The Seas with Nemo & Friends
The Seas with Nemo & Friends is an aquarium and attached dark ride attraction in Future World at Epcot at the Walt Disney World Resort. The attraction is themed as an underwater exploration base, with several exhibits devoted to oceanic study; the pavilion opened in 1986, but had been planned as part of the park since its opening in 1982. The Living Seas opened to the public on January 15, 1986, it housed the largest saltwater tank in the world at its completion, holding 5.7 million US gallons of water, but was surpassed in 2005 with the opening of the Georgia Aquarium. The concept of the building was to take visitors under the ocean to "Sea Base Alpha". Guests viewed a short movie about the formation of the oceans entitled The Sea, followed by an elevator ride to the ocean floor aboard a "Hydrolator". Guests boarded a Seacab on the Caribbean Coral Reef Ride, rode through the middle of the tank, they disembarked into the main exhibit area where they could interact with various multimedia displays.
Once finished, guests leaving the pavilion would board another Hydrolator to the surface. The Living Seas was sponsored by United Technologies from its opening until 1998. After the departure of United Technologies as sponsor of The Living Seas, significant changes were made to the pavilion. All sponsorship references were removed from the pavilion. Preshow theatre #2 was removed and a corridor was built through its space, allowing for guests to bypass the preshow if they wished to go directly to the Hydrolators. On October 21, 2001, the Seacabs closed down; the queue of the Seacab ride was left intact and the Seacabs were still visible to guests through the ocean tank windows. Reasons for their closure are not known. After they closed, guests leaving the Hydrolators walked along the former wheelchair bypass corridor to Sea Base Alpha. Now, guests had the option of viewing the preshow or going directly to the Hydrolators and walking to Sea Base Alpha. In December 2003, Disney began to re-theme The Living Seas into a new pavilion based on the released Pixar film Finding Nemo.
The majority of the transformation began with exterior elements, but in January 2004, the interior began to change as well. On November 16, 2004, Turtle Talk with Crush opened in what was once Module 1C, or the Earth Systems exhibit; the show's unexpected success overwhelmed the pavilion, causing the development of plans to move Turtle Talk with Crush to a larger area in the pavilion. Turtle Talk with Crush was only the beginning of changes to The Living Seas. On August 21, 2005, The Living Seas closed for its transformation into The Seas with Nemo & Friends. Parts of the pavilion reopened in late November 2005. Outside the pavilion, the facade and mural were changed and depictions of sea life seen in Finding Nemo were added; the exit Hydrolators had been removed, were replaced with glass doors that served as an exit and temporary entrance. Sea Base Alpha had been re-themed to Finding Nemo and the entire original preshow area was in the process of being rebuilt. Decor and signage was replaced and scientific displays were replaced by ones themed to Finding Nemo.
Turtle Talk with Crush remained as popular. Throughout 2006, construction walls hid the preshow area, undergoing reconstruction. With the former Sea Base Alpha open, work progressed on the new queue areas and the Seacabs were being rebuilt as a new "Clamobile" attraction; the remaining Living Seas preshow theater, entrance Hydrolators, holding areas, Seacabs queue were all removed and replaced by a new themed queue area. Hydrolator Three and Theater 1 were replaced by a number of new dark ride sets; the former Seacabs ride was lengthened by 280 feet through the space used by the preshow theatre, but the final section still took place inside the tank. A new projection technology was added to the new show scenes; the existing Seacabs were given a clamshell shape and renamed "Clamobiles". Three Audio-Animatronic seagulls were added to the entrance, they periodically flap their wings and say "Mine! Mine! Mine!", just like the seagulls do in Finding Nemo. On October 10, 2006, the construction walls in front of the entrance to The Living Seas, now The Seas with Nemo & Friends, were removed.
