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West Germany

West Germany was the informal name for the Federal Republic of Germany, a country in Western Europe, in the period between its formation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990. During this Cold War period, the western portion of Germany was part of the Western Bloc; the Federal Republic was created during the Allied occupation of Germany after World War II, established from eleven states formed in the three Allied zones of occupation held by the United States, the United Kingdom and France. Its capital was the city of Bonn; the Cold War era West Germany is retrospectively designated the Bonn Republic. At the onset of the Cold War, Europe was divided among the Eastern blocs. Germany was de facto divided into two countries and two special territories, the Saarland and a divided Berlin; the Federal Republic of Germany claimed an exclusive mandate for all of Germany, considering itself to be the sole democratically reorganised continuation of the 1871–1945 German Reich. It took the line.

Though the GDR did hold regular elections, these were neither fair. From the West German perspective, the GDR was therefore illegitimate. Three southwestern states of West Germany merged to form Baden-Württemberg in 1952, the Saarland joined the Federal Republic of Germany in 1957. In addition to the resulting ten states, West Berlin was considered a de facto eleventh state. While not part of the Federal Republic of Germany, as Berlin was under the control of the Allied Control Council, West Berlin politically aligned itself with West Germany and was represented in its federal institutions; the foundation for the influential position held by Germany today was laid during the Wirtschaftswunder of the 1950s when West Germany rose from the enormous destruction wrought by World War II to become the world's third-largest economy. The first chancellor Konrad Adenauer, who remained in office until 1963, had worked for a full alignment with NATO rather than neutrality, he not only secured a membership in NATO but was a proponent of agreements which developed into the present-day European Union.

When the G6 was established in 1975, there was no question as to whether the Federal Republic of Germany would become a member. Following the collapse of communism in Central and Eastern Europe in 1989, symbolised by the opening of the Berlin Wall, there was a rapid move towards German reunification. East Germany voted to dissolve itself and accede to the Federal Republic in 1990, its five post-war states were reconstituted along with the reunited Berlin, which ended its special status and formed an additional Land. They formally joined the Federal Republic on 3 October 1990, raising the number of states from ten to sixteen, ending the division of Germany; the reunion did not result in a new country. The expanded Federal Republic retained West Germany's political culture and continued its existing memberships in international organisations, as well as its Western foreign policy alignment and affiliation to Western alliances like UN, NATO, OECD and the European Union; the official name of West Germany, adopted in 1949 and unchanged since, is Bundesrepublik Deutschland.

In East Germany, the terms Westdeutschland or westdeutsche Bundesrepublik were preferred during the 1950s and 1960s. This changed under its 1968 constitution, when the idea of a single German nation was abandoned by East Germany, as a result West Germans and West Berliners were considered foreigners. In the early 1970s, starting in the East German Neues Deutschland, the initialism "BRD" for the "Federal Republic of Germany" began to prevail in East German usage. In 1973, official East German sources adopted it as a standard expression and other Eastern Bloc nations soon followed suit. In reaction to this move, in 1965 the West German Federal Minister of All-German Affairs Erich Mende issued the Directives for the appellation of Germany, recommending avoiding the initialism. On 31 May 1974, the heads of West German federal and state governments recommended always using the full name in official publications. From on West German sources avoided the abbreviated form, with the exception of left-leaning organizations which embraced it.

In November 1979 the federal government informed the Bundestag that the West German public broadcasters ARD and ZDF had agreed to refuse to use the initialism. The ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code of West Germany was "DE", which has remained the country code of Germany after reunification. ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are the most used country codes, the "DE" code is notably used as a country identifier extending the postal code and as the Internet's country code top-level domain.de. The less used ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 country code of West Germany was "DEU", which has remained the country code of reunified Germany; the now deleted codes for East Germany, on the other hand, were "DD" in ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and "DDR" in ISO 3166-1 alpha-3. The colloquial term "West Germany" or its equivalent was used in many languages. "Westdeutschland" was a widespread colloquial form used in German-speaking countries without political overtones. On 4–11 February 1945 leaders from the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union held the Yalta Conference where future arrangements regarding post-war Europe and Allied strategy against Japan in the Pacific were negotiated.

