterans. Among his ancestors is Betty Washington Lewis, a sister of president George Washington. Jones is a direct descendant of Edward I of England, whose ancestors included French, Polish and Swiss nobility. Jones' family moved to Chicago as part of the Great Migration.
Jones had a younger brother, who became an engineer for the Seattle television station KOMO-TV and died in 1998. Jones was introduced to music by his mother, who always sang religious songs, by his next-door neighbor, Lucy Jackson; when Jones was five or six, Jackson played stride piano next door, he would listen through the walls. Lucy recalled; when Jones was young, his mother suffered from a schizophrenic breakdown and was admitted to a mental institution. His father divorced his mother and married Elvera Jones, who had three children of her own named Waymond and Katherine. Elvera and Quincy Sr. had three children together: Jeanette and future U. S. District Judge Richard. In 1943, Jones and his family moved to Bremerton, where his father got a wartime job at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. After the war, the family moved to Seattle. In high school, he developed his skills as a arranger, his classmates included Charles Taylor, who played saxophone and whose mother, Evelyn Bundy, was one of Seattle's first society jazz band leaders.
Jones and Taylor began playing music together, at the age of 14 they played with a National Reserve band. Jones has said he got much more experience with music growing up in a smaller city because he otherwise would have faced too much competition. At age 14, Jones introduced himself to 16-year-old Ray Charles after watching him play at the Black Elks Club. Jones cites Charles as an early inspiration for his own music career, noting that Charles overcame a disability to achieve his musical goals, he has credited his father's sturdy work ethic with giving him the means to proceed and his loving strength with holding the family together. Jones has said his father had a rhyming motto: "Once a task is just begun, never leave until it's done. Be the labor great or small, do it well or not at all." In 1951, Jones earned a scholarship to Seattle University, where a young Clint Eastwood—also a music major—watched him play in the college band. After one semester, Jones transferred to what is now the Berklee College of Music in Boston on another scholarship.
While studying at Berklee, he played at Izzy Ort's Bar & Grille with Bunny Campbell and Preston Sandiford, whom he cited as important musical influences. He left his studies after receiving an offer to tour as a trumpeter, p
Wynton Charles Kelly was a Jamaican American jazz pianist and composer. He is known as one of the finest accompanists in jazz, he began playing professionally at the age of 12, was pianist on a No. 1 R&B hit at the age of 16. His recording debut as leader occurred three years around the time he started to become better known as accompanist to singer Dinah Washington, as a member of trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie's band; this progress was interrupted by two years in the United States Army, after which Kelly returned to Washington and Gillespie, played with other leaders. Over the next few years, these included instrumentalists Julian "Cannonball" Adderley, John Coltrane, Roland Kirk, Wes Montgomery, Sonny Rollins, vocalists Betty Carter, Billie Holiday, Abbey Lincoln. Kelly attracted the most attention as part of Miles Davis' band from 1959, including an appearance on the trumpeter's Kind of Blue mentioned as the best-selling jazz album ever. After leaving Davis in 1963, Kelly played with his own trio, which recorded for several labels and toured the United States and internationally.
His career did not develop much further, he had difficulty finding enough work late in his career. Kelly, prone to epilepsy, died in a hotel room in Canada following a seizure, aged 39; the son of Jamaican immigrants, Kelly was born in Brooklyn, New York, on December 2, 1931. He did not receive much formal training in music, he attended the High School of Music & Art and the Metropolitan Vocational High School in New York, but "hey wouldn't give us piano, so I fooled around with the bass and studied theory."Kelly started his professional career in 1943 as a member of R&B groups. Through this, he improved his playing – the bands' "music had to be accessible and easy to dance to". Around this time he played organ in local churches. In his local area, he played with brothers Lee and Ray Abrams, as well as Ahmed Abdul-Malik, Ernie Henry, Cecil Payne, who went on to have careers in jazz. At the age of 15, Kelly toured the Caribbean as part of Ray Abrams' R&B band. Kelly made his recording debut aged 16, playing on saxophonist Hal Singer's 1948 "Cornbread", which became a Billboard R&B chart-topping hit.