The temporary entrance was removed from the exit. Turtle Talk With Crush was removed from Module 1C, relocated to the second preshow theater, unused since 1999 when it had been broken up by the bypass corridor following United Technologies' discontinuation of sponsorship. Module 1A was turned into a pre-show space for the expanded Turtle Talk With Crush, with its exhibits moving to 1C, while a new queue line corridor was built from the module into the existing theater space using a backstage fire exit; the Seas with Nemo & Friends was rededicated on January 24, 2007. It was the first Epcot Pavilion to be based on a Disney animated movie property and only the second Epcot attraction to do so. Dr. Robert Ballard, Senior Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Dr. Sylvia Earle, Vice President, Ocean Engineering, Inc. Mr. Gilbert Grosvenor, National Geographic Society Dr. Murray Newman, Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Centre Professor William Nierenberg, Scripps Institution of Oceanography Dr. David Potter, Vice President, Public Affairs, General Motors Corpo
In Canada, the First Nations are the predominant indigenous peoples in Canada south of the Arctic Circle. Those in the Arctic area are distinct and known as Inuit; the Métis, another distinct ethnicity, developed after European contact and relations between First Nations people and Europeans. There are 634 recognized First Nations governments or bands spread across Canada half of which are in the provinces of Ontario and British Columbia. Under the Employment Equity Act, First Nations are a "designated group", along with women, visible minorities, people with physical or mental disabilities. First Nations are not defined as a visible minority under the Act or by the criteria of Statistics Canada. North American indigenous; some of their oral traditions describe historical events, such as the Cascadia earthquake of 1700 and the 18th-century Tseax Cone eruption. Written records began with the arrival of European explorers and colonists during the Age of Discovery, beginning in the late 15th century.
European accounts by trappers, traders and missionaries give important evidence of early contact culture. In addition and anthropological research, as well as linguistics, have helped scholars piece together an understanding of ancient cultures and historic peoples. Although not without conflict, Euro-Canadians' early interactions with First Nations, Métis, Inuit populations were less combative compared to the violent battles between colonists and native peoples in the United States. Collectively, First Nations, Métis peoples constitute Indigenous peoples in Canada, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, or first peoples. First Nation as a term became used beginning in 1980s to replace the term Indian band in referring to groups of Indians with common government and language; the term had come into common usage in the 1970s to avoid using the word Indian, which some Canadians considered offensive. No legal definition of the term exists; some indigenous peoples in Canada have adopted the term First Nation to replace the word band in the formal name of their community.
A band is a "body of Indians for whose use and benefit in common lands... have been set apart... moneys are held... or declared... to be a band for the purposes of" the Indian Act by the Canadian Crown. The term Indian is a misnomer given to indigenous peoples of North America by European explorers who erroneously thought they had landed on the Indian subcontinent; the use of the term Native Americans, which the US government and others have adopted, is not common in Canada. It refers more to the Indigenous peoples residing within the boundaries of the United States; the parallel term Native Canadian is not used, but Native and autochtone are. Under the Royal Proclamation of 1763 known as the "Indian Magna Carta," the Crown referred to indigenous peoples in British territory as tribes or nations; the term First Nations is capitalized. Bands and nations may have different meanings. Within Canada, First Nations has come into general use for indigenous peoples other than Inuit and Métis. Individuals using the term outside Canada include U.
S. tribes within the Pacific Northwest, as well as supporters of the Cascadian independence movement. The singular used on culturally politicized reserves, is the term First Nations person. A more recent trend is for members of various nations to refer to themselves by their tribal or national identity only, e.g. "I'm Haida". For pre-history, see: Paleo-Indians and Archaic periods First Nations by linguistic-cultural area: List of First Nations peoplesFirst Nations peoples had settled and established trade routes across what is now Canada by 1,000 BC to 500 BC. Communities developed, each with its own culture and character. In the northwest were the Athapaskan-speaking peoples, Slavey, Tłı̨chǫ, Tutchone-speaking peoples, Tlingit. Along the Pacific coast were the Haida, Kwakiutl, Nuu-chah-nulth, Nisga'a and Gitxsan. In the plains were the Blackfoot, Kainai and Northern Peigan. In the northern woodlands were the Chipewyan. Around the Great Lakes were the Anishinaabe, Algonquin and Wyandot. Along the Atlantic coast were the Beothuk, Innu and Micmac.
The Blackfoot Confederacies reside in the Great Plains of Montana and Canadian provinces of Alberta, British Columbia and Saskatchewan. The name "Blackfoot" came from the colour of the peoples' leather footwear, known as moccasins, they had painted the bottoms of their moccasins black. One account claimed that the Blackfoot Confederacies walked through the ashes of prairie fires, which in turn coloured the bottoms of their moccasins black, they had migrated onto the Great Plains from the Plateau area. The Blackfoot may have lived in their homeland since the end of the Pleistocene 11,000 years ago.. For thousands of years, they managed the prairie to support bison herds and cultivated berries and edible roots, they allowed only legitimate traders into their territory, making treaties only when the bison herds were exterminated in the 1870s. The Squamish history is a series of past events, both passed on through oral tradition and recent history, of the Squamish indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast.
