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Westerburg

Westerburg is a small town of 6,000 inhabitants in the Westerwaldkreis in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. The town is named after the castle built on a hill above the mediaeval town centre The town lies in easternmost Rhineland-Palatinate, 4 km from the boundary with Hesse, it is the seat of the Verbandsgemeinde of Westerburg – a kind of collective municipality – which administers the town and 24 surrounding municipalities. The former Ortsgemeinden – communities belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde – of Gershasen and Sainscheid belong to the town of Westerburg; the earliest witnesses to human beings settling in what is now Westerburg are some urns that point to cremations performed here about 700 BC. The earliest documentary mention of the constituent community of Wengenroth is dated 9 November 879 from the time when Gebhard, Count of the Lahngau donated holdings here to the St. Severus Monastery in Gemünden; the first time that Westerburg was named in a document came in 1209 when Siegfried III of Runkel acquired Westerburg by marrying a countess from the House of Leiningen and thereafter began calling himself Siegfried von Runkel und von Westerburg.

Two of his sons had bequests from him: Siegfried IV of Runkel, whose seat was in Westerburg, Dietrich I of Runkel, whose seat was in Runkel. Family squabbles began about 1250 and under Siegfried's grandsons led to a permanent rift between the houses of Westerburg and Runkel by 1288. Dietrich's son Siegfried V of Runkel drove his cousin Heinrich out of Runkel, whereupon Siegfried, Siegfried IV's son, began calling himself Heinrich I of Westerburg. There are express indications of settlement next to the castle for the first time in 1270. On 7 July 1292, Westerburg was raised to town at the same time as Wetzlar by King Adolf of Nassau, who granted both towns the same town rights. In 1303, a jurymen's court was approved in the town; these jurymen, whose number soon became fixed at eight, took turns serving as the town's mayor. No than 1304, there were individual fortification works; the town was divided into the upper town within the ring of walls finished by 1400 and the unwalled lower town. There are known to have been 20 Burgmann houses in the upper town, but only from documents.

In 1514, the first townsman's house is mentioned, in 1560, a new building. In 1630, a prison is avouched. In 1448 and 1534, great fires beset the town. After the unification of the County of Leiningen-Dagsburg with the Barony of Westerburg in 1467, Reinhard IV of Westerburg, who as of 1481 began calling himself Count Reinhard I at Leiningen-Westerburg, moved his seat to the County of Leiningen. Only as of 1557 was Westerburg once again a seat for sidelines of the once more sundering House of Leiningen or its family branch, Leiningen-Westerburg. Westerburg townsmen had at their disposal several privileges, in particular blood court jurisdiction at their jurymen's court. Moreover, taxation privileges and laying out economic estates about the town time and again put the townsmen at loggerheads with the lords of the day. In 1806, Westerburg passed to the Duchy of Berg. After 1815, the town was assigned to the Duchy of Nassau. On 2 September 1814, the lower town burnt down, the upper town on 13 October 1819.

As of 1866, Prussia held sway. From 1866 to 1885, Westerburg belonged to the Amt of Rennerod and thereby to the newly formed district of Oberwesterwaldkreis, whose seat was in Bad Marienberg. District reform in 1885 brought Westerburg a broader administrative function once again as it became the seat of a like-named district, in force until 1932. In that year, the Oberwesterwaldkreis was newly founded and Westerburg became its seat. In 1974, the two districts of Oberwesterwaldkreis and Unterwesterwaldkreis were amalgamated, since Westerburg has no longer been a district seat. Ecclesiastically, Westerburg was assigned to the St. Severus Monastery at Gemünden; the Late Romanesque tower of what is now an Evangelical church might stem from the first church building next to the castle chapel. A further chapel stood in the lower town by 1350, it is believed. Jews are first mentioned in 1616. In 1760, the Jewish community comprised 75 persons with one rabbi, by 1754, there was a Jewish school. Public schooling is first known to have been instituted in 1557.