In the following year, Kelly recorded with vocalist Babs Gonzales. Other R&B bands that Kelly played with included those led by Hot Lips Page, Eddie "Cleanhead" Vinson, Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis. Material from sessions on July 25 and August 1, 1951 formed Piano Interpretations, a trio album, Kelly's recording debut as leader, released by Blue Note Records that year. Critic Scott Yanow indicates that, at this stage of his career, Kelly's main influence was Bud Powell, but that his playing "displayed some of the joy of Teddy Wilson's style along with his own chord voicings". Kelly became better known after joining vocalist Dinah Washington's band in 1951. After this, he played in bands led by Lester Young in the spring of 1952, Dizzy Gillespie, recording with the latter in 1952. In September of that year, just as Kelly was beginning to build a reputation, he was drafted into the army. After a period at Fort McClellan in Alabama, Kelly was part of a Third Army traveling show, he recruited future jazz pianist Duke Pearson into the show.
By April 1954 Kelly was "musical director of the show. He ended his military service with a music performance for an audience of 10,000 in the Chastain Memorial Park Amphitheater in Atlanta. Kelly was released from the military after two years, following which he worked on and off with Washington and Gillespie again. Kelly was part of Charles Mingus' group for a tour of Washington, D. C. California, Vancouver in late 1956 to early 1957, he left Mingus to rejoin Gillespie, who led a big band that toured Canada and the southern United States. Commenting on Kelly's ability to move from a small group to a big band setting, saxophonist Benny Golson from Gillespie's band, said that "He kept his identity, he would set up patterns – never interfering with the arrangement, but he was able to get into the cracks and he would always be adding something, giving it impetus, more energy." In 1956, Kelly recorded with vocalist Billie Holiday, including for the original version of her song "Lady Sings the Blues", as well as for the Blue Note debuts of saxophonists Johnny Griffin and Sonny Rollins.
After leaving Gillespie again, Kelly formed his own trio. Kelly was much in demand as a sideman for recordings, appeared on albums by most of the major jazz leaders in the late 1950s and early 1960s. In April 1957, for instance, he appeared as a guest in an enlarged version of Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers, for an album released as Theory of Art; the recording sessions continued four days with Kelly joining Blakey and others on Griffin's A Blowin' Session. That year, Kelly made a rare appearance playing bass, for one track of vocalist Abbey Lincoln's That's Him!, after the regular bassist, Paul Chambers, became drunk and fell asleep in the studio. Early in 1958, Kelly recorded his second album as leader, the qu
John Arnold Griffin III was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. Nicknamed "the Little Giant" for his short stature and forceful playing, Griffin's career began in the early 1940s and continued until the month of his death. A pioneering figure in hard bop, Griffin recorded prolifically as a bandleader in addition to stints with pianist Thelonious Monk, drummer Art Blakey, in partnership with fellow tenor Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis and as a member of the Kenny Clarke/Francy Boland Big Band after he moved to Europe in the 1960s. In 1995, Griffin was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Music from Berklee College of Music. Griffin studied music at DuSable High School in Chicago under Walter Dyett, starting out on clarinet before moving on to oboe and alto sax. While still at high school at the age of 15, Griffin was playing with T-Bone Walker in a band led by Walker's brother. Alto saxophone was still his instrument of choice when he joined Lionel Hampton's big band three days after his high school graduation, but Hampton encouraged him to take up the tenor, playing alongside Arnett Cobb.
He first appeared on a Los Angeles recording with Hampton's band in 1945 at the age of 17. By mid-1947, Griffin and fellow Hampton band member Joe Morris had formed a sextet made up of local musicians, including George Freeman, where he remained for the next two years, his playing can be heard on various early Blues recordings for Atlantic Records. By 1951 Griffin was playing baritone saxophone in an R&B septet led by former bandmate Arnett Cobb. After returning to Chicago from two years in the Army, Griffin began establishing a reputation as one of the premiere saxophonists in that city. Thelonious Monk enthusiastically encouraged Orrin Keepnews of Riverside Records to sign the young tenor, but before he could act Blue Note Records had signed Griffin, he joined Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers in 1957, his recordings from that time include a memorable album joining together the Messengers and Thelonious Monk. Griffin succeeded John Coltrane as a member of Monk's Five Spot quartet. Griffin's unique style, based on an astounding technique, included a vast canon of bebop language.