Prior to colonization, they recorded their history through oral tradition as a way to transmit stories and knowledge across generations. This was common among all the peoples; the writing system esta
Disney's Grand Californian Hotel & Spa
Disney's Grand Californian Hotel & Spa is a hotel located at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California. The hotel was constructed as part of a major expansion of the Disneyland Resort in 2001, it was built by The Walt Disney Company and has been operated by The Walt Disney Company since its inception. This luxury hotel is designed to celebrate the early 20th Century Arts and Crafts era, showcasing the architectural style of Northern California, it features a Disney Vacation Club wing that opened in September 2009. The hotel has a private entrance to Disney California Adventure Park. In 2017, Disney remodeled the rooms, along with the lobby. Designed by architect Peter Dominick of 4240 Architecture Inc. it is based on the Arts and Crafts movement of the early 1900s. The hotel has 948 rooms, in addition to 71 villas. Craftsman homes have a garden theme. For the Grand Californian, the theme was taken from a garden idea and scaled up so that the garden became a forest; the reception hall is based on the interior of the Swedenborgian Church in San Francisco, increased in scale to accommodate the large reception desk.
The central lobby is a living room done in immense scale with a massive fireplace and vast arching beams overhead, furnished with chairs and sofas arranged around small coffee tables. Many of the items found throughout the hotel have been handcrafted by modern practitioners of the Arts and Crafts movement using traditional techniques; some early Roycroft items are on display in the lobby. Some of the hotel's rooms are tributes to designers. For instance, two of the guest suites, as well as the California Boardroom, pay homage to Frank Lloyd Wright; the Storytellers Cafe features a large tile mural, a reproduction of an original design by the Gladding, McBean Company for a Robin Hood Room in the Wilmington, public library. Its name is based on Disney's Grand Floridian Resort & Spa, its sister resort and Walt Disney World's flagship resort hotel; the two hotels do not share themes, though, as the Grand Californian is a Craftsman theme, while the Grand Floridian is of a Victorian theme. It does, share many thematic elements with Disney's Wilderness Lodge with its national park lodge theming at Walt Disney World.
The hotel has an entrance to Disney California Adventure park, located at the Grizzly Peak area. The hotel opened on January 2, 2001. At about 3:00 am on December 28, 2005, a Christmas tree in the main lobby caught fire after electric maintenance workers replaced lights on the tree. All 2,300 guests at the hotel were evacuated within four minutes; the fire was contained by the Anaheim Fire Department. Two guests were treated for minor injuries, one of, a severe headache. Guests were returned to their rooms by 7:00 am. In response to a growing demand for guest accommodations in Anaheim, the Disneyland Resort announced on September 18, 2007 an expansion of Disney's Grand Californian Hotel & Spa that would increase accommodations by more than 30 percent and include the first Disney Vacation Club villas in Anaheim; the 2.5-acre expansion on the hotel's south side added more than 200 new hotel rooms and 50 two-bedroom equivalent vacation villas and marked the West Coast debut of Disney Vacation Club, Disney's vacation-ownership program.
During this expansion and renovation, a new swimming pool was added as well as a 300 space underground parking garage. Peter Dominick of 4240 Architecture Inc. architect for the original Disney's Grand Californian Hotel & Spa designed the ambitious expansion to compliment his existing hotel. It reflects the same California Arts & Crafts architecture of the existing hotel, which immerses guests in a turn-of-the-20th-century California experience; the project was completed in September 2009. With the completion of this major expansion, Disney's Grand Californian Hotel & Spa became the third largest hotel in Orange County, up from its previous fourth place standing; the Disney Vacation Club villas, added as part of the hotel's expansion, include kitchens and dining areas and other home-like amenities. The guest rooms feature the same decor as the hotel rooms in the original structure and continue the Californian Craftsman motif. Winter, Robert. Craftsman Style, pp 227–233. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc.