The school was run temporarily as a Latin school. The oldest census, from 1540, shows 124 assessable inhabitants. Eighty-six households are witnessed in 1607, 39 in 1656. In 1760, 1,144 inhabitants were counted, in 1807, 1,245. Most inhabitants of course worked at agriculture or market gardening in the Middle Ages and on into early modern times, but they were hardly townsman farmers. Westerburg seems much more to have been a craft centre for the surrounding region in which such rare crafts as arrowsmithing and crossbow making were settled. Showing this are the many traders’ markets held in the town. Several guilds formed in this comparatively small town: in 1581 the bakers’ guild, which joined with the brewers’ guild in 1657, in 1532 the woolweavers’ and clothmakers’ guild, in 1574 the tanners’ and shoemakers’ guild, in 1611 the linen weavers’ guild, by 1658 the tailors’ and merchants’; the woolweavers are known to have had their own hall, "Westerburger Hall" in Frankfurt am Main in 1605. Furthermore, it has been established that there were several mills, a forest smithy, a limekiln and a brickworks.

By 1518 there was a sickhouse, the town had an apothecary by 1697. The mun

Izhorskiye Zavody

Izhorskiye Zavody or Izhora Plants is a Russian machine building joint stock company belonging to the OMZ Group. It operates a major manufacturing plant in Saint Petersburg. Tsar Peter I ordered the factory be built in 1722 to supply the Russian fleet; the factory was named after the nearby Izhora River and in 1908 was still making parts for the Russian Navy when it was awarded an official flag. Izhorskiye Zavody was privatized in 1992 and in 1999 became a part of Objedinennye Mashinostroitelnye Zavody; the company is a heavy industry factory. It specializes in engineering, production and maintenance of equipment and machines for the nuclear power and gas, mining industries, in production of special steels and equipment for other industries. Production includes metal tanks, pressure vessels of nuclear reactors, devices for distillation, filtering or purification of liquids and gases, it has produced the reactor vessels for the first Russian floating nuclear power station Akademik Lomonosov. OMZ employs some 16,500 people.

A recent Expert magazine ranking placed OMZ among Russia’s 400 largest companies. Izhorsky Zavody factory is an important part of the St. Petersburg economy. OMZ Businesses Izhorskiye Zavody

WWE Universal Championship

The WWE Universal Championship is a world heavyweight championship created and promoted by the American professional wrestling promotion WWE defended on their SmackDown brand. It is one of three world titles in WWE, alongside the WWE Championship on Raw and the NXT Championship on NXT; the current champion is Goldberg, in his second reign. Named in honor of the WWE Universe, the championship was established on July 25, 2016 to be the top title of the Raw brand, its creation came as a result of the re-introduction of the brand split and subsequent draft on July 19, 2016 in which the WWE Championship, the promotion's original world title, became exclusive to SmackDown. The inaugural Universal Champion was Finn Bálor. Since its inception, matches for the championship have headlined several pay-per-view events, including SummerSlam in 2017, 2018, 2019, WrestleMania 34, both being two of WWE's "big four" pay-per-views, the latter of, WWE's flagship event; the title was one of two world titles in the promotion until the NXT Championship's recognition in 2017 as well as NXT becoming a main brand in 2019.

Following the events of Crown Jewel 2019, the Universal and WWE Championships switched brands. In mid-2016, the WWE reintroduced the brand extension, where the promotion split its main roster between their Raw and SmackDown brands, represented by the shows of the same name. On July 19, 2016, SmackDown began broadcasting live and on that premiere of SmackDown Live, the 2016 WWE Draft took place and reigning WWE Champion Dean Ambrose was drafted to SmackDown. At Battleground on July 24, Ambrose retained the title in a triple threat match against Raw draftees Seth Rollins and Roman Reigns, leaving Raw without a world championship. On the following episode of Monday Night Raw, the brand's Commissioner Stephanie McMahon and General Manager Mick Foley created the WWE Universal Championship to serve as the brand's top championship; the title was named in honor of the WWE Universe, the name the promotion uses to refer to its fan base. The inaugural champion was crowned at SummerSlam on August 21 in a pinfall and submission-only singles match.

Seth Rollins was automatically set for that match as he was Raw's number one draft pick and was not pinned in the WWE Championship match at Battleground. His opponent was determined by two fatal four-way matches on Raw, with the winners wrestling each other in a singles match. Finn Bálor won the first fatal four-way by defeating Cesaro, Kevin Owens, Rusev while Roman Reigns won the second by defeating Chris Jericho, Sami Zayn, Sheamus. Bálor defeated Reigns and was added to the title match. At SummerSlam, Bálor defeated Rollins to become the inaugural champion. Bálor was the first WWE wrestler to win a world title in his pay-per-view debut as well as winning his first world title in less than a month of his debut on WWE's main roster. During the championship match, however, Bálor suffered a legitimate shoulder injury and was forced to vacate the title the following day. In 2017, the NXT Championship was recognized as a world title, thus having three world championships in the WWE, though the NXT brand itself did not become the promotion's third major brand until September 2019 when it was moved to the USA Network.