He was known to quote generously from classical and other musical forms. A prodigious player, he was subjected to and victorious at "cutting sessions" involving a legion of tenor players, both in his hometown Chicago with the likes of Hank Mobley and Gene Ammons, on the road. Diminutive, he was distinctive as a fashionable dresser, a good businessman, a well-liked bandleader to other musicians. Griffin was leader on his first Blue Note album Introducing Johnny Griffin in 1956. Featuring Wynton Kelly on piano, Curly Russell on bass and Max Roach on drums, the recording brought Griffin critical acclaim; the album A Blowin' Session featured Hank Mobley. He played with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers for a few months in 1957, in the Thelonious Monk Sextet and Quartet. During this period, he recorded a set with Clark Terry on Serenade to a Bus Seat featuring the rhythm trio of Wynton Kelly, Paul Chambers, Philly Joe Jones. Griffin moved to France in 1963 and to the Netherlands in 1978, his relocation was the result of several factors, including income tax problems, a failing marriage and feeling "embittered by the critical acceptance of free jazz" in the United States, as journalist Ben Ratliff would write.
Apart from appearing under his own name at jazz clubs such as London's Ronnie Scott's, Griffin became the "first choice" sax player for visiting US musicians touring the continent during the 1960s and'70s. He rejoined Monk's groups in 1967. Griffin and Davis met up again in 1970 and recorded Tough Tenors Again'n' Again, again with the Dizzy Gillespie Big 7 at the Montreux Jazz Festival. In 1965 he recorded albums with Wes Montgomery. From 1967 to 1969, he was part of the Kenny Clarke/Francy Boland Big Band and in the late'70s recorded with Peter Herbolzheimer and His Big Band, which included, among others, Nat Adderley, Derek Watkins, Art Farmer, Slide Hampton, Jiggs Whigham, Herb Geller, Wilton Gaynair, Stan Getz, Gerry Mulligan, Rita Reys, Jean "Toots" Thielemans, Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen, Grady Tate, Quincy Jones as arranger, he recorded with the Nat Adderley Quintet in 1978, having recorded with Adderley in 1958. On July 25, 2008, Johnny Griffin died of a heart attack at the age of 80 in Mauprévoir, near Availles-Limouzine, His last concert was in Hyères, France on July 21, 2008.
1956: Johnny Griffin 1956: Introducing Johnny Griffin 1957: A Blowing Session 1957: The Congregation 1958: Johnny Griffin Sextet 1958: Way Out! 1959: The Little Giant 1960: The Big Soul-Band 1960: Battle Stations 1960: Johnny Griffin's Studio Jazz Party 1960: Tough Tenors 1960: Griff & Lock 1961: The First Set 1961: The Tenor Scene 1961: The Late Show 1961: The Midnight Show 1961: Lookin' at Monk! 1961: Change of Pace 1961: Blues Up & Down 1961: White Gardenia 1961: The Kerry Dancers 1962: Tough Tenor Favorites 1962: Grab This! 1963: Soul Groove with Matthew Gee 1963: Do Nothing'til You Hear from Me 1964: Night Lady 1967: The Man I Love 1967: You Leave Me Breathless 1967: A Night in Tunisia 1967: Body and Soul 1968: Jazz Undulation 1968: Lady Heavy Bottom's Waltz 1970: Tough Tenors Again'n' Again 1973: Blues
The New York Times Magazine
The New York Times Magazine is a Sunday magazine supplement included with the Sunday edition of The New York Times. It is host to feature articles longer than those in the newspaper and has attracted many notable contributors; the magazine is noted for its photography relating to fashion and style. The magazine includes various puzzles, which have been popular features since their introduction, its first issue was published on September 6, 1896, contained the first photographs printed in the newspaper. In the early decades it was a section of not an insert as it is today; the creation of a "serious" Sunday magazine was part of a massive overhaul of the newspaper instigated that year by its new owner, Adolph Ochs, who banned fiction, comic strips and gossip columns from the paper, is credited with saving The New York Times from financial ruin. In 1897, the magazine published a 16-page spread of photographs documenting Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee, a "costly feat" that resulted in a wildly popular issue and helped boost the magazine to success.
