click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

West Side Story

West Side Story is a musical with a book by Arthur Laurents, music by Leonard Bernstein and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim. It was inspired by William Shakespeare's play Juliet; the story is set in the Upper West Side neighborhood in New York City in the mid 1950s, an ethnic, blue-collar neighborhood. The musical explores the rivalry between the Jets and the Sharks, two teenage street gangs of different ethnic backgrounds; the members of the Sharks, from Puerto Rico, are taunted by a white gang. The young protagonist, Tony, a former member of the Jets and best friend of the gang's leader, falls in love with Maria, the sister of Bernardo, the leader of the Sharks; the dark theme, sophisticated music, extended dance scenes, focus on social problems marked a turning point in American musical theatre. Bernstein's score for the musical includes "Jet Song", "Something's Coming", "Maria", "Tonight", "America", "Cool", "One Hand, One Heart", "I Feel Pretty", "Somewhere", "Gee, Officer Krupke" and "A Boy Like That".

The original 1957 Broadway production, conceived and choreographed by Jerome Robbins and produced by Robert E. Griffith and Harold Prince, marked Sondheim's Broadway debut, it ran for 732 performances before going on tour. The production was nominated for six Tony Awards including Best Musical in 1957, but the award for Best Musical went to Meredith Willson's The Music Man. Robbins won the Tony Award for his choreography and Oliver Smith won for his scenic designs; the show had an longer-running London production, a number of revivals and international productions. A 1961 musical film adaptation, directed by Robert Wise and Robbins, starred Natalie Wood, Richard Beymer, Rita Moreno, George Chakiris and Russ Tamblyn; the film was nominated for eleven Academy Awards and won ten, including George Chakiris for Supporting Actor, Rita Moreno for Supporting Actress, Best Picture. In 1947, Jerome Robbins approached Leonard Bernstein and Arthur Laurents about collaborating on a contemporary musical adaptation of Romeo and Juliet.

He proposed that the plot focus on the conflict between an Irish Catholic family and a Jewish family living on the Lower East Side of Manhattan, during the Easter–Passover season. The girl emigrated from Israel. Eager to write his first musical, Laurents agreed. Bernstein wanted to present the material in operatic form, but Robbins and Laurents resisted the suggestion, they described the project as "lyric theater", Laurents wrote a first draft he called East Side Story. Only after he completed it did the group realize it was little more than a musicalization of themes, covered in plays like Abie's Irish Rose; when Robbins opted to drop out, the three men went their separate ways, the piece was shelved for five years. In 1955, theatrical producer Martin Gabel was working on a stage adaptation of the James M. Cain novel Serenade, about an opera singer who comes to the realization he is homosexual, he invited Laurents to write the book. Laurents suggested Bernstein and Robbins join the creative team.

Robbins felt if the three were going to join forces, they should return to East Side Story, Bernstein agreed. Laurents, was committed to Gabel, who introduced him to the young composer/lyricist Stephen Sondheim. Sondheim auditioned by playing the score for Saturday Night, his musical, scheduled to open in the fall. Laurents was not impressed with the music. Sondheim did not care for Laurents' opinion. Serenade was shelved. Laurents was soon hired to write the screenplay for a remake of the 1934 Greta Garbo film The Painted Veil for Ava Gardner. While in Hollywood, he contacted Bernstein, in town conducting at the Hollywood Bowl; the two met at The Beverly Hills Hotel, the conversation turned to juvenile delinquent gangs, a recent social phenomenon that had received major coverage on the front pages of the morning newspapers due to a Chicano turf war. Bernstein suggested they rework East Side Story and set it in Los Angeles, but Laurents felt he was more familiar with Puerto Ricans in the United States and Harlem than he was with Mexican Americans and Olvera Street.

The two contacted Robbins, enthusiastic about a musical with a Latin beat. He arrived in Hollywood to choreograph the dance sequences for The King and I, he and Laurents began developing the musical while working on their respective projects, keeping in touch with Bernstein, who had returned to New York; when the producer of The Painted Veil replaced Gardner with Eleanor Parker and asked Laurents to revise his script with her in mind, he backed out of the film, freeing him to devote all his time to the stage musical. In New York City, Laurents went to the opening night party for a new play by Ugo Betti. There he met Sondheim, who had heard that East Side Story, now retitled West Side Story, was back on track. Bernstein had decided he needed to concentrate on the music, he and Robbins had invited Betty Comden and Adolph Green to write the lyrics, but the team opted to work on Peter Pan instead. Laurents asked Sondheim, he resisted, because he was determined to write the full score for his next project.