ISBN 0-8109-4336-0. Official website Disneyland Resort - Grand Californian Hotel & Spa, Design Inspirations from the Architect
Anaheim is a city in Orange County, part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a population of 336,265, making it the most populous city in Orange County and the 10th-most populous city in California. Anaheim is the second-largest city in Orange County in terms of land area, is known for being the home of the Disneyland Resort, the Anaheim Convention Center, two major sports teams: the Anaheim Ducks ice hockey club and the Los Angeles Angels baseball team. Anaheim was founded by fifty German families in 1857 and incorporated as the second city in Los Angeles County on March 18, 1876. Anaheim remained an agricultural community until Disneyland opened in 1955; this led to the construction of several hotels and motels around the area, residential districts in Anaheim soon followed. The city developed into an industrial center, producing electronics, aircraft parts and canned fruit. Anaheim is a charter city. Anaheim's city limits extend from Cypress in the west to the Riverside County line in the east and encompass a diverse collection of neighborhoods and communities.
Anaheim Hills is a master-planned community located in the city's eastern stretches, home to many of the city's affluent. Downtown Anaheim has three mixed-use historic districts, the largest of, the Anaheim Colony; the Anaheim Resort, a commercial district, includes the Disneyland Resort, with its two theme parks, multiple hotels, retail district, numerous hotels and retail complexes. The Platinum Triangle, a neo-urban redevelopment district surrounding Angel Stadium, is planned to be populated with mixed-use streets and high-rises. Anaheim Canyon is an industrial district north of California State Route 91 and east of California State Route 57. Anaheim's name is a blend of Ana, after the nearby Santa Ana River, German -heim meaning "home", a common Germanic place name compound; the city of Anaheim was founded in 1857 by 50 German-Americans who were residents of San Francisco and whose families had originated in Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Franconia in Bavaria. After traveling through the state looking for a suitable area to grow grapes, the group decided to purchase a 1,165 acres parcel from Juan Pacifico Ontiveros' large Rancho San Juan Cajon de Santa Ana in present-day Orange County for $2 per acre.
For $750 a share, the group formed the Anaheim Vineyard Company. Their new community was named meaning "home by the Santa Anna River" in German; the name was altered to Anaheim. To the Spanish-speaking neighbors, the settlement was known as Campo Alemán. Although grape and wine-making was their primary objective, the majority of the 50 settlers were mechanics and craftsmen with no experience in wine-making; the community set aside 40 acres for a town center and a school was the first building erected there. The first home was built in 1857, the Anaheim Gazette newspaper was established in 1870 and a hotel in 1871; the census of 1870 reported a population of 565 for the Anaheim district. For 25 years, the area was the largest wine producer in California. However, in 1884, a disease infected the grape vines and by the following year the entire industry was destroyed. Other crops – walnuts and oranges – soon filled the void. Fruits and vegetables had become viable cash crops when the Los Angeles – Orange County region was connected to the continental railroad network in 1887.
Polish actress Helena Modjeska settled in Anaheim with her husband and various friends, among them Henryk Sienkiewicz, Julian Sypniewski and Łucjan Paprocki. While living in Anaheim, Helena Modjeska became good friends with Clementine Langenberger, the second wife of August Langenberger. Helena Street and Clementine Street are named after these two ladies, the streets are located adjacent to each other as a symbol of the strong friendship which Helena Modjeska and Clementine Lagenberger shared. Modjeska Park in West Anaheim, is named after Helena Modjeska. During the first half of the 20th century, before Disneyland opened its doors to the public, Anaheim was a massive rural community dominated by orange groves and the landowners who farmed them. One of the landowners was Bennett Payne Baxter, who owned much land in northeast Anaheim that today is the location of Angel Stadium, he came up with many new ideas for irrigating orange groves and shared his ideas with other landowners. He was not only successful, he helped other landowners and businesspeople succeed as well.