In its early years, The New York Times Magazine began a tradition of publishing the writing of well-known contributors, from W. E. B. Du Bois and Albert Einstein to numerous sitting and future U. S. Presidents. Editor Lester Markel, an "intense and autocratic" journalist who oversaw the Sunday Times from the 1920s through the 1950s, encouraged the idea of the magazine as a forum for ideas. During his tenure, writers such as Leo Tolstoy, Thomas Mann, Gertrude Stein, Tennessee Williams contributed pieces to the magazine. When, in 1970, The New York Times introduced its first Op-Ed page, the magazine shifted away from publishing as many editorial pieces. In 1979, the magazine began publishing Pulitzer Prize–winning journalist William Safire's "On Language", a column discussing issues of English grammar and etymology. Safire's column gained popularity and by 1990 was generating "more mail than anything else" in the magazine; the year 1999 saw the debut of "The Ethicist", an advice column written by humorist Randy Cohen that became a contentious part of the magazine.
In 2011, Ariel Kaminer replaced Cohen as the author of the column, in 2012 Chuck Klosterman replaced Kaminer. Klosterman left in early 2015 to be replaced by a trio of authors—Kenji Yoshino, Amy Bloom, Jack Shafer—who used a conversational format. "Consumed", Rob Walker's regular column on consumer culture, debuted in 2004. The Sunday Magazine features a puzzle page, edited by Will Shortz, that features a crossword puzzle with a larger grid than those featured in the Times during the week, along with other types of puzzles on a rotating basis. In September 2010, as part of a greater effort to reinvigorate the magazine, Times editor Bill Keller hired former staff member and then-editor of Bloomberg Businessweek, Hugo Lindgren, as the editor of The New York Times Magazine; as part of a series of new staff hires upon assuming his new role, Lindgren first hired then–executive editor of O: The Oprah Magazine Lauren Kern to be his deputy editor and hired then-editor of TNR.com, The New Republic magazine's website, Greg Veis, to edit the "front of the book" section of the magazine.
In December 2010, Lindgren hired Joel Lovell story editor at GQ magazine, as deputy editor. In January 2012, humorist John Hodgman, who hosts his comedy court show podcast Judge John Hodgman, began writing a regular column "Judge John Hodgman Rules" for "The One-Page Magazine". In 2004, The New York Times Magazine began publishing an entire supplement devoted to style. Titled T, the supplement appears 14 times a year. In 2009, it launched a Qatari Edition as a standalone magazine. In 2006, the magazine introduced two other supplements: PLAY, a sports magazine published every other month, KEY, a real estate magazine published twice a year. US Poet Laureate Natasha Trethewey selects and introduces every week poems from world-class poets like recipient of Nobel Prize Tomas Transtromer, recipient of Paz Prize Carlos Pintado, recipient of Pulitzer Prize Gregory Pardlo among others; the magazine features the Sunday version of the crossword puzzle along with other puzzles. The puzzles have been popular features since their introduction.
The Sunday crossword puzzle has more clues and squares and is more challenging than its counterparts featured on the other days of the week. A second puzzle is included with the crossword puzzle; the variety of the second puzzle varies each week. These have included acrostic puzzles, diagramless crossword puzzles, other puzzles varying from the traditional crossword puzzle; the puzzles are edited by Will Shortz, the host of the on-air puzzle segment of NPR's Weekend Edition Sunday. In the September 18, 2005, issue of the magazine, an editors' note announced the addition of The Funny Pages, a literary section of the magazine intended to "engage our readers in some ways we haven't yet tried—and to acknowledge that it takes many different types of writing to tell the story of our time". Although The Funny Pages is no longer published in the magazine, it was made up of three parts: the Strip, the Sunday Serial, True-Life Tales. On July 8, 2007, the magazine stopped printing True-Life Tales; the section has been criticized for being unfunny, sometimes nonsensical, e