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West End theatre

West End theatre is mainstream professional theatre staged in the large theatres in and near the West End of London. Along with New York City's Broadway theatre, West End theatre is considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre in the English-speaking world. Seeing a West End show is a common tourist activity in London. Society of London Theatre has announced that 2018 was a record year for the capital's theatre industry with attendances topping 15.5m for the first time since the organization began collecting audience data in 1986. Box office revenues exceeded £765m. Famous screen actors and international alike appear on the London stage. Theatre in London flourished after the English Reformation; the first permanent public playhouse, known as The Theatre, was constructed in 1576 in Shoreditch by James Burbage. It was soon joined by The Curtain. Both are known to have been used by William Shakespeare's company. In 1599, the timber from The Theatre was moved to Southwark, where it was used in building the Globe Theatre in a new theatre district formed beyond the controls of the City corporation.

These theatres were closed in 1642 due to the Puritans who would influence the interregnum of 1649. After the Restoration, two companies were licensed to perform, the Duke's Company and the King's Company. Performances were held in converted buildings, such as Lisle's Tennis Court; the first West End theatre, known as Theatre Royal in Bridges Street, was designed by Thomas Killigrew and built on the site of the present Theatre Royal, Drury Lane. It was destroyed by a fire nine years later, it was replaced by a new structure designed by Christopher Wren and renamed the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane. Outside the West End, Sadler's Wells Theatre opened in Islington on 3 June 1683. Taking its name from founder Richard Sadler and monastic springs that were discovered on the property, it operated as a "Musick House", with performances of opera. In the West End, the Theatre Royal Haymarket opened on 29 December 1720 on a site north of its current location, the Royal Opera House opened in Covent Garden on 7 December 1732.

The Patent theatre companies retained their duopoly on drama well into the 19th century, all other theatres could perform only musical entertainments. By the early 19th century, music hall entertainments became popular, presenters found a loophole in the restrictions on non-patent theatres in the genre of melodrama. Melodrama did not break the Patent Acts; these entertainments were presented in large halls, attached to public houses, but purpose-built theatres began to appear in the East End at Shoreditch and Whitechapel. The West End theatre district became established with the opening of many small theatres and halls, including the Adelphi in The Strand on 17 November 1806. South of the River Thames, the Old Vic, Waterloo Road, opened on 11 May 1818; the expansion of the West End theatre district gained pace with the Theatres Act 1843, which relaxed the conditions for the performance of plays, The Strand gained another venue when the Vaudeville opened on 16 April 1870. The next few decades saw the opening of many new theatres in the West End.

The Criterion Theatre opened on Piccadilly Circus on 21 March 1874, in 1881, two more houses appeared: the Savoy Theatre in The Strand, built by Richard D'Oyly Carte to showcase the comic operas of Gilbert and Sullivan, opened on 10 October, five days the Comedy Theatre opened as the Royal Comedy Theatre on Panton Street in Leicester Square. It abbreviated its name three years later; the theatre building boom continued until about the First World War. During the 1950s and 1960s, many plays were produced in theatre clubs, to evade the censorship exercised by the Lord Chamberlain's Office; the Theatres Act 1968 abolished censorship of the stage in the United Kingdom. "Theatreland", London's main theatre district, contains forty venues and is located in and near the heart of the West End of London. It is traditionally defined by the Strand to the south, Oxford Street to the north, Regent Street to the west, Kingsway to the east, but a few other nearby theatres are considered "West End" despite being outside the area proper.

Prominent theatre streets include Shaftesbury Avenue and the Strand. The works staged are predominantly musicals and modern straight plays, comedy performances. Many theatres in the West End are of late Victorian or Edwardian construction and are owned. Many are architecturally impressive, the largest and best maintained feature grand neo-classical, Romanesque, or Victorian façades and luxurious, detailed interior design and decoration. However, owing to the age of the buildings, leg room is cramped, audience facilities such as bars and toilets are much smaller than in modern theatres; the protected status of the buildings and their confined urban locations, combined with financial constraints, make it difficult to make substantial improvements to the level of comfort offered. In 2003, the Theatres Trust estimated that an investment of £250 million over the following 15 years was required for modernisation, stated that 60% of theatres had seats from which the stage was not visible; the theatre owners unsuccessfully requested tax concessions to help them meet the costs.

From 2004 onwards there were several incidents of falling plasterwork, or performances being cancelled because of urgent building repairs being required. These events culminated in the partial collapse of the ceiling of the Apol

1991–92 FC Barcelona season

The 1991–92 season was the 93rd season for FC Barcelona. The season is best remembered by the title of European Cup first for Barcelona clinched in Wembley against italian squad U. C. Sampdoria with a score of 1-0 after extra time with a late goal through free kick of Ronald Koeman. In La Liga Barcelona had a poor start, but the tide began to turn as Barcelona experienced a brilliant run losing only 3 out of their next 30 games. Going into the final match day, Barcelona trailed Real Madrid by a point. Barcelona won their final game but Real Madrid lost to CD Tenerife 2-3 handing the second consecutive title over to Barcelona. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Source:Competitive Matches Eightfinals First round Second round Group B FC Barcelona official website at the Library of Congress Web Archives webdelcule.com

Tony Pignata

Tony Pignata is an Australian football administrator and current Chief Executive of Perth Glory FC. His previous positions include Chief Executive of Football Federation Victoria, Sydney FC and inaugural Chief Executive of Wellington Phoenix FC in the A-League from 2007 to 2010. Prior to working in sport, Pignata worked in the banking industry, he spent a brief time in telecommunications. Pignata's leadership of Wellington Phoenix helped to bring much-needed credibility to football in New Zealand. Amongst other things, he was responsible for bringing out LA Galaxy with David Beckham resulting in a record Football crowd of 31,853. In 2009/10, he was CEO when Wellington Phoenix made the A-League Finals Series going within one game of making the 2009/10 Grand Final. In his time at Sydney FC, he was instrumental in bringing Italian football star Alessandro del Piero to the club for two seasons which helped increase membership, merchandise sales, sponsorship and TV viewership for Sydney FC and the A-League overall.

In 2014, the club announced that its finances had turned around from a deficit of $7.2m to break-even under Pignata's leadership. In the 2016/17 A-League season, Sydney FC were crowned Premiers after 20 wins, 6 draws and 1 loss culminating in 66 points for the regular season, they went on to win the A-League Grand Final in the equivalent of the play-off series against Melbourne Victory on 7 May 2017. In 2017, Pignata was named by the Australian Financial Review as one of Australia's top 21 CEOs, he announced his resignation from Sydney FC three days after the 2017 A-League grand final win. In May 2018, he was appointed Chief Executive of Perth Glory FC. In the 2018-19 A-League season, Perth Glory were crowned Premiers with two games left of the season, finishing with 60 points, having 18 wins, 6 draws and 3 losses on the board, they reached the A-League Grand Final, hosted in Perth for the first time in the A-League, with a record-breaking attendance of 56,371. The Grand Final score after extra-time was 0-0, ended in a 1-4 penalty shoot-out loss against Sydney FC.

Pignata's secondary education was at Salesian College in Chadstone. He graduated from Monash University in 1987 with a bachelor's degree in finance. Sydney FC A-League: Premiers: 2016–17 Champions: 2016–17Perth Glory A-League: Premiers: 2018–19