Ben Baxter and other landowners helped to make Anaheim a thriving rural community before Disneyland changed the city forever. Today, a street runs along Edison Park, named Baxter Street. During this time, Rudolph Boysen served as Anaheim's first Park Superintendent from 1921 to 1950. Boysen created a hybrid berry which Walter Knott named the boysenberry, after Rudy Boysen. Boysen Park in East Anaheim was named after him. In 1924, Ku Klux Klan members were elected to the Anaheim City Council on a platform of political reform. Up until that point, the city had been controlled by a long-standing business and civic elite, German American. Given their tradition of moderate social drinking, the German Americans did not support prohibition laws of the day; the mayor himself was a former saloon keeper. Led by the minister of the First Christian Church, the Klan represented a rising group of politically oriented non-ethnic Germans who denounced the elite as corrupt and self-serving; the Klansmen aimed to create what they saw as a model, orderly community, one in which prohibition against alcohol
The Disneyland Resort known as Disneyland, is an entertainment resort in Anaheim, California. It is owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company through its Parks and Products division and is home to two theme parks, three hotels, a shopping and entertainment complex known as Downtown Disney; the resort was developed by Walt Disney in the 1950s. When it opened to guests on July 17, 1955, the property consisted of Disneyland, its 100-acre parking lot, the Disneyland Hotel and operated by Disney's business partner Jack Wrather. After the success with the multi-park, multi-hotel business model at Walt Disney World in Lake Buena Vista, Disney acquired large parcels of land adjacent to Disneyland to apply the same business model in Anaheim. During the expansion, the property was named the Disneyland Resort to encompass the entire complex, while the original theme park was named Disneyland Park; the company purchased the Disneyland Hotel from the Wrather Company and the Pan Pacific Hotel from the Tokyu Group.
The Pan Pacific Hotel became Disney's Paradise Pier Hotel in 2000. In 2001 the property saw the addition of Disney's Grand Californian Hotel & Spa, a second theme park, named Disney California Adventure, the Downtown Disney shopping and entertainment area. Walt Disney's early concepts for an amusement park called for a "Mickey Mouse Park" located adjacent to the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank; as new ideas emerged and his brother Roy realized that the Burbank location would be too small for the project, hired a consultant from Stanford Research Institute to provide them with information on locations and economic feasibility. The consultant recommended a remote location in Anaheim, adjacent to the then-under-construction Santa Ana Freeway; the consultant predicted that the location – covered by orange groves at the time – would become the population center of Southern California. Since the location was far from Southern California population centers in the 1950s, Walt Disney wanted to build a hotel so that Disneyland visitors traveling long distances could stay overnight.
However, the park had depleted his financial resources, so he negotiated a deal with Hollywood producer Jack Wrather in which he would build and operate a hotel called the Disneyland Hotel across the street from Disneyland. Disneyland opened on July 17, 1955, with a televised press preview event on ABC. Despite the disastrous event dubbed "Black Sunday", during which several rides broke down and other mishaps occurred, Disneyland became a huge success in its first year of operation; the hotel, which opened three months after the park, enjoyed similar success. Walt Disney wanted to build more facilities for Disneyland visitors to stay in Anaheim, but since his financial resources were drained, entrepreneurs established their own hotels in the area surrounding the park and hotel to capitalize on Disneyland's success. To Walt Disney's dismay, the city of Anaheim was lax in restricting their construction, eager for the tax revenue generated by more hotels in the city; the area surrounding Disneyland became the atmosphere of colorful lights, flashy neon signs, then-popular Googie architecture that he wanted to avoid.
The Anaheim Convention Center was built across the street from Disneyland's original parking lot, residences were constructed in the area as part of the city's growth in the late 20th century. Disneyland was "boxed in", a factor which would lead Walt Disney to acquire a larger parcel of land for the construction of Walt Disney World; the Walt Disney Company acquired the land west of the park, notably the Disneyland Hotel in 1989 following Jack Wrather's death in 1984, the Pan Pacific Hotel in 1995, several properties north of the Disneyland Hotel in the mid to late 1990s. After Walt's and Roy's deaths in 1966 and 1971 the Walt Disney Company would go on to achieve success with the multi-park, multi-hotel resort complex business model of Walt Disney World in Florida, which opened in 1971. In the 1990s, Disney decided to turn Disneyland into a similar multi-park, multi-hotel resort destination. In 1991, Disney announced plans to build WestCOT, a theme park based on Walt Disney World's EPCOT Center, on the site of the original Disneyland parking lot.
Its estimated cost was US$3 billion due to the cost of land that Disney would need to acquire. With the new Euro Disney Resort, which opened in 1992, becoming a financial and public relations albatross for the company, Disney was unable to finance the project, cancelled WestCOT in 1995; that summer, Disney executives gathered in Aspen, Colorado for a 3-day retreat, where they came up with the idea for a California-themed park, dubbed Disney's California Adventure Park, to be built on the same site slated for WestCOT. $1.4 billion was budgeted to build the park, a retail district, hotels. Construction began in 1998, with much of the property being a construction site until 2001; the original park remained untouched during this time. Temporary surface parking lots were set up across West Street with tram service to the main entrance to offset the loss of the 100-acre parking lot. Parking lots were set up on smaller parcels of land acquired by Disney east and southeast of the park used for employee parking and overflow parking.