But Oscar Hammerstein convinced him that he would benefit from the experience, he accepted. Meanwhile, Laurents had written a new draft of the book changing the characters' backgrounds

Dawn of Solace

Dawn of Solace is a heavy metal side-project from Finland, started in 2005 by Tuomas Saukkonen. While in the writing process for the third Before the Dawn album, The Ghost, Saukkonen ended up with over 30 written songs; the first plan was to make a double album for Before the Dawn, but some of the material was slower, more melodic and darker than the songs chosen for The Ghost and Saukkonen wanted to take things further without any limitations that Before the Dawn might create. The result was Dawn of Solace; the first album, entitled The Darkness, features a melodic sound akin to that of Before the Dawn, albeit with a much stronger gothic metal and doom metal influence. On 10 January 2013 through a press statement, Tuomas Saukkonen announced that he was putting Dawn of Solace to rest along with his other active bands, ending them in order to create new project called "Wolfheart", which he will focus from now on; when interviewed by website KaaosZine, Tuomas replied about his decision: "Yes I have been thinking about this for a few years from the Before the Dawn side and first time this was brought into the table was when we were releasing the Decade of Darkness EP to celebrate the 10th year for Before the Dawn.

At that time I had an idea to end the band. The band played their biggest shows in Europe by supporting Amorphis and in Asia by supporting Stratovarius; the CDs were selling great and we ended up signing a deal with Nuclear Blast Records. The album that came after the EP titled Deathstar Rising did an amazing job in the Finnish charts ending into the top 10. Still though we achieved a lot I started to feel like it's becoming more and more of a job for me and felt that I was drifting away from the most important thing in my life, for the love of making music."At that time we started to have a little bad chemistry within the band and it started to reflect into the band's live performances as well as into my own motivation towards the band because I became a bit frustrated. The line-up changes in 2011 gave me more motivation and it once again started to feel like it was right thing to continue after the Rise of the Phoenix album but after the successful tours in Finland and Europe and the great response to the CD both among the fans and press gave me the opportunity to let go of my'old friend' from the past 14 years.

I felt like a winner and decided to put it aside because I could with a large smile remember all that great things we experienced with this band. "At some point I recognized I was just keeping the band alive and it didn't feel so right anymore. I lost the passion to make music my own way and the main reason why I had a lot of side projects like Black Sun Aeon, Dawn of Solace and The Final Harvest at the first place; those were the bands where I had the ability to create what I wanted. Now when Before the Dawn is done it was logical for me to clean the table at once and start building something from scratch again." In 2019 Saukkoen announced Dawn of Solace would be reforming for a second album entitled Waves to be released on January 24, 2020. The music video for the song Lead Wings was published on YouTube on November 24, 2019. Tuomas Saukkonen – all instruments, harsh vocals Mikko Heikkilä – clean vocals Lars Eikind – clean vocals The Darkness Waves

Myriad year clock

The Myriad year clock, was a universal clock designed by the Japanese inventor Hisashige Tanaka in 1851. It belongs to the category of Japanese clocks called Wadokei; this clock is designated as an Important Cultural Asset by the Japanese government. The clock is driven by a spring. Once it is wound, it can work for one year without another winding, it can show the time in 7 ways. It rings chimes every hour, it consists of more than 1,000 parts to realize these complex functions, it is said that Tanaka made all the parts by himself with simple tools such as files and saws. It took. In 2004 the Japanese government funded a project aimed at making a copy of this clock. More than 100 engineers joined the project and it took more than 6 months with the latest industrial technologies; however then it was not possible to make exact copies of some parts, such as the brass metal plate used as its spring, before the presentation at Expo 2005. The original clock is displayed at the National Museum of Nature and Science, while a copy is at Toshiba Corporation.

The clock was listed in the Mechanical Engineering Heritage as item No. 22 in 2007. National Project to Restore Man-nen Jimeisho

Danur 2: Maddah

Danur 2: Maddah is a 2018 Indonesian supernatural horror film directed by Awi Suryadi and written by Lele Laila. The film stars Prilly Latuconsina, Sandrinna Michelle and Shawri Adrian Khulafa in leading roles with Sophia Latjuba, Bucek Depp, Gama Haritz in supporting roles; the film is the sequel to the 2017 film Danur: I Can See Ghosts. The film opens with the life of Risa a teenage girl who has the ability to see ghost and has three ghost friends, temporary lives with her sister Riri in the absence of parents. Prilly Latuconsina as Risa Gama Haritz as Peter Alexander P Bain as William Kevin Bzezovski Taroreh as Janshen Matthew White as Hendrick justin rosi as Hans Sophia Latjuba as Tina Danur 2: Maddah on IMDb

Layer Breton

Layer Breton is a village and a civil parish in Essex, England. According to the 2011 census there were 143 females. "Layer-Breton, a parish, with a village, in Lexden district, Essex. Layer Breton is part of the Layer parishes with Layer de la Haye being the neighbouring village to the west and Layer Marney neighbouring Layer Breton to the East. Layer Breton touches parishes Birch and Great and little Wigborough; the village has a church dedicated to St Mary the Virgin, rebuilt in brick in 1923 on a new site nearly a mile to the north of the old one. The village was among those. In the 1870s, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Layer Breton as: "A parish, with a village, in Lexden district, Essex. Post town, Kelvedon. Acres, 954. Real property, £1, 763. Pop. 298. Houses, 62; the property is divided among a few. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Rochester. Value, £350. * Patron, the Rev. W. Blow; the church is tolerable. There are chapels for Quakers. Name The name Layer Breton came from a river name of Celtic origins,'Leire', most to be identical with one found in Leicester.