At Crown Jewel on October 31, 2019, SmackDown wrestler "The Fiend" Bray Wyatt won the Universal title by defeating Seth Rollins in a Falls Count Anywhere match that could not be stopped for any reason, thus transferring the Universal Championship to SmackDown. The WWE Championship was subsequently transferred to Raw after reigning champion Brock Lesnar quit SmackDown the following day, taking the title to Raw; the following is a list of dates indicating the transitions of the WWE Universal Championship between the Raw and SmackDown brands. The Universal Championship belt is similar in appearance to the WWE Championship belt, with a few notable differences. Like the WWE Championship belt, the center plate is a large cut out of the WWE logo with diamonds sitting inside an irregular heptagonal plate, but with the capital words "Universal Champion" in small print sitting underneath the logo. Just the same, there are gold divider bars; each side plate features the same default removable center section as the WWE Championship, which can be customized with the champion's logo.

The most prominent difference is the belt's strap, the color of which indicates the brand it is exclusive to. When the belt was first unveiled at SummerSlam 2016, the strap was red to symbolize its exclusivity to the Raw brand, the underline of the WWE logo on the center plate was black to make it visible. After the title became exclusive to SmackDown in late 2019, Bray Wyatt introduced a blue strap variation and the underline of the WWE logo was changed from black to red. In addition to the SmackDown version of the belt, Wyatt introduced a custom version of the championship for his "Fiend" character on the November 29 episode of SmackDown; the custom belt featured The Fiend's face in the place of the center plate. The character's phrases "Hurt" and "Heal" were written in red on black leather strips in the place of side plates while the strap of the belt itself was red and black worn leather with red stitching holding it together; the character's phrase "Let Me In" were included. Wyatt used both the custom versions of the championship.

Joseph Bloomfield Leake

Joseph Bloomfield Leake was an attorney and an Iowa State Senator who entered the Union Army during the American Civil War. He became a Brevet Brigadier General. After the war he became the U. S. District Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois in Chicago. Leake was born in Deerfield, New Jersey, moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, he graduated from Miami University in 1846 and studied law. He was set up a practice in Davenport, Iowa. Leake was elected to the Iowa Senate and served during the war session of 1861. Leake resigned his seat in the state senate and became a captain of Company G of the 20th Iowa Infantry, he was commissioned a Lieutenant Colonel when the regiment was organized at Camp Kirkwood in Clinton, Iowa. He led the regiment at Prairie Grove, Yazoo City, Port Hudson. On September 29, 1863, in an engagement called the Battle of Stirling's Plantation near Morganza, Louisiana Leake was injured and captured by the Confederates, he was held prisoner at Camp Ford near Texas. He was the highest ranking Union officer in the camp and he looked after the needs of the other Union POWs.

He was released from Camp Ford in a prisoner exchange in July 1864. Some of the soldiers from the 19th Iowa Infantry presented Leake with a new sword to replace the one he lost when he was taken prisoner, he returned to his regiment and participated in the capture of Fort Gaines and Fort Morgan near Mobile, Alabama. On March 13, 1865, he was awarded the rank of brevet brigadier general; the following month Leake led his regiment during the Battle of Fort Blakely in Alabama. After the war Leake was re-elected to the Iowa Senate, he moved to Chicago in 1871 and was appointed the U. S. Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois. On September 21, 1887, he was elected the attorney for the Chicago Board of Education, he was a member of the Ulysses S. Grant Post #28 of the Grand Army of the Republic and served as State Commander of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States from 1894 to 1895. Leake was married twice, his first wife was Cordellia Scott and he married his second wife, Mary P. Hill, on December 9, 1865.

He had no children. Leake was buried in Oakdale Cemetery in Davenport. List of American Civil War brevet generals Joseph Bloomfield Leake at Find a Grave

Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor

The Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor is a 500 MWe fast breeder nuclear reactor presently being constructed at the Madras Atomic Power Station in Kalpakkam, India. The Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research is responsible for the design of this reactor; the facility builds on the decades of experience gained from operating the lower power Fast Breeder Test Reactor. Planned to be commissioned in 2012, the construction of the reactor suffered from multiple delays; as of February 2019, criticality is planned to be achieved in 2020. In 2007 the reactor was planned to begin operating in 2010, but as of 2019 it is expected to reach first criticality in 2020; the Kalpakkam PFBR is designed to use uranium-238 to breed plutonium in a sodium-cooled fast reactor design. The power island of this project is being engineered by Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, largest power equipment utility of India; the surplus plutonium from each fast reactor can be used to set up more such reactors and grow the nuclear capacity in tune with India's needs for power.