Several Disneyland landmarks were demolished, notably the marquee on Harbor Boulevard, whose three versions had stood at the parking lot entrance since 1958.
Tokyo Disney Resort
The Tokyo Disney Resort is a theme park and vacation resort located in Urayasu, Japan, just east of Tokyo. It is operated by the Oriental Land Company with a license from The Walt Disney Company; the resort opened on April 15, 1983, as a single theme park, but developed into a resort with two theme parks, four Disney hotels, six non-Disney hotels, a shopping complex. Tokyo Disneyland was the first Disney theme park opened outside the United States. Tokyo Disney Resort has three main entertainment sections: Tokyo Disneyland, Tokyo DisneySea, Ikspiari, a variation of the Downtown Disney and Disney Springs shopping and entertainment areas found at the Disney resorts in Anaheim and Lake Buena Vista respectively, it contains Bon Voyage!, the official Disney goods specialty shop of Tokyo Disney Resort. Like the other Disney resorts, the Tokyo Disney Resort has several Disney-branded hotels. There are six other hotels located on the Tokyo Disney Resort property. These, are not Disney-branded hotels and are owned by other companies, similar to the Hotel Plaza Boulevard hotels at Walt Disney World.
All facilities are linked by Disney Resort Line monorail. Two Disney branded Value Hotels, Tokyo Disney Celebration Hotel - Wish and Tokyo Disney Celebration Hotel - Discover, opened in 2016 a short distance away from the resort and are linked by Disney shuttles; the Tokyo Disney Resort is headed by Toshio Kagami, the secretary general of the Oriental Land Company. Tokyo Disneyland, first theme park built at the resort. Tokyo Disneyland opened on April 15, 1983 and is based on its sister parks in Anaheim and Bay Lake, Florida. Tokyo DisneySea, second theme park to open at the resort. Tokyo DisneySea opened on September 4, 2001; the park has a theme of nautical exploration and different lands. Bon Voyage! - Official Disney goods speciality shop. Ikspiari is a shopping and entertainment complex at the Tokyo Disney Resort in Urayasu, Japan; the complex is operated by IKSPIARI Co. Ltd. a subsidiary of the owner, The Oriental Land Company, it is the Japanese equivalent of the Downtown Disney complex at Disneyland in Anaheim, Disney Springs at Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista and Disney Village at Disneyland Paris, France.
Ikspiari is close to Maihama Station on the Keiyō Line from Tokyo, is served by Resort Gateway Station on the Disney Resort Line. Ikspiari opened on July 7, 2000. At the complex, the 12th non-US Rainforest Cafe opened in July 2000. On August 31, 2015, Create Restaurants Holdings Inc. acquired RC Japan Co. Ltd. the Rainforest Cafe franchisee, at the complex. Disney Ambassador Hotel - The first official Disney hotel to open in Tokyo in 2000. Featuring art deco theming. Tokyo DisneySea Hotel MiraCosta - Opened in conjunction with Tokyo DisneySea Park, with several guest rooms overlooking the park itself; the exterior of the hotel provides much of the theming for the Mediterrean Harbor area of Tokyo DisneySea. Tokyo Disneyland Hotel - Opened on July 8, 2008, as part of Tokyo Disney Resort's 25th anniversary celebrations. Like the Disneyland hotels in Paris and Hong Kong, the hotel is Victorian themed and is located adjacent to the entrance of Tokyo Disneyland Park. Tokyo Disney Celebration Hotel - The newest Disney hotel opened June 1, 2016 east of the resort property in Shin-Urayasu.
