Donald Owens

Donald D. Owens is an American general superintendent emeritus in the Church of the Nazarene, a retired ordained minister, missionary and seminary and college president. Owens is the founding president of the forerunner of Korea Nazarene University, Asia-Pacific Nazarene Theological Seminary in Taytay, Rizal and served as the pioneer missionary for the Church of the Nazarene in the Republic of Korea, as a missionary for four years in the Philippines, where he was the first Regional Director of both the Asia Region and the South Pacific Region of the Church of the Nazarene. Owens was the 2nd President of MidAmerica Nazarene College in Olathe, Kansas for 4 years from 1985. In June 1989 Owens was elected the 28th General Superintendent of the Church of the Nazarene, after being re-elected in 1993, served until his retirement in June 1997. Owens is the author of four books: Challenge in Korea, Church Behind the Bamboo Curtain, Revival Fires in Korea, Sing Ye Islands. Owens was a professor at Korea Nazarene Theological College, Bethany Nazarene College in Bethany, at Nazarene Theological Seminary in Kansas City, Missouri.

Owens pastored Nazarene churches in Fairbury and Bethany, where he was the pioneer pastor of the Lake Overholser Church. Donald Dean Owens was born on September 12, 1926 in Marionville, the fourth of the five children, third son of Emery Owens, a farm laborer who did odd jobs, and, a miner, his only sister was Neva M. Owens, born soon after her parents' wedding on August 5, 1912 in Lawrence County, Missouri. Owens' three brothers were Raymond E. Owens, and based in Guam as the pioneer District Superintendent of the Micronesia District from 1994. By 1930 Owens and his parents and three siblings were living on a farm in Marion township in Jasper County, near Carthage, Missouri. By 1940, Owens' parents had divorced, Owens and his mother, his brothers Norman and Denny, their maternal grandfather, James M. Russell were living at 1605 S. Aurora Street in Stockton, California. Owens attended Stockton High School, but left before graduation. While still a high school student, Owens indicated that he was converted to Christ in Joplin, Missouri in August 1944, a month prior to his eighteenth birthday.

Owens enlisted in the US Army at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas on January 20, 1945. Owens was stationed in the Philippines and Japan, was discharged honorably in 1946, having reached the rank of sergeant. During 1946 Owens completed his high school studies through passing the GED test. Owens indicated that he experienced entire sanctification in December 1946 in Missouri. With the financial assistance provided by the provisions of the G. I. Bill, Owens enrolled in the Bachelor of Arts program at the Church of the Nazarene's Bethany-Peniel College in Bethany, Oklahoma in 1947. While studying at BPC, Owens met his future wife, Adeline Lois Preuss, where they were both members of the Class of 1951. Owens was the president of the Junior Class. A member of the Gospel Team that provided opportunities for personal evangelism, Christian service, arranged special meetings for students to preach or sing. Additionally, Owens took a few missions courses at BPC. Towards the end of Owens' senior year at BNC, from April 1, 1951 there was "a remarkable revival" through two weeks of evangelistic services at the Bethany First Church of the Nazarene featuring the preaching of Nazarene evangelist Russell V. DeLong.

According to Dorli Gschwandtner: he first service was filled with God's spirit and many people were stirred. There were every night; the altar could not accommodate all the people that came to the front in every single service. On the first night, the evangelist had a chest in which everybody put her prayer requests. At the end of the revival there was a great burning of prayer requests, of which many had been answered; the T

National Congress (Sudan)

The National Congress Party was a major political party that dominated domestic politics in Sudan from its foundation until the Sudanese Revolution. After the split of the National Islamic Front, the party was divided into two parties; the Islamic Movement led by its secretary Hassan al-Turabi and a military led by Omar al-Bashir launched a military coup against President-elect Sadiq al-Mahdi in 1989. Omar al-Bashir, who became president of the National Congress Party and Sudan, seized power and began institutionalizing Sharia at a national level. After a military coup in 1969, Sudanese President Gaafar Nimeiry abolished all other political parties dissolving the Islamic Parties. Following political transition in 1985, Turabi reorganized the former party into the National Islamic Front, which pushed for an Islamist constitution; the NIF backed another military coup bringing to power Omar al-Bashir, who publicly endorsed the NIF’s Islamist agenda. The party structure was composed at the national level of the General Conference, the Shura Council and the Leadership Council, the Executive Office.