Lewis Brito gave land here to St. John's Abbey, Colchester in the 12th century. St. Mary's Anglican Church stands next to the Heath in the main part of the village, it was built in 1915. The original church stood opposite Layer Breton Hall, it was demolished in 1913 after deration following the 1884 Colchester earthquake. "A watercolour painting of the old church, painted shortly before the demolition, hangs in the new church. It shows that the old building was of a similar shape and size to the new, having a vestry behind the altar and a wooden porch, it had a wooden bell turret. It was of rubble construction with a tiled roof; the modern church is of brick construction with tiles. There was a church on the old site from at least Norman times; the old church dated from the 14th century." ST Mary The Virgin church it is part of a group of seven parishes of which belong to the Benefice of Thurstable and Winstree which came into being on 1 October 2013. The other six parishes in the benefice are Tolleshunt Knights with Tiptree, Great Braxted, Inworth and Easthorpe.

PopulationThe population of Layer Breton over the past two centuries has seen gradual changes. For the first century the population fluctuated between 168 and 247. During 1801 the population was 168, the lowest the population has been to date. From this date up until 1881 the population continued to increase the population reached 293 however this would be the highest the population would reach until the 20th century, after this the population began to decrease falling to 247 in 1891 and staying around this number for the next 30 years with small fluctuation in the size of the population; the population decreased in 1931 to 209 but the following census it had increased to 240 but this wasn't to last as the population dropped to 195 in 1961. In 2001 the population of Layer Breton was 296 with 144 females. According to the 2011 census there were 144 males and 143 meaning the population was 287 showing little change in the past 10 years. Employment Many of the male workers during 1881 were involved in agricultural activities.

This was the most common work sector during this period as many households relied on farm grown products and produce. In contrast many of the women were without specific occupations; the 2001 census showed that 49% residents were employed, this includes part-time workers, full-time workers and self-employed workers. However the 2011 census 66% of the population aged 16–74 were in some form of employment; the 2011 census data set shows which employment sectors the people of Layer Breton are employed in the three most popular industries people are involved in are the manufacturing and Wholesale and Retail Trade. The census report shows; the other 4% of the population are from Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups. When comparing the 2001 data to the 2011 the data is the same. Showing that the ethnic structure of Layer Breton has not changed over the 10 years. Age structure Information, released following the 2011 census indicates that 31% of the population were aged between 45 and 59, the second largest group was people aged 30 to 44 with 14% of the population being in this age group.

The neighbourhood statistics website showed that the mean age for people living in Layer Breton was 46.1. Out of the 287 usual residents in Layer Breton 55 were under the age of 18 and 57 of the usual residents were over the age of 60; the 2001 census indicates that 28% of the population were aged between 45–59 years old, the second largest group was persons aged 30–44 years old with 22% of Layer Breton's population being in this age category. Out of the 295 usual residents in 2001 52 were under the age of 18 and 60 of the usual residents were over the age of 60. In comparison, the number of people in the age group 45-59 has increased by 3% since 2001, whereas the population in the age group 30-44 decreased by 14% from 2001 to 2011. House prices The current average value

Wikiprogress

Wikiprogress is an online platform for sharing information on the measurement of social and environmental progress. It is thought to facilitate sharing on ideas and knowledge on "measuring the progress of societies", it is, like Wikipedia, open to all members and communities for contribution – anyone interested in "progress" can register. Wikiprogress is the official platform for the OECD-hosted Global Project on "Measuring the Progress of Societies"; the core mission of wikiprogress is "to create global information tool supported by a worldwide partnership of organisations and individuals wishing to develop new, smarter measures of progress. Wikiprogress aims to provide a health check for all societies that enables every citizen to better understand the economic and environmental factors that determine whether or not their lives are getting better." The idea is not just to develop progress indicators, but creating a community working together to determine what and how we measure the well-being of societies.

Such decisions can not be taken by a single organisation or NSO, but by individuals and organisations all over the world. The Global Project is linked to the Istanbul Declaration signed at the 2nd OECD World Forum on "Measuring and Fostering the Progress of Societies" in 2007; the Istanbul Declaration was signed by organisations such as the European Commission, OECD, Organisation of the Islamic conference, United Nations, United Nations Development Program, the World Bank. The Declaration was signed by AFRISTAT, EFTA, International Labour Office, UNESCO, UNICEF, the United Nations University - Comparative Regional Integration Studies. Furthermore, many high-ranking individuals signed the declaration. Wikiprogress was presented in beta in 2009 at the OECD World Forum on Statistics and Policy in Busan, Korea; the wikiprogress platform hosts the wikichild, a wiki dedicated to child well-being. Child well-being can be considered an important part of a society's well-being into the future, their well-being is key to the sustainability of our societies.

The project has an important and growing number of correspondents that support and contribute to the network. The OECD hosts a world forum every three years in co-operation with a selected host country; the 4th OECD World Forum will be held in India in 2012. Wikiprogress Wikichild Wikiprogress Africa Network blog Wikiprogress Latin America Network Wikiprogress European Network Global Progress Research Network Wikiprogress. Stat