The hotel was refurbished from the former Fountain Terrace Hotel. The hotel is divided into two properties: Discover; the two properties do vary in theming. This is the only official Disney hotel not located in the Resort area. A free 15-minute shuttle is available for guests. Sunroute Plaza Tokyo Tokyo Bay Maihama Hotel Tokyo Bay Maihama Hotel Club Resort Hilton Tokyo Bay Hotel Okura Tokyo Bay Sheraton Grande Tokyo Bay HotelSource: There are a number of planned or ongoing projects at the resort, including: A version of the "Soarin'" attraction at Tokyo DisneySea, to open in 2019 An expansion to Fantasyland at Tokyo Disneyland, including new mini-areas related to Beauty and the Beast and Alice in Wonderland, to open in 2020 A new Big Hero 6-themed ride at Tokyo Disneyland, to open in 2020 A new Frozen-themed area at Tokyo DisneySea. According to the press release, operations are projected to begin in fiscal year 2022. Rail transport in Walt Disney Parks and Resorts Tourism in Japan Tokyo Disney Resort web site in Japanese and English Resort Map in Japanese Tokyo Disney Resort travel guide from Wikivoyage Joe's Tokyo Disney Resort Photo Site
Chief executive officer
The chief executive officer or just chief executive, is the most senior corporate, executive, or administrative officer in charge of managing an organization – an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution. CEOs lead a range of organizations, including public and private corporations, non-profit organizations and some government organizations; the CEO of a corporation or company reports to the board of directors and is charged with maximizing the value of the entity, which may include maximizing the share price, market share, revenues or another element. In the non-profit and government sector, CEOs aim at achieving outcomes related to the organization's mission, such as reducing poverty, increasing literacy, etc. In the early 21st century, top executives had technical degrees in science, engineering or law; the responsibility of an organization's CEO are set by the organization's board of directors or other authority, depending on the organization's legal structure.
They can be far-reaching or quite limited and are enshrined in a formal delegation of authority. Responsibilities include being a decision maker on strategy and other key policy issues, leader and executor; the communicator role can involve speaking to the press and the rest of the outside world, as well as to the organization's management and employees. As a leader of the company, the CEO or MD advises the board of directors, motivates employees, drives change within the organization; as a manager, the CEO/MD presides over the organization's day-to-day operations. The term refers to the person who makes all the key decisions regarding the company, which includes all sectors and fields of the business, including operations, business development, human resources, etc; the CEO of a company is not the owner of the company. In some countries, there is a dual board system with two separate boards, one executive board for the day-to-day business and one supervisory board for control purposes. In these countries, the CEO presides over the executive board and the chairman presides over the supervisory board, these two roles will always be held by different people.
This ensures a distinction between management by the executive board and governance by the supervisory board. This allows for clear lines of authority; the aim is to prevent a conflict of interest and too much power being concentrated in the hands of one person. In the United States, the board of directors is equivalent to the supervisory board, while the executive board may be known as the executive committee. In the United States, in business, the executive officers are the top officers of a corporation, the chief executive officer being the best-known type; the definition varies. In the case of a sole proprietorship, an executive officer is the sole proprietor. In the case of a partnership, an executive officer is a managing partner, senior partner, or administrative partner. In the case of a limited liability company, executive officer is any manager, or officer. A CEO has several subordinate executives, each of whom has specific functional responsibilities referred to as senior executives, executive officers or corporate officers.
Subordinate executives are given different titles in different organizations, but one common category of subordinate executive, if the CEO is the president, is the vice-president. An organization may have more than one vice-president, each tasked with a different area of responsibility; some organizations have subordinate executive officers who have the word chief in their job title, such as chief operating officer, chief financial officer and chief technology officer. The public relations-focused position of chief reputation officer is sometimes included as one such subordinate executive officer, but, as suggested by Anthony Johndrow, CEO of Reputation Economy Advisors, it can be seen as "simply another way to add emphasis to the role of a modern-day CEO – where they are both the external face of, the driving force behind, an organisation culture". In the US, the term chief executive officer is used in business, whereas the term executive director is used in the not-for-profit sector; these terms are mutually exclusive and refer to distinct legal duties and responsibilities.
Implicit in the use of these titles, is that the public not be misled and the general standard regarding their use be applied. In the UK, chief executive and chief executive officer are used in both business and the charitable sector; as of 2013, the use of the term director for senior charity staff is deprecated to avoid confusion with the legal duties and responsibilities associated with being a charity director or trustee, which are non-executive roles. In the United Kingdom, the term director is used instead of chief officer". Business publicists since the days of Edward Bernays and his client John D. Rockefeller and more the corporate publicists for Henry Ford, promoted the concept of the "celebrity CEO". Business journalists have adopted this approach, which assumes that the corporate achievements in the arena of manufacturing, wer