The NCP was established in 1998 by key political figures in the National Islamic Front as well as other politicians. The rule of the NCP was the longest and, by most standards, most successful reign in independent contemporary Sudanese history, it grew out of the Islamist student activism of the Muslim Brotherhood, passing through the same revolutionary salafi jihadism. The party followed the ideologies of Islamism, Pan-Arabism, Arab nationalism; the NCP was banned by the Sovereignty Council of Sudan in the aftermath of the military takeover on 29 November 2019. All party properties were confiscated and all party members were barred from participating to election for ten years. With Omar al-Bashir becoming President of Sudan, the National Congress Party was established as the only recognized political party in the nation in 1998, with same ideology as its predecessors National Islamic Front and the Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation, which al-Bashir headed as Chairman until 1993.

As the sole political party in the state, its members came to dominate the entire Sudanese parliament. However, after Hassan al-Turabi, the speaker of parliament, introduced a bill to reduce the president's powers, prompting al-Bashir to dissolve parliament and declare a state of emergency, a split began to form inside the organization. Al-Turabi was suspended as Chairman of National Congress Party after he urged a boycott of the President's re-election campaign. A splinter-faction led by al-Turabi, the Popular National Congress Party, renamed the Popular Congress Party shortly afterwards, signed an agreement with Sudan People's Liberation Army, one of the largest rebel groups in the country, which led al-Bashir to believe that they were plotting to overthrow him and the government. Al-Turabi was subsequently imprisoned in 2000 on allegations of conspiracy before being released in October 2003. In 2000, following the Sudanese government approving democratic elections that were boycotted by the opposition, it merged with the Alliance of Working Peoples' Forces Party of former President Gaafar Nimeiry.

This merger disintegrated with the launch of the Sudanese Socialist Union Party. The utility of the elections was questioned due to their boycotting by the Democratic Unionist Party and the Umma Party. At those legislative elections, in December 2000, the party won 355 out of 360 seats. At the presidential elections of the same year, its candidate Omar al-Bashir won 86.5% of the popular vote and was re-elected. National Congress Party members continue to dominate the Lawyers' Union and heads of most of North Sudan's agricultural and university student unions. Following the Comprehensive Peace Agreement with the SPLM in 2005, the NCP-dominated government of Sudan allowed Southern Sudan autonomy for six years, to be followed by a referendum on independence in 2011, thus ending the Second Sudanese Civil War. South Sudan voted in favour of secession. Since the outbreak of the War in Darfur in 2004 between the government of Omar al-Bashir and rebel groups such as the Sudanese Liberation Army and the Justice and Equality Movement, the NCP has been universally criticised for however not supporting Arab militias such as the Janjaweed through a campaign of murder and deportation against the militants as well as the local population.

Because of the guerrilla warfare in the Darfur region, between 200,000 and 400,000 people have been killed, while over 2.5 million people have been displaced and the diplomatic relations between Sudan and Chad has never been worse. This has led to the International Criminal Court indicting State Minister for Humanitarian Affairs Ahmed Haroun and alleged Muslim Janjawid militia leader Ali Mohammed Ali known as Ali Kushayb, in relation to the atrocities in the region. On July 14, 2008, ten criminal charges were announced against President Omar al-Bashir, subsequently a warrant for his arrest was issued; as of June 2019, al-Bashir and Abdel Rahim Mohammed Hussein a member of the National Congress and indicted by the ICC, were held under detention by Sudanese authorities while the Transitional Military Council held power. Kushayb and Abdallah Banda indicted by the ICC, remained fugitives as of June 2019. Despite his international arrest warrant, President Omar al-Bashir remained the leader of the NCP and its candidate in the 2010 Sudanese presidential election, the first election with multiple political parties participating in ten years.

His political rival was Vice President Salva Kiir Mayardit, leader of