The PFBR is part of the three-stage nuclear power program. India has the capability to use thorium cycle based; this is of special significance to the Indian nuclear power generation strategy as India has one of the world's largest reserves of thorium, which could provide power for more than 10,000 years, as long as 60,000 years. The design of this reactor was started in the 1980s, as a prototype for a 600 MW FBR. Construction of the first two FBR are planned at Kalpakkam, after a year of successful operation of the PFBR. Other four FBR are planned to follow beyond 2030, at sites to be defined. In July 2017, it was reported; however in September 2018, it was reported that the reactor might go critical only in 2019. The reactor is a pool-type reactor with 1,750 tonnes of sodium as coolant. Designed to generate 500 MWe of electrical power, with an operational life of 40 years, it will burn a mixed uranium-plutonium MOX fuel, a mixture of PuO2 and UO2. A fuel burnup of 100 GWd/t is expected; the Advanced Fuel Fabrication Facility, under the direction of BARC, Tarapur, is responsible for the fuel rods manufacturing.

AFFF comes under " Nuclear Recycle Board" of Bhabha Atomic Research Center. AFFF has been responsible for fuel rod manufacturing of various types in the past; the prototype fast breeder reactor has a negative void coefficient, thus ensuring a high level of passive nuclear safety. This means that when the reactor overheats the speed of the fission chain reaction decreases, lowering the power level and the temperature. Before such a potential positive void condition may form from a complete loss of coolant accident, sufficient coolant flow rates are made possible by the use of conventional pump inertia, alongside multiple inlet-perforations, to prevent the possible accident scenario of a single blockage halting coolant flow; the active-safety reactor decay heat removal system consists of four independent coolant circuits of 8MWt capacity each. Further active defenses against the positive feedback possibility include two independent SCRAM shutdown systems, designed to shut the fission reactions down within a second, with the remaining decay heat needing to be cooled for a number of hours by the 4 independent circuits.

The fact that the PFBR is cooled by liquid sodium creates additional safety requirements to isolate the coolant from the environment in a loss of coolant accident scenario, since sodium explodes if it comes into contact with water and burns when in contact with air. This latter event occurred in the Monju reactor in Japan in 1995. Another consideration with the use of sodium as a coolant is the absorption of neutrons to generate the radioactive isotope 24Na, which has a 15-hour half life. India's three stage nuclear power programme "Kalpakkam PFBR to be completed ahead of schedule; the Hindu. 7 September 2005. The design of the Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor, Nuclear Engineering and Design, April 2006

Surat–Mahuva Superfast Express

The 12945/12946 Surat - Mahuva Superfast Express is a Superfast train of the Indian Railways connecting Surat in South Gujarat and Mahuva Junction of Saurashtra. It is being operated with 12945/12946 train numbers on weekly basis; the 12945/Surat - Mahuva Superfast Express has averages speed of 56 km/hr and covers 631 km in 11 hrs 10 mins. The 12946/Mahuva - Surat Superfast Express has averages speed of 55 km/hr and covers 631 km in 11 hrs 25 mins. Surat Vadodara Junction Ahmedabad Junction Viramgam Junction Jorawarnagar Junction Wadhwan City Limbdi Botad Junction Dhola Junction Dhasa Junction Liliya Mota Savarkundla Rajula Junction Mahuva Junction The train consist of 17 coaches: 1 AC III Tier 8 Sleeper Coaches 6 General 2 Seating cum Luggage Rake Both trains are hauled by a Vadodara Locomotive shed based WAP-4E electric locomotive from Surat to Ahmedabad Junction and from Ahmedabad Junction, it is hauled by a Vatva Locomotive shed or Sabarmati Locomotive shed based WDM-3A or WDP-4D diesel locomotive uptil Mahuva Junction and vice versa.

The train share its rake with 19053/19054 Surat–Muzaffarpur Express. Bandra Terminus - Mahuva Express Surat railway station Mahuva Junction railway station 12945/Surat - Mahuva SF Express 12946/Mahuva - Surat SF Express