Throughout the 1930s, Nazi Germany had followe

Joachim Grieg

Joachim Grieg was a Norwegian ship broker and politician. Grieg was the founder of Joachim Grieg & Co. one of Norway's largest ship brokerage. He was politically and civically active both nationally and locally. Grieg was born in Norway, he was the son of Jutta Camilla Lous. Grieg was eldest siblings of eleven, he attended Bergen Cathedral School and in 1865 went to sea for 13 years, In 1868, he passed the officer's exam and in 1870 the navigation exam and in 1871 the engineer exam for masters. In 1884, he founded a ship brokerage company during the period of transition from sail to steam. Joachim Grieg & Co. remains in operation to this day with offices in Bergen and London. Grieg held a number of civic offices, he was a board member in Den Nationale Scene from 1893 to 1928. He was acting chairman from and, he was a member of Bergen city school board. In 1919 he bought the home of his cousin, Edvard Grieg. In 1923, he donated the former residence to the municipality of Fana, he was elected to the Parliament of Norway from 1906 to 1909.

In 1879, he married Henriette Juliane Lehmkuhl, daughter of merchant Joachim Ehrenreich Lehmkuhl and Juliane Sophie Hammer. He was the brother of John Grieg. Joachim Grieg was appointed Knight of the 1st Class Order of St. Olav in 1905, won the Commander Cross of 2nd class in 1910 and had several foreign orders. Grieg Group website Troldhaugen website Schreiner Johan Norsk skipsfart under krig og høykonjunktur ISBN 9788202074043

Syron Vanes

Syron Vanes is a Swedish heavy metal band formed in 1980 in Arlöv, Sweden. Assembled by former Drummer Staffan Lindstedt and guitarist Anders Hahne they are a big part of the early Swedish heavy metal scene. "We just wanted to be rock stars Anders Hahne recalls" Syron Vanes were one of the first bands coming from Sweden inspired by the new wave of British heavy metal. After a tour in Germany in 1983, Ebony Records owner and producer Darryl Johnston offered the band a record deal, in 1984 their first album Bringer of Evil was released; the album sold well and Syron Vanes appeared in every rock magazine, hailed in the music press as the new big thing. The second album Revenge was released in 1986 and was the last record under the wings of Ebony Records. While most early-80s era metal bands disappeared Syron Vanes took a break but never disband, they continued to tour and to write songs, but no records were made until 2003 when the new album Insane was released. The new album got great reviews and was a new start for the band, whose tour culminated with a show at Sweden Rock 2003.

In 2004, Anders Hahne left the band to take a break. In 2007, the album Property of.. was released and got some good reviews. Syron vanes was a 3 piece band at this time; the album was mixed by Anders Hahne. He re-joined Syron Vanes in 2009 and the band began to write songs for a new album; the album Evil Redux was released in 2013 and Syron Vanes once again enter the scene. Pete Pardo at Sea Of Tranquility wrote "If you like classic metal sounds, chances are you're going to get a lot of mileage out of this CD. It's not hard to get into headbanging form with tracks such as "Sacrifice", "Only Hell Remains", "Hellion Child", "Heaven and Back", the grinding "Bringer of Evil". Plenty of tasty, crunchy riffage throughout the album courtesy of Vahlstroem & Hahne, with the spot on production it only raises the enjoyment factor" Syron Vanes having enjoyed a more than 30-year career with no plans to retire. By June 2014, Syron Vanes were special guest for Jake E Lee's Red Dragon Cartel on his UK tour; the concerts were at the O2 Academy Islington Rescue Rooms in Nottingham.

In July 2014 they were opening for Sebastian Bach. In early 2016, the band released their sixth album entitled Chaos from a Distance, received well by Swedish press. Current Members Anders Hahne—Guitar Rimbert Vahlstroem—Guitar/Lead vocals Mats Bergentz—Drums Anders Sellborn—Bass Former Members Staffan Lindstedt—Drums Erik Briselius—Vocals Jakob Lagergren—Bass Michel Strand—Bass Peter Espinoza—Guitar Anders Hansson—Drums Abbe Ahlbin—Bass Peter Christensson Jocke Magnusson—Drums Mårten Hedener—Drums Dick Qwarfort—Bass Arne Sandved—Bass Ola Petersson—Guitar Anders Lind—Bass Studio Albums Bringer of Evil Revenge Insane Property of.. Evil Redux Chaos from a Distance Official Syron